History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Th2 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.Th1 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Th17 Cells: Subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete IL-17, IL-17F, and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Famous PersonsMedicine in ArtHistoryHistory of MedicinePaintingsPersia: An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)Leper Colonies: Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.Civilization: The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.Nobel PrizePaleopathology: The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.Embryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.History of NursingMedicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Scurvy: An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Burial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.Portraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)Eugenics: The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Neurology: A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.Th1-Th2 Balance: Homeostatic control of the immune system by secretion of different cytokines by the Th1 and Th2 cells. The concentration dependent binding of the various cytokines to specific receptors determines the balance (or imbalance leading to disease).Books, Illustrated: Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)Plague: An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Literature, MedievalEuropeSculptureBooksMummies: Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.United StatesMythology: A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.History, Modern 1601-: The period of history from 1601 of the common era to the present.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.ArtPhilosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Manuscripts, MedicalPhylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Magic: Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Anthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Philosophy, MedicalForecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Croatia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Medical Illustration: The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Skeleton: The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.Psychoanalysis: The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Engraving and EngravingsReligion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Fur Seals: A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Bacteriology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.Numismatics: Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.ItalyTheology: The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Founder Effect: A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Communicable DiseasesEconomic Development: Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.Smallpox: An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Societies, Hospital: Societies having institutional membership limited to hospitals and other health care institutions.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Democracy: A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.Periostitis: Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)Theft: Unlawful act of taking property.Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.Symbolism: A concept that stands for or suggests something else by reason of its relationship, association, convention, or resemblance. The symbolism may be mental or a visible sign or representation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Citrus aurantiifolia: A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar lime fruit. Its common name of lime is similar to the limetree (TILIA).Developmental Biology: The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.Genealogy and HeraldryEnglandTerminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Clinical Medicine: The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Awards and PrizesWorld Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.GermanyGenetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.GreeceGreat BritainRain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.North AmericaOceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)HungaryIslam: A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Cytokines: Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.South AmericaInterleukin-4: A soluble factor produced by activated T-LYMPHOCYTES that induces the expression of MHC CLASS II GENES and FC RECEPTORS on B-LYMPHOCYTES and causes their proliferation and differentiation. It also acts on T-lymphocytes, MAST CELLS, and several other hematopoietic lineage cells.Interleukin-17: A proinflammatory cytokine produced primarily by T-LYMPHOCYTES or their precursors. Several subtypes of interleukin-17 have been identified, each of which is a product of a unique gene.PortugalEducation, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer: Subpopulation of CD4+ lymphocytes that cooperate with other lymphocytes (either T or B) to initiate a variety of immune functions. For example, helper-inducer T-cells cooperate with B-cells to produce antibodies to thymus-dependent antigens and with other subpopulations of T-cells to initiate a variety of cell-mediated immune functions.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Europe, EasternSequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.RussiaSuntan: An induced skin pigment (MELANIN) darkening after exposure to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. The degree of tanning depends on the intensity and duration of UV exposure, and genetic factors.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Cercopithecinae: A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Interferon-gamma: The major interferon produced by mitogenically or antigenically stimulated LYMPHOCYTES. It is structurally different from TYPE I INTERFERON and its major activity is immunoregulation. It has been implicated in the expression of CLASS II HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in cells that do not normally produce them, leading to AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)PolandSocieties, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Yersinia pestis: The etiologic agent of PLAGUE in man, rats, ground squirrels, and other rodents.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.General Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Cardiology: The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Mice, Inbred BALB CSwitzerlandBrazilAge Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Pacific OceanSocial Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.LondonModels, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Mice, Inbred C57BLAfricaNutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.MexicoBiomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Cholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.WalesHistory of DentistryCD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes: A critical subpopulation of T-lymphocytes involved in the induction of most immunological functions. The HIV virus has selective tropism for the T4 cell which expresses the CD4 phenotypic marker, a receptor for HIV. In fact, the key element in the profound immunosuppression seen in HIV infection is the depletion of this subset of T-lymphocytes.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.JapanChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
1 History *1.1 14th and 15th centuries. *1.2 Later 16th century. *1.3 17th century ... 14th and 15th centuries. Doublets of the 14th and 15th centuries were generally hip-length, sometimes shorter, worn over ... Then, like many other originally practical items in the history of men's wear, from the late 15th century onward it became ... Until the end of the 15th century, the doublet was usually worn under another layer of clothing such as a gown, mantle, ...
Kriminalgeschichte des Christentums
ISBN 3-498-01323-8. English title (translation): Christianity's Criminal History. Volume 8. The 15th and 16th century. From the ... ISBN 3-498-01327-0. English title (translation): Christianity's Criminal History. Volume 9. Middle of 16th century till ... 18th century and outlook onto the aftermath. Kings by grace of God and decline of papacy. More than a quarter century after the ... ISBN 3-498-01304-1. English title: Christianity's Criminal History. Volume 5. 9th and 10th Centuries. From Louis the Pious (814 ...
In the beginning of the 16th century, Hasan b. Abdullah's works was original for their color harmony. In the second half of the ... In the 15th century, Ahmed b. Hacı Mahmut el-Aksarayi was a famous illumination artist who created a unique style in the book ... century, Bayram b. Dervish, Nakkaş Kara Mehmed Çelebi (Karamemi) illuminated books about literature and history. Karamemi ... The 19th century was a period a vast variety of styles. The European baroque and rococo styles were known and adopted by ...
They were also in use in the 15th and 16th centuries. They were distinguished by their lack of a forecastle, and by carrying ... Despite their long history there are no confirmed illustrations of a ballinger in contemporary medieval sources while a ... The ships were used in the conquest of Anglesey in 1282 (Oxford illustrated history of the Royal Navy, 1995,p7 and p11). ... The British Admirals: With an Introductory View of the Naval History of England, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green & Longman, [ ...
Cornell Fine Arts Museum
Over 500 paintings from the 14th-21st centuries. Over 1500 prints, drawings and photographs dating from the 15th-21st centuries ... Over 1200 watch keys ranging from the 16th-late 19th centuries. 1936 General and Mrs. John Carty donate the first old master ... of college notables and natural history artifacts was put together at Rollins College around the turn of the 20th century. In ... Over 1100 ethnographic objects and object fragments, many from the original natural history museum on campus; some of the items ...
15th and 16th Centuries. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990. Fossi, Gloria. Uffizi Gallery: Art, History, Collections. ... is a series of 484 portraits assembled by the 16th-century Italian Renaissance historian and biographer Paolo Giovio. It ... History and its Images: Art and the Interpretation of the Past. Yale University Press. 1995. ISBN 0-300-05949-3, ISBN 978-0-300 ... Pliny's Natural History, xxxv.9-10; for the instructive power of images to Romans, see P. Gregory, "'Powerful images': ...
Oratorio de San Felipe de Neri, Toledo
It was rebuilt between the late 15th century and early 16th century. In the wall of the gospel the Oratory's main Chapel was ... Pisa, in its History of Toledo, places this chapel among the best in the city. In the recent restoration a Gothic polychrome ... Remains of what were Thermaes Templarium appeared, pertaining to the 1st century CE. Toledo's Roman past (Toletum coined its ...
Tomizm w Polsce na przełomie XV i XVI w. (Thomism in Poland at the Turn of the 15th and 16th Centuries; 1911) Odrodzenie ... nominalizmu w XIV w. (The Rebirth of Nominalism in the 14th Century; 1926). History of philosophy in Poland List of Poles " ... The chief object of his studies was late, especially 14th-century, Scholasticism and Nominalism in Poland. ...
15th and 16th Centuries. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990. Fossi, Gloria. Uffizi Gallery: Art, History, Collections. ... History and its Images: Art and the Interpretation of the Past. Yale University Press. 1995. ISBN 0-300-05949-3, ISBN 978-0-300 ... Paolo Giovio: The Historian and the Crisis of Sixteenth-Century Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995. Media ... "Images of Identity: Italian Portrait Collections of the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries." "The Image of the Individual: ...
Agrarian relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries. East European Monographs. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-88033-148- ... Halil İnalcık; Donald Quataert (1997-04-28). An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire. Cambridge University Press. ... Byzantine Empire Second Bulgarian Empire, gradually conquered by the Ottomans in the late 14th-early 15th century. Lordship of ... until the creation of further eyalets in the 16th century, beginning with the Archipelago (1533), Budin (1541) and Bosnia (1580 ...
Srbulje were published in printed form in the 15th and 16th centuries. The history of printing of early Serbian language books ... which gradually replaced srbulje at the beginning of the 19th century. Until the end of the 15th century srbulje were only ... During 16th century srbulje were printed in many other printing shops, including Serbian Venetian Printing House, Goražde ... At the beginning of 19th century srbulje became scarce so churches had to import and use Russian language liturgical books. ...
Another reconstruction of Dayahatyn was held in the 15th and 16th centuries. The high arched portal at the entrance was the ... The missing parts are believed to be with some inscriptions on the history of the building and be removed in the later time for ... It was originally a fortress built by Tahir ibn Husayn in the 9th century. In the 11th century, it was transformed into a ... In the 11th century, the Tahiriya fort was turned into a brick-caravanserai, which is the present Dayahatyn. Dayahatyn ...
Santa Maria di Propezzano
A Journey Beyond the Three Seas
Martin, Janet (1985). "Muscovite travelling merchants: The trade with the Muslim East (15th and 16th centuries)". Central Asian ... Journal of World History. 17 (3): 243-266. doi:10.1353/jwh.2006.0049. Full text of A Journey Beyond Three Seas. ... In India in the Fifteenth Century. Hakluyt Society, ser. 1. volume 22. (London: Hakluyt Society, 1857). Lenhoff, Gail & Martin ...
A late Gothic building from the 15th and 16th centuries. Church of the Carmen. A neoclassical temple built between 1897 and ... The history of the Cathedral of Santa María (commonly known as Old Cathedral), is itself a synthesis of the history of Vitoria- ... It was built in the 15th century, but has kept a tower from the 13th century. The Catholic Monarchs stayed here, and Adrian VI ... It displays 14th-century carvings, Flemish 16th-century triptychs, panels of Spanish masters such as Jusepe de Ribera and ...
"Evolution of Ukrainian lands in the 15th-16th centuries." [verify] Staff writer, Encyclopædia Britannica (2006). "Poland, ... Subtelny, Orest (1988). Ukraine: A History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-5808-6. Brief history of L'viv ... By the 16th century the language of administrative paperwork in Ruthenia was a peculiar mix of the older Church Slavonic with ... In the 19th century, the mostly unchallenged Polonization trend of the previous centuries had been met staunchly by then "anti- ...
"Evolution of Ukrainian lands in the 15th-16th centuries." [verify] Thomas Lane. Lithuania stepping westwards. Routledge, 2001. ... While the Czech lands have never been as much of a military or political power during the region's history as Poland and Russia ... become fragmented due to the Mongol invasion of the 13th century and would remain so until the first half of the 16th century. ... By the 12th century, they were the core population of a number of medieval Christian states: the Northwest Slavs in Poland, the ...
These have included: Crakows or Poulaines - (15th- and 16th-century Europe). Winklepickers - 1960s to present, Britain and ... Throughout the history of footwear, shoes or fashion boots with very long, pointed toes have been favored at various periods ... Mexican pointy boots - 21st-century Mexico and southern United States.. ...
... the 14th century treatises (total: 3); the 15th century treatises (total: 31); the 16th century treatises (total: 66); the 17th ... Schola Gladiatoria's homepage hosts an influential forum, dedicated to HEMA, swordsmanship, martial arts and military history. ... the 18th century treatises (total: 55); the 19th century treatises (total: 233); the 20th century treatises (total: 106). ... roughly equating to the ranks of the London Company of Masters of Defence of the 16th century. These ranks represent a ...
... he managed to publish accounts of the entire 15th and 16th centuries; around the same time, he printed his course on the 16th ... Dobrescu intended to write a century-by-century history of the Romanian church, a goal he partly achieved. A volume on the 14th ... He had published the 19th century in 1905, followed in 1906 by a history of the church in Oltenia under Austrian rule, covering ... century appeared in 1906, followed in 1907 by one on the early 15th century in Moldavia. In 1910, ...
The tower was built in the mid-15th century and restored in 1907. The church has eight bells, the earliest of which belongs to ... The manor house Weston Hall, which dates to the 16th century, still stands in Weston-in Arden. It was substantially renovated ... The early history of Bulkington can be traced in Domesday Book where it is mentioned as among the estates of the Count of ... where it had been introduced by the Huguenots in the 18th century. The late 18th century and early 19th century was a period of ...
The Dabhol port boasts of centuries old history. Dabhol was of great importance in the 14th, 15th and 16th ... In the 15th and 16th centuries, Dabul was an opulent Muslim trade centre, first under the Bahmani, later under the Adilshahi ... During 13th to 15th centuries this port was ruled by the Bahamani dynasty and was known as Mustafabad. Later on it was Hamjabad ... In the course of the 16th century, a lot of commerce was redirected away from Dabul and towards the rising new port of Rajapur ...
It has also been painted by Italian artists of the 15th and 16th centuries. History of the violin Origins of the citole ... One may conclude that the use of the bow was either unknown at this time (c. 6th century), or that it was still confined to ... ii.). Schlesinger 1911, p. 705 notes: This rotta was found in an Alemannic tomb of the 4th to the 7th centuries at Oberflacht ... The old German rotta of the 6th century preserved in the Ethnological Museum of Berlin, and the instruments played by King ...
The village also has several thatched cottages, some with 15th- and 16th-century origins. John Terry, rector (1590-1625) and ... "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol11 pp212-223 - Parishes: Stockton". British History Online. University of London. ... Longhall, another country house at the south end of the village, dates from the 15th century and is Grade II* listed; it is the ... A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume IV (1959), p. 361 Historic England. "Church of St John the Baptist (1181597)". ...
... art in art history. The manufacture of pastels originated in the 15th century. The pastel medium was mentioned ... Pastel was sometimes used as a medium for preparatory studies by 16th-century artists, notably Federico Barocci. The first ... "Nineteenth-Century American Drawings". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 27 August ... According to the Metropolitan Museum of Art's Time Line of Art History: Nineteenth Century American Drawings: .mw-parser-output ...
Arts of the late 15th century and early 16th century were dominated by three men. They were Michelangelo, Raphael, and Leonardo ... For information about Italian history, see: History of Italy. For other topics on Italian culture, see: Culture of Italy.  ... A remarkable group of Florentine architects, painters, and sculptors worked during the early 15th century. They included the ... By the 1st century AD, Rome had become the biggest and most advanced city in the world. The ancient Romans came up with new ...
The history of this idol dates back to the period around 15th and 16th century. The temple has a very spacious hall and a ... century addition. In the Vidya Shankara shrine, there are 12 zodiac pillars, which are so constructed that the rays of the sun ... The history of Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Ltd. is discussed in "KIOCL: Company Profile". The website of KIOCL. Kudremukh Iron ... In recent history, Chikmagalur was the centre of global attention in the year 1978 when the former Indian Prime Minister, ...
It was under the rule of the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries. When it came under the rule of Wadiyar dynasty ... In history it was called as Ramachndra yelanbure. Later on it changed into Yalandur. ... of Mysuru, in the early 18th century, Dewan Purnaiah, a notable Dewan of Kingdom of Mysore from here, was gifted the Jagir of ...
... built in the 14th century, line the banks of the Vistula. In the 15th century the city of Gdańsk gained great importance in ... In the 16th century most of the grain exported was leaving Poland through Gdańsk, which because of its location at the end of ... Geological history. The history of the River Vistula and its valley spans over 2 million years. The river is connected to ... Vistula river in Warsaw near the end of the 16th century. The right side shows the Sigismund Augustus bridge built 1568-1573 by ...
... meant to vindicate the history, language, people, and culture of Galicia. The period from the 16th century to the early ... The linguistic stage from the 13th to the 15th centuries is usually known as Galician-Portuguese (or Old Portuguese, or Old ... written from the late 12th to early 14th century to 16th century, shows a clear identification of this language with the ... This led, from the late 15th century on, to the end of legal documents in Galician; the last ones were issued around 1530. ...
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Publishing, DK (15 September 2015). Queen Elizabeth II and the Royal Family: A Glorious Illustrated History. DK Publishing. p. ... Colonel-in-Chief of the Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th Foot) ... Dukes of York and Albany (18th century). *George (1892-1910). *Albert (1920-1936) ... 16th Duke of Hamilton. *10th Duke of Buccleuch. *11th Duke of Lennox ...
16th century. *Hakim-e-Gilani. *Abul Qasim ibn Mohammed al-Ghassani. *Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ... Finger, Stanley (1994), Origins of Neuroscience: A History of Explorations Into Brain Function, Oxford University Press, p. 70 ... 15th century. *Abu Sa'id al-Afif. *Muhammad Ali Astarabadi. *Husayni Isfahani. *Burhan-ud-din Kermani ... Abu al-Qasim Ammar ibn Ali al-Mawsili was an important eleventh-century Arab Muslim ophthalmologist. Despite little being known ...
Category:Articles containing Latin-language text
Ohio State University
HistoryEdit. Main article: History of Ohio State University. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. ( ... In the last quarter century,[clarification needed] 32 Ohio State faculty members have received the Guggenheim Fellowship, more ... Its recent acquisitions were 16th among university research libraries in North America. Along with 21 libraries on its ... Michael V. Drake, former chancellor of the University of California, Irvine, became the 15th president of the Ohio State ...
Casale became a free municipality and from the 15th century to the 16th century was the capital of the Palaiologos. Then the ... HistoryEdit. The fortified town from an engraving of 1745. On the left the river Po, and to the right the star-shaped ... The 15th-century Palazzo Treviso, in Via Trevigi, was restructured on behalf of Anne d'Alençon before being given to the ... Work on the building ceased for some time, as a result of political instability; in the early 16th century a fine, if slightly ...
Drawings by German artist Albrecht Dürer established the popular image of the breed in the 15th and 16th centuries. Further ... "History of the Bichon Frise". Bichon Frise Club of America, Inc. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 22 ... Early 19th century: from German Pudel(hund), from Low German pud(d)eln 'splash in water' (the poodle being a water-dog).. ... "Poodle History & Training". AKC.org. American Kennel Club. Archived from the original on 8 January 2018. Retrieved 15 January ...
"Final Exam", the 16th episode of season 4 of The Outer Limits, depicts a student named Todtman who has invented a cold fusion ... The ability of palladium to absorb hydrogen was recognized as early as the nineteenth century by Thomas Graham. In the ... COLD FUSION - The history of research in Italy (2009) PDF 8.7Mb In the foreword by the president of ENEA the belief is ... ENEA hosted the 15th cold fusion conference. ... History. Nuclear fusion is normally understood to occur at ...
History. Making pasta; illustration from the 15th century edition of Tacuinum Sanitatis, a Latin translation of the Arabic work ... Although tomatoes were introduced to Italy in the 16th century and incorporated in Italian cuisine in the 17th century, ... "History of Pasta". Retrieved 29 March 2012.. *^ Tracey, Michael. "The Origin and History of Pasta where Pasta comes from". ... History of manufacturing. At the beginning of the 17th century, Naples had rudimentary machines for producing pasta, later ...
Pope John XXIII
For the 15th-century Antipope, see Antipope John XXIII.. Pope John XXIII (Latin: Ioannes; Italian: Giovanni; born Angelo ... had been held in the 16th century). This decision was announced on 29 January 1959 at the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the ... Martin, Malachi (1972), Three Popes and the Cardinal: The Church of Pius, John and Paul in its Encounter with Human History', ... Bokenkotter, Thomas (2005). A Concise History of the Catholic Church. New York: Image. p. 413. ISBN 0-385-51613-4.. ...
Sierra de Guadarrama
It dates to the 14th century and an expansion during the 16th century. Although at one time in disrepair, the castle was ... It is composed of several cylindrical towers and dates to the 15th century. ... Throughout its history, La Pedriza's complex of caves was used as a hideout by exiles and by those seeking shelter during times ... For centuries the range constituted a border between the Christian kingdoms to the north and Muslims kingdoms to the south, ...
The coastline of the modern state is not quite coterminous with what the 15th- and 16th-century merchants knew as the "Teeth" ... Lipski, John M. (2005). A History of Afro-Hispanic Language: Five Centuries, Five Continents. Cambridge University Press. ISBN ... Originally, Portuguese and French merchant-explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries divided the west coast of Africa, very ... The first recorded history appears[when?] in the chronicles[where?] of North African (Berber) traders, who, from early Roman ...
South West England
... with numbers remaining at 10,000-12,000 through most of the 15th and 16th centuries. ... "Essays in History. Virginia: Corcoran Department of History at the University of Virginia. 33. Archived from the original on 28 ... 16th centuryEdit. Great disturbances throughout both Cornwall and Devon followed the introduction of Edward VI's Book of Common ... In Bristol the port began to develop in the 11th century. By the 12th century Bristol was an important port, handling much ...
Medieval Kannada literature
These include writings from the 7th century rise of the Badami Chalukya empire to the 16th century, coinciding with the decline ... The 13th century CE, to the 15th century CE, saw the emergence of numerous Virashaiva and Brahminical writers with a ... Some well-known works of history are Maisururajara-charitre, Chikkadevarajavamsavali (17th century), Keladinripavijaya by ... The period between the 14th century to 16th century produced the first wave of devotional literature called the Haridasa ...
Holy (Epiphany) water vessel from 15th-16th century. It is found on Hisar near the town of Leskovac, Serbia. Photographed in ... "Nicholas Pokhilko, History of Epiphany". Retrieved December 22, 2011.. *^ "Today the Church has been joined to her heavenly ... And they say that it was the 15th of the month Tybi of the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar. And some say that it was observed the ... History. Epiphany may have originated in the Greek-speaking eastern half of the Roman Empire as a feast to honor the ...
Ophthalmology in medieval Islam
His work led to much discussion in 16th century Europe over whether the principal organ of sight is the traditional Galenic ... A Madcap history of Persia and the eastern caliphate : the development of Persian and Arabic medical sciences, from the ... 15th century. *Abu Sa'id al-Afif. *Muhammad Ali Astarabadi. *Husayni Isfahani. *Burhan-ud-din Kermani ... Memorandum book of a tenth-century oculist for the use of modern ophthalmologists : a translation of the Tadhkirat of Ali ibn ...
Portuguese priests and merchants introduced it to Europe during the 16th century. During the 17th century, drinking tea ... In the 15th century, oolong tea, in which the leaves were allowed to partially oxidize before pan-frying, was developed. ... Sarah Rose (2010). For All the Tea in China: How England Stole the World's Favorite Drink and Changed History. Penguin Books. ... Tea was first introduced to Portuguese priests and merchants in China during the 16th century, at which time it was termed chá. ...
History. Baltic population in the 12th century. Many scholars believe that the ancestors of the modern Belarusians ... 15th-16th centuries schism. *1996 schism. *2018 schism. Scriptures. *Books. *Canon. *Old Testament ... Commonwealth of Polish Kingdom and Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 17th century. Legend: The Crown (Kingdom of Poland) ... In the 13th-18th centuries Belarusians were known as Ruthenians and spoke Ruthenian language, while being part of the Grand ...
United States congressional apportionment
15th. 16th. 17th. 18th. 19th. 20th. 21st. 22nd. 23rd. Year. 1789. 1790. 1800. 1810. 1820. 1830. 1840. 1850. 1860. 1870. 1880. ... Controversy and historyEdit. Since 1789, when the Federal Government began operating under the Constitution, the number of ... Prior to the 20th century, the number of representatives increased every decade as more states joined the union, and the ... "The History of Apportionment in America". American Mathematical Society. Retrieved 2009-02-15.. ...
History of France). Jules Michelet defined the 16th-century Renaissance in France as a period in Europe's cultural history ... In the late 15th century, the French invasion of Italy and the proximity of the vibrant Burgundy court (with its Flemish ... The French Renaissance was the cultural and artistic movement in France between the 15th and early 17th centuries. The period ... gave birth to the Franco-Flemish style of polyphony which dominated European music in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. ...
... and sweet oranges by the Genoese and Portuguese from Asia during the 15th to 16th century. Mandarins were not introduced until ... History. Citrus plants are native to subtropical and tropical regions of Asia, Island Southeast Asia, Near Oceania, and ... History of the Citrus and Citrus Tree Growing in America *^ Billie S. Britz, "Environmental Provisions for Plants in ... "In Zech-Matterne, Véronique; Fiorentino, Girolamo (eds.). AGRUMED: Archaeology and history of citrus fruit in the Mediterranean ...
From the late 14th century to the early 16th century, England had a considerable industry in Nottingham alabaster reliefs for ... "History Today. Retrieved 28 August 2017.. *^ "Largest Anglo-Saxon hoard in history discovered". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved ... "Manuscripts from the 8th to the 15th century". British Library. Retrieved 28 August 2017.. ... William Gaunt, A Concise History of English Painting (London, 1978). *William Gaunt, The Great Century of British Painting: ...
After a gap of a century, the industry revived in the late 15th century, now specializing in the technique of painted enamel, ... piece made up in the 18th and 19th centuries from a number of 16th century pieces, and with the joined initials of Henri and ... Collecting historyEdit. After a long period when they were very little collected, interest in painted Limoges revived in the ... Detail of enamel dish, Limoges, mid-16th century, attributed to Jean de Court (marked "I.C." at centre), Waddesdon Bequest, ...
A prime example is La Malinche, also known as Malintzin, Malinalli and Doña Marina, an early-16th-century Nahua woman from the ... Only at the end of the 15th century did the great age of English prose translation begin with Thomas Malory's Le Morte Darthur- ... Czesław Miłosz, The History of Polish Literature, pp. 193-94. *^ Gilman, E. Ward (ed.). 1989. "A Brief History of English Usage ... Modern translation is applicable to any language with a long literary history. For example, in Japanese the 11th-century Tale ...
the târih (تاريخ), or history, a tradition in which there are many notable writers, including the 15th-century historian ... 16th century); Karacaoğlan (1606?-1689?), who may be the best-known of the pre-19th century aşıks; Dadaloğlu (1785?-1868?), who ... The golden age of Ottoman literature lasted from the 15th century until the 18th century and included mostly divan poetry but ... History. The earliest known examples of Turkic poetry date to sometime in the 6th century AD and were composed in the ...
In the 15th and 16th centuries, French and English depictions of relationships between women (Lives of Gallant Ladies by ... Faderman, Lillian (1991). Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth Century America, Penguin Books ... Further information: History of lesbianism. The varied meanings of lesbian since the early 20th century have prompted some ... Gender masquerade as a dramatic device was popular in the 16th and 17th centuries, such as this scene from Twelfth Night ...
National Museum, Warsaw
On the top floor a large gallery displays Polish history paintings of the 19th century, many of which are well-known to Poles, ... The Gallery of Medieval Art mainly presents objects from the late Middle Ages (14th-15th century), originating from different ... an extensive gallery of Polish painting since the 16th century and a collection of foreign painting (Italian, French, Flemish, ... Gallery of 19th-century Art and the Gallery of 20th and 21st-century, includes the works of Polish painters and sculptors and ...
Around the early 16th century, Tomé Pires, an adventurer from Portugal, said that Palembang had been led by an appointed patih ... History. Pre-history. South Sumatra has been settled by humans since the Palaeolithic era. The evidence of those ... By the late 15th century, Islam has spread throughout the region, replacing Buddhism and Hinduism as the dominant religion. ... Beginning in the 16th century, Islam began to spread in the region, effectively replacing Hinduism and Buddhism as the dominant ...
Horses in warfare
While some historians suggest that the tournament had become a theatrical event by the 15th and 16th centuries, others argue ... a b Olmstead, History of Persian Empire, p. 232; Raychaudhuri Political History of Ancient India, p. 216. ... and the full harness worn by the early 15th century developed to resist longbow arrows. From the 14th century on, most ... a full harness of musket-proof plate from the 17th century weighed 70 pounds (32 kg), significantly less than 16th century ...
History of Carlisle Castle | English Heritage
... guarded Englands north-western border with Scotland and which continued to have an active military role until the 20th century ... A history of Carlisle Castle, the mighty border stronghold which ... The 15th and 16th Centuries. Carlisle played an important part ... in the turbulent history of the 15th and early 16th centuries, when the rule of law broke down over virtually the whole border ... although its interior has been significantly altered over the centuries, and the roof of the keep was lowered in the 16th ...
15th or 16th Century Quiz
For 15th (1401-1500) enter 5 and for 16th (1501-1600) enter 6. Test your knowledge on this history quiz to see how you do and ... Can you identify in which century these events occurred? ... History Quiz / 15th or 16th Century. Random History or General ... Can you identify in which century these events occurred? For 15th (1401-1500) enter 5 and for 16th (1501-1600) enter 6.. by ... Tags:Century Quiz, Decade Quiz, General Knowledge Quiz, This or That Quiz, World Events, World History ...
Pot With a Lid, Tricolor (16th-15th centuries BC, Karashamb) - Wikipedia
Top With a Lid, Tricolor, from the 16th - 15th centuries BC was discovered in Karashamb. It is included in the History Museum ... Yerevan, History Museum of Armenia, 2016, 160 pages. "Tricolor pot with lid - Armenian Treasury". Հայկական գանձարան (in ... View from the Bronze Age, album-catalog, History Museum of Armenia, 2010.. ...
Doublet (clothing) - Wikipedia
1 History *1.1 14th and 15th centuries. *1.2 Later 16th century. *1.3 17th century ... 14th and 15th centuries. Doublets of the 14th and 15th centuries were generally hip-length, sometimes shorter, worn over ... Then, like many other originally practical items in the history of mens wear, from the late 15th century onward it became ... Until the end of the 15th century, the doublet was usually worn under another layer of clothing such as a gown, mantle, ...
Library of Congress Classification:Class D, subclass DC -- History of France, Andorra, and Monaco - Wikipedia
15th century. Jeanne dArc, Saint 110-424.......... Modern, 1515- 111-120..........1515-1589. 16th century 118.......... ... Ethnography 35-424..........History 35-41..........General 44-59.8..........Military, naval, and political history. Foreign ... History, General and Old World. This article describes subclass DC. DC 1-947..........History of France 1-20.5..........General ... Subclass DC: History of France, Andorra, and Monaco is a classification used by the Library of Congress Classification system ...
Surgery of hydrocephalus: past, present and future
The second stage extends from the XIXth century to the end of the first half … ... over the centuries, underwent three stages of evolution. During antiquity, middle ages and Renaissance, hydrocephalus was not ... History, 15th Century * History, 16th Century * History, 17th Century * History, 18th Century ... The second stage extends from the XIXth century to the end of the first half of the XXth century. CSF circulation was now ...
Morbid Anatomy: Italian Devil Automaton, 15th or 16th Century, From the Wunderkammer of Ludovico Settala
The Wandering Womb : A Cultural History of Outrageous Beliefs About Woman. *Weird Europe: A Guide to Bizarre, Macabre, and Just ... Italian Devil Automaton, 15th or 16th Century, From the Wunderkammer of Ludovico Settala ... Images: Italian Automaton (The Devil), carved in wood, 15th and 16th centuries, from the Wunderkammer owned by Ludovico Settala ... and a mechanical Christ on the crucifix popular in the 15th Century, which was able. to bow down and lifte up it selfe, to ...
History Of Mental Illness Timeline | Preceden
ancient Greece and Rome . 15TH CENTURY. 16th century. 17th century . 18th century. 19th century. 20th century. ... 16th century. 1501 - 1600 * People with psychological disorders were seen as dangerous so they were locked up to protect ... 15TH CENTURY. 1401 - 1500 thoughts on the mentally ill. - Arguments for the existence of witches. - Proof that witches are ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, people were obsessed with the concept of mental illness. This is evident throughout ...
Illustrated history of landscape design (eBook, 2010) [WorldCat.org]
Illustrated history of landscape design. [Elizabeth Boults; Chip Sullivan] -- A visual journey through the history of landscape ... 6th-15th centuries --. 15th century --. 16th century --. 17th century --. 18th century --. 19th century --. 20th century --. ... 6th-15th centuries -- 15th century -- 16th century -- 17th century -- 18th century -- 19th century -- 20th century -- 21st ... History. Additional Physical Format:. Print version:. Boults, Elizabeth, 1949-. Illustrated history of landscape design. ...
Category:Maps of the history of Europe - Wikipedia
Category:Late Middle Ages - 1301-1600 AD; 14th, 15th, 16th Centuries. *Category:Historic maps of Europe ... Category:Early Middle Ages - 500-1000 AD; 5th to 10th Centuries. *Category:High Middle Ages - 1000-1300 AD; 11th, 12th, 13th ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maps of the history of Europe. ... Maps of the history of Bosnia and Herzegovina (3 C, 7 F) ... Category:Maps of the history of Europe. From Wikipedia, the ...
ROMANIA History. Timeline and major Romania historical events.
Information about Romania history and major historical events. Travel information, brochures, maps, advice are also available ... 16th-17th Century. Threatened by the Turks who conquered Hungary, the three Romanian provinces of Wallachia, Moldova and ... 14th-15th Centuries. Wallachia and Moldavia offered resistance to the Ottoman Empire expansion. ... Romanias history has not been as idyllically peaceful as its geography.. Over the centuries, various migrating people invaded ...
Search Results | Oxford Art
15th - 16th century (?), male.. Monogram of an engraver (wood).. Cited by Bartsch and Brullior; known to have engraved two ... Art History * African Art (462) * [[missing key: search-facet.tree.open-section]] American Art (7,434) * African American Art ( ... Eighteenth-Century Art Greek/Roman Art Latin American/Caribbean Art Medieval Art Nineteenth-Century Art Oceanic/Australian Art ... missing key: search-facet.tree.open-section]] Eighteenth-Century Art (29,196) * Neo-classicism and Greek Revival (14) ...
Acta Historiae Neerlandicae/Studies on the History of the Netherlands VI (eBook, 1973) [WorldCat.org]
Acta Historiae Neerlandicae/Studies on the History of the Netherlands VI. [W Brulez; A C F Koch; E H Kossman; F C Spits; Joh ... Bruges and Antwerp in the 15th and 16th Centuries: an Antithesis? --. The Reformation at Deventer in 1579-1580. Size and social ... schema:description "Bruges and Antwerp in the 15th and 16th Centuries: an Antithesis? -- The Reformation at Deventer in 1579- ... History & Archaeology a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "History & Archaeology"@en ;. . ...
Mendosa Name Meaning, Family History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Discover the Mendosa family history for the Spanish Origin. What is the origin of the name Mendosa? ... 15th century poet I igo de Mendoza; Ana Mendoza de la Cerda, daughter of Viceroy of Peru Diego Hurtado de Mendoza and Princess ... 16th century Spanish... Another 69 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Mendosa Notables in all our PDF ... Extended Surname Histories. Family Tree Templates. Symbolism. Anniversaries Prints. Armorials. Surname Histories. Coat of Arms ...
Glasgow | British History Online
Early History. 478. Events of the 15th Century. 479. Of the 16th. 479. ... The library of the university was founded in the 15th century, and contains a very extensive collection, in which are many ... and natural history; in theology are the professorships of divinity, church history, and the oriental languages; in law is the ... The crypt, which was for more than two centuries used as the church of the Barony parish, is unrivalled for elegance of design ...
Trombone History: The Trombone in Parades, 17th-19th Centuries | HubPages
The trend in the three centuries represented below is a general movement from royal and religious processions toward military ... This is the second of a two-part series on the history of the trombone in processions. For the first hub, see here. ... More Trombone History Hubs. *Trombone History: The Trombone in Parades, 15th and 16th Centuries. 76 trombones led the big ... Trombone Names Throughout History. The trombone, an instrument that originated in the 15th century, has a long history of ...
Category:History of Asia by century - Wikimedia Commons
HISTORY OF NETHERLANDS ART
... including Van Eyck and the Ghent altarpiece, Van Eyck and portraiture, Robert Campin, Rogier van der ... 15th - 16th century Van Eyck and the Ghent altarpiece Van Eyck and portraiture Robert Campin Rogier van der Weyden Bosch and ... By contrast their two greatest successors during the following century, in the rich sequence of great painters from this small ...
Danube school | painting | Britannica.com
A tradition of landscape painting that developed in the region of the Danube River valley in the early years of the 16th ... century. A number of painters are considered to have been... ... 15th, and 16th centuries) ... Take this History True or False Quiz at Encyclopedia Britannica to test your knowledge of the World Health Organization, the ... and one of the most important and influential artists in 16th-century German art. Among his vast output of paintings and ...
Bachelor of Music (B.Mus.) - Major Music History | 2010-2011 Programs, Courses and University Regulations - McGill University
Music History and Literature : Sacred and secular musical genres of the 15th and 16th Centuries. Various phases of imitative ... Music History and Literature : Survey of music in Canada from the 16th Century to the present. Current musical organizations ... Music History and Literature : History, criticism, and analysis of twentieth-century repertoires of popular musics. Detailed ... Music History and Literature : Survey of the German Lied from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth century, focusing on ...
PhD English Literature | Study at Bristol | University of Bristol
Dr Kate McClune, (Lecturer), 15th- and 16th-century Scottish and English manuscript culture; Arthurian literature; older Scots ... medical history; revenge tragedy; Shakespeare; the history of psychology; the history of the emotions; the representation of ... Dr Jennifer Batt, (Lecturer), 18th-century poetry, particularly writing by women; book history; digital humanities; labouring- ... Dr Samantha Matthews, (Senior Lecturer), 19th-century book and manuscript history, especially albums; Charles Lamb; children& ...
Art of Flanders, Germany, and France in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries. Fee. ... Survey of art and architecture from the 15th Century through the middle of the 20th Century. ... Art History B.F.A. students will identify and carry out independent scholarly research on an art history topic over two ... A study of women throughout art history as both the subject and the creator of art. Prerequisite: Nine hours of Art History ...
Guinea-Bissau | history - geography | Britannica.com
In the 15th and early 16th centuries the Portuguese commanded the entire western coast of Africa. Gradually their monopoly gave ... Historically, the only traditional pattern of emigration was due to human trafficking; during the 15th through 19th centuries, ... Five centuries of the "civilizing mission" of Portuguese colonialism did not penetrate deeply in Guinea-Bissau, and African ... is now Guinea-Bissau and placed the Casamance region of southern Senegal fully under French rule after the late 19th century. ...
History of Smallpox | Smallpox | CDC
15th Century-Portugal occupies part of western Africa, bringing smallpox.. *16th Century-European settlers and the African ... Highlights from History:. *6th Century-Increased trade with China and Korea brings smallpox to Japan. ... 17th Century-European settlers bring smallpox to North America.. *18th Century-Explorers from Great Britain bring smallpox to ... Early written descriptions also appeared in India in the 7th century and in Asia Minor in the 10th century. ...
Netherlands History - History Of Holland - Netherlands Culture
Find out about the history of Netherlands and Netherlands history to enrich your trip to the Netherlands and your vacation to ... The history of Netherlands reflects Spanish rule in the area. During the 15th and 16th centuries, The Netherlands was under ... The history Netherlands and the history of Holland goes on to reflect that during World War II, many of the country"s most ... Later, in the 19th century, the Netherlands history reflects that The Netherlands was slow to industrialize compared to ...
Top 10 Most Important Empires In World History - Toptenz.net
A century ago, countries strived to be a dominating world power and were willing to fig ... They ruled the oceans in the 15th and 16th centuries. Diaz, Columbus, Da Gama, Pizarro, Cortez etc.. Then came the dutch. They ... Its establishment in the 15th century also ushered in the modern global era, and five centuries of European dominance of global ... At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1913, the ...
Canstein, Karl Hildebrand, Baron von
1901; J. Gairdner, The English Church in the 16th Century, pp. 1, 66, 104, et passim, ib. 1903 ... BIBLIOGRAPHY: The history of the diocese is given by R. C. Jenkins, in Diocesan Histories, Canterbury, London, 1880. On the ... English Church in 14th and 15th centuries, ib. 1900; W. R. W. Stephens, The English Church, 1066-1272, p. 33, ib. ... 1895; W. Bright, Early English Church Hist., Index, Oxford, 1897; W. A. Shaw History of the English Church, 1640-1660, London, ...
HISTORY OF SCULPTURE
... including The arts in Florence, Donatello, Renaissance man, Michelangelo the sculptor ... Renaissance man: 15th - 16th century. The term Renaissance Man has come to mean someone with exceptional skills in a wide range ... This Pietà is still one of the most beautiful works of art in the mighty new St Peters, completed a century later. It is by a ... a building erected in the mid-14th century as a combination of trading place and shrine (in honour of a miracle-working image ...
Undergraduate Minor | Medieval Renaissance Studies | University of Nebraska Omaha
15th and 16th centuries.. ART 4930 - Special Topics in Art History. (When topic pertains to medieval or renaissance art) ... A study of the politics and economics of the 15th and 16th centuries as well as the achievements of Renaissance culture and the ... Study of painting, sculpture and architecture during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries in France, the Low Countries, Germany, ... Foremost Spanish works of the 16th and 17th centuries with emphasis on Lazarillo de Tormes, La Celestina, Don Quixote and a ...
Wood : Gaukler Medieval Wares, Own Some History!
20th13th17th centuries18th and 19thSephardic JewsNorth AmericaOttoman EmpireOriginsRenaissance10th century21st centuryAntwerpHistoriansRefugeMedievalReformationTrade routesAmericasOccupies11th century1500GothicOnwardManuscriptsPlagueSardiniaToday'sPeriodsHistoricNineteenth centuryLandscapesJewishIntellectual historyEarly 19thSevereHungarySoughtInquisitionFifteenth centuryDevilWitchcraftPortugueseJewsSixteenth-centurySeventeenth-centuryBuiltHalfWarfareRomanianEntranceParisKingsInterpretationUnderwentSeveral centuries
- 20th century 397. (wikipedia.org)
- Though it continued to hold onto to some of its territories well into the 20th century (and still does to this day), by 1962, with the granting of independence to rebellious Algeria, the French Empire was basically no more, bringing a close to a long and cultured era in human history. (toptenz.net)
- Survey of art and architecture from the 15th Century through the middle of the 20th Century. (southalabama.edu)
- The final changes to the house came in the early years of the 20th century, when Lt-Colonel Leopold and Mrs Nora Jenner added a library and laid out the wonderful gardens, with yew and box topiary and water features. (britainexpress.com)
- Set in what was once a mammoth office building, the original 20th-century façade belies the updated all-white interior. (travelandleisure.com)
- In the middle of the 20th century ferries started to run from Ystad to the Danish island of Bornholm and Swinoujscie in Poland. (ystad.se)
- Ystad was one of the pioneer-cities in film in Sweden at the beginning of the 20th century, and it now re-establish its position as a film-city of importance. (ystad.se)
- Bardonecchia is one of Italy's original alpine ski resorts, having been established in the early part of the 20th century. (worldtravelguide.net)
- 20th century: Two world wars, the Great Depression and exchange rate volatility cement Switzerland's position as a leading wealth management centre. (swissinfo.ch)
- During the 20th century (especially after the 1930s), the consumption of chocolate shifted from medicinal to confectionery. (drugs.com)
- Although some of its routes, especially those in the high-mountainous areas, connecting Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China, Pakistan and India, existed until the beginning of the 20th century. (advantour.com)
- Absinthe was not banned until the 20th century. (scientificamerican.com)
- The species was cultivated from the Middle Ages to the early part of the 20th century. (scientificamerican.com)
- A selection of prosthetics from the 19th and 20th century in the archives of the Science Museum in London. (gizmodo.com.au)
- In the early 13th century King John (r.1199-1216) may have been responsible for rebuilding the outer curtain wall and the inner ward wall in stone. (english-heritage.org.uk)
- Date 1200 1200s 1214-1292 1240 1248 1300 1346 1400 1430 1440s 1500 1500s Circa 1500 Late 1500s 1503 Circa 1517 1526 Circa 1580 1600 1600s Circa 1600 1639 1700 1750 1750 1758-1836 1760s 1761-1883 1763 1775 1775 4-19-1775 9-9-1776 1777 1786-1868 The 13th Century. (scribd.com)
- St Giles dates to the 13th century, with the addition of a striking 14th-century tower with 5 pinnacles. (britainexpress.com)
- The nave arcade is decorated with much earlier 13th century paintings, with a chequerboard pattern interspersed with flowers and small quatrefoil patterns. (britainexpress.com)
- This new mode of production arose in the midst of a society - feudal society -, whose slow decomposition spanned a long and contradictory transitional phase running, in the regions of Western Europe mentioned above, from the 13th century to the 16th century, sometimes the 18th century, with sequels even later in some cases. (grenzeloos.org)
- By the 13th century, chemists had mastered the art of distilling, in which a natural substance is boiled in water, extracting its essential oil. (theweek.com)
- 13th century: the first recorded appearance of Jewish and Lombardian money exchangers arrive in Switzerland from around Europe. (swissinfo.ch)
- As of the 13th century, there are sources which indicate that Jews were living in the areas of Brabant and Limburg, mainly in cities such as Brussels, Leuven, Tienen, and Maastricht. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- A UNESCO World Heritage Site that dates from the 13th century, these are the oldest mines in the world. (gayot.com)
- The history of this castle harkens back to the 13th century, as its name first appeared in print during 1285. (private-prague-guide.com)
- The first members of the Pernštejn family, with an auroch's head conspicuously on their coat-of-arms, hail from the 13th century. (private-prague-guide.com)
18th and 19th1
- Documents have been discovered indicating that chocolate was used naturopathically and prescribed to patients by some physicians for a variety of diseases during the 18th and 19th century in America, including cholera, consumption (tuberculosis), scarlet fever, smallpox, typhus, and yellow fever. (drugs.com)
- 17th Century-European settlers bring smallpox to North America. (cdc.gov)
- delved into the connections between Mexico, the potato, and the Irish migration to North America following the potato famine of the early 19th century. (mexconnect.com)
- History shows that the first settlers in North America, both the Vikings and Native Americans, were the first cultures to practice slavery in the area. (bartleby.com)
- The medicinal use of chocolate has a long history in North America dating to the 16th century. (drugs.com)
- This course explores Irish literature from the early medieval period (c. 600) to the late nineteenth century and the Irish Literary Renaissance. (unomaha.edu)
- Meanwhile, ARTé: Mecenas transports students to the 15th and 16th century Italian Renaissance where they commission works of art as a Medici banker. (prweb.com)
- They range from exquisite ivory carvings, Limoges enamels and Renaissance jewellery to Italian bronzes, colourful pottery and 18th-century porcelain. (english-heritage.org.uk)
- Cristina Dondi is the Oakeshott Senior Research Fellow in the Humanities, Lincoln College, University of Oxford, and principal investigator of a 5-year ERC Consolidator Grant on the '15th Century Booktrade: An Evidence-based Assessment and Visualization of the Distribution, Sale, and Reception of Books in the Renaissance' (2014-2019). (cerl.org)
- During the early 17th century, the Counts of Lichtenstein-Kastelcorn obtained the castle and gave the chapel, originally Renaissance, a Baroque makeover. (private-prague-guide.com)
- A picture hailing from the Renaissance shows the Virgin Mary with her parents, Saint Ann and Saint Joachim, an artwork dating from the second half of the 16th century. (private-prague-guide.com)
- Visit Dubrovnik's Franciscan Monastery, with a history dating back to the 1300s, and Rector's Palace, a gothic-renaissance palace dating to the 15th century. (makemytrip.com)
- Early written descriptions also appeared in India in the 7th century and in Asia Minor in the 10th century. (cdc.gov)
- During the Chola period in the 9th and 10th century AD, the scale of the operation grew. (wikipedia.org)
- Russian names started only as a given name, adding the patronymic around the 10th century, and finally the surname only in the late 15th or early 16th century. (familysearch.org)
- Bruges and Antwerp in the 15th and 16th Centuries: an Antithesis? (worldcat.org)
- In the 16th century the city of Antwerp came to be a very important location for Jewish tradesmen and moneylenders because of its flourishing economy. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- The flourishing Jewish trade in Antwerp ended, however, when The Netherlands were divided during the reign of king Philip II and, by the end of the century, many Jews took refuge in the Northern Netherlands, especially in Amsterdam where they formed a community. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- But, Caracciolo says, "Art historians must visit Padua's La Montecchia (doubles from $308, including breakfast, two-night minimum) -a 16th-century folly designed and frescoed by Dario Varotari, a pupil of painter Paolo Veronese. (travelandleisure.com)
- And although almost all historians would agree that a genuine alteration of an exceptionally radical nature ( the Scientific Revolution) occurred in the sciences at some time between the late fifteenth (or early sixteenth) century and the end of the seventeenth century, the question of exactly when this revolution occurred arouses as much scholarly disagreement as the cognate question of precisely what it was. (todayinsci.com)
- Wood : Gaukler Medieval Wares, Own Some History! (medievalwares.com)
- Castle ruins and medieval squares have lured poets and composers to this Upper Rhine Valley city for centuries. (travelandleisure.com)
- At this time the booming Geneva trade fairs - an important part of the medieval European commercial scene in the 15th century - attracted foreign financiers. (swissinfo.ch)
- but in the post-Reformation annals few names of great significance occur though Archbishops Tait, Benson, and Temple in the latter half of the nineteenth century were men of broad and statesmanlike abilities. (ccel.org)
- After the Reformation divided Europe into Protestant and Catholic in the early 16th century, both sides hunted witches. (nationalgeographic.com)
- The name given to the southern part of The Netherlands , territory accumulated by the French Duke of Burgundy in the 15th century and eventually inherited by Charles V , from the 16th Century Protestant Reformation (when the northern half broke away from Spanish rule) until handed over to Austria as a prize in The War of the Spanish Succession . (everything2.com)
- In the 16th and 17th century, the Americas was being explored by Spain, Britain, and other countries. (bartleby.com)
- Colonization in America has demonstrated all of the US history themes of exploration, encounter and exchange in the Americas. (bartleby.com)
- Conquistadors were Spanish and Portuguese soldiers-explorers who came to the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries. (museumoffloridahistory.com)
- 11th Century-Crusades further spread smallpox in Europe. (cdc.gov)
- Around the 11th century, the return of Crusaders brought the hammam tradition back to Europe along with scented treasures like musk and civet. (theweek.com)
- Its capital was the city of Gao , where a small Songhai state had existed since the 11th century. (thefullwiki.org)
- The Songhai are thought to have settled at Gao as early as 800 AD, but did not establish it as the capital until the 11th century, during the reign of Dia Kossoi. (thefullwiki.org)
- it contains work extending from his time to that of Prior Goldstone in the fifteenth century, thus exhibiting specimens of all schools of Gothic, and affording the best guide to the study of the development of architecture in England. (ccel.org)
- The church is a Gothic structure (15th and 16th centuries) with an archway which dates from the Middle Ages. (wikipedia.org)
- Go up a narrow, winding staircase in the Gothic part and see the red lettering that soldiers scribbled on a wall when bored during night watch duty in the 16th century. (private-prague-guide.com)
- Do not miss the masterfully carved front of the canopy bed, a 19th century copy that looks Gothic. (private-prague-guide.com)
- Landscape design history greatly influenced today's design process and design solutions. (worldcat.org)
- It grew quickly until, by the 18th century, it covered all of what is today's modern China, Mongolia, and even parts of Siberia-an area of over 5.7 million square miles (and making it the 5th largest empire in history, according to land mass. (toptenz.net)
- Ovide Brunet and the Botanical Imagination: Photography, Illustration, and Education in Nineteenth-Century Québec. (queensu.ca)
- Nineteenth-century photography, Canadian science images, botanical illustration, visual culture of science, international networks of science and art. (queensu.ca)
- Though Lieberman is arguably the best-known and best-documented nineteenth-century Russian Jewish revolutionary, scholars have largely overlooked the content of his writings and their significance for understanding the early reception of Marx's ideas. (jhu.edu)
- Illustrated History of Landscape Design takes an optical sweep of the iconic landscapes constructed throughout the ages. (worldcat.org)
- I llustrated History of Landscape Design provides an overview of landscape design, including the iconic spaces throughout the centuries, starting from landscapes in prehistory to current trends in landscape design. (worldcat.org)
- Remnants of Jewish settlement from the 4th century B.C.E. have been uncovered in the Aegean region, where Jews lived and traded in the ancient cities of Ephesus, Sardis, Pergamon, and Smyrna (renamed Izmir by the Turks). (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- Second and third century Greek inscriptions tell of a flourishing Jewish community in Smyrna. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- In fact, from the early 15th century on, the Ottomans actively encouraged Jewish immigration. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- In the 1870s, Jewish intellectuals were already assimilating Marx's insights into messianic theories and even developing materialist readings of Jewish history. (jhu.edu)
- In the 15th century, the Jewish population of Kraków was forced to resettle in the nearby town of Kazimierz, whose walls were finally torn down in 1822 to allow the Jewish population to integrate with other Poles. (gayot.com)
- Szeroka, what was once the main destination for Jewish culture now houses the Museum of the History and the Culture of Kraków Jews . (gayot.com)
- Return to modern Jewish life in the district with a walk over to the 15th-century Remuh Synagogue on (ul. (gayot.com)
- Jewish history in New Mexico goes back, it has been argued, to the founding of the colony. (innonthealameda.com)
- Reading Augustine in the Fifteenth Century', in Cultures of religious reading in the late middle ages, edited by S. Corbellini (Brepols, 2013), pp.141-72 and 'Printing at Oxford in its European Context 1478-1584', in A History of Oxford University Press, vol. 1, edited by I. Gadd (OUP, 2013), pp. 29-49. (cerl.org)
- The researcher Leon Volovici painted a wider picture: From the second half of the last century antagonism toward Jews was promoted and theorized by an important direction of Romanian nationalism. (jewishgen.org)
- In between, Dutch Jews contributed to one of the most prosperous and enlightened eras in the history of the Netherlands. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- The history of Jews in the Netherlands was different than their experience in any other country. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- for several centuries, the record reflects that the Jews were persecuted and expelled on a regular basis. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- Early sources from the 11 th and 12 th centuries mention official debates or Disputationes between Christians and Jews, in which attempts were made to convince the Jews of the truth of Christianity and to try to convert them. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- By the time the Dutch principalities rebelled against Spain late in the sixteenth century to form the United Provinces of the Netherlands, there were probably no Jews left. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- From the 15th century, Jews also resided in the Northern Netherlands. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
- The history of Ashkenazic Jews in New Mexico is more recent and less controversial. (innonthealameda.com)
- There is an old stone tower in Rhode Island that was built in the 15th century. (jerseycitymuseum.org)
- An important trading center since the 15th century when it was built for Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror, it was enlarged during the 16th century for Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. (cnn.com)
- Although the property dates back to the18th century and had frequently changed hands, the mansion and grounds we see today were built in the early 1900's. (travelblog.org)
- In Split, visit Jupiter Temple, built for worshipping the Roman God and the Roman emperor Diocletian, and the 4th-century Diocletian's Palace, a well-preserved fortress and UNESCO World Heritage Site. (makemytrip.com)
- In Mostar, see the Old Bridge, the city's symbol built in the 16th century, and Turkish House, built in 1635 and one of the best-preserved residential structures from the Turkish period. (makemytrip.com)
- The second stage extends from the XIXth century to the end of the first half of the XXth century. (nih.gov)
- This scholarly book covers the history of the Spanish empire in what is now the southern half of the United States from Florida to California. (museumoffloridahistory.com)
- The castle underwent a great building boom during the second half of the 15th century and the first part of the 16th century. (private-prague-guide.com)
- In Romanian modern and contemporary history, the period that begins with the outbreak of World War I, in the summer of 1914, would lead to the great turning point the realization of the secular dream of the Great Union, the birth of the Great Romania. (jewishgen.org)
- Tales of the supernatural had been circulating in Romanian folklore for centuries when Irish writer Bram Stoker picked up the thread and spun it into a golden tale of ghoulishness that has never been out of print since its first publication in 1897. (romaniatourism.com)
- Count Dracula, a fictional character in the Dracula novel, was inspired by one of the best-known figures of Romanian history, Vlad Dracula, nicknamed Vlad Tepes (Vlad the Impaler), who was the ruler of Walachia at various times from 1456-1462. (romaniatourism.com)
- For two centuries, the church served as coronation ground for Romanian princes. (romaniatourism.com)
- An abbey was founded there in the 7th century, possibly by the Kings of Northumbria. (english-heritage.org.uk)
- [ citation needed ] The metal continued to be mined by the eleventh century kings of South India, the Vijayanagara Empire from 1336 to 1560, and later by Tipu Sultan , the king of Mysore state and the British. (wikipedia.org)
- In other words, we must apply the materialist interpretation of history to Marxism itself: not consider its appearance as a matter of course, but understand that it requires an explanation, and try to provide one. (grenzeloos.org)
- Religious reformer John Calvin, who helped shape the Protestant Church from his base in Geneva in the 16th century, further boosted banking by applying a liberal interpretation of the Catholic ban on usury - or gaining interest on loans. (swissinfo.ch)