Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).
A four carbon linear hydrocarbon that has a hydroxy group at position 1.
A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae, used for the industrial production of SOLVENTS.
A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae, capable of solventogenesis, and isolated from SOIL, infected WOUNDS, fermenting OLIVES, and spoiled CANDY.
A class of compounds that contain a -NH2 and a -NO radical. Many members of this group have carcinogenic and mutagenic properties.
Isomeric forms and derivatives of pentanol (C5H11OH).
An enzyme found mostly in plant tissue. It hydrolyzes glycerophosphatidates with the formation of a phosphatidic acid and a nitrogenous base such as choline. This enzyme also catalyzes transphosphatidylation reactions. EC 3.1.4.4.
A colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.
A genus of motile or nonmotile gram-positive bacteria of the family Clostridiaceae. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. They occur in water, soil, and in the intestinal tract of humans and lower animals.
A colorless liquid used as a solvent and an antiseptic. It is one of the ketone bodies produced during ketoacidosis.
Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).
Isomeric forms and derivatives of hexanol (C6H11OH).
A colorless, slightly viscous liquid used as a defoaming or wetting agent. It is also used as a solvent for protective coatings, waxes, and oils, and as a raw material for plasticizers. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Derivatives of GLUCURONIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the 6-carboxy glucose structure.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.
Fatty acid derivatives of glycerophosphates. They are composed of glycerol bound in ester linkage with 1 mole of phosphoric acid at the terminal 3-hydroxyl group and with 2 moles of fatty acids at the other two hydroxyl groups.
The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.
Methods and techniques used to genetically modify cells' biosynthetic product output and develop conditions for growing the cells as BIOREACTORS.
Unstable isotopes of oxygen that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. O atoms with atomic weights 13, 14, 15, 19, and 20 are radioactive oxygen isotopes.
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
A broad class of substances encompassing all those that do not include carbon and its derivatives as their principal elements. However, carbides, carbonates, cyanides, cyanates, and carbon disulfide are included in this class.
A broad class of substances containing carbon and its derivatives. Many of these chemicals will frequently contain hydrogen with or without oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements. They exist in either carbon chain or carbon ring form.
Sulfur compounds in which the sulfur atom is attached to three organic radicals and an electronegative element or radical.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
The study of the structure, preparation, properties, and reactions of carbon compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The generic name for the group of aliphatic hydrocarbons Cn-H2n+2. They are denoted by the suffix -ane. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Stable elementary particles having the smallest known negative charge, present in all elements; also called negatrons. Positively charged electrons are called positrons. The numbers, energies and arrangement of electrons around atomic nuclei determine the chemical identities of elements. Beams of electrons are called CATHODE RAYS.
Neutral or negatively charged ligands bonded to metal cations or neutral atoms. The number of ligand atoms to which the metal center is directly bonded is the metal cation's coordination number, and this number is always greater than the regular valence or oxidation number of the metal. A coordination complex can be negative, neutral, or positively charged.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
A P450 oxidoreductase that catalyzes the hydroxylation of the terminal carbon of linear hydrocarbons such as octane and FATTY ACIDS in the omega position. The enzyme may also play a role in the oxidation of a variety of structurally unrelated compounds such as XENOBIOTICS, and STEROIDS.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific chemicals.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A reflex found in normal infants consisting of dorsiflexion of the HALLUX and abduction of the other TOES in response to cutaneous stimulation of the plantar surface of the FOOT. In adults, it is used as a diagnostic criterion, and if present is a NEUROLOGIC MANIFESTATION of dysfunction in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Derivatives of acetamide that are used as solvents, as mild irritants, and in organic synthesis.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

Alcohol-induced biphasic inhibition of myosin subfragment 1 K-EDTA-ATPase. (1/210)

Butanol-induced inhibition of K-EDTA-ATPase of myosin subfragment 1 proceeded by biphasic kinetics, consisting of rapid and slow inactivations. The extent of the rapid inactivation, which was estimated by extrapolating the process of slow inactivation to zero time of the incubation period, was saturated with butanol concentration. Recovery of activity by dilution in the rapid phase indicates that the rapid process is reversible. The slow inactivation was concomitant with a partial denaturation of the 50 kDa domain of S1, which was detected by limited tryptic digestion. Other alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propanol and hexanol) also inhibited the K-EDTA-ATPase in the rapid phase. The Ki decreased with an increase in the number of methylene groups of alcohol. When K-EDTA-ATPase activity in the rapid phase was plotted against viscosity, surface tension or dielectric constant, the curves were different for each of the various alcohol solutions. The rapid inactivation appears to be caused by a binding of the alkyl group to S1, rather than by solvent effects. The kinetics of rapid butanol inhibitions indicate that butanol reduces the maximum activity of ATPase but enhances an apparent affinity of S1 with ATP. These indications suggest that alcohol stabilizes S1.KATP intermediate. The rapid K-EDTA-ATPase inhibition was observed at the same alcohol concentration where S1 Mg-ATPase was activated.  (+info)

Lysophosphatidic acid increases intracellular H2O2 by phospholipase D and RhoA in rat-2 fibroblasts. (2/210)

We have investigated the possible roles of phospholipase D (PLD) and RhoA in the production of intracellular H2O2 and actin polymerization in response to lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in Rat-2 fibroblasts. LPA increased intracellular H2O2, with a maximal increase at 30 min, which was blocked by the catalase from Aspergillus niger. The LPA-stimulated production of H2O2 was inhibited by 1-butanol or PKC-downregulation, but not by 2-butanol. Purified phosphatidic acid (PA) also increased intracellular H2O2 and the increase was inhibited by the catalase. The role of RhoA was studied by the scrape-loading of C3 transferase into the cells. The C3 toxin, which inhibited stress fiber formation stimulated by LPA, blocked the H2O2 production in response to LPA or PA, but had no inhibitory effect on the activation of PLD by LPA. Exogenous H2O2 increased F-actin content by stress fiber formation. In addition, catalase inhibited actin polymerization activated by LPA, PA, or H2O2, indicated the role of H2O2 in actin polymerization. These results suggest that LPA increased intracellular H2O2 by the activation of PLD and RhoA, and that intracellular H2O2 was required for the LPA-stimulated stress fiber formation.  (+info)

beta-glycosidase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus: structure and activity in the presence of alcohols. (3/210)

beta-Glycosidase from the extreme thermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus is a tetrameric protein with a molecular mass of 240 kDa, stable in the presence of detergents, and with a maximal activity at temperatures above 95 degrees C. Understanding the structure-activity relationships of the enzyme under different conditions is of fundamental importance for both theoretical and applicative purposes. In this paper we report the effect of methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 1-butanol on the activity of S. solfataricus beta-glycosidase expressed in Escherichia coli. The alcohols stimulated the enzyme activity, with 1-butanol producing its maximum effect at a lower concentration than the other alcohols. The structure of the enzyme was studied in the presence of 1-butanol by circular dichroism, and Fourier-transform infrared and fluorescence spectroscopies. Circular dichroism and steady-state fluorescence measurements revealed that at low temperatures the presence of the alcohol produced no significant changes in the tertiary structure of the enzyme. However, time-resolved fluorescence data showed that the alcohol modifies the protein microenvironment, leading to a more flexible enzyme structure, which is probably responsible for the enhanced enzymatic activity.  (+info)

Diversity in butane monooxygenases among butane-grown bacteria. (4/210)

Butane monooxygenases of butane-grown Pseudomonas butanovora, Mycobacterium vaccae JOB5, and an environmental isolate, CF8, were compared at the physiological level. The presence of butane monooxygenases in these bacteria was indicated by the following results. (i) O(2) was required for butane degradation. (ii) 1-Butanol was produced during butane degradation. (iii) Acetylene inhibited both butane oxidation and 1-butanol production. The responses to the known monooxygenase inactivator, ethylene, and inhibitor, allyl thiourea (ATU), discriminated butane degradation among the three bacteria. Ethylene irreversibly inactivated butane oxidation by P. butanovora but not by M. vaccae or CF8. In contrast, butane oxidation by only CF8 was strongly inhibited by ATU. In all three strains of butane-grown bacteria, specific polypeptides were labeled in the presence of [(14)C]acetylene. The [(14)C]acetylene labeling patterns were different among the three bacteria. Exposure of lactate-grown CF8 and P. butanovora and glucose-grown M. vaccae to butane induced butane oxidation activity as well as the specific acetylene-binding polypeptides. Ammonia was oxidized by all three bacteria. P. butanovora oxidized ammonia to hydroxylamine, while CF8 and M. vaccae produced nitrite. All three bacteria oxidized ethylene to ethylene oxide. Methane oxidation was not detected by any of the bacteria. The results indicate the presence of three distinct butane monooxygenases in butane-grown P. butanovora, M. vaccae, and CF8.  (+info)

Short-chain alcohols promote an early stage of membrane hemifusion. (5/210)

Hemifusion, the linkage of contacting lipid monolayers of two membranes before the opening of a fusion pore, is hypothesized to proceed through the formation of a stalk intermediate, a local and strongly bent connection between membranes. When the monolayers' propensity to bend does not support the stalk (e.g., as it is when lysophosphatidylcholine is added), hemifusion is inhibited. In contrast, short-chain alcohols, reported to affect monolayer bending in a manner similar to that of lysophosphatidylcholine, were here found to promote hemifusion between fluorescently labeled liposomes and planar lipid bilayers. Single hemifusion events were detected by fluorescence microscopy. Methanol or ethanol (1.2-1.6 w/w %) added to the same compartment of the planar bilayer chamber as liposomes caused a 5-50 times increase in the number of hemifusion events. Alcohol-induced hemifusion was inhibited by lysophosphatidylcholine. Promotion of membrane hemifusion by short-chain alcohol was also observed for cell-cell fusion mediated by influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA). Alcohol promoted a fusion stage subsequent to the low pH-dependent activation of HA. We propose that binding of short-chain alcohol to the surface of membranes promotes hemifusion by facilitating the transient breakage of the continuity of each of the contacting monolayers, which is required for their subsequent merger in the stalk intermediate.  (+info)

Trp-Lys-Tyr-Met-Val-D-Met is a chemoattractant for human phagocytic cells. (6/210)

Trp-Lys-Tyr-Met-Val-D-Met (WKYMVm) is a synthetic peptide that stimulates phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis in human leukocytes. The peptide binds to a unique cell surface receptor(s). Recently we had demonstrated that human neutrophils, monocytes, and B lymphocytes express this peptide-specific receptor and that stimulation of human leukocytes with the peptide leads to activation of the oxidative respiratory system and the bactericidal activity of neutrophils or monocytes. In this study we showed that the peptide induces chemotaxis of phagocytic leukocytes and studied the signaling pathway leading to chemotaxis in human monocytes. The peptide-induced monocyte chemotaxis is pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive. This fact correlates with the peptide's stimulation of PI hydrolysis and intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) release, which is also PTX-sensitive. We demonstrate that the peptide-specific receptor is different from receptor(s) for monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). We also show that intracellular signaling of WKYMVm leading to monocyte chemotaxis is different from that of MCP-1. The peptide-mediated monocyte chemotaxis is insensitive to protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor (GF109203X) and butan-1-ol, ruling out PKC and phospholipase D participation in this process. On the other hand, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (genistein) and RhoA inhibitor (C3 transferase) curtailed the peptide-induced chemotaxis in a concentration-dependent manner, implying the involvement of tyrosine kinase and RhoA, respectively. Treatment of human monocytes with the peptide stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation of several cellular proteins, including p125FAK and Pyk2 and translocation of RhoA from the cytosol to the membrane. We conclude that WKYMVm induces chemotaxis of human phagocytic leukocytes via unique receptors and signaling.  (+info)

Ethanol increases superoxide anion production stimulated with 4beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Involvement of protein kinase C. (7/210)

Stimulation of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) with PMA initiates a cascade of events leading to the production and release of superoxide anion (O-2), a major component in anti-bacterial defense. Generation of O-2 by PMA-stimulated PMNs occurs through the translocation and activation of protein kinase C (PKC). In this study, using freshly isolated PMNs, we examined the effect of ethanol on this response to PMA. Our results show that the basal production of O-2 was not affected by ethanol. In contrast, the response induced by PMA was potentiated by ethanol. This potentiation was observed even at high doses of PMA (200 nM) which alone had stimulated the O-2 response maximally. This enhanced response was not due to an increase of PMA uptake by PMNs. The maximal effect was obtained when the cells were preincubated with 80 mM of ethanol before PMA stimulation. Measurement of PKC activity in the cytosolic and membrane fractions showed that pretreatment of PMNs with ethanol increased twofold the PMA-stimulated PKC activity in the membrane fraction. Furthermore, Western blot analysis verified that this increase in PKC activity in the membrane fraction was linked to an increase in the translocation of PKC-alpha and -beta isoforms to the membrane. These results suggest that ethanol potentiates PMA-induced O-2 production through increasing PKC translocation and activity in PMNs.  (+info)

General anesthetic action at an internal protein site involving the S4-S5 cytoplasmic loop of a neuronal K(+) channel. (8/210)

The structural bases of general anesthetic action on a neuronal K(+) channel were investigated using the series of homologous 1-alkanols, electrophysiology, and mutational analysis. Domain swapping between dShaw2 (alkanol-sensitive) and hKv3.4 (alkanol-resistant) and site-directed mutagenesis demonstrated that a 13-amino acid cytoplasmic loop (S4-S5) determines the selective inhibition of native dShaw2 channels by 1-alkanols. The S4-S5 loop may contribute to a receptor for both 1-alkanols and the inactivation particle, because the enhanced 1-alkanol sensitivity of hKv3.4 channels hosting S4-S5 mutations correlates directly with disrupted channel inactivation. Evidence of a discrete protein site was also obtained from the analysis of the relationship between potency and alkyl chain length, which begins to level off after 1-hexanol. Rapid application to the cytoplasmic side of inside-out membrane patches shows that the interaction between dShaw2 channels and 1-alkanols equilibrates in <200 ms. By contrast, the equilibration time is >1000-fold slower when the drug is applied externally to outside-out membrane patches. The data strongly favor a mechanism of inhibition involving a discrete internal site for 1-alkanols in dShaw2 K(+) channels. A new working hypothesis proposes that 1-alkanols lock dShaw2 channels in their closed conformation by a direct interaction at a crevice formed by the S4-S5 loop.  (+info)

Plasticizers. The N-butanol report provides the past, present and future industry trends and the forecast information related to the expected N-butanol sales revenue, N-butanol growth, N-butanol demand and supply scenario. Furthermore, the opportunities and the threats to the development of N-butanol market are also covered at depth in this research document.. Initially, the N-butanol manufacturing analysis of the major industry players based on their company profiles, annual revenue, sales margin, growth aspects is also covered in this report, which will help other N-butanol market players in driving business insights.. To Download A Sample Of The Report Click Here: http://qyresearch.us/report/global-n-butanol-market-2017/82805/#requestForSample. Key Emphasizes Of The N-butanol Market:. The fundamental details related to N-butanol industry like the product definition, cost, variety of applications, demand and supply statistics are covered in this report.. Competitive study of the major ...
The Asia-Pacific region was the worlds largest market of n-butanol with a share of 51.3% in terms of volume in 2014. China was the key consumer of n-butanol in the Asia-Pacific region in 2014. It is also the biggest import market of n-butanol. Almost 15.0% demand was met by imports from other regions including Russia, Taiwan, Malaysia, the U.S., and Germany in 2014. Though various projects received approvals for the construction of n-butanol manufacturing facilities in China, some are already under construction; however, the production deficit is still expected to exist in the near future. It reflects a significant deficit in the production of n-butanol in China. The market players may take it as an opportunity to establish their plants within the country to serve the highly growing n-butanol market ...
ABSTRAK: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas antioksidan secara in vitro dan mengidentifikasi golongan senyawa flavonoid yang terkandung dalam fraksi n-butanol ekstrak kulit terong belanda. Uji aktivitas antioksidan dilakukan dengan metode DPPH. Pemisahan dan pemurnian fraksi aktif n-butanol dilakukan dengan kromatografi kolom menggunakan silika gel yang dielusi dengan n-butanol-etil asetat-asam asetat 10% (2:7:1) dan diidentifikasi dengan spektrofotometer UV-Vis dan FTIR. Fraksi n-butanol memiliki aktivitas antioksidan yang kuat dengan nilai IC50 sebesar 69,89 mg/L. Empat senyawa flavonoid (isolat A, C, H, dan J) berhasil diisolasi dan diidentifikasi sebagai golongan flavon, flavonol dan isoflavon. Senyawa tersebut dipercaya memiliki aktivitas antioksidan. ABSTRACT: The present study was conducted to determine in vitro antioxidant activity and ctivity and to identify flavonoid class of compounds present in n-butanol active fraction of Terong Belanda (Solanum betaceum cav.) peel ...
On October 10, 2016, the Brazilian government initiated a sunset review on the antidumping duty applied to imports of n-butanol originating from the Unites States of America. The product currently under investigation is classified in the Mercosur Common Nomenclature as (NCM) 2905.13.00.. The antidumping duty currently applied to imports of n-butanol is US$ 272,12 per ton.. For further information on the investigation, please contact Sideras Team at [email protected] or +55 (11) 3168.0650.. ...
The MEK1 kinase is required for early stages of Golgi fragmentation during mitosis, but its downstream effectors have been elusive. The ER/Golgi‐localized protein Myt1 is inactivated in a MEK1‐dependent manner to promote Golgi membrane fragmentation and mitotic entry. ...
One of the most controversial parts of the threshold is that its decided by the judge after a jury has already made their verdict. Meaning that, after the jury has decided on an award at the conclusion of a trial, the defense can bring a threshold motion in front of the judge alone.. The judge isnt bound by the verdict of the jury and will have to determine whether or not the injuries breach the threshold test. In the threshold test, the judge will asses the plaintiffs injuries in three parts.. First, the judge will consider whether the impairment caused by the injuries can be considered permanent. In order to asses this, theyll look at the plaintiffs medical records and history of treatment. Theyll also take into consideration witness testimony.. Second, the judge will consider whether the impairment caused by the injuries can be considered serious. Seriousness is more subjective and difficult to define but, generally, the judge will look at how the impairment has impacted the plaintiffs ...
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By altering the microbes metabolism, engineers were able to induce a tenfold jump in production of n-butanol, a greener fuel alternative to diesel and ...
Batch fermentation was performed to investigate the effects of pH and temperature on the butanol production of Clostridium pasteurianum DSM 525 using a synthetic medium containing glycerol as a sole source of carbon and energy. C. pasteurianum DSM 525 showed a good growth at the initial glycerol concentration of 40 g/L, the temperature of 37 ℃, and a pH range from 5.0 to 6.5. The growth rate and the proportion of butanol among the fermentation products increased as the culture pH decreased, but the final glycerol consumption decreased at lower pHs, probably due to the reduced tolerance to butanol at lower pHs. The growth rate and the proportion of butanol increased as the temperature of the medium increased from 25, to 30, and to 37 ℃. However, more butanol was produced at lower temperatures (18.7, 16.8, and 11.5 g/L of butanol were finally produced at the temperatures of 25, 30, and 37 ℃, respectively), probably due to the reduced toxicity of butanol at lower temperatures. These results ...
Factorial design and response surface techniques were used in combination with mathematical modelling and computational simulation to optimise an innovative industrial bioprocess, the production of biobutanol employing the flash fermentation technology. A parametric analysis performed by means of a full factorial design at two levels determined the influence of operating variables on butanol yield and productivity. A second set of simulations were carried out based on the central composite rotatable design. This procedure generated simplified statistical models that describe butanol yield and productivity as functions of the significant operating variables. From these models, response surfaces were obtained and used to optimise the process. For a range of substrate concentration from 130 to 180 g/l, the optimum operating ranges ensure butanol productivity between 7.0 and 8.0 g/l h, butanol yield between 19 and 22%, substrate conversion above 90% and final butanol concentration around 25 g/l. (C) ...
Butan-1-ol (nom sistemàtic), n-Butanol, n-butil alcohol,normal butanol o n-alcohol butílic és un alcohol primari, que és un dels isòmers del butanol. La seva fórmula molecular és C4H10O. Entre els seus isòmers es troben lisobutanol, 2-butanol, i tert-butanol. És un dels alcohols que tenen més de dos carbonis i una significativa solubilitat dins laigua.. El n-Butanol apareix de forma natural com a producte menor de la fermentació alcohòlica dels sucres i altres carbohidrats,[1] i es troba en molts aliments i begudes.[2][3] Als Estats Units està permès el seu ús com saboritzant artificial,[4] es fa servir en la mantega, crema, fruits, rom,whiskey, gelats, caramels productes de panificació i licors.[5] També es fa servir en molts productes de consum.[2]. Lús principal del n-butanol és industrial particularment per manufacturar acetat de butil (el qual és un saboritzant i un solvent industrial). Sobté de la indústria petroquímica a partir del propilè, cal rodi per fer-ho. ...
1-Butanol, 99.5%, for analysis ACS, ACROS Organics™ 500mL; Glass bottle, EcoSafPak 1-Butanol, 99.5%, for analysis ACS, ACROS Organics™ 1-Butanol
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Butanol is an important biofuel and chemical. The development of butanol-tolerant strains and the identification of functional butanol-tolerant genes is essential for high-yield bio-butanol production due to the toxicity of butanol. Escherichia coli BW25113 was subjected for the first time to error-prone PCR-based whole-genome shuffling. The resulting mutants BW1847 and BW1857 were found to tolerate 2% (v/v) butanol and short-chain alcohols, including ethanol, isobutanol, and 1-pentanol. The mutants exhibited good stability under butanol stress, indicating that they are potential host strains for the construction of butanol pathways. BW1847 had better butanol tolerance than BW1857 under 0-0.75% (v/v) butanol stress, but showed a lower tolerance than BW1857 under 1.25-2% (v/v) butanol stress. Genome resequencing and PCR confirmation revealed that BW1847 and BW1857 had nine and seven single nucleotide polymorphisms, respectively, and a common 14-kb deletion. Functional complementation experiments of the
Dow and Johnson Matthey (JM) announced that China-based company, Guangxi Huayi New Material Company Ltd. (Huayi), has selected LP OxoSM SELECTORTM 10 Technology to produce butanol at a new manufacturing facility. Under this license, the plant will be built at Huayis integrated petrochemical complex in Qinzhou Port, P.R. China with an annual butanol capacity of 300,000 metric tonnes per annum. LP OxoSM SELECTORTM 10 Technology, licensed through Dow and JM, enables the efficient production of butanol with low capital investment and operating cost. Dow and JM provide its licensees customised plant designs, performance warranties, technical support pre- and post-plant start-up, ongoing technology updates, and more. To date, the suite of LP OxoSM Technology has been licensed into a significant number of projects across 15 countries, representing a majority of the worlds oxo alcohols capacity licensed over the past 45 years. Our Licensing & Catalyst technologies continue to be an important platform ...
Visit ChemicalBook To find more (2R,3R)-2-AMINO-3-PHENYLMETHOXY-1-BUTANOL(160841-03-2) information like chemical properties,Structure,melting point,boiling point,density,molecular formula,molecular weight, physical properties,toxicity information,customs codes. You can also browse global suppliers,vendor,prices,Price,manufacturers of (2R,3R)-2-AMINO-3-PHENYLMETHOXY-1-BUTANOL(160841-03-2). At last,(2R,3R)-2-AMINO-3-PHENYLMETHOXY-1-BUTANOL(160841-03-2) safety, risk, hazard and MSDS, CAS,cas number,Use,cas no may also be you need.
(±)-2-Amino-1-butanol 97%, ACROS Organics™ 100mL; Glass bottle (±)-2-Amino-1-butanol 97%, ACROS Organics™ Aminob -Organics
Pabrik butil asetat dari butanol dan asam asetat dengan kapasitas 20.000 ton/tahun didirikan di kawasan Industri Gresik, Jawa Timur. Pabrik beroperasi selama 330 hari efektif, 24 jam per hari. Bahan baku berupa asam asetat 99% diperoleh dari PT Indo Acidatama di Karang Anyar sebanyak 1513.7295 kg/jam yang disimpan pada Tangki (T-01) pada T=30 0 C, P=1atm dan butanol 98% diperoleh dari PT Petro Oxo Nusantara di Gresik sebanyak 9334.6654 kg/jam disimpan dalam Tangki (T-02) pada T=30 0 C, P=1 atm, Sedangkan asam sulfat 98% didatangkan dari PT. Petrokimia Gresik (T-03) . Reaktor yang digunakan adalah Reaktor Alir Tangki Berpengaduk, reaktor beroperasi pada T= 100 o C dengan tekanan 1 atm. Reaksi antara butanol dan asam asetat menjadi butil asetat merupakan reaksi yang bersifat eksotermis. Untuk menjaga agar suhu tetap pada 100 o C, maka reaktor dilengkapi dengan sistem pendingin coil. Hasil reaksi yang keluar dari reaktor (R-01) berupa larutan butil asetat dan larutan reaktan sisa. Selanjutnya ...
1-Cyclohexyl-1-butanol 4352-42-5 MSDS report, 1-Cyclohexyl-1-butanol MSDS safety technical specifications search, 1-Cyclohexyl-1-butanol safety information specifications ect.
Ethanol gets a lot of attention as the biofuel of choice in America. But BP claims that butanol will provide greater benefits than ethanol and is betting at least some of their chips on it as the gasoline-alternative to watch out for. Butanols advantages over ethanol arise from its gasoline-like properties. A
Why does this amaze me? Chemical companies like Celanese (my former employer), Dow, BASF, Eastman - oil companies like BP and Shell - and numerous other companies around the world produce butanol. They have big research budgets, and they would love to find an economical direct gasification route to butanol. These companies have looked at probably thousands of catalysts, and people have spent their careers working on this problem. The challenge is that syngas (produced from gasification) doesnt like to form butanol. You can form a little bit directly, but CO (carbon monoxide) likes to do lots of things besides form a C4 alcohol like butanol.. Methanol is not a problem. You can also produce ethanol, which is what Range Fuels is planning on doing (although you almost always have methanol to deal with as well). But the selectivity falls off sharply as you go to higher alcohols. By the time you get to butanol, you are lucky if 5% of the product is butanol. More typical is 1-2%. See this NREL report ...
1-Butanol Industry report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, applications and industry chain structure. Global market analysis and Chinese domestic market analysis are provided with a focus on history, developments, trends and competitive landscape of the market. A comparison between the international and Chinese situation is also offered.. Browse full report with TOC : http://www.qyresearchreports.com/report/global-and-china-1-butanol-industry-2013-market-research-report.htm. Global and China 1-butanol Industry Report focuses on development policies and plans for the industry as well as a consideration of a cost structure analysis. Capacity production, market share analysis, import and export consumption and price cost production value gross margins are discussed.. Download Sample Report: http://www.qyresearchreports.com/sample/sample.php?rep_id=175636&type=E. A key feature of this report is it focus on major industry players, providing an overview, product ...
The 2016 World Market Forecasts for Imported Butanols The 2016 World Market Forecasts for Imported Butanols This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives - Market research report and industry analysis - 9213152
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Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Influence of the Catalyst Particle Size on the Aqueous Phase Reforming of n-Butanol Over Rh/ZrO,sub,2,/sub,. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Engineering microbes to capture carbon dioxide to produce organic chemicals, especially butanol for use as a fuel for cars and trucks, would be better than raising and then fermenting corn or other crops for that same end use, according to Derek Lovley of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He and his collaborators described projects aimed to produce such materials at several poster sessions during the 2014 ASM General Meeting in Boston last May.
Sustainable production of target compounds such as biofuels and high-value chemicals for pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and chemical industries is becoming an increasing priority given their current … dependency upon diminishing petrochemical resources. Designing these strains is difficult, with current methods focusing primarily on knocking-out genes, dismissing other vital steps of strain design including the overexpression and dampening of genes. The design predictions from current methods also do not translate well-into successful strains in the laboratory. Here, we introduce RobOKoD (Robust, Overexpression, Knockout and Dampening), a method for predicting strain designs for overproduction of targets. The method uses flux variability analysis to profile each reaction within the system under differing production percentages of target-compound and biomass. Using these profiles, reactions are identified as potential knockout, overexpression, or dampening targets. The identified reactions are ...
Cyanobacterial 1-butanol production is an important model system for direct conversion of CO2 to fuels and chemicals. Metabolically-engineered cyanobacteri
(R)-(-)-3-METHYL-2-BUTANOL | C5H12O | CID 638099 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
1-Amino-2-butanol | C4H11NO | CID 26107 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
(S)-2-Amino-3-methyl-1-butanol/ACM2046484 can be provided in Alfa Chemistry. We are dedicated to provide our customers the best products and services.
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You are viewing an interactive 3D depiction of the molecule 4-(dimethylamino)-3-methyl-1,2-diphenyl-1-butanol (C19H25NO) from the PQR.
1491116-15-4 - 1-Butanol, 4-cyclohexylidene-3-methyl- - Searchable synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Andre navne: n-Butylalkohol, n-butanol, 1-hydroxybutan, butan-1-ol. (Eng.: n-Butyl alcohol, butyl alcohol, propyl carbinol). Butan-1-ol er en prim r alkohol der bl.a. forekommer i gylle.. MV= 74,12 g/mol; SMP= -90oC; KP= 117-118oC; densitet: 0,81 g/cm3; Flammepunkt= 35oC; log Ko/w: 0,88; CAS-nummer: 71-36-3. Se ogs artiklen om organiske opl sningsmidler.. Butan-1-ol. ...
Chinese medicine has been used for Alzheimers disease (AD) treatment for thousands of years with more effective and fewer side effects. Therefore, developing effective potential candidates from Chinese
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Professor Aadrian van Heiningen and Tom Granström with a team of scientists at Aalto University in Finland and associated with the University of Maine in the U.S. have developed a process to make fuel grade butanol and other industrial chemicals from wood biomass. Butanol is particularly suitable as a transport fuel because it is not ...
Ghose, A.K.; Viswanadhan V.N. & Wendoloski, J.J. (1998). „Prediction of Hydrophobic (Lipophilic) Properties of Small Organic Molecules Using Fragment Methods: An Analysis of AlogP and CLogP Methods. J. Phys. Chem. A. 102: 3762-3772. doi:10.1021/jp980230o ...
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A team at the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) announced that it succeeded to produce isobutanol directly from cellulose. It is the first time anyone does that.. The process presents several advantages, including saving time and money. Besides, isobutanol is a higher-grade of alcohol than ethanol.. ...
Isobutanol Market is projected to reach USD 1.56 bn by 2027 registering a CAGR of 6.4%. The rising market for isobutanol through diverse end-use industries, including oil & gas & chemical intermediates, is anticipated to enhance its production over the forecast period.
Bar graphs indicate the probability of selected flight category element. The color represents the difference (using 10% thresholds between categories) between the probability and the threshold required to make a categorical forecast. Solid black lines indicate the threshold value at each hour ...
Bar graphs indicate the probability of selected flight category element. The color represents the difference (using 10% thresholds between categories) between the probability and the threshold required to make a categorical forecast. Solid black lines indicate the threshold value at each hour ...
The propylene production with 1-butanol co-feeding for methanol in relation to propylene process (MTP) at 440-490 ̊C temperature range and at 0.9-15 hr-1 WHSV range over H-ZSM-5 zeolite catalyst is assessed in a isothermal fixed-bed reactor. The feedings here are of: pure 1-butanol, pure methanol and a 1-butanol and methanol mixture. The effect of 1-butanol co-feeding on selectivity of propylene is assessed through RSM an experimental design method. The results indicate that the selectivity of propylene is 69% in the feed mixture of 13, 37 and 50 wt% of 1-butanol, methanol and water, respectively. The optimum conditions to obtain high level of propylene selectivity is suggested to be at 480 ̊C, WHSV of 0.9 hr-1 and 1-butanol concentration of 0.135 wt.% through RSM method. The sensitivity analysis of the RSM method reveals that the WHSV is the most effective parameter on the propylene selectivity with a P-value of 0.003.
There is provided the compound 4-azido-4,4-dinitro-1-butanol (ADNBOH) and a method for making same which comprises reacting trinitromethane and acrolein at a reduced temperature to provide 4,4,4-trinitrobutyraldehyde (TNBA1), reducing the TNBSI to provide 4,4-trinitro-1-butanol (TNBOH) which is further reduced to provide 4,4-dinitro-1-butanol (DNBOH), reacting the DNBOH with acetyl chloride to provide 4,4-dinitro-1-butyl acetate (DNBAc), reacting the DNBAc with an alkali metal azide in an electrolysis cell to provide 4-azido-4,4-dinitro-1-butyl acetate (ADNBAc) and reacting the ADNBAc with a lower alcohol and recovering the 4-azido-4,4-dinitro-1-butanol (ADNBOH). Also provided are several azidodinitro derivatives of 4-azido-4,4-dinitro-1-butanol and methods for making same. Butanol, Nitro radicals, Azides. Patents. (mjm)*AZIDES
In the present study, metabolic engineering and adaptive laboratory evolution were integrated to improve the n-butanol production of C. cellulovorans DSM 743B from AECC, a low-cost and renewable agricultural waste. This represents an application of a previous study of genetic tools of C. cellulovorans DSM 743B in CBP-enabling microbial chassis development (6).. To enable C. cellulovorans DSM 743B to produce n-butanol, the CoA-dependent ABE pathway, including adhE1 and ctfAB-adc genes from C. acetobutylicum ATCC 824, were introduced. The metabolically engineered strains showed increased butanol output compared to results in the study of Yang et al., who overexpressed only adhE2 in C. cellulovorans and eventually achieved 1.42 g/liter n-butanol production from cellulose (28). It is interesting that ZQW03 (743B/pXY1-Pthl-adhE1) exhibited higher n-butanol output, butyraldehyde dehydrogenase activity, and butanol dehydrogenase activity than ZQW02 (743B/pXY1-Pthl-adhE2) (Fig. 2B). The higher butanol ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Oxygen-tolerant coenzyme A-acylating aldehyde dehydrogenase facilitates efficient photosynthetic n-butanol biosynthesis in cyanobacteria. AU - Lan, Ethan I.. AU - Ro, Soo Y.. AU - Liao, James C.. PY - 2013/9/1. Y1 - 2013/9/1. N2 - Metabolic engineering of photosynthetic microorganisms such as cyanobacteria for the production of fuels or chemicals is challenging, particularly when the pathway involves oxygen-sensitive enzymes. We have previously designed a coenzyme A (CoA) dependent n-butanol biosynthesis pathway tailored to the metabolic physiology of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 by incorporating an ATP driving force and a kinetically irreversible trap. However, one of the enzymes involved, CoA-acylating butyraldehyde dehydrogenase (Bldh) is oxygen sensitive, therefore hindering efficient n-butanol synthesis in cyanobacteria. To overcome this obstacle of n-butanol biosynthesis, we characterized six oxygen tolerant CoA-acylating aldehyde dehydrogenases ...
The effect of butanol challenge (0, 1.0, 1.5% [vol/vol]) and growth temperature (22, 37, 42°C) on the membrane composition and fluidity of Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 and a butanol-tolerant mutant, SA-2, was examined in chemically defined medium. Growth of strain ATCC 824 into the stationary phase coincided with a gradual increase in the percent saturated to percent unsaturated (SU) fatty acid ratio. When challenged with butanol at 22 and 37°C, ATCC 824 demonstrated an immediate (within 30 min) dose-response increase in the SU ratio. This strain showed little additional change over a 48-h fermentation. Compared with ATCC 824, growth of SA-2 into the late stationary phase at 22 or 37°C resulted in an overall greater increase in the SU ratio for both unchallenged and challenged cells. This effect was minimized when SA-2 was challenged at 42°C, probably due to the combination of the membrane fluidizing effect of butanol and the elevated temperature. Growth at 42°C resulted in an ...
Introduction. Oxidizing alcohols By: Toufa Bouchouar Partners name: Adrian Date: March 20, 2006 Teacher name: Ms. Sommer When KMnO acts as an oxidizing agent when it comes in contact with 1 butanol, 2 butanol and t- butyl which of these agents will become primary, secondary or tertiary alcohol? Introduction: Alcohols are the family of compounds that contain one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups. They are also represented by the general formula R-OH. Alcohols are important in organic chemistry because they can be converted to and from many other types of compounds. Reactions with alcohols fall into two different categories Oxidation in organic chemistry always involves either the addition of oxygen atoms or the removal of hydrogen atoms. Whenever a molecule is oxidized, another molecule must be reduced. Therefore, these reactions require a compound that can be reduced. These compounds are usually inorganic. They are referred to as oxidizing reagents. With regards to alcohol, oxidizing reagents can ...
1 Expert Answer(s) - 100240 - When t -butanol and n -butanol are separately treated with a few drops of dilute KMnO base 4, in on. Answer this question and win exciting prizes
Like competitors LS9, OPX Biotechnologies and Amyris, Gevo is trying to change the face of the biofuel industry by using synthetic biology to engineer enzymes and microorganisms to convert cellulosic crops and waste into advanced biofuels like isobutanol and butanol. Butanol, the company claims, is superior to first-generation biofuels like corn ethanol in several respects: It has a higher energy content; does not absorb water and can easily be transported through the existing gas infrastructure; and - perhaps most importantly - can be directly pumped into current vehicles ...
In the United States alone, at least 323 million tons of cellulosic materials that could be used to produce butanol are thrown out each year.. Mullins lab first identified TU-103 in animal droppings, cultivated it, and developed a method for using it to produce butanol.. Most important about this discovery is TU-103s ability to produce butanol directly from cellulose, he says.. TU-103 is the only known butanol-producing clostridial strain that can grow and produce butanol in the presence of oxygen, which kills other butanol-producing bacteria. Having to produce butanol in an oxygen-free space increases the costs of production.. As a biofuel, butanol is superior to ethanol that is commonly produced from corn sugar, because it can readily fuel existing motor vehicles without any modifications to the engine, can be transported through existing fuel pipelines, is less corrosive, and contains more energy than ethanol, which would improve mileage.. This discovery could reduce the cost to produce ...
Butanol is one of the potential alternative biofuels due to its similarities with gasoline and low sooting tendency. In this paper, three butanol isomers (n-butanol, iso-butanol, and tert-butanol) are used as low reactive fuel while n-heptane is used as high reactive fuel in a heavy-duty engine running in RCCI mode. This work investigates the influences of butanol structure on combustion performance and emission characteristics of RCCI combustion concepts. The tested load ranges from 4 bar to 12 bar gIMEP in a step of 2 bar. Since the reactivity of the three isomers can be sequenced by n-butanol > tert-butanol> iso-butanol, different EGR rate and direct injection strategies are applied. N-butanol and tert-butanol require double direct injection and highest EGR rate to maintain a proper combustion phasing. However, iso-butanol yields in ultra-low NOx and soot emissions up to 8 bar gIMEP with single direct injection and 0% EGR due to the higher octane rating ...
Butanol is increasingly being discussed as a possible gasoline blendstock, to be used as an alternative to ethanol in meeting government mandates for clean air standards and renewable fuel obligations. Butanol is a 4-carbon alcohol that can be produced by fermentation using the same or similar feedstocks as used in ethanol production, and this, along…
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fatty-acyl chain profiles of cellular phosphoinositides. AU - Traynor-Kaplan, Alexis. AU - Kruse, Martin. AU - Dickson, Eamonn J. AU - Dai, Gucan. AU - Vivas, Oscar. AU - Yu, Haijie. AU - Whittington, Dale. AU - Hille, Bertil. PY - 2017/5/1. Y1 - 2017/5/1. N2 - Phosphoinositides are rapidly turning-over phospholipids that play key roles in intracellular signaling and modulation of membrane effectors. Through technical refinements we have improved sensitivity in the analysis of the phosphoinositide PI, PIP, and PIP2 pools from living cells using mass spectrometry. This has permitted further resolution in phosphoinositide lipidomics from cell cultures and small samples of tissue. The technique includes butanol extraction, derivatization of the lipids, post-column infusion of sodium to stabilize formation of sodiated adducts, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry in multiple reaction monitoring mode, achieving a detection limit of 20 pg. We describe the spectrum of ...
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a costeffective butanol production and purification process. The specific aim of this project is to scaleup a butanol production system from a small, ?laboratory scale? ,2 liter volume, to a 200 liter culture volume in order to determine the feasibility of its utility for production of practical amounts of the valuable biofuel. The broader/commercial impacts of this research are that the process should be configurable for fuel and/or hydrogen production by individuals safely and with negligible environmental impact, and that demonstration of the feasibility of production of fuels by ?microrefineries? could foster growth of a network of ?cottage industries? devoted to local fuel and biochemicals production that could provide increased opportunities for employment in rural areas where carbohydraterich waste streams are available. The growth of the dairy products industry in eastern South Dakota has resulted in the ...
Besides the common myth - Upgrading Bio-ethanol is a challenging science.. Not only do the practitioners have to break down the complex biomass mixtures efficiently to synthesize bio-ethanol, but they also have to contend with numerous other equally (and often times more) important considerations such as low oil prices (per barrel), process safety, waste streams, and chemical toxicity, recycling of solvents/catalysts, process economics, and a multitude of engineering/ technology considerations. Nevertheless, despite the challenges, the ideal outcome of these efforts when accomplished is quite satisfying: a simple, efficient, green, robust, and safe manufacturing process. A showcase of green chemistry, process intensification, and catalysis along with industrial fermentation - Butanol production (with a global market of about 350 million gallons per year) has garnered wide acclaim.. Butanol is an important industrial chemical, which is currently produced by the Oxo-process starting from propylene ...
2-Metil-2-butanol (terc-amil alkohol, 2M2B, amilen hidrat) je jedan od izomera amil alkohola. On je čista, bezbojna tečnost sa jakim mirisom peperminta ili kamfora.[7][8] Kod ljudi on ispoljava sedativno, hipnotičko, i antikonvulsivno dejstvo slično etanolu pri gutanju ili udisanju. Ranije je korišten u medicini za te svrhe.[9] On je aktivan u dozama u opsegu od 2.000-4.000 mg, te je 20 puta potentniji od etanol.a[10][11] Njegov hipnotički potencijal je između hloral hidrata i paraldehida.[12] In humans, 2-methyl-2-butanol is metabolized primarily via gluconoridation and oxidation to 2,3-dihydroxy-2-methylbutane.[13] Prekomerna doza proizvodi simptome slične alkoholnom trovanju. ...
O aumento do preço do petróleo e a tendência atual do uso de matérias-primas renováveis para a produção de produtos químicos renovam o interesse na produção de biobutanol que, produzido via fermentação de matérias-primas agrícolas, pode ser utilizado como um componente da gasolina e do óleo diesel. Com a comercialização desse novo biocombutível, poderão ocorrer danos ambientais devido ao derramamento dessas substâncias. Entre outras técnicas, a limpeza dessas áreas contaminadas pode ser alcançada com biorremediação, uma técnica baseada na ação de microrganismos, que tem a vantagem de transformar contaminantes perigosos em substâncias não tóxicas, como o CO2, água e biomassa. Assim, tendo em mente a utilização de biobutanol no futuro próximo como um aditivo gasolina e devido à falta de conhecimento dos efeitos de butanol sobre a biodegradação de gasolina, este trabalho visou avaliar a biodegradação aeróbia da concentração da mistura butanol/gasolina e ...
Schisandra N-butanol extract improves synaptic morphology and plasticity in ovarectomized miceNeural Regen Res. 2012;7(18):1365-1369.
In order to comply with the stringent emission regulations, many researchers have been focusing on diesel-compressed natural gas (CNG) dual fuel operation in compression ignition (CI) engines. The diesel-CNG dual fuel operation mode has the potential to reduce both the soot and NOx emissions; however, the thermal efficiency is generally lower than that of the pure diesel operation, especially under the low and medium load conditions. The current experimental work investigates the potential of using diesel-1-butanol blends as the pilot fuel to improve the engine performance and emissions. Fuel blends of B0 (pure diesel), B10 (90% diesel and 10% 1-butanol by volume) and B20 (80% diesel and 20% 1-butanol) with 70% CNG substitution were compared based on an equivalent input energy at an engine speed of 1200 RPM. The results indicated that the diesel-1-butanol pilot fuel can lead to a more homogeneous mixture due to the longer ignition delay ...
A method of making butanol from at least one fermentable carbon source that overcomes the issues of toxicity resulting in an increase in the effective titer, the effective rate, and the effective yiel
Glentham Life Sciences is a supplier of GK7550 - 2-Amino-1-butanol (96-20-8). Find catalogue prices, chemical data, technical specifications and MSDS documents.
4-(Boc-amino)-1-butanol 75178-87-9 Precursor and Downstream products, 4-(Boc-amino)-1-butanol Precursor products, 4-(Boc-amino)-1-butanol Downstream products ect.
A new ASTM International standard will be used in isobutanol manufacturing to test its purity for use in the chemical and fuel markets. Isobutanol manufacturers and quality laboratories that work with fuels will be the primary users of ASTM D7875.
sec-Butanol, sec-Butanol Product Name: sec-Butanol Synonyms: (R,S)-Butan-2-ol;(RS)-2-butanol;1-Methyl propanol;1-methylpropanol;1-Methylpropyl alcohol;1-methylpropylalcohol;2-butanol,DL-;Alcool butylique sec, Auto Classifieds.
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DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The N-Butanol Market by Application (Butyl Acrylate, Butyl Acetate, Glycol Ethers, Direct Solvent, Plasticizers) and by Region (North
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) as published in O.J. C 146A, 15.6.1990. EINECS is an inventory of substances that were deemed to be on the European Community market between 1 January 1971 and 18 September 1981. EINECS was drawn up by the European Commission in the application of Article 13 of Directive 67/548/EEC, as amended by Directive 79/831/EEC, and in accordance with the detailed provisions of Commission Decision 81/437/EEC. Substances listed in EINECS are considered phase-in substances under the REACH Regulation ...
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To address this challenge, the PIs propose IFPs that interface stress responsive feedback promoters with inducible timing control using RNA regulators. IFPs represent a new regulatory concept for metabolic pathway control and optimization: inducibility allows titration and timing of pathway expression to be rapidly explored, while stress responsive feedback allows autonomous expression optimization. The central objective of this proposal is to develop and validate IFPs in the context of two industrially important, yet different, metabolic pathways: terpenoid oxygenation (a critical technology for Manus Bio) and n-butanol production. This objective will be pursued in aims that validate the approach of IFP regulation, create a public resource of unique IFPs applicable to many different metabolic pathways, and fine-tune IFPs that are directly applicable for use by industry in large-scale bioprocesses ...
Present the results of a lactate threshold test. You must present your findings in a suitable manner and you must be able to correctly identify the lactate t...
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It hydrolyses to phthalic acid and 1-butanol. "Monobutyl phthalate". PubChem. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U. ...
Examples of primary alcohols include ethanol and 1-butanol. Methanol is also generally regarded as a primary alcohol, including ... 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 527. v t e. ...
Overall, 1-butanol was produced in S. elongatus using a pathway from another organism. This pathway was modified in order to ... This pathway synthesizes 1-butanol using the reverse β-oxidation pathway. The enzymes involved in this newly engineered pathway ... 100 (763): 1-17. doi:10.1007/b136411. PMID 16270654. Pollak, N; C Dolle; M Ziegler (2006). "The power to reduce: pyridine ... An engineered pathway was created to make 1-butanol from Acetyl-CoA by changing enzymes in the metabolic pathway of S. ...
Mixed with 10-15% triethylaluminium, it was used before lift-off to ignite the F-1 engines on the Saturn V rocket. The SpaceX ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) A. Young (2008). The Saturn V F-1 Engine: Powering Apollo Into History. Springer. p. 86 ... For example, THF is converted, after hydrolysis, to 1-butanol. It also promotes certain variants of the Reformatskii reaction. ... which is used as the chelating agent in the Narasaka-Prasad reduction for the stereoselective generation of syn-1,3-diols from ...
DBP is produced by the reaction of n-butanol with phthalic anhydride. DBP is an important plasticizer that enhances the utility ... doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-5882-1_2. ISBN 9781461458814. PMID 23232918. . doi:10.1007/s40618-015-0279-6. Cite journal requires , ... Hydrolysis of DBP leads to phthalic acid and 1-butanol. Monobutyl phthalate (MBP) is its major metabolite. Biodegradation by ... Kjeldsen, Peter; Barlaz, Morton A.; Rooker, Alix P.; Baun, Anders; Ledin, Anna; Christensen, Thomas H. (1 October 2002). " ...
Algae biofuels such as butanol and methanol are produced both at laboratory and commercial scales. This method has benefited ... Cd 1-xZn xS solid solution reports high activity in hydrogen production from water splitting under sunlight irradiation. A ... 1 (1): 1-21. doi:10.1016/S1389-5567(00)00002-2. William Ayers, US Patent 4,466,869 Photolytic Production of Hydrogen W.M. Ayers ... During 2009, F. del Valle and K. Domen showed the effect of the thermal treatment in a closed atmosphere using Cd 1-xZn xS ...
1 (4): 689-738. doi:10.1016/j.joule.2017.07.007. ISSN 2542-4785. Liu, Xijun; He, Jia; Zhao, Shunzheng; Liu, Yunpeng; Zhao, Zhe ... Making the anode basic and the cathode acidic increased the power density a lot, showing high peaks of around 1 W/cm2 at a ... 1 (4): 689-738. 20 December 2017. doi:10.1016/j.joule.2017.07.007. ISSN 2542-4351. He, Jie; Janáky, Csaba (12 June 2020). " ... 5 (1): 1399-1418. doi:10.3762/bjnano.5.153. ISSN 2190-4286. PMC 4168903. PMID 25247123. Service, Robert F. (12 July 2018). " ...
... and NADH-dependent butanol dehydrogenases EC 1.1.1.- (genes adh1, bdhA and bdhB), enzymes that have activity using butanol and ... "Molecular characterization of two Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 butanol dehydrogenase isozyme genes". Journal of ... Eng MY (1 January 2007). "Alcohol Research and Health". Alcohol Health & Research World. U.S. Government Printing Office. ISSN ... doi:10.1038/s41593-018-0275-1. PMC 6430207. PMID 30482948. Peng Y, Shi H, Qi XB, Xiao CJ, Zhong H, Ma RL, Su B (January 2010 ...
Butanol (C. 4H. 9OH) is formed by ABE fermentation (acetone, butanol, ethanol) and experimental modifications of the process ... "Butanol.com. 2005-08-15. Retrieved 2010-07-14.. *^ Evans, Jon (14 January 2008). "Biofuels aim higher". Biofuels, Bioproducts ... DuPont and BP are working together to help develop butanol. Escherichia coli strains have also been successfully engineered to ... Butanol will produce more energy and allegedly can be burned "straight" in existing gasoline engines (without modification to ...
2-diphenyl-2-butanols" (PDF). Journal of the American Chemical Society. 75 (18): 4458-4461. doi:10.1021/ja01114a019. Archived ... Unlike many antitussives, it binds poorly to the sigma-1 receptor. Mannich reaction of propiophenone with formaldehyde and ... Pohland, A.; Sullivan, H. R. (1953). "Analgesics: Esters of 4-Dialkylamino-1, ...
Designations such as isopropanol, sec-butanol, and tert-butanol are incorrect because there are no hydrocarbons isopropane, sec ... 1 (5849): 357. ISSN 0007-1447. PMC 1588210. PMID 4265463.. *^ a b c d e Slaughter RJ, Mason RW, Beasley DM, Vale JA, Schep LJ ( ... Together with ethanol, n-butanol, and methanol, it belongs to the group of alcohol solvents, about 6.4 million tonnes of which ... 36 (1): 17-9. doi:10.1002/jps.3030360105. PMID 20285822.. *^ Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (1922). Proceedings ...
The detection limit for the ELISA is 1 μg/g and it can not assess soybean proteins existing in brewed soybean products due to ... 74 (1): 6-12. doi:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-10-271. ISSN 0362-028X. PMID 21219756. Kunze, H.; Bohn, E.; Bahrke, G. (1975). "Effects ... Walnut residues can be disclosed at 1 ppm quantitation limit in a diversity of food such as ice cream, muffins, cookies and ... 9 (1): 21-32. doi:10.1586/epr.11.78. ISSN 1478-9450. PMID 22292821. Detection of highly dangerous pathogens : microarray ...
111 (1-2): 221. doi:10.1016/0022-5088(85)90190-0. ISSN 0022-5088. Urland, W.; Hochheimer, H.D.; Kourouklis, G.A.; Kremer, R. ( ... 77 (1): 58-62. doi:10.1016/0009-2614(81)85599-6. ISSN 0009-2614. Tang, Jinkui; Hewitt, Ian; Madhu, N. T.; Chastanet, Guillaume ... 78 (1): 164-169. doi:10.1016/0022-4596(89)90140-0. ISSN 0022-4596. Urland, W.; Plambeck-Fischer, P.; Grupe, M. (1989-03-01). " ... 246 (1-2): 18-20. doi:10.1016/s0925-8388(96)02466-8. ISSN 0925-8388. Hake, D.; Urland, W. (1990). "Darstellung und ...
Ethanol, isopropanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol are produced by this general method. Two implementations are employed, the ... Butanol, with a four-carbon chain, is moderately soluble. Because of hydrogen bonding, alcohols tend to have higher boiling ... The simplest example is tert-butanol (2-methylpropan-2-ol), for which each of R, R', and R" is CH3. In these shorthands, R, R ... Like ethanol, butanol can be produced by fermentation processes. Saccharomyces yeast are known to produce these higher alcohols ...
ISBN 1-56670-284-4 Rosen, Brian A.; Salehi-Khojin, Amin; Thorson, Michael R.; Zhu, W.; Whipple, Devin T.; Kenis, Paul J. A.; ... 1 (24): 3451-3458. doi:10.1021/jz1012627. Machundaa, R.L.; et al. (2011). "Electrocatalytic reduction of CO 2 gas at Sn-based ... 160 (1): F69-F74. doi:10.1149/2.052301jes. ISSN 0013-4651. S2CID 95111100. Lv, Jing-Jing; Jouny, Matthew; Luc, Wesley; Zhu, ... Methanol, propanol and 1-butanol have also been produced via CO2 electrochemical reduction, albeit in small quantities. In ...
S)-iPr-PHOX - an oxazoline ligand made using valinol Sigma-Aldrich Co., 2-Amino-3-methyl-1-butanol. Retrieved on 2014-10-22. ...
n-Butanol (C. 4). *1-Pentanol (C. 5). *1-Hexanol (C. 6) ... The Haworth reaction is a classic method for the synthesis of 1 ... Rev. 1: 73. doi:10.1039/cs9720100073.. *^ Eyley, S. C. (1991). "The Aliphatic Friedel-Crafts Reaction". Compr. Org. Synth. 2: ... 48 (1): 1122-1133. doi:10.1002/cber.191504801156.. *^ J. Houben (1926). Über die Kern-Kondensation von Phenolen und Phenol- ... 978-0-08-052349-1. .. *^ Heaney, H. (1991). "The Bimolecular Aromatic Friedel-Crafts Reaction". Compr. Org. Synth. 2: 733-752. ...
Methanol (methyl alcohol), isopropyl alcohol also called rubbing alcohol and 2-Methyl-2-Butanol 2M2B Ether or Butanol are ... n-Butanol is reported to produce similar effects to those of ethanol and relatively low toxicity (one-sixth of that of ethanol ... n-Butanol (PDF), SIDS Initial Assessment Report, Geneva: United Nations Environment Programme, April 2005. McCreery MJ, Hunt WA ... 42-. ISBN 978-1-4471-5553-9. McGovern PE, Zhang J, Tang J, Zhang Z, Hall GR, Moreau RA, Nuñez A, Butrym ED, Richards MP, Wang ...
3-metil-2-butanols piemīt dimetiletilkarbinols,. trešējais amilspirts,. amilēnhidrāts trešējais 2-metil-2-butanols nepiemīt ... 1-pentanols nepiemīt izoamilspirts,. izobutilkarbinols,. optiski neaktīvais rūgšana]s amilspirts pirmējais 3-metil-1-butanols ... Divi no amilspirtu izomēriem (2-metil-1-butanols un 3-metil-1-butanols) ir galvenā sīveļļu sastāvdaļa (tie veidojas rūgšanas ...
Others include N′-nitrosoanatabine (NAT) and N-nitrosoanabasine (NAB). NNK and its metabolite 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3- ... pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) are potent systemic lung carcinogens in rats. Tumors of the nasal cavity, liver, and pancreas are ...
Acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation is a process that uses bacterial fermentation to produce acetone, n-Butanol, and ... which in turn would help in increasing the consumption of n-butanol globally. Butyl acrylate was the biggest n-butanol ... "Separation of butanol from acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation by a hybrid extraction-distillation process". Computers & ... Biogenic butanol is a possible substitute of bioethanol or even better and it is already employed both as fuel additive and as ...
... is an alkyl halide with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)3Cl. It is a colorless, flammable liquid. It can be ... "1-Chlorobutane CAS#:109-69-3". Coursey, B. M.; Heric, E. L. (1971). "AApplication of the Congruence Principle to Viscosities of ... prepared from 1-butanol by treatment with hydrogen chloride. It reacts with lithium metal to give n-butyllithium: 2 Li + CH3( ... 1-Chloroalkane Binary Mixtures". Canadian Journal of Chemistry. 49 (16): 2631-2635. doi:10.1139/v71-437. ISSN 0008-4042. ...
2-diphenyl-2-butanol". Journal of Organic Chemistry. 38 (10): 1870-1877. doi:10.1021/jo00950a020. Morrison, James D.; Mosher, ... the specific rotation of enantiopure 1-phenylethanol can be enhanced by the addition of achiral acetophenone as an impurity. ... 1 {\displaystyle \ F_{R}+F_{S}=1} In practice, it is most often expressed as a percent enantiomeric excess. The enantiomeric ...
500 (1-3): 289-97. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2004.07.033. PMID 15464041. Wang H, Guo Y, Wang D, Kingsley PJ, Marnett LJ, Das SK, et ... 4 (1): 245-59. doi:10.2147/tcrm.s1928. PMC 2503660. PMID 18728714. Leweke, F M; Piomelli, D; Pahlisch, F; Muhl, D; Gerth, C W; ... 190 (1): 2-9, discussion 3A. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2003.07.013. PMID 14749627. Subramanian C, Frank MW, Batte JL, Whaley SG, Rock ... 86: 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.phrs.2014.04.001. PMID 24747663. Chapman KD, Venables B, Markovic R, Bettinger C (August 1999). "N- ...
Major volatile compound concentrations did not exhibit a similar pattern, with iso-butanol, amyl alcohols, and acetoine ... i-butanol and 2-phenylethanol characteristics and acceptable sensory analysis results. The selection of yeast used for cider ... 6 (1): 13-22. doi:10.1093/chemse/6.1.13. Rajashekhara, E.; Suresh, E. R.; Ethiraj, S. (1 October 1998). "Thermal Death Rate of ... 24 (1): 25-31. doi:10.1016/j.fm.2006.04.001. PMID 16943091. Pando Bedriñana, R.; Querol Simón, A.; Suárez Valles, B. (June 2010 ...
Today, the ink is usually made on the basis of alcohols (e.g. 1-Propanol, 1-butanol, diacetone alcohol and cresols). Markers ... Yuliya Skryp, Copic Ciao vs Copic Sketch Markers, [1]. April 12, 2020.. ...
1: 51-92. Archer, M.E. (2012). Penney, D. (ed.). Vespine wasps of the world: behaviour, ecology and taxonomy of the Vespinae. ... 159 (1): 167-182. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1961.sp006799. PMC 1359584. PMID 13868844. Conniff, R. (June 2003). "Stung - How tiny ... Three biologically active chemicals, 2-pentanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol, and 1-methylbutyl 3-methylbutanoate, have been identified ... The Scientific Monthly 15(1): 68-88 Jalaei, Jafar; Fazeli, Mehdi; Rajaian, Hamid; Ghalehsoukhteh, Somayeh Layeghi; Dehghani, ...
If the molecules are almost identical chemically, e.g., 1-butanol and 2-butanol, then the solution will be almost ideal. Since ... 1 bar, or as the pressure of the mix to ease operations. On substituting the value of p i {\displaystyle p_{i}} from Raoult's ... 1 ] {\displaystyle x_{i}\in [0,1]} , each ln ⁡ x i {\displaystyle \ln x_{i}} or its limit for x i → 0 {\displaystyle x_{i}\ ...
22 (1): 78-80.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) B. Trivedi (2013). Maleic Anhydride. Springer Science & Business ... Dibutyl maleate can be prepared by the reaction of maleic acid anhydride and 1-butanol in presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid. ... ISBN 978-1-4757-0940-7. Screening Information Dataset (SIDS) Initial Assessment Report (SIAR) for Dibutyl maletate (pdf) ( ...
2-Metil-2-butanol • Acekarbromal • Acetofenon • Apronal • Bromidi • Bromizoval • Karbromal • Hloralosa • Klometiazol • ... Postoji šest izomera, svaki od kojih ima molekulsku težinu od 113,115 i formulu C5H7NO2.[1] Piperidindioni su u osnovi mnoštva ... 1,4-Butandiol • Acebuterna kiselina • GABOB • Gama-hidroksibuterna kiselina • GBL • gama-Valerolakton ...
978-90-04-00617-1. . Retrieved 28 June 2010.. *^ a b Haw, Stephen G. (2006). "Wine, women and poison". Marco Polo in China. ... 978-1-4391-3997-4. .. *^ Jancis Robinson (2006). The Oxford Companion to Wine (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press.. See ... 1, p. 45. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons 1996. *^ Nelson, Max (2005). The Barbarian's Beverage: A History of Beer in Ancient ... 978-0-387-25495-1. . Retrieved 29 July 2011.. *^ Mo, Haizhen, Yang Zhu, and Zongmao Chen. "Microbial fermented tea-a potential ...
Carbonmonooxyd kan anvendes til at syntetisere metanol, ætanol, butanol og mange andre energirige flydende syntetiske ... 1] S2P,CR5-solpaneler ville sagtens kunne anvendes i Danmark, men der skal så anvendes ca. dobbelt areal, i forhold til tættere ...
Acetilholin (M1, M2, M3, M4, M5) • Dopamin (D1, D2, D3, D4, D5) • Histamin (H1, H2, H3, H4) • Melatonin (1A, 1B, 1C) • TAAR (1 ... CysLT (1, 2) • LTB4 (1, 2) • FPRL1 • OXE • Prostaglandin (DP (1, 2), EP (1, 2, 3, 4), FP) • Prostaciklin • Tromboksan ... B/W (1, 2) • FF (1, 2) • S • Y (1, 2, 4, 5) • Neuromedin (B, U (1, 2)) • Neurotenzin (1, 2) ... Adrenomedulin • Mirisni • Opsin (3, 4, 5, 1LW, 1MW, 1SW, RGR, RRH) • Proteazom-aktivirani (1, 2, 3, 4) • SREB (1, 2, 3) ...
... is a benzodiazepine derivative.[1] It is a partial agonist of benzodiazepine receptors and was shown in 1984 to ... InChI=1S/C15H15N3O/c1-10-14-12(9-18(10)2)17-13(19)8-16-15(14)11-6-4-3-5-7-11/h3-7,9H,8H2,1-2H3,(H,17,19) N ...
300 (1): 2-8. doi:10.1124/jpet.300.1.2. PMID 11752090.. *^ Perrais D, Ropert N (Jan 1999). "Effect of zolpidem on miniature ... 52: 1-32. PMID 9238846.. *^ Rupprecht R, Reul JM, Trapp T, van Steensel B, Wetzel C, Damm K, Zieglgänsberger W, Holsboer F (Sep ... 1 (4): 276-280. doi:10.1016/S1522-8401(00)90040-5.. *^ Möhler H, Fritschy JM, Rudolph U (Jan 2002). "A new benzodiazepine ... 46 (1): 116-121. doi:10.3181/00379727-46-11907.. *^ Harrison NL, Simmonds MA (Dec 1984). "Modulation of the GABA receptor ...
Agonisti: Piperazini: BZP • Hipazin; Triptamini: 2-Metil-5-HT • 5-CT; Drugi: Hlorofenilbiguanid • Butanol • Etanol • Halotan • ... doi:10.1016/S1574-1400(08)00012-1. *↑ Gaulton A, Bellis LJ, Bento AP, Chambers J, Davies M, Hersey A, Light Y, McGlinchey S, ... InChI=1S/C18H22IN3O3S/c1-21-9-11-22(12-10-21)17-13-15(5-8-18(17)25-2)20-26(23,24)16-6-3-14(19)4-7-16/h3-8,13,20H,9-12H2,1-2H3 Y ... 4-Jodo-N-[4-metoksi-3-(4-metil-1-piperazinil)fenil]benzensulfonamid ...
2-Metil-2-butanol. Biohemijske familije: Ugljeni hidrati (Glikozidi,Alkoholi) • Lipidi (Steroidi,Fosfolipidi,Glikolipidi,Masne ... doi:10.1016/S1574-1400(08)00012-1.. *↑ Burdock, George A. (1997). Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives. CRC Press. стр. ... Undekanol (1-undekanol, undekan-1-ol, undecil alkohol, hendekanol) je masni alkohol. Undekanol je bezbojna, u vodi nerastvorna ... On se proizvodi redukcijom 1-undekanala.[4]. Raprostranjenost u prirodi[уреди]. 1-Undekanol se prirodno javlja u mnogim vrstama ...
The earliest model engines for free-flight model aircraft flown before the end of World War II used a 3:1 mix of white gas and ... Butanol fuel. *Ethanol fuel. *Gasoline gallon equivalent. *Glow fuel. *Direct methanol fuel cell ... 1 December 2005. Archived from the original on 14 May 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2010.. ... However, its low energy content of 19.7 MJ/kg and stoichiometric air-to-fuel ratio of 6.42:1 mean that fuel consumption (on ...
2-Metil-2-butanol • Acekarbromal • Acetofenon • Apronal • Bromidi • Bromizoval • Karbromal • Hloralosa • Klometiazol • ... doi:10.1016/S1574-1400(08)00012-1. *↑ Hettne KM, Williams AJ, van Mulligen EM, Kleinjans J, Tkachenko V, Kors JA. (2010). " ... 1,4-Butandiol • Acebuterna kiselina • GABOB • Gama-hidroksibuterna kiselina • GBL • gama-Valerolakton ...
Agonists: Alcohols (e.g., butanol, ethanol (alcohol), trichloroethanol). *m-CPBG. *Phenylbiguanide. *Piperazines (e.g., BZP, ... 978-1-4757-2085-3. .. *^ Kent A, Billiard M (2003). Sleep: physiology, investigations, and medicine. New York: Kluwer Academic/ ... 978-3-88763-075-1. .. *^ Triggle DJ (1996). Dictionary of Pharmacological Agents. Boca Raton: Chapman & Hall/CRC. ISBN 978-0- ... Niaprazine (INN) (brand name Nopron) is a sedative-hypnotic drug of the phenylpiperazine group.[1][2] It has been used in the ...
Agonists: Alcohols (e.g., butanol, ethanol (alcohol), trichloroethanol). *m-CPBG. *Phenylbiguanide. *Piperazines (e.g., BZP, ... 11 (7): 1-46. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3302.. *^ Dr Betz was described as "a leading P. johimbe expert" by Cohen et al, 357. In ... Retrieved 1 February 2019.. *^ "21 U.S. Code § 321 - Definitions; generally". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. ... 1. Springer Science and Business Media. p. 109. ISBN 978-9401724241. .. *^ Sunderland TC, Ngo-Mpeck M, Tchoundjeu Z, Laird SA ( ...
66 (1): 91-3. doi:10.1055/s-0029-1243121. PMID 10705749.. *^ a b Liao JF, Wang HH, Chen MC, Chen CC, Chen CF (1998). " ... 11 (1): 77-87. doi:10.18433/J39G6V. PMID 18445366.. *^ Janke, R. A Grower's Guide: Scullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora). MF-2628 ... Edwin Lowell Cooper; Nobuo Yamaguchi (1 January 2004). Complementary and Alternative Approaches to Biomedicine. Springer ...
... biodiesel and higher alcohols such as isopropanol and butanol have also been used. Using alcohols of higher molecular weights ... 1] Archived April 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. *^ Solazyme , Solazyme Announces First U.S. Commercial Passenger Flight on ... National Biodiesel Board, 1 Dec. 2014. Web. 19 Nov. 2015. *^ McCormick, R.L. "2006 Biodiesel Handling and Use Guide Third ... Biodiesel is typically made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., vegetable oil, soybean oil,[1] animal fat (tallow[2][3])) with ...
Agonisti: Piperazini: BZP • Hipazin; Triptamini: 2-Metil-5-HT • 5-CT; Drugi: Hlorofenilbiguanid • Butanol • Etanol • Halotan • ... α1. Agonisti: 5-FNE • 6-FNE • Amidefrin • Anisodamin • Anisodin • Cirazolin • Dipivefrin • Dopamin • Efedrin • Epinefrin ( ... doi:10.1016/S1574-1400(08)00012-1. *↑ Hettne KM, Williams AJ, van Mulligen EM, Kleinjans J, Tkachenko V, Kors JA. (2010). " ... Antagonisti: 1-PP • Adimolol • Aptazapin • Atipamezol • BRL-44408 • Buflomedil • Cirazolin • Efaroksan • Esmirtazapin • ...
Agonisti: Piperazini: BZP • Hipazin; Triptamini: 2-Metil-5-HT • 5-CT; Drugi: Hlorofenilbiguanid • Butanol • Etanol • Halotan • ... 1,0 1,1 1,2 KOHLI JD, DE NN (1956). „Pharmacological action of rauwolscine". Nature. 177 (4521): 1182. PMID 13334509. doi: ... Mnogi atipični antipsihotici i azapironi poput buspirona i gepirona (putem metabolita 1-PP) takođe antagonizuju α2-adrenergičke ... 1] On je stereoizomer johimbina.[1] Rauvolscin je stimulant centralnog nervnog sistema, lokalni anestetik i u izvesnoj meri ...
For example, among the alcohols, ethanol has two carbon atoms and is miscible with water, whereas 1-butanol with four carbons ... Water and ethanol, for example, are miscible because they mix in all proportions.[1] ...
2S,3S) 3-bromo-2-butanol eta (2R,3R) 3-bromo-2-butanol molekuletan, bi zentroen konfigurazioa kontrakoa da; enantiomeroak dira ... 2S,3S) 3-bromo-2-butanol eta (2R,3S) 3-bromo-2-butanol molekulak begiratzen baditugu, ikusiko dugu bakarrik zentru baten ... 1 Isomeria kimika organikoan[1][2][3] *1.1 Isomeria konstituzionala edo egiturazkoa *1.1.1 Kate-isomeria ... Isomeria kimika organikoan[1][2][3][aldatu , aldatu iturburu kodea]. Oinarritzat karbono-hidrogenozko hezurdurak dituzten ...
Agonisti: Piperazini: BZP • Hipazin; Triptamini: 2-Metil-5-HT • 5-CT; Drugi: Hlorofenilbiguanid • Butanol • Etanol • Halotan • ... 8,0 8,1 8,2 Ziprasidone full prescribing information *↑ 9,0 9,1 Nemeroff CB, Lieberman JA, Weiden PJ, Harvey PD, Newcomer JW, ... DOI:10.1016/S1574-1400(08)00012-1. *↑ Hettne KM, Williams AJ, van Mulligen EM, Kleinjans J, Tkachenko V, Kors JA. (2010). " ... 5-{2-[4-(1,2-benzizotiazol-3-il)-1-piperazinil]etil}-. 6-hloro-1,3-dihidro-2H-indol-2-on ...
Agonisti: Piperazini: BZP • Hipazin; Triptamini: 2-Metil-5-HT • 5-CT; Drugi: Hlorofenilbiguanid • Butanol • Etanol • Halotan • ... Agonisti: Glavno mesto: 1,4-Butandiol • Baklofen • GBL • GHB • GHV • GVL • Lesogaberan • Fenibut • Progabid • SKF-97,541 • ... doi:10.1016/S1574-1400(08)00012-1. *↑ Hettne KM, Williams AJ, van Mulligen EM, Kleinjans J, Tkachenko V, Kors JA. (2010). " ... 4,0 4,1 Yuan, C. S.; Mehendale, S.; Xiao, Y.; Aung, H. H.; Xie, J. T.; Ang-Lee, M. K. (2004). "The gamma-aminobutyric acidergic ...
Agonisti: Piperazini: BZP • Hipazin; Triptamini: 2-Metil-5-HT • 5-CT; Drugi: Hlorofenilbiguanid • Butanol • Etanol • Halotan • ... 8,0 8,1 Kaplan, Eliot F.; Turkington, Carol (2001). Making the antidepressant decision: how to choose the right treatment ... α1. Agonisti: 5-FNE • 6-FNE • Amidefrin • Anisodamin • Anisodin • Cirazolin • Dipivefrin • Dopamin • Efedrin • Epinefrin ( ... doi:10.1016/S1574-1400(08)00012-1. *↑ Hettne KM, Williams AJ, van Mulligen EM, Kleinjans J, Tkachenko V, Kors JA. (2010). " ...
Agonists: Alcohols (e.g., butanol, ethanol (alcohol), trichloroethanol). *m-CPBG. *Phenylbiguanide. *Piperazines (e.g., BZP, ... In addition to its actions as an antihistamine, captodiamine has been found to act as a 5-HT2C receptor antagonist and σ1 ... InChI=1S/C21H29NS2/c1-4-5-16-23-20-13-11-19(12-14-20)21(24-17-15-22(2)3)18-9-7-6-8-10-18/h6-14,21H,4-5,15-17H2,1-3H3 Y ... The structure is related to diphenhydramine.[1] A 2004 study suggested captodiame may be helpful in preventing benzodiazepine ...
2-Metil-2-butanol • Acekarbromal • Acetofenon • Apronal • Bromidi • Bromizoval • Karbromal • Hloralosa • Klometiazol • ... DOI:10.1016/S1574-1400(08)00012-1. *↑ Hettne KM, Williams AJ, van Mulligen EM, Kleinjans J, Tkachenko V, Kors JA. (2010). " ... 1971). "Metabolism of methocarbamol in the rat, dog, and human". J Pharm Sci 60 (1): 104-106. DOI:10.1002/jps.2600600120. PMID ... 1,4-Butandiol • Acebuterna kiselina • GABOB • Gama-hidroksibuterna kiselina • GBL • gama-Valerolakton ...
Karisoprodoli proizvodi i prodaje u SAD preduzeće Meda Pharmaceuticals[1] pod imenom Soma, a i UK i drugim zemljama pod imenima ... InChI=1S/C12H24N2O4/c1-5-6-12(4,7-17-10(13)15)8-18-11(16)14-9(2)3/h9H,5-8H2,1-4H3,(H2,13,15)(H,14,16) Y ... Karisoprodol se može sintetisati reakcijom 2-metil-2-propilpropan-1,3-diola sa 1 molarnim ekvivalentom fosgena, čime se formira ...
Collective Volume, 1, p. 21. *^ Nathan L. Drake and Giles B. Cooke (1943). "Methyl isopropyl carbinol". Organic Syntheses.. ; ... 1 (4): 329-43. PMC 2424120. PMID 18568113.. *^ See: *Cervello, Vincenzo (1883) "Sull'azione fisiologica della paraldeide e ... The structures (1) and (2) are known as cis- and trans-paraldehyde. The structures (3) (a conformer of (2)) and (4) (a ... Paraldehyde is the cyclic trimer of acetaldehyde molecules.[2] Formally, it is a derivative of 1,3,5-trioxane. The ...
Agonisti: Piperazini: BZP • Hipazin; Triptamini: 2-Metil-5-HT • 5-CT; Drugi: Hlorofenilbiguanid • Butanol • Etanol • Halotan • ... On deluje kao potentan, selektivan i oralno aktivan antagonist 5-HT6 receptora.[1] SB-357,134 i drugi 5-HT6 antagonisti ... 4-methoxy-3-piperazin-1-ylbenzenesulfonamide (SB-357134)". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 11 (1): 55-8. PMID ...
Agonisti: Piperazini: BZP • Hipazin; Triptamini: 2-Metil-5-HT • 5-CT; Drugi: Hlorofenilbiguanid • Butanol • Etanol • Halotan • ... Cijanopindolol je lek koji je srodan sa pindololom i koji deluje kao antagonist β1 adrenoreceptora i antagonist 5-HT1A ... Hoyer, D.; Engel, G. (1983). „Binding of 125I-cyanopindolol to beta-1-adrenoceptors in a high and low affinity state". Journal ... Mnogi atipični antipsihotici i azapironi poput buspirona i gepirona (putem metabolita 1-PP) takođe antagonizuju α2-adrenergičke ...
2-Metil-2-Butanol alkohola ere lupuluaren ondorioa da.[207] Garagardo maltak hainbat tanino eskaintzen ditu, B3, B9 eta C2 ... 1 Aufl. argitaraldia) Behr's Verlag 2003 ISBN 3860229613. PMC 52387592.. *↑ «European Beer Statistics» www.europeanbeerguide. ... 1916-10-01). «A Hymn to Ninkasi» The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures 33 (1): 40-44. doi:10.1086/369806. ... Sagardo hitzaren analogiaz Sabin Aranak garagardo forma sortu zuen 1896an,[oh 1] garardo-rekin batera,[14] zeinak erabilera ...
102.177 g·mol−1 Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa). ... 3,3-Dimethyl-1-butanol (DMB) is a structural analog of choline.[1] ... DMB is found in some balsamic vinegars, red wines, and some cold-pressed extra virgin olive oils and grapeseed oils.[1] ... Mice showed no evidence of toxicity to chronic (16-week) DMB exposure.[1] ...
2002, Vol.31, No.1, p.79-98. 41 ref.. Abstract. Animal experiments show isoamyl alcohol (3-methyl-1-butanol) to be an irritant ...
Butanol is considered as a potential biofuel (butanol fuel). Butanol at 85 percent strength can be used in cars designed for ... 2-butanol, and tert-butanol. The unmodified term butanol usually refers to the straight chain isomer. 1-Butanol occurs ... Therefore, a vehicle using butanol would return fuel consumption more comparable to gasoline than ethanol. Butanol can also be ... Butyraldehyde is then hydrogenated to produce butanol. A second method for producing butanol involves the Reppe reaction of ...
... n-Butanol; n-Butyl alcohol; Butyl hydroxide; CCS 203; Hemostyp; Methylolpropane; Propylcarbinol; n-C4H9OH; Butanol; Butan-1-ol ... 1-Hydroxybutane; Alcool butylique; Butanolo; Butylowy alkohol; Butyric alcohol; Propylmethanol; Butanolen; 1-Butyl alcohol; ... Rcra waste number U031; Butanol-1; NSC 62782 * Permanent link for this species. Use this link for bookmarking this species for ... Other names: Butyl alcohol; n-Butan-1-ol; ... 1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200) 2.) Check ...
... n-Butanol; n-Butyl alcohol; Butyl hydroxide; CCS 203; Hemostyp; Methylolpropane; Propylcarbinol; n-C4H9OH; Butanol; Butan-1-ol ... Volumes and heat capacities in the continuious phase water-n-butanol-toluene of reverse micelles, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1986 ... 1, 1988, 84(11), 3991-4012. [all data] Gates, Wood, et al., 1986. Gates, J.A.; Wood, R.H.; Cobos, J.C.; Casanova, C.; Roux, A.H ... Tanaka, R.; Toyama, S.; Murakami, S., Heat capacities of {xCnH2n+1OH+(1-x)C7H16} for n = 1 to 6 at 298.15 K, J. Chem. ...
2-Methyl-2-butanol Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, pp. 3-374 ... 2-Methyl-1-butanol (IUPAC name, also called active amyl alcohol) is an organic chemical compound. It is one of the components ... 2-Methyl-1-butanol is a component of many mixtures of amyl alcohols sold industrially. 2-Methyl-1-butanol can be derived from ... 279-280, ISBN 978-0-8247-2480-1, retrieved 2009-12-14 Howard, Philip H. (1993), Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure ...
2-butanol, tert-butanol, and isobutanol. These butanol isomers, which occur naturally as products of fermentation, are ... ... 2-butanol, tert-butanol, isobutanol / published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the ... tert-Butanol : health and safety guide  International Programme on Chemical Safety; World Health Organization (‎World Health ... Laboratory evaluation of the molluscicidal potency of a butanol extract of Phytolacca dodecandra (‎endod)‎ berries  ...
NNAL is a product formed after 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) enters the body. NNK belongs to a group of ... Substance Profile-4-(N-Nitrosomethylamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanonepdf iconexternal icon ...
Looking for TCI AMERICAS 3-Methyl-1-Butanol,25mL (19KC07)? Graingers got your back. Price:$26.40. Easy ordering & convenient ...
Water solubility in 1-butanol-gasoline blend was determined as the temperature of a phase separation. The water was separated ... The aim of this work was to describe the density and viscosity and water tolerance of 1-butanol-gasoline blends. Density and ... Influence of ethanol and ethers used for gasoline blending on water phase stability of 1-butanol-gasoline blend was studied. ... In contrast to the ethanol-gasoline blends, 1-butanol remained in the hydrocarbon phase. ...
... n-Butanol, Butyl alcohol; Linear Formula: C4H10O; find Sigma-Aldrich-900639 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical ... 1-Butanol anhydrous, ZerO2®, 99.8%; CAS Number: 71-36-3; EC Number: 200-751-6; Synonym: 1-Butanol ZerO2®, Degassed and low ... 1-Butanol anhydrous, ZerO2®, 99.8% Synonym: 1-Butanol ZerO2®, n-Butanol, Butyl alcohol, Degassed and low oxygen 1-butanol ...
2-amino-1-butanol. Regulatory process names 9 CAS names 1 IUPAC names 8 Other identifiers 2 ... 215-540-4, is covered by three harmonisations: 005-011-00-4; 005-011-01-1 and 005-011-02-9), CLH information cannot be ... Such notifications are required for hazardous substances, mixtures, or articles, manufactured or imported at over 1 kg per ...
EINECS is an inventory of substances that were deemed to be on the European Community market between 1 January 1971 and 18 ...
2-amino-1-butanol. Regulatory process names 7 IUPAC names 3 Other identifiers 2 ... 215-540-4, is covered by three harmonisations: 005-011-00-4; 005-011-01-1 and 005-011-02-9), CLH information cannot be ...
... butanol, n-butanol, butyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol, 1-hydroxybutane, propylcarbinol, butyl hydroxide, propylmethanol, ... butanol, n-butanol, butyl alcohol, n-butyl alcohol, 1-hydroxybutane, propylcarbinol, butyl hydroxide, propylmethanol, ... DOTInformation : Transport Hazard Class: 3; Packing Group: III; Proper Shipping Name: BUTANOLS ... 1-Butanol is used as a solvent for many organic reactions in pharmaceutical and chemical industry, as a solvent in coating ...
2,2-Dimetil-1-butanol je organsko jedinjenje, koje sadrži 6 atoma ugljenika i ima molekulsku masu od 102,175 Da. ... Преузето из „https://sr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2,2-Dimetil-1-butanol&oldid=8819195" ...
1 butanol include Pouring and Running a Protein Gel by reusing Commercial Cassettes, Directed Assembly of Elastin-like ... Fang Yang*1, Lu-Lu Zhu*1, Yu-Duan Diao1, Pei Gao1, Da-Wei Yu1, Pei-Pei Yu1, Qi-Xing Jiang1, Yan-Shun Xu1, Wen-Shui Xia1, Xiao- ... Andreas Schreiber*1,2, Lara G. Stühn*1,2, Süreyya E. Geissinger1,2, Matthias C. Huber1,2, Stefan M. Schiller1,2,3,4,5,6 ... 1Department of Biology, University of Florida, 2UF Genetics Institute, University of Florida, 3Plant Molecular & Cellular ...
1-Butanol-4,4,4-d3 98 atom % D; CAS Number: 64156-70-3; Synonym: Butyl-4,4,4-d3 alcohol; Linear Formula: C4D3H7O; find Sigma- ... 1-Butanol-4,4,4-d3 98 atom % D Synonym: Butyl-4,4,4-d3 alcohol ...
1-Butanol, 4-chloro-, 1-methanesulfonate. CAS information. CAS number:. 26910-61-2. Molecular and structural information. ...
... n-butanol 3. 2-butanol 4. tert-butanol alcohol 5. pentane 6. hexanes I know that the forces include- dipole-dipole, ion-dipole ... 2-butanol is mixed with an equal volume of a 0.720 M solution of racemic 2-butanol, and the resulting solution is analyzed in a ... how do you convert 50 microliters of 2 butanol to moles? chemistry. what are the structures and iupac names of the isomers of 2 ... Use the following information to find Hf of butanol [C4H9OH(l)]. C4H9OH(l) + 6 O2(g) 4 CO2(g) + 5 H2O(g) Hcomb = -2712.9 Hf of ...
1-Butanol , C4H9OH or C4H10O , CID 263 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, ...
1-Amino-2-butanol , C4H11NO , CID 26107 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents ...
1-propanol + dibutyl ether (DBE)} and (water + 1-butanol + DBE) were determined at T = (293.15, 303.15, 308.15) K under... ... 1.. Tynjälä, P., Pakkanen, T.T., Mustamäki, S.: Modification of ZSM-5 zeolite with trimethyl phosphite. 2. Catalytic properties ... Cháfer, A., de la Torre, J., Lladosa, E., Montón, J.B.: Liquid-liquid equilibria of 4-methyl-2-pentanone + 1-propanol or 2- ... Çehreli, S., Özmen, D., Dramur, U.: (Liquid + liquid) equilibria of (water + 1-propanol + solvent) at T = 298.2 K. Fluid Phase ...
Andre navne: n-Butylalkohol, n-butanol, 1-hydroxybutan, butan-1-ol. (Eng.: n-Butyl alcohol, butyl alcohol, propyl carbinol) ... Butan-1-ol er en prim r alkohol der bl.a. forekommer i gylle. ...
Compositions and lures are described which provide 3-alkyl-1-butanol vapors and vapor blends of 3-alkyl-1-butanol with one or ... Butanol), or in McPhail traps baited with torula yeast in field trails conducted in Palin, Guatemala. Bars headed by the ... Butanol), and McPhail traps baited with torula yeast in field trials conducted in Palin, Guatemala. Bars headed by the same ... butanol), ammonium acetate and putrescine (SB), or ammonium acetate, putrescine and 3-methyl-1-butanol (SB+ ...
Analysis of Total 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanol in Smokers Blood. Steven G. Carmella, Shaomei Han, Peter W. ... The sum of 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol and its glucuronides (total NNAL) is an excellent biomarker for uptake ... 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL; Fig. 1) and its glucuronides (NNAL-Glucs) are metabolites of NNK in ... Analysis of Total 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanol in Smokers Blood ...
... phenol Isolated from Butanol Fraction of ,i,Cordyceps bassiana,/i, ... phenol Isolated from Butanol Fraction of Cordyceps bassiana. Figure 3. Apoptosis-inducing effects of KTH-13 in C6 glioma cells ... Antiproliferative and Apoptosis-Inducing Activities of 4-Isopropyl-2,6-bis(1-phenylethyl) ...
of mixtures of 1-butanol or iso-butanol or t-butanol with equimolar mixture of (N,N-dimethylacetamide + Ethyl acrylate) over ... Acoustic and Volumetric Properties of Mixture of (N,N-Dimethylacetamide + Ethyl Acrylate) with 1-Butanol or iso-Butanol or t- ... Butanol at 308.15 K. M. Kondaiah,1 K. Sreekanth,2 D. Sravana Kumar,3 and D. Krishna Rao4 ... 1NM Govt. Degree College, Medak District, Jogipet, India. 2PBN College, Guntur District, Nidubrolu, India. 3SVLNS Govt. Degree ...
Enzymatic Biodiesel Synthesis by the Biphasic Esterification of Oleic Acid and 1-Butanol in Microreactors. Hommes, A., de Wit, ... N2 - The enzymatic esterification of oleic acid and 1-butanol to butyl oleate was performed in an aqueous-organic system in ... AB - The enzymatic esterification of oleic acid and 1-butanol to butyl oleate was performed in an aqueous-organic system in ... Enzymatic Biodiesel Synthesis by the Biphasic Esterification of Oleic Acid and 1-Butanol in Microreactors. / Hommes, Arne; de ...
For the most promising catalyst, a 25% ethanol conversion with 80% selectivity (among liquid carbon products) to 1-butanol ... Direct catalytic valorization of bioethanol to 1-butanol over different alumina supported catalysts was studied. Thirteen (13) ... catalysts were screened in search for the optimal material composition for direct one-pot conversion of ethanol to 1-butanol. ... Ndou, A.S.; Plint, N.; Coville, N.J. Dimerisation of ethanol to butanol over solid-base catalysts. Appl. Catal. A Gen. 2003, ...
  • Butanol at 85 percent strength can be used in cars designed for gasoline (petrol) without any change to the engine (unlike 85% ethanol), and it provides more energy for a given volume than ethanol, due to butanol's lower oxygen content, and almost as much as gasoline. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, a vehicle using butanol would return fuel consumption more comparable to gasoline than ethanol. (wikipedia.org)
  • At sub-lethal doses, 1-butanol acts as a depressant of the central nervous system, similar to ethanol: one study in rats indicated that the intoxicating potency of 1-butanol is about 6 times higher than that of ethanol, possibly because of its slower transformation by alcohol dehydrogenase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Influence of ethanol and ethers used for gasoline blending on water phase stability of 1-butanol-gasoline blend was studied. (hindawi.com)
  • In contrast to the ethanol-gasoline blends, 1-butanol remained in the hydrocarbon phase. (hindawi.com)
  • Nevertheless 1-butanol could be a possible alternative to the ethanol which is currently the most useful biofuel for spark ignition engines. (hindawi.com)
  • 1-Butanol could become an option for ethanol as a motor fuel for spark ignition engine due to its possible better physical-chemical properties. (hindawi.com)
  • Properties of conventional gasoline meeting requirements of CSN EN 228 with an octane number of 95, ethanol, and 1-butanol are compared in Table 1 . (hindawi.com)
  • In contrast to ethanol, blending of 1-butanol to gasoline reduces the vapour pressure [ 8 , 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • A. 1-Propanol B. 1-Butanol C. n-pentane D. n-hexane E. methanol F. ethanol We shall be happy to critique your thinking. (jiskha.com)
  • Thirteen (13) heterogeneous catalysts were screened in search for the optimal material composition for direct one-pot conversion of ethanol to 1-butanol. (mdpi.com)
  • For the most promising catalyst, a 25% ethanol conversion with 80% selectivity (among liquid carbon products) to 1-butanol could be reached at 250 °C. Additionally, the reaction kinetics and mechanisms were further investigated upon use of the most suitable catalyst candidate. (mdpi.com)
  • Biobutanol is an attractive renewable biofuel and intermediate chemical that has been produced from the ABE (acetone-butanol-ethanol) fermentation by solventogenic clostridia such as Clostridium beijerinckii. (illinois.edu)
  • For this purpose, evolutionary engineering and metabolic engineering of pyruvate decarboxylase (Pdc)-negative S. cerevisiae were performed to increase the production of butanol isomers by eliminating ethanol production. (illinois.edu)
  • The study of the influence of typical 1-butanol impurities (isobutanol or ethanol and acetone, depending on the production process) demonstrated that isobutanol enhances the formation of branched ethers whereas ethanol leads to the formation of ethyl butyl ether and di- ethyl ether and acetone hardly reacts. (ub.edu)
  • Branched-chain higher alcohols (BCHAs), including isobutanol and 2-methyl-1-butanol, are promising advanced biofuels, superior to ethanol due to their higher energy density and better compatibility with existing gasoline infrastructure. (princeton.edu)
  • 7. The method according to claim 1, wherein the fermentation medium further comprises ethanol, and the butanol-containing organic phase contains ethanol. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 1-butanol has been proposed to be a better alternative to ethanol as a replacement for gasoline because of its many advantages [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1-butanol is less soluble in water than ethanol, reducing the possibility of contamination in groundwater, and this trait also makes it feasible to use liquid-liquid extraction for 1-butanol recovery in industrial fermentation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Butanol is considered to be a better biofuel than ethanol because it. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Butanol is considered to be a better biofuel than ethanol because its less corrosive and has a higher caloric value, giving a higher energy value. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Like ethanol, butanol is being considered as an additive to gasoline. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The ethanol and a remaining portion of the acetic acid intermediate are used as a substrate in an acidogenic fermentation to produce butyric and caproic acid intermediates which are then chemically converted to butanol and hexanol. (google.com)
  • and reducing the butyric acid and caproic acid esters to form butanol and ethanol. (google.com)
  • Presents individual monographs on the risks to health and the environment associated with 1-butanol, 2-butanol, tert-butanol, and isobutanol. (who.int)
  • Isomers of 1-Butanol are isobutanol, 2-butanol, and tert-butanol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two isomers 1-butanol (n-butanol and butan-1-ol) and 2-methyl-1-propanol (isobutanol) can be easily produced from biomass via fermentation. (hindawi.com)
  • The overall goal of my thesis research is to produce four-carbon alcohols such as 1-butanol and 2,3-butanediol, and isobutanol as advanced biofuels and chemicals from microorganisms through metabolic engineering, systems biology, and synthetic biology approaches. (illinois.edu)
  • The second goal of my thesis study was to produce butanol isomers including 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) and isobutanol by industrial yeast S. cerevisiae strain. (illinois.edu)
  • Supply Industrial 1 Butanol with Good Price Product description N butanol 1 butanol also known as 1 butanol or Butanol is a kind of alcohol Each molecule has four carbon atoms and its molecular formula is CH3CH2CH2CH2OH There are three isomers isobutanol secondary butanol and tertiary butanol The refractive index n20D. (zgshenyu.com)
  • Xylose utilization stimulates mitochondrial production of isobutanol and 2-methyl-1-butanol in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (princeton.edu)
  • We then increased the flux through these pathways by making gene deletions of BAT1 , ALD6 , and PHO13 , to develop a strain (YZy197) that produces as much as 4 g/L of BCHAs (3.10 ± 0.18 g isobutanol/L and 0.91 ± 0.02 g 2-methyl-1-butanol/L) from xylose. (princeton.edu)
  • This represents approximately a 28-fold improvement on the highest isobutanol titers obtained from xylose previously reported in yeast and the first report of 2-methyl-1-butanol produced from xylose. (princeton.edu)
  • 2. The method according to claim 1 wherein the butanol is isobutanol. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 1-Butanol (IUPAC: Butan-1-ol) also known as n-Butanol is a primary alcohol with the chemical formula C4H9OH and a linear structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Butan-1-ol er en prim r alkohol der bl.a. forekommer i gylle . (biosite.dk)
  • Butyraldehyde is then hydrogenated to produce butanol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to the 1950s, Clostridium acetobutylicum was used in industrial fermentation to produce butanol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research in the past few decades showed results of other microorganisms that can produce butanol through fermentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • We applied a serial transfer method to isolate two mutants that demonstrated improved 1-butanol tolerance compared to the parent strain. (washington.edu)
  • Animal experiments show isoamyl alcohol (3-methyl-1-butanol) to be an irritant to mucous membranes of the respiratory tract and eyes. (ilo.org)
  • 2-Methyl-1-butanol (IUPAC name, also called active amyl alcohol) is an organic chemical compound. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2-Methyl-1-butanol is a component of many mixtures of amyl alcohols sold industrially. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2-Methyl-1-butanol can be derived from fusel oil (because it occurs naturally in fruits such as grapes) or manufactured by either the oxo process or via the halogenation of pentane. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2-Methyl-2-butanol Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed. (wikipedia.org)
  • d) 2-methyl-2-butene from 3-methyl-2-butanol? (jiskha.com)
  • butryic acid t-butanol 2-bromo-2-methylbutane 2-amino-2-methyl-butal-1-ol I know it's not t-butanol or 2-bromo-2-methylbutane. (jiskha.com)
  • Is it 2-amino-2-methyl-butal-1-ol? (jiskha.com)
  • 4-methyl-1-pentanol 2-methyl-2-butanol 3-ethyl-1-butanol 2, 2-diethyl-4-pentanol 3-ethyl -2-hexanol IS THERE ANY WRONG NAMES? (jiskha.com)
  • Cháfer, A., de la Torre, J., Lladosa, E., Montón, J.B.: Liquid-liquid equilibria of 4-methyl-2-pentanone + 1-propanol or 2-propanol + water ternary systems: measurements and correlation at different temperatures. (springer.com)
  • 2. The composition of claim 1 wherein said 3-alkyl-1-butanol is 3-methyl-1-butanol. (patentgenius.com)
  • 5. An attractant composition for frugivorous pest insects comprising a vapor blend consisting of ammonia, acetic acid, putrescine, and 3-methyl-1-butanol wherein said composition provides effective frugivorous pest insect attractant amounts ofsaid vapor blend. (patentgenius.com)
  • The starting raw material for their preparation is styrene or α-methyl-styrene, which via the Prins reaction with formaldehyde yields substituted 1,3-dioxans. (perfumerflavorist.com)
  • Borong Reagen Gred 3 Methyl 1 Butanol dengan kualiti tinggi sebagai harga rendah / murah, salah satu daripada Reagen Gred 3 Methyl 1 Butanol jenama terkemuka dari China, Shenyu Energy (Shandong) Development Co. Ltd. (zgshenyu.com)
  • 3-Methyl-1-butanol was of moderate to low acute oral and dermal toxicity in laboratory animals, with the central nervous system being a particular target following exposure by various routes. (bibra-information.co.uk)
  • According to early study reports, an increase in malignant tumours was seen in rats given 3-methyl-1-butanol either orally or by injection. (bibra-information.co.uk)
  • In man, high single oral doses of 3-methyl-1-butanol evidently caused coma and death. (bibra-information.co.uk)
  • In rabbits, 3-methyl-1-butanol was an irritant to the skin and caused eye irritation in the liquid or vapour form. (bibra-information.co.uk)
  • Title: 1-Meth-oxy-2-methyl-propan-2-aminium 2,2,2-trifluoro-acetate. (aablocks.com)
  • S)-(-)-2-Amino-3-methyl-1,1-diphenyl-1-butanol is used in the synthesis of chiral hydroxy isocyanides, which are building blocks for multicomponent reactions and the synthesis of (hydroxyalkyl)oxazoline ligands. (srdpharma.com)
  • Engineered strains demonstrated different 1-butanol production using ethylamine as a substrate, and optimization was carried out. (washington.edu)
  • Engineered strains displayed different 1-butanol titers using ethylamine as a substrate. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A second method for producing butanol involves the Reppe reaction of propylene with CO and water: CH3CH=CH2 + H2O + 2 CO → CH3CH2CH2CH2OH + CO2 In former times, butanol was prepared from crotonaldehyde, which can be obtained from acetaldehyde. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methylobacterium extorquens AM1, a facultative methylotrophic α-proteobacterium, is a model system for assessing the possibility of generating products such as 1-butanol from one-carbon and two-carbon feedstocks. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Methylobacterium extorquens AM1, a facultative methylotrophic α-proteobacterium, has been engineered to generate 1-butanol from cheap carbon feedstocks through a synthetic metabolic pathway. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although clostridia are the primary industrial microbes for the fermentative production of 1-butanol, alternative engineered hosts have the potential to generate 1-butanol from alternative carbon feedstocks via synthetic metabolic pathways. (biomedcentral.com)
  • If the heat of combustion of 1-butanol (C4H9OH) is 2,710 kJ/mol, what mass of oxygen is consumed when enough 1-butanol is burned to yield 26,400 kJ of energy? (jiskha.com)
  • A close to 100{\%} yield of butyl oleate could be achieved in the microreactor made of polytetrafluoroethylene within 30 min residence time at 30 °C. The reaction rate is well described by the existing kinetic model based on a Ping Pong Bi Bi mechanism with competitive inhibition of 1-butanol. (rug.nl)
  • Augmentation of antigen yield was also observed when plasma membranes were pretreated with colchicine prior to 2.5% butanol extraction. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Although the ABE fermentation is considered as a promising process for butanol production, current drawbacks in the ABE fermentation include low titer, yield, and productivity of solvent production that needs to be improved to achieve an economically viable process. (illinois.edu)
  • Second, product diversification in the ABE fermentation producing butyl esters was carried out through simultaneous ABE fermentation, condensation, and extraction to compensate the low yield of butanol. (illinois.edu)
  • One of them stems from a Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson (LHHW) formalism in which two adsorbed molecules of 1-butanol react to yield ether and water, being the reversible surface reaction the rate limiting step. (ub.edu)
  • These pre-registration intentions were submitted to ECHA between 1 June and 1 December 2008. (europa.eu)
  • In this work, we engineered a modified CoA-dependent pathway in Methylobacterium extorquens AM1 to produce 1-butanol. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Distribution coefficients and separation factors of 1-propanol in the mixtures were calculated and are discussed. (springer.com)
  • Ghanadzadeh, H., Ghanadzadeh, A., Bahrpaima, K.: Measurement and prediction of tie-line data for mixtures of (water + 1-propanol + diisopropyl ether): LLE diagrams as a function of temperature. (springer.com)
  • Compositions and lures are described which provide 3-alkyl-1-butanol vapors and vapor blends of 3-alkyl-1-butanol with one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of acetic acid, ammonia, putrescine and mixtures which function as highly effective attractants for frugivorous pest flies especially of Anastrepha species. (patentgenius.com)
  • Demixing pressures of the ternary and quaternary mixtures, (1-butanol-water-CO2) and ([C(4)mim][NTf2]-1-butanol-water CO2), were determined for a few compositions and temperatures. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • d) chemically converting the butyrate, butyric acid, caproate, caproic acid or mixtures thereof to the butanol and hexanol. (google.com)
  • AM1 as a future industrial microorganism, a 1-butanol synthesis pathway was established in M. extorquens AM1 by diverting part of the native crotonyl-CoA flux from the EMC pathway to 1-butanol production. (washington.edu)
  • butan-1-ola ) C 4 H 9 OH formula eta egitura lineala duen alkohol primarioa da. (wikipedia.org)
  • abstract = "The enzymatic esterification of oleic acid and 1-butanol to butyl oleate was performed in an aqueous-organic system in capillary microreactors with various inner diameters operated under slug flow. (rug.nl)
  • The purpose of this investigation was to examine the ability of single-phase aqueous solutions of 1-butanol to release immunoprotective tumor antigen activity from partially purified plasma membranes of the methylcholanthrene-induced fibrosarcoma, MCA-F. Tumor antigen activity was assessed by s.c. immunization of syngeneic C3H/HeJ mice 10 days prior to supralethal challenge. (aacrjournals.org)
  • 1.5E6 OH/cm3) Half-Life = 21.214 Min Ozone Reaction: No Ozone Reaction Estimation Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1 (Junge,Mackay) Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66): Koc : 7.983E+005 Log Koc: 5.902 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]: Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure! (chemspider.com)
  • The structure and the sorption properties of partially hydrophobized silicates (dodecylammonium and dodecyldiammonium vermiculites) have been investigated in aqueous solutions of 1-butanol. (elsevier.com)
  • In aqueous butanol solutions, the basal spacing of dodecylammonium vermiculite gradually increases with the extent of butanol adsorption because the chains increasingly point away from the surface. (elsevier.com)
  • 1-Butanol is one of the "fusel alcohols" (from the German for "bad liquor"), which include alcohols that have more than two carbon atoms and have significant solubility in water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Properties of alcohols and automotive gasoline with octane number 95 [ 1 , 5 - 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Both alcohols are obtained by the hydrogenation of the respective phenyl substituted 1-alkanols. (perfumerflavorist.com)
  • Oxidizing alcohols By: Toufa Bouchouar Partner's name: Adrian Date: March 20, 2006 Teacher name: Ms. Sommer When KMnO acts as an oxidizing agent when it comes in contact with 1 butanol, 2 butanol and t- butyl which of these agents will become primary, secondary or tertiary alcohol? (markedbyteachers.com)
  • High purity 99 Ethylene glycol cas 107 21 1 Product description Ethylene Glycol also known as glycol is the simplest aliphatic glycol with the chemical properties of alcohols such as the formation of ether ester can be oxidized to form aldehyde or acid can condensation to form ether They can be replaced by halogens. (zgshenyu.com)
  • Butanol can also be produced by fermentation of biomass by bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1-Butanol produced from waste biomass or nonfood agricultural products is classified as the biofuel of the second generation [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The fuel is butanol, It can be derived from lignocellulosic material, plant biomass parts that range from woody stems, straw, agricultural residues, corn fiber and husks, all containing in large part cellulose and some lignin. (bio-medicine.org)
  • tert-butanol alcohol 5. (jiskha.com)
  • When KMnO acts as an oxidizing agent when it comes in contact with 1 butanol, 2 butanol and t- butyl which of these agents will become primary, secondary or tertiary alcohol? (markedbyteachers.com)
  • 1 butanol was a primary alcohol which had a reaction time of 44 seconds and started with a primary alcohol then went to an aldehyde and finally a carboxylic acid. (markedbyteachers.com)
  • A strain overexpressing Treponema denticola trans-enoyl-CoA reductase, Clostridium acetobutylicum alcohol dehydrogenase, and native crotonase was able to generate the highest 1-butanol titer (15.2 mg l -1 ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • FT-IR spectrum of 2-butyl palmitate showed absorbance at 1743.90 cm-1 attribute for C = O vibrational stretching by ester group and the absorbance at 1377.57 cm-1 and 1176.65 cm-1 attribute for CO vibrational derived from fatty acid esters. (usu.ac.id)
  • Heat capacity and corresponding states in alkan-1-ol-n-alkane systems, J. Chem. (nist.gov)
  • The largest use of 1-butanol is as an industrial intermediate, particularly for the manufacture of butyl acetate (itself an artificial flavorant and industrial solvent). (wikipedia.org)
  • 1-Butanol is used as an ingredient in processed and artificial flavorings, and for the extraction of lipid-free protein from egg yolk, natural flavouring materials and vegetable oils, the manufacture of hop extract for beermaking, and as a solvent in removing pigments from moist curd leaf protein concentrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1-Butanol is used as a solvent for many organic reactions in pharmaceutical and chemical industry, as a solvent in coating industries and also used as a diluent/reactant in the manufacture of urea-formaldehyde and melamine-formaldehyde resins. (fishersci.ca)
  • Çehreli, S., Özmen, D., Dramur, U.: (Liquid + liquid) equilibria of (water + 1-propanol + solvent) at T = 298.2 K. Fluid Phase Equilib. (springer.com)
  • However, M. extorquens AM1 is vulnerable to solvent stress, which impedes further development for 1-butanol production. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This research will be useful for uncovering the mechanism of cellular response of M. extorquens AM1 to solvent stress, and will provide the genetic blueprint for the rational design of a strain of M. extorquens AM1 with increased 1-butanol tolerance in the future. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Basic Organic Chemicals 1 Butanol With Low Price Product description 1 butanol is a colorless odorless liquid with a boiling point of 117 7 C and slightly soluble in water It is a solvent for a variety of coatings and a raw material for the plasticizer dibutyl phthalate see phthalate ester and is also used in the. (zgshenyu.com)
  • Butanol is considered as a potential biofuel (butanol fuel). (wikipedia.org)
  • 1-Butanol occurs naturally as a minor product of the fermentation of sugars and other carbohydrates and is present in many foods and beverages. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1-Butanol occurs naturally as a result of carbohydrate fermentation in a number of alcoholic beverages, including beer, grape brandies, wine, and whisky. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the first goal of my thesis study was to improve the ABE fermentation by C. beijerinckii for production of butanol and its derivatives. (illinois.edu)
  • First, optimization of ABE fermentation condition was conducted to maximize butanol production in a small-scale standard platform. (illinois.edu)
  • Direct fermentation of xylan by Clostridium strain BOH3 for the production of butanol and hydrogen using optimized culture medium. (semanticscholar.org)
  • 6. The method according to claim 1 wherein the recovered butanol has an effective titer of at least about 37 g per liter of the fermentation medium. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Water solubility in 1-butanol-gasoline blend was determined as the temperature of a phase separation. (hindawi.com)
  • Predict change in temperature for 1-butanol, CHSCH2CH2CH2OH, if same experiment were using 1-butanol? (jiskha.com)
  • IR-visible sum-frequency generation (IV-SFG) vibrational spectroscopy and a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation were used to study the local layering order at the interface of 1-butanol-d 9 and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([bmim]PF 6 ), a room-temperature ionic liquid (RTIL). (rsc.org)
  • The liquid-liquid equilibrium of the [C(4)mim][NTf2]-1-butanol system presents upper critical solution temperature (UCST) behaviour. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • The propylene production with 1-butanol co-feeding for methanol in relation to propylene process (MTP) at 440-490 ̊ C temperature range and at 0.9-15 hr -1 WHSV range over H-ZSM-5 zeolite catalyst is assessed in a isothermal fixed-bed reactor. (ac.ir)
  • The evolved strains, BHBT3 and BHBT5, demonstrated increased growth rates and higher survival rates with the existence of 1-butanol. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 3-Cyclohexyl-1-propanol and 3-cyclohexyl-1-butanol rank among synthetic fragrant compounds. (perfumerflavorist.com)
  • AM1 and establish a synthetic 1-butanol pathway as a proof of principle case. (washington.edu)
  • While starchy substrates or molasses are major carbon feedstocks for fermentative production of 1-butanol in clostridia or heterologous microorganisms, interest is growing in employing novel substrates that are economically competitive with petrochemical synthesis yet at the same time non-competitive with food for human consumption [ 12 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1-Butanol has been proposed as a substitute for diesel fuel and gasoline. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this work was to describe the density and viscosity and water tolerance of 1-butanol-gasoline blends. (hindawi.com)
  • Density and viscosity of 1-butanol are higher than that for gasoline and they can affect these parameters in the final gasoline blend. (hindawi.com)
  • The preferred use of 1-butanol in the road transport is the production of motor fuels for spark ignition engines by mixing with conventional gasoline. (hindawi.com)
  • The highest allowed concentration of 1-butanol (classified as other oxygenates) in the gasoline in the Czech Republic is 10 v/v% according to actual CSN EN 228 requirements. (hindawi.com)
  • 1-Butanol could affect the density and viscosity of its blends with gasoline due to their higher values compared to gasoline. (hindawi.com)
  • The lower heating value (energy density) of 1-butanol is close to that of gasoline. (hindawi.com)
  • The energy density of 1-butanol is close to that of gasoline, so one gallon of gasoline blended 50:50 (v/v) with 1-butanol produces a similar mileage to that of pure gasoline [ 3 ],[ 4 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In 2006, chemical maker DuPont and the British oil company BP announced collaboration with British Sugar to introduce butanol made from sugar beets as a gasoline-blending additive in the United Kingdom. (bio-medicine.org)
  • To gain deeper insights into the mode of mobilization of TAG during NAE 12:0 or 1-butanol treatment, we conducted a detailed comparative analysis of the effect of NAE 12:0, DMSO, 1-butanol and tert -butanol on Arabidopsis seed germination and fatty acid composition, tert -butanol and DMSO served as the corresponding controls treatment respectively. (kib.ac.cn)
  • Our data show that 1-butanol, but not the inactive tert -butanol isomer, inhibited Arabidopsis seed germination, which is accompanied by a with retardation of the mobilization of triacylglycerols (TAG). (kib.ac.cn)
  • The report then estimates 2016-2021 market development trends of 4-chloro-1-butanol (CAS 928-51-8) industry. (htfmarketreport.com)
  • The feedings here are of: pure 1-butanol, pure methanol and a 1-butanol and methanol mixture. (ac.ir)
  • The results indicate that the selectivity of propylene is 69% in the feed mixture of 13, 37 and 50 wt% of 1-butanol, methanol and water, respectively. (ac.ir)
  • However, 1-butanol has not yet been reported to be produced by organisms capable of growing on methane (methanotrophs) or methanol (methylotrophs). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The unmodified term butanol usually refers to the straight chain isomer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clostridium produces much higher yields of butanol. (wikipedia.org)
  • A mesophilic Clostridium species that produces butanol from monosaccharides and hydrogen from polysaccharides. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Therefore, it is highly desirable to obtain a strain with ameliorated 1-butanol tolerance and elucidate the molecular mechanism of 1-butnaol tolerance in M. extorquens AM1 for future strain improvement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We successfully screened mutants resistant to 1-butanol and provided insights into the molecular mechanism of 1-butanol tolerance in M. extorquens AM1. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Global and Chinese (S)-(+)-2-Amino-1-butanol Hydrochloride (CAS 28895-09-2) Industry, 2009-2019 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth market survey on Global and Chinese (S)-(+)-2-Amino-1-butanol Hydrochloride (CAS 28895-09-2) industry. (blogspot.com)
  • The report then explores global and Chinas top manufacturers of (S)-(+)-2-Amino-1-butanol Hydrochloride (CAS 28895-09-2) listing their product specification, capacity, production value, cost, gross margin and market share etc. (blogspot.com)
  • Butanol is a promising next generation fuel and a bulk chemical precursor. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Moreover, the core methylotrophic pathways in M. extorquens AM1 involve unusual coenzyme A (CoA)-derivative metabolites, such as crotonyl-CoA, which is a precursor for the production of 1-butanol. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Direct catalytic valorization of bioethanol to 1-butanol over different alumina supported catalysts was studied. (mdpi.com)
  • Liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE) date for the ternary systems of {water + 1-propanol + dibutyl ether (DBE)} and (water + 1-butanol + DBE) were determined at T = (293.15, 303.15, 308.15) K under atmospheric pressure. (springer.com)
  • Pirahmadi, F., Dehghani, M.R., Behzadi, B.: Experimental and theoretical study on liquid-liquid equilibrium of 1-butanol + water + NH 4 Cl at 298.15, 308.15 and 318.15 K. Fluid Phase Equilib. (springer.com)
  • In order to overcome this problem, the second generation biofuels are increasingly prepared from non-edible raw materials, e.g., wood, agricultural waste and other lignocellulosic materials [ 1 , 2 , 3 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Lastly, evolutionary engineering of C. beijerinckii was performed to increase cell growth on lignocellulosic hydrolysate which is a potential feedstock for industrial butanol production. (illinois.edu)
  • The fuel is butanol It can be derived from lignocellulosic materia. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Fermentative production of butanol--the industrial perspective. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Fermentative production of 1-butanol by clostridial species has a long history as the main industrial 1-butanol-producing process [ 4 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Global metabolomic analysis further discovered that the pools of multiple key metabolites, including fatty acids, amino acids, and disaccharides, were increased in BHBT5 in response to 1-butanol stress. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Constituting 85% of its use, 1-butanol is mainly used in the production of varnishes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Figure 1 from Production, Purification, and Characterization of a Xylooligosaccharides-forming Xylanase from High-butanol-producing Strain Clostridium sp. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Butanol production from thin stillage using Clostridium pasteurianum. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Through the statistical analysis, the report depicts the global and Chinese total market of 4-chloro-1-butanol (CAS 928-51-8) industry including capacity, production, production value, cost/profit, supply/demand and Chinese import/export. (htfmarketreport.com)
  • 1394). 'The Effect of 1-Butanol Co-Feeding on Propylene Production in the MTP Reaction', سامانه مدیریت نشریات علمی دانشگاه اصفهان , 4(1), pp. 63-72. (ac.ir)
  • Therefore, there is growing interest in metabolically engineering alternative hosts for 1-butanol production. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The report then explores global and Chinas top manufacturers of (S)-1-Aminotetralin (CAS 233357-52-0) listing their product specification, capacity, production value, cost, gross margin and market share etc. (blogspot.com)
  • Here you can see the latest Metabolic Engineering Escherichia Coli Production Butanol From Crude articles that have been published worldwide. (bioportfolio.com)
  • We have published hundreds of Metabolic Engineering Escherichia Coli Production Butanol From Crude news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Metabolic Engineering Escherichia Coli Production Butanol From Crude Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Metabolic Engineering Escherichia Coli Production Butanol From Crude for you to read. (bioportfolio.com)
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  • Directed strain evolution restructures metabolism for 1-butanol production in minimal media. (bioportfolio.com)
  • 1-Butanol, a specific inhibitor of phospholipase D (PLD)-dependent production of the signalling molecule phosphatidic acid (PA), inhibited Arabidopsis seed germination. (kib.ac.cn)