History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Th2 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.Th1 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Th17 Cells: Subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete IL-17, IL-17F, and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.Famous PersonsMedicine in ArtHistoryPaintingsBack Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Persia: An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)Low Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.Leper Colonies: Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.History of MedicineCivilization: The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.Back: The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.Nobel PrizePaleopathology: The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.Embryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.Medicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)Scurvy: An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.Burial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Eugenics: The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Portraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)History of NursingSculptureNeurology: A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.Books, Illustrated: Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Literature, MedievalPlague: An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.Mythology: A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)BooksMummies: Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.EuropeHistory, Modern 1601-: The period of history from 1601 of the common era to the present.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.United StatesPolitics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Magic: Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.ArtManuscripts, MedicalPhilosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Philosophy, MedicalAnthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Croatia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Medical Illustration: The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Psychoanalysis: The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Skeleton: The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Engraving and EngravingsFur Seals: A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.Bacteriology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Theology: The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)Numismatics: Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Economic Development: Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.Societies, Hospital: Societies having institutional membership limited to hospitals and other health care institutions.Communicable DiseasesPhysiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Smallpox: An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Democracy: A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.Periostitis: Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)Theft: Unlawful act of taking property.Back Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.Founder Effect: A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Th1-Th2 Balance: Homeostatic control of the immune system by secretion of different cytokines by the Th1 and Th2 cells. The concentration dependent binding of the various cytokines to specific receptors determines the balance (or imbalance leading to disease).Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.ItalySymbolism: A concept that stands for or suggests something else by reason of its relationship, association, convention, or resemblance. The symbolism may be mental or a visible sign or representation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Citrus aurantiifolia: A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar lime fruit. Its common name of lime is similar to the limetree (TILIA).Developmental Biology: The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Clinical Medicine: The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Genealogy and HeraldryTerminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Awards and PrizesEnglandWorld Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Cercopithecinae: A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.HungaryGermanyIslam: A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).GreeceCrops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Great BritainBiological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.PortugalEducation, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Suntan: An induced skin pigment (MELANIN) darkening after exposure to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. The degree of tanning depends on the intensity and duration of UV exposure, and genetic factors.North AmericaMalaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.South AmericaSocial Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Europe, EasternEmigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.RussiaInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Yersinia pestis: The etiologic agent of PLAGUE in man, rats, ground squirrels, and other rodents.Societies, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.AfricaInternationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.General Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.PolandCardiology: The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Oesophagostomiasis: Infection of the intestinal tract with worms of the genus OESOPHAGOSTOMUM. This condition occurs mainly in animals other than man.Cholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Pacific OceanSwitzerlandInfant Mortality: Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.LondonPhylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Mycobacterium ulcerans: A slow-growing mycobacterium that infects the skin and subcutaneous tissues, giving rise to indolent BURULI ULCER.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.BrazilGeologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Wales
Cowries have been used as currency in West Africa since the 11th century when their use was first recorded near Old Ghana. Its ... In the 14th century CE King Abubakari II, the brother of King Mansa Musa of the Mali Empire is thought to have had a great ... Griots can recite genealogies going back centuries. They recite epics that reveal historical occurrences and events. Griots can ... The first use of cannons as siege machine at the siege of Sijilmasa in 1274, according to 14th-century historian Ibn Khaldun. ...
The most powerful of these states were Ghana, Gao, and the Kanem-Bornu Empire. Ghana declined in the eleventh century, but was ... The bronzes have been dated from as far back as the ninth century. The Kingdom of Ife, historically the first of these Yoruba ... Mansa Musa ruled the Mali Empire in the 14th century. Slavery had long been practiced in Africa. Between the 7th and 20th ... By the eleventh century, some Hausa states - such as Kano, jigawa, Katsina, and Gobir - had developed into walled towns ...
During the 11th and 12th centuries it began to develop as an empire following the decline of the Ghana Empire to the north. ... Much of the recorded information about the Mali Empire comes from 14th century North African Arab historian Ibn Khaldun, 14th ... by Polish and Guinean archaeologists revealed the remains of a substantial town dating back as far as the 6th century. Modern ... The number and frequency of conquests in the late 13th century and throughout the 14th century indicate the Kolonkan mansas ...
By the 11th century, Ghana was in decline. It was once thought that the sacking of Koumbi Saleh by Berbers under the Almoravid ... By the 14th century CE, they had converted to Islam. During the 16th century, they established themselves at Macina in southern ... The use of gold and silver in Egypt dates back to the predynastic period. In the Aïr Mountains, present-day Niger, copper was ... Ghana was first mentioned by Arab geographer Al-Farazi in the late 8th century. Ghana was inhabited by urban dwellers and rural ...
From the 11th century, by which time the rulers of the Sudanic empires had embraced Islam, it spread south into the northern ... Its slow decline starting at the end of the 14th century followed internal discord and revolts by vassal states, one of which, ... It borders Guinea to the northwest, Liberia to the west, Mali to the northwest, Burkina Faso to the northeast, Ghana to the ... An early ceasefire with the rebels, which had the backing of much of the northern populace, proved short-lived, and fighting ...
Therefore, to be true to the New Testament, the twentieth-century church must trace its origins to the first century." Robert W ... Scriptural backing given by members for the practice of a cappella includes: Matt 26:30: "And when they had sung a hymn, they ... Eleventh ed.). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc. Entry on "Campbellite." Douglas Allen Foster and Anthony L. Dunnavant, " ... In 1967, Chuck Lucas was minister of the 14th Street Church of Christ in Gainesville, Florida (later renamed the Crossroads ...
Between the 14th and 15th centuries, large medieval Southeast African kingdoms and states emerged, such as the Buganda and ... The Kingdom of Nri, was established by the Igbo in the 11th century. Nri was famous for having a priest-king who wielded no ... In Ghana, most health care is provided by the government and largely administered by the Ministry of Health and Ghana Health ... Archaeological finds in Central Africa provide evidence of human settlement that may date back over 10 000 years. According to ...
... a meeting place of caravans from Ghana and Tadmakka in the 10th and 11th centuries-and a dependency of Ghana. The geographer Al ... One being the possible success of Emperor Abu Bakr II of Mali two voyages across the Atlantic Ocean in the 14th century and the ... they go back aboard and wait, and the natives come and add to the gold until they are satisfied. There is perfect honesty on ... If true, trade with Carthage possibly started as early as 6th century B.C. Well before the known start of Ghana in 300B.C.-300A ...
Sources of ecclesiastical witchcraft jurisdiction date back as early as the second half of the eleventh century, one being ... Ghana[edit]. In Ghana, women are often accused of witchcraft and attacked by neighbours.[132] Because of this, there exist six ... The beginning of the witch accusations in Europe took place in the 14th and 15th centuries; however as the social disruptions ... Witch-hunts first appeared in large numbers in southern France and Switzerland during the 14th and 15th centuries. The peak ...
Mali conquered Gao towards the end of the 13th century; Gao would remain under Malian hegemony until the late 14th century. But ... Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, Mali, and Songhay , David C. Conrad , Page 49 Empires of Medieval West Africa: Ghana, ... although a Songhai state had existed in and around Gao since the 11th century. Other important cities in the empire were ... He also established an order of precedence and protocol and was noted as a noble man who gave back generously to the poor. ...
13th century) dubbed them tensilia, inflativa, and percussionalia; Ugolino da Orvieto (14th and 15th centuries) called them ... Ibn Sina, Persian scholar of the 11th century, presented a scheme in his Kitab al-Najat (Book of the Delivery), made the same ... and back, much like the symphony orchestra. An orally-transmitted Javanese taxonomy has 8 groupings: ricikan dijagur (" ... Ghana vadya, "solid instruments"); and percussion instruments with skin heads, or drums (avanaddha vadya,"covered instruments ...
Although the oldest written historical reference to the Priangan region dates back to circa 14th century was found in ... The Asian-African leaders who attended the summit included Nehru (India), Nasser (Egypt), Tito (Yugoslavia), Nkrumah (Ghana), U ... Soemardi, Ahmad R.; Radjawali, I (2004). "Creative culture and urban planning:The Bandung Experience" (PDF). The 11th ... In the 19th century, cinchona (kina) plants were introduced by Franz Junghuhn. Cinchona is a plant that can be used for the ...
... and San Secondo belonged to the Rossi well into the 19th century. Between the 14th and the 15th centuries, Parma was at the ... San Paolo, Parma: (11th century) Former Benedictine convent houses Correggio's frescoes in the Camera di San Paolo (1519-1520 ... The citizens organized into the Arditi del Popolo ("People's champions") and pushed back the squadristi. This episode is ... namely Ghana, Nigeria and Ivory Coast: 1.81%), North Africa (namely Morocco and Tunisia: 1.46%) and the Philippines: 1.33. In ...
The Black Death of the 14th century also blocked travel and trade.[34] The rise of the Ottoman Empire further limited the ... The Javanese already reached Ghana by the 8th century.[14]. Ships grew in size, required smaller crews and were able to sail ... The Norman Conquest of England in the late 11th century allowed for peaceful trade on the North Sea. The Hanseatic League, a ... Linschoten, Jan Huyghen van (2004) [1598]. Voyage to Goa and Back, 1583-1592, with His Account of the East Indies: From ...
The English term is derived from Anglo-Norman and dates to the 14th century, coming from the 11th century Old French parlement ... The history of the national Sejm dates back to 1182. Since the 14th century irregular sejms (described in various Latin sources ... Parliament of Fiji Parliament of Ghana Parliament of Iceland Parliament of India (consisting of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya ... "Conciliarism" or the "conciliar movement", was a reform movement in the 14th and 15th century Roman Catholic Church which held ...
It also attested that Ghana had begun trade with Berbers and Arabs alike as early as the 9th century. By the 11th century, ... In the early 14th century, the emperor Musa I became famous for being a devout Muslim and was bestowed the title Mansa, which ... Usually he could only demand something of these states if he had the army to back it up. These kinds of conflicts can be seen ... Ghana would decline in the 12th century over its struggle with the Almoravid dynasty to the north. Ghana would also lose ...
The archipelago may have been known to Russian Pomor hunters as early as the 14th or 15th century, although solid evidence ... The name Svalbard is first mentioned in Icelandic sagas of the 10th and 11th centuries, but this may have been Jan Mayen. Early ... The development of still currently existing, strong periglacial surface forms with patterned grounds has to be led back to the ... in modern Ghana) and what are now the US Virgin Islands. The entire Svalbard archipelago, nominally ruled first by Denmark- ...
1134 and was completed in the middle of the 14th century. In the 16th century, the walls were further extended to their present ... The Hausa began to adopt Islam as early as the 11th century CE although in small numbers. The vast majority still practised. ... "Hausa in Ghana". Joshua Project. "Hausa in Cote d'Ivoire". "PeopleGroups.org - Hausa". PeopleGroups.org. "Hausa Dialect Frame ... 247nigerianewsupdate.co/in-defense-of-muric-bring-back-our-ajami-by-abdulbaqi-aliyu-jari/ Hassan, Hisham Y. et al. 2008 "Y- ...
... under whose leadership the Oyo region of Yorubaland was conquered sometime in the 11th century and the kingdom of Ife as it is ... Thus, although the Ghana Empire was geographically different from present-day Ghana, some of its people, specifically the Akan ... which flourished from the 14th through the 17th century. No trace remains of the structures admired by European travellers to ... The Orisha reported back to Olorun, who sent a chameleon to see what had been accomplished. The chameleon found that the earth ...
Duomo Vecchio: the Old Cathedral also known as La Rotonda is circular 11th-century Romanesque church. The main structure, with ... Biblioteca Queriniana, containing rare early manuscripts, including the Codex Brixianus, a 14th-century manuscript of Dante, ... The first projects for a metro in Brescia date back to the 1980s, with the introduction of the first fully automatic light ... Consolato Onorario di Albania, ambasciata.net Consolato Onorario del Ghana, consolatoghana.it Consolato Onorario di Malta, ...
Sources of ecclesiastical witchcraft jurisdiction date back as early as the second half of the eleventh century, one being ... The beginning of the witch accusations in Europe took place in the 14th and 15th centuries; however as the social disruptions ... "Ghana witch camps: Widows' lives in exile". BBC. Retrieved September 1, 2012. 7 killed in Ghana over 'penis-snatching' episodes ... Witch-hunts first appeared in large numbers in southern France and Switzerland during the 14th and 15th centuries. The peak ...
The famous 11th century scientist and polymath statesman Shen Kuo (1031-1095) was also a geographer and cartographer. His ... An engraved map from the Kassite period (14th-12th centuries BC) of Babylonian history shows walls and buildings in the holy ... In China, the earliest known geographical Chinese writing dates back to the 5th century BC, during the beginning of the Warring ... Notable features include the correct dual sources of the Nile, the coast of Ghana and mentions of Norway. Climate zones were a ...
The Great Famine of 1315-1317 (or to 1322) was the first major food crisis to strike Europe in the 14th century. Millions in ... marking a clear end to the earlier period of growth and prosperity during the 11th and 12th centuries.[76] An unusually cold ... The World Bank and some rich nations press nations that depend on them for aid to cut back or eliminate subsidized agricultural ... according to UNU's Ghana-based Institute for Natural Resources in Africa.[40] As of late 2007, increased farming for use in ...
The compass had been used for navigation in China by the 11th century and was adopted by the Arab traders in the Indian Ocean. ... The Black Death of the 14th century also blocked travel and trade. The rise of the Ottoman Empire further limited the ... If in the Atlantic, ships made the Volta do mar to pick up winds that would bring them back from Madeira, then, he reasoned, by ... in what is today Ghana, a thriving alluvial gold trade was found among the natives and Arab and Berber traders. In 1478 (during ...
Between the 7th and 14th centuries, they also built and maintained extensive irrigation networks along the lower Salt and ... When the sprinkler arrives back at the reel the system shuts off. This type of system is known to most people as a "waterreel" ... The International Water Management Institute has worked in India, Pakistan, Vietnam, Ghana, Ethiopia, Mexico and other ... 1911). "Irrigation". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ...
During the 19th century, three previously encountered diseases and one emerging infectious disease, cholera, reached epidemic proportions. Epidemics of the 19th century were faced without the medical advances that made 20th-century epidemics much more rare and less lethal. Micro-organisms (viruses and bacteria) had been discovered in the 18th century, but it was not until the late 19th ...
The Soviet Heavy Draft is a Russian breed of heavy draft horse. It derives from the Belgian Brabant heavy draft breed. It was developed in the former Soviet Union for agricultural draft work, and was recognized as a breed in 1952.:324 It is one of several heavy draft breeds developed in the Soviet Union in the twentieth century, others being the Russian Heavy Draft - which derived mainly from the Ardennais - and the Vladimir Heavy Draft, which was derived principally from the Clydesdale. The Russian Empire had no indigenous breeds of heavy draft horse.:277 ...
Two conflicting perspectives exist for the early history of Seattle. There is the "establishment" view, which favors the centrality of the Denny Party (generally the Denny, Mercer, Terry, and Boren families), and Henry Yesler. A second, less didactic view, advanced particularly by historian Bill Speidel and others such as Murray Morgan, sees David Swinson "Doc" Maynard as a key figure, perhaps the key figure. In the late nineteenth century, when Seattle had become a thriving town, several members of the Denny Party still survived; they and ...
There are competing theories regarding how and why public toilets (or "bathrooms" in the United States) first became separated by sex in the United States and Europe. Under one theory, offered by Terry Kogan, sex-separation as a standard did not emerge in the U.S. until the late nineteenth century.[2] Under another view, offered by W. Burlette Carter, sex-separation has long been the standard in the U.S. and Great Britain and most of the world where women's well-being was valued.[1] She argues that when ...
Throughout the nineteenth century...American cities annexed adjacent land and grew steadily...the predominant view in the nineteenth century was the doctrine of forcible annexation."[19] However that would change toward the end of the century: "the first really significant defeat for the consolidation movement came when Brookline spurned Boston in 1874. [Thereafter] virtually every other Eastern and Middle Western city was rebuffed by ...
The Massina Empire (Var.: Maasina or Macina: also: Dina of Massina, Sise Jihad state, and Caliphate of Hamdullahi) was an early nineteenth-century Fulbe Jihad state centered in the Inner Niger Delta area of what is now the Mopti and Ségou Regions of Mali. Its capital was at Hamdullahi. The Fulas of the region had for centuries been the vassals of larger states, including the Mali Empire (13th-14th centuries), the Songhai Empire (15th century), the Moroccan pashas of Tomboctou ...
NINES is the Networked Infrastructure for Nineteenth-century Electronic Scholarship, a scholarly organization in British and American nineteenth-century studies supported by ARP, a software development group assembling a suite of critical and editorial tools for digital scholarship. It was founded in 2003 by Jerome McGann at the University of Virginia. NINES serves as a clearinghouse for peer-reviewed digital resources, which can be collected, annotated, and re-used in online "exhibits." It is powered by open-source Collex software. In 2011, the NINES model was expanded to include a sister site in eighteenth-century studies, called 18thConnect. ...
The Aubrac is a French breed of domestic beef cattle. It originates on the Plateau de l'Aubrac in the Massif Central in central southern France, from which it also takes its name. It has a wheat-coloured coat and dark hooves, switch, muzzle and eyes. The Aubrac originated in the early nineteenth century on the Plateau de l'Aubrac in the Massif Central, which spans the modern départements of the Aveyron, the Cantal and the Lozère, in the regions of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and Occitanie. Some limited ...
Alfred Henry Sturtevant va néixer a Jacksonville, Illinois, Estats Units el 21 de novembre de 1891. A partir de 1908 va estudiar a la Universitat de Colúmbia. Es va interessar des de molt jove per l'obra de Gregor Mendel i aviat va publicar una obra sobre els pedigrees dels cavalls vistos a través de la genètica mendeliana. El 1928, ell i la seva família es traslladaren a Pasadena per treballar en el California Institute of Technology, on va ser professor de genètica. Sturtevant també es va interessar per la taxonomia, la política iel periodisme.. ...
1921: Hjalmar Gotfried Carlson · 1922: Frederick Arthur Halsey · 1923: John Ripley Freeman · 1926: Robert Andrews Millikan · 1927: Wilfred Lewis · 1928: Julian Kennedy · 1930: William Le Roy Emmet · 1931: Albert Kinsbury · 1933: Ambrose Swasey · 1934: Willis Carrier · 1935: Charles Thomas Main · 1936: Edward Bausch · 1937: Edward P. Bullard Jr. · 1938: Stephen Joseph Pigott · 1939: James Emmet Gleason · 1940: Charles Kettering · 1941: Theodore von Kármán · 1942: Ervin George Bailey · 1943: Lewis Ketcham Sillcox · 1944: Edward G. Budd · 1945: William Frederick Durand · 1946: Morris E. Leeds · 1947: Paul Walter Kiefer · 1948: Frederick George Keyes · 1949: Fred L. Dornbrook · 1950: Harvey Coles Knowles ...
Cafodd ei geni yn Lerpwl, yn ferch y diplomydd George Browne. Roedd hi'n byw ger Abergele. Priododd Capten Alfred Hemans yn 1812. ...
醒龍的兩個標本目前都存放在倫敦大學學院。醒龍的正模標本(編號UCL B54)發現於賴索托,包含一個部分頭顱骨與骨骸。古生物學家Richard Thulborn在1914年首次敘述這個標本,他認為該化石是狼鼻龍的一個新種,並密名為伴侶醒龍(L. consors),consors在拉丁語中意為「同伴」或「配偶」。編號UCL B54標本缺乏狼鼻龍所擁有的犬齒型牙齒,但Thulborn認為這代表該個體是個雌性[6]。在Thulborn的首次醒龍研究中,並沒有完全敘述牠們頭顱骨與骨骸。一顆發現於瑞士的牙齒,年代屬於三疊紀最晚期,被歸類於醒龍。但這顆牙齒沒有醒龍、畸齒龍科、或鳥臀目的特徵,因此沒有被廣泛的接受[7]。. 在1975年,詹姆斯·霍普森(James Hopson)重新敘述了一個發現於南非的破碎畸齒龍科頭顱骨(編號UCL ...
Alfred Matthew "Weird Al" Yankovic (1959. október 23. -) amerikai zenész, leginkább paródiáiról ismert. Dalszövegei nagyrészt népszerű - kultúrát parodizáló - elemeket tartalmaznak, köztük a televízió, filmek, étel, zene, honlapok és hírek. Bár népszerűségét a paródiák hozták meg számára, albumain saját, humoros szerzeményei vannak többségben.. ...
Cowries have been used as currency in West Africa since the 11th century when their use was first recorded near Old Ghana. Its ... In the 14th century CE King Abubakari II, the brother of King Mansa Musa of the Mali Empire is thought to have had a great ... Griots can recite genealogies going back centuries. They recite epics that reveal historical occurrences and events. Griots can ... The first use of cannons as siege machine at the siege of Sijilmasa in 1274, according to 14th-century historian Ibn Khaldun. ...
During the 11th and 12th centuries it began to develop as an empire following the decline of the Ghana Empire to the north. ... Much of the recorded information about the Mali Empire comes from 14th century North African Arab historian Ibn Khaldun, 14th ... by Polish and Guinean archaeologists revealed the remains of a substantial town dating back as far as the 6th century. Modern ... The number and frequency of conquests in the late 13th century and throughout the 14th century indicate the Kolonkan mansas ...
These hindrances began to dissolve in the 11th century with a consensus by Church and State that the wicked should be punished ... Meanwhile, the homicide rate plummeted from the 14th century to the 20th. The pool of violent men dried up until most murders ... Looking back at my inferences of Armenian ancestry, it seems (according to globe13) to come completely from West_Asian, ... including Bantu-speaking groups from northern Cameroon and non-Bantu speakers living in present-day Nigeria and Ghana. To our ...
From the 11th century, by which time the rulers of the Sudanic empires had embraced Islam, it spread south into the northern ... Its slow decline starting at the end of the 14th century followed internal discord and revolts by vassal states, one of which, ... It borders Guinea to the northwest, Liberia to the west, Mali to the northwest, Burkina Faso to the northeast, Ghana to the ... An early ceasefire with the rebels, which had the backing of much of the northern populace, proved short-lived, and fighting ...
Evidence of human occupation in Nigeria dates back thousands of years. The oldest fossil remains found by archaeologists in the ... When the Portuguese arrived in the kingdom of Benin in the 15th century, they found a monarchy, dating back many centuries, ... Ife, which flourished between the 11th and 15th centuries, emerged as a major power in the forested areas west of the Niger and ... Oyo, founded in the 14th century and located in the savanna to the north of the forest, gradually supplanted the older kingdom ...
According to 14th century Ethiopian manuscripts now in th ebritish Museum, an Ethiopian merchant named tamrin took building ... Am Ghana names a 21-member squad for the 2014 African Womens Championship in Namibia. sch. Check Out Other Articles Related to ... Back to top. gov (and copy [email protected] He ruled for 9. Women are fierce. They had symbolic hairstyles because of ... The wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten, she reigned during the 14th century B. Our Holy Database currently contains 400 African deity ...
Sources of ecclesiastical witchcraft jurisdiction date back as early as the second half of the eleventh century, one being ... Ghana[edit]. In Ghana, women are often accused of witchcraft and attacked by neighbours.[132] Because of this, there exist six ... The beginning of the witch accusations in Europe took place in the 14th and 15th centuries; however as the social disruptions ... Witch-hunts first appeared in large numbers in southern France and Switzerland during the 14th and 15th centuries. The peak ...
March 14th, 2017. Axl begins to question love when he encounters nearly all of his former flames at a St. Patricks Day party; ... October 11th, 2016. In the eight season premiere, Frankie and Mike are thrilled to finally meet Axls true life, Apri. ... Meanwhile, Sue and Lexie prepare to move back into their college apartment but find that its been sublet to a man who refuses ... Meanwhile, the usually overly optimistic Sue is depressed over Sean leaving for Ghana, without ever expressing her feelings for ...
11th K to Benslow cello.. 14th U3A madness in 10th century. K back from Benslow.. 15th Canterbury. D is an excellent cook. ... Lunch visitors from USA, Afghanistan, caribbean, Ghana , Germany and Canada. PL excellent on fear of the Lord.. 14th Visited ... 11th Big Japan earthquake and tsunami.. 12th R into Ealing with a bleed but no labour.. 13th R home. PL Rom 3 and Heb 8.. 14th ... 10th Deb back from Devon.. 11th Two good sermons. M Fox Rom 6, J Young 2Pet 3.. 13th Preached Eph 2 again ELT.. 16th Tired of ...
It was in Spain during the 14th and 15th centuries, because of concern about the sincerity of Jewish and Muslim conversos ( ... Even the name jack-o-lantern can be traced back to the Irish legend of Stingy Jack, a greedy, gambling, hard-drinking farmer ... "We live in times more sensitive than ever to hatred based violence, especially since the events of September 11th. Yet even now ... For example, in present-day Ghana,a small church for baptizing Africans before they were taken onto ships was situated above ...
I: 99). Deaf people may also have received the attentions of Abbott Philemon in the second half of the 14th century, but the ... 414-15, 422, 574 76), a practice probably dating back many centuries. Similarly venerable is the Ethiopian folk-story, about "a ... 26-30, 46-53), with Arabic material from the 11th century onward. Carefully formulated views about deafness and disabled people ... DAVID JB (1972) Deafness in Ghana - a personal record. In: Seminar on Deafness, Accra, Ghana, September 4th-8th, 1972. London: ...
On 14th October 1933, Germany left League of Nations. In October 1934, the Long March was started by the Red Army of Communist ... South Korea was backed by USA and UK while North Korea was supported by China and USSR. The war lasted for over 3 years without ... On 11th December 1994, First Chechen War started in Chechnya and surrounding areas between the self-proclaimed Chechen Republic ... On 6th March 1957, West African country Ghana gained independence from UK. ...
Some time between the 14th and 19th centuries, the Buddhist monasteries came to an end and eventually the various Hindu and ... It was done through the subak irrigation societies, which are first mentioned in the 11th century, and the network of water ... In the evening we cycled back.. Now many families have cars. In fact, most do, and Ubud has a traffic problem. I was the first ... Northern Ghana: Eat the same food every day so you know what killed you. Egypt: An onion from a dear one is worth more than ...
And, we are Back first and audio infected. 13 order clothes learn spared to be women for this Therapy. Xbox, Xbox Live, and all ... This classical, chronic 11th skin is where your response varies created into police with Comments that have the cooperation or ... It comes reduced by e-Century Publishing Corporation. The imagery enables Jin-Xiong power( Medical College of Georgia). Wang, ... In its paediatric download jquery:, • is committed by a Last 14th wartime with number, thoughts, waking, and relapsing; use, ...
She is the author of Honor Killings in the Twenty-First Century and co-author of Turkey Unveiled: A History of Modern Turkey. ... On January 17, 2012, the 14th Criminal Court in Istanbul ruled on the fate of other key suspects. It sentenced Yasin Hayal, ... "Turkey has a tradition of political murders that goes back to Ottoman times. The judiciary still has the automatic reflex to ... 330 7th Avenue, 11th Floor. New York, NY 10001. Tel 212-465-1004 ... Ghana. *Guinea. *Guinea-Bissau. *Ivory Coast. *Kenya. *Lesotho ...
This was in the early part of the 14th century.....In 1892 it was transferred to Italy. The name of the town is spelt in a ... 11th century AD). Dating to the 9th-10th century AD, Nixons finds are so far the oldest hard evidence for trade in gold on the ... Coming back to Antiquity, we shall pose the question as to whether trans-Saharan trade contacts prior to the Arab conquest of ... Thus, the analyses only show that native gold from Ghana, Ivory Coast (i.e., the Upper Volta or Mouhoun River gold) and Mali ( ...
This was in the early part of the 14th century.....In 1892 it was transferred to Italy. The name of the town is spelt in a ... 11th century AD). Dating to the 9th-10th century AD, Nixons finds are so far the oldest hard evidence for trade in gold on the ... The first organic intervention on the Ethiopian road network dates back to the second half of the nineteenth century and ... Thus, the analyses only show that native gold from Ghana, Ivory Coast (i.e., the Upper Volta or Mouhoun River gold) and Mali ( ...
... from around the 14th century BC.[80][81] Gold is mentioned frequently in the Old Testament, starting with Genesis 2:11 (at ... 11 (11th ed.). 1911. "Gold" . The American Cyclopædia. 1879. Chemistry in its element podcast (MP3) from the Royal Society of ... Switzerland was the last country to tie its currency to gold; it backed 40% of its value until the Swiss joined the ... Other major producers are the Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Indonesia and Uzbekistan. Relative sizes of an 860 kg block of gold ...
Join Hesperian at the American Public Health Associations annual meeting, November 11th through November 14th in San Diego. ... Your donation will support RiseUp Ghanas efforts to build a clinic in Wli Todzi, a remote village in Ghana, and Hesperians ... Look back at all the ways Hesperian contributed to Health for All in 2016, and then take a peek at the year ahead. ... The changing needs of the 21st Century mean nurses have an even greater role to play in the future. New and innovative types of ...
Join Hesperian at the American Public Health Associations annual meeting, November 11th through November 14th in San Diego. ... Look back at all the ways Hesperian contributed to Health for All in 2016, and then take a peek at the year ahead. ... The changing needs of the 21st Century mean nurses have an even greater role to play in the future. New and innovative types of ... Tomorrows Stars provides scholarships, libraries, and other support for students in Elmina, Ghana who face significant ...
... but the 5th century of rural Jews am their thus increased 6th loop in a post that very would back be back various. SociCte ... A 14th selected list, time was not, on a full evening. OXFORDSHIRE & BUCKINGHAMSHIRE LIGHT INFANTRY ORs BERET BADGE A ... Материалы Международного we was to have loops and students with British issues, stay forces, the Eleventh petrol, Here created ... Africa and Ghana, big cavalry iignte, 1900s from China, majority; frontal cap( Zoologicus) farmers from Latin America. On April ...
In the 16th century, Th. Akhey Singh, one of the descendants of Khangar Singh (the founder of Khangarot clan) overthrew the ... We pick you up from your hotel and transfer you to your flight back to Delhi. You then have one night in Delhi and free time ... Today well head to Bharatpur and the bird watchers paradise that is the Keoladeo Ghana National Park. Enroute, well visit ... Start: 14th of November 2020 End: 22nd of November 2020 Price: A$1890 Book Now ...
... by other contributors to this special issue about the presence of plague in different parts of Africa before the 19th century. ... Old World recorded the first outbreaks of a returning mortal disease that would make its presence felt over several centuries. ... 3The 14th century consequently emerges in southern Ghana as a period of deep change, possibly of extensive turmoil. For ... the comparison of the king list with that of the Kano Chronicle provides a historical thread starting in the 11th century. Some ...
The much-needed development, on the back of the victory of President Joko Widodo, comes at a critical moment in the countrys ... Systematic spying on trade unions, students and dissident groups was a common feature of 20th-century dictatorships. The ... 11th December 2015. Sometimes it takes an unexpected stranger to remind you what you have, and what you are at risk of losing. ...
The origins of trade unions can be traced back to 18th century Britain, where the rapid expansion of industrial society then ... Trade unions and collective bargaining were outlawed from no later than the middle of the 14th century, when the Ordinance of ... 11th Biennial National Conference of the Australian Historical Association. Retrieved 14 June 2006.. ... Ghana. 2016. 20.6 Greece. 2016. 18.6 Guatemala. 2016. 2.6 Hong Kong, China. 2016. 26.1 ...
  • The city-state began its life in the 8th or 9th century B. It is already hard enough to read about great African 3 Jan 2019 If you can't recall a single African warrior you learned about in school, Yaa Asantewaa was a Ghanaian brave warrior queen born circa 1840 into RELATED: #SayTheirNames: List Of 19 Assassinated Black Activists And The African Queens Project. (columbustubi.com)
  • Bauleo MF, Encina V, Kurtz L, Radon K (2019): Intervenciones educativas en Salud Ocupacional. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Garrido MA, Encina V (2019): Occupational Nursing in the XXI century. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Presentation at the 11th Joint Conference on Occupational Health for Health Workers, 24th October 2019 in Hamburg, Germany. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Meneses C, Kurtz L (2019): Un ejemplo concreto de Intervención Educativa en Bomberos de Guatemala. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Sernaqué J, Carvalho D, Radon K (2019): Prevalencia de trastornos musculo-esqueléticos y desbalance de esfuerzo-recompensa en trabajadores ferroviarios de Lima, Perú. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • It is believed that the bronzes were part of the furniture in the burial chamber of a high personage, possibly a forerunner of the eze nri , a priest-king, who held religious but not political power over large parts of the Igbo -inhabited region well into the 20th century. (britannica.com)
  • From the mid-20th century, witchcraft - sometimes called contemporary witchcraft to clearly distinguish it from older beliefs - became the name of a branch of modern paganism . (wikipedia.org)
  • The 20th Century started on 1st January 1901 and ended on 31st December 2000. (blogspot.com)
  • Ottoman Empire and Russian Empire were declining and especially Ottomans lost many European territories before and in the beginning of 20th Century. (blogspot.com)
  • Systematic spying on trade unions, students and dissident groups was a common feature of 20th-century dictatorships. (privacyinternational.org)
  • famine in Ethiopia in the 1980s had an immense death toll, although Asian famines of the 20th century have also produced extensive death tolls. (schools-wikipedia.org)
  • The Green Revolution began in the 20th century with hybrid strains of high-yielding crops. (schools-wikipedia.org)
  • Three philosophical schools in Mali existed during the country's "golden age" from the 12th to the 16th centuries: University of Sankore, Sidi Yahya University, and Djinguereber University. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on the translation of 14 Timbuktu manuscripts, the following points can be made about Timbuktu astronomical science during the 12th-16th centuries: They made use of the Julian Calendar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally, Portuguese and French merchant-explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries divided the west coast of Africa, very roughly, into four "coasts" reflecting local economies. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 16th century, it was heavily introduced to Mexico as well as South America by Spanish and Portuguese colonists , to the degree that it became a common ingredient in everyday living. (thefullwiki.org)
  • There is some evidence that Kanem had made contact with the Christian kingdoms of Nubia before it was overrun by Muslims, who gained a foothold in the ruling family of Kanem in the 11th century. (britannica.com)
  • In the 21st century, the Ivorian economy has been largely market-based, and it still relies heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash-crop production being predominant. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 20th and now the 21st century, films have become one of the primary vehicles for actively promoting a Christian worldview, extolling certain people and behavior as virtuous and demonizing those deemed Other. (christianhegemony.org)
  • 3 Mega-Schools and Technology: Lifelong Learning Systems for the 21st Century J. S. Daniel and F. Ferreira. (scribd.com)
  • Syria: Al-Qaida-linked militants undertook an offensive against Turkey-backed rebels by trying to cut off Turkey-backed fighters in Afrin from those in the province of Idlib. (livingcosmos.com)
  • A compilation of articles from the World Rainforest Movement Bulletin on the occasion of the 14th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to be held 17 - 29 November, in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. (wrm.org.uy)
  • From the mid-7th century, the Arab slave trade saw Muslim Arabs enslave Africans following an armistice between the Rashidun Caliphate and the Kingdom of Makuria after the Second Battle of Dongola in 652 AD. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the years, these enlightened Arabs injected new life and a storehouse of knowledge into the relatively backward science of Western Europe, and, for centuries, Arab culture actually dominated the Iberian Peninsula and Sicily. (amazonaws.com)
  • It borders Guinea to the northwest , Liberia to the west , Mali to the northwest , Burkina Faso to the northeast , Ghana to the east , and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) to the south. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Ghana itself, the result of his recent election had been contested and formally challenged in the Supreme Court. (un.org)
  • This was in the early part of the 14th century. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • Eritrea, where the first Italian settlement dates back to 1869, received the legal status of colony in 1882, whereas Somalia, where private capital penetration had begun in the early 1890s,became a colony in 1905. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • But only in the late XIX century the commerce company "Filonardi" from Italy took control of facilities in the port of Mogadishu. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • The earliest medieval higher secular schools, founded in Italy in the 11th century, were the medical school in Salerno and the school of law in Bologna, which in 1158 attained the status of a university. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Annamalai Kalyan, Puri Ishwar K. Although there have a epub a semilinear fourth order elliptic problem of new RDF-based design processes on the century, largely again of them plan a public production-sharing and large search to the home. (kobeltonline.de)
  • Universities founded in Central Europe in the 14th century included Charles University in Prague (1348), the University of Kraków (1364), the University of Vienna (1365), and the University of Heidelberg (1386). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Mogadishu''' (or '''Mogadiscio''' in Italian) was the capital of Italian Somalia in the first half of the XX century. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • For a century and a half the church of St James the Great, Haydock, has been celebrating Advent and the Christmass Season in a very traditional manner. (stjamesthegreat.org.uk)
  • Back home, generally pro-government papers such as Addis Fortune told readers on Tuesday that Meles had returned to Addis Ababa and would be back to work soon. (cpj.org)
  • Facebook Myspace Twitter and field in the 11th a game in your own website or blog gave me a couple of Christmases ago and our own gamestudio The on a shelf in in life. (highmarkdistillery.com)
  • Fields of sugar cane, rum distilleries, freshly-cooked fish and jerk chicken and a laid-back attitude to life - there's lots to love about Caribbean holidays. (explore.co.uk)
  • 14th Keyes spoke at IPC Dick fine on tolerance. (blogspot.com)
  • Gellaw noted that most Ethiopians get their information from the national broadcaster, which has vaguely reported that Meles is fine and would be back at his desk soon. (cpj.org)
  • Readers will recall also that political rivalry between Mr. Hamad and the President of Zanzibar, Mr. Idris Wakil, goes back at least to the time before the last Presidential elections in 1985 when Mr. Hamad was beaten by Mr. Wakil as Party candidate for the Presidency of Zanzibar. (tzaffairs.org)
  • The much-needed development, on the back of the victory of President Joko Widodo, comes at a critical moment in the country's history as the relationships that Indonesians have with technology are changing and growing rapidly. (privacyinternational.org)
  • The university being in origins a medieval institution, there are some European universities - including Oxford and Cambridge - that can claim continuity dating back to this era. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The best part is, unlike the gym membership that will be used three times before cancellation, once you find yourself on a Bali retreat or European escape, there is no turning back! (issuu.com)
  • A goal of website that persists & back during a real and which rewards much understand audience if the Therapy is to Answer refuses that of the request of the marketplace into a finger. (abqalphas.org)
  • Ghana had met the Millennium Development Goals on poverty and hunger-reduction well ahead of 2015, but still needed to focus on women's empowerment through education and control over reproductive rights. (un.org)
  • Causing economic deprivation and suffering to all Zimbabweans, such sanctions "in the eyes of our people" constituted a form of hostility and violence imposed simply for taking back control of land through Zimbabwe's land reform programme, he said. (un.org)
  • Bronzes, which have been dated to about the 9th century ce , were discovered in the 1930s and '40s at Igbo Ukwu, near the southwestern city of Onitsha . (britannica.com)
  • A tour of the eerily well preserved and deserted city of Fatehpur Sikri is next en-route to Agra, home to the incomparable Taj Mahal, the world's most famous monument to love. (encounterstravel.com)
  • Most of the troops stationed never returned home until they were transferred back to Italian Somaliland in preparation for the Second Italo-Ethiopian war in 1935. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • own first-century system death is Fortunately an sexual pocket Dec. How need other partitions represent certain high-class view molecular biology and pathology patients scribes? (villarootbarrier.com)
  • Ensuring transparency in the extractive sector has never been a real priority of the state authorities of Ghana and commercial entities. (thecuttingedgenews.com)
  • It is a twentieth-century of Patristic links of Electrode( page conflicts, translations, central figures) to outweigh the proverb: why thought purely a next conclusion in the search of course forms in the US over the le'De 30 anti-imperialists? (architekt-darmstadt.eu)
  • A man and a woman coming together, one of millions on a vast constellation which explodes out across the earth and coalesces back to a few ancient progenitors. (familytreedna.com)
  • Over the centuries dominant Christianity has used systems of violence such as inquisitions, crusades, witch burnings, genocide and slavery to not only intimidate populations, but also to instill in them a worldview in which Christian dominance is accepted. (christianhegemony.org)