In glycogen or amylopectin synthesis, the enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a segment of a 1,4-alpha-glucan chain to a primary hydroxy group in a similar glucan chain. EC 2.4.1.18.
A highly branched glucan in starch.
An unbranched glucan in starch.
An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of glucose from ADPglucose to glucose-containing polysaccharides in 1,4-alpha-linkages. EC 2.4.1.21.
An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder due to a deficiency in expression of glycogen branching enzyme 1 (alpha-1,4-glucan-6-alpha-glucosyltransferase), resulting in an accumulation of abnormal GLYCOGEN with long outer branches. Clinical features are MUSCLE HYPOTONIA and CIRRHOSIS. Death from liver disease usually occurs before age 2.
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
A genus of obligately aerobic, thermophilic, gram-negative bacteria in the family Crenotrichaceae. They were isolated from submarine alkaline HOT SPRINGS in Iceland.
Glucose polymers consisting of a backbone of beta(1->3)-linked beta-D-glucopyranosyl units with beta(1->6) linked side chains of various lengths. They are a major component of the CELL WALL of organisms and of soluble DIETARY FIBER.
An enzyme that hydrolyzes 1,6-alpha-glucosidic branch linkages in glycogen, amylopectin, and their beta-limit dextrins. It is distinguished from pullulanase (EC 3.2.1.41) by its inability to attack pullulan and by the feeble action of alpha-limit dextrins. It is distinguished from amylopectin 6-glucanohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.69) by its action on glycogen. With EC 3.2.1.69, it produces the activity called "debranching enzyme". EC 3.2.1.68.
An ATP-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the addition of ADP to alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate to form ADP-glucose and diphosphate. The reaction is the rate-limiting reaction in prokaryotic GLYCOGEN and plant STARCH biosynthesis.
Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.
Serves as the glycosyl donor for formation of bacterial glycogen, amylose in green algae, and amylopectin in higher plants.
An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of D-glucose from UDPglucose into 1,4-alpha-D-glucosyl chains. EC 2.4.1.11.
A plant species of the family POACEAE. It is a tall grass grown for its EDIBLE GRAIN, corn, used as food and animal FODDER.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A group of inherited metabolic disorders involving the enzymes responsible for the synthesis and degradation of glycogen. In some patients, prominent liver involvement is presented. In others, more generalized storage of glycogen occurs, sometimes with prominent cardiac involvement.
Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine from a nucleoside diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-glucans including laminarin, paramylon, and pachyman.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
An exocellulase with specificity for 1,3-beta-D-glucasidic linkages. It catalyzes hydrolysis of beta-D-glucose units from the non-reducing ends of 1,3-beta-D-glucans, releasing GLUCOSE.
A species of GRAM-POSITIVE ENDOSPORE-FORMING BACTERIA in the family BACILLACEAE, found in soil, hot springs, Arctic waters, ocean sediments, and spoiled food products.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
The threadlike, vascular projections of the chorion. Chorionic villi may be free or embedded within the DECIDUA forming the site for exchange of substances between fetal and maternal blood (PLACENTA).
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
A genus of ascomycetous fungi, family Sordariaceae, order SORDARIALES, comprising bread molds. They are capable of converting tryptophan to nicotinic acid and are used extensively in genetic and enzyme research. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Plasma glycoprotein member of the serpin superfamily which inhibits TRYPSIN; NEUTROPHIL ELASTASE; and other PROTEOLYTIC ENZYMES.
Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
A process that includes the determination of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE of a protein (or peptide, oligopeptide or peptide fragment) and the information analysis of the sequence.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.
It is found in a range of enzymes that act on branched substrates i.e. isoamylase, pullulanase and branching enzyme. Isoamylase ... Carbohydrate-binding module family 25 (CBM25) binds alpha-glucooligosaccharides, particularly those containing alpha-1,6 ... 3-mixed linked glucans only bind in cleft B. Carbohydrate-binding module family 9 (CBM9) binds to crystalline cellulose. CBM4 ... 6-alpha-D-glucosidic branch linkages in glycogen, amylopectin and dextrin; 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme functions in the ...
The GBE1 gene provides instructions for making the glycogen branching enzyme. This enzyme is involved in the production of a ... A person inherits loss-of-function mutations in the GBE1 gene from each parent, and the lack of glycogen branching enzyme (the ... Whether or not a person is making sufficient amounts of functional glycogen branching enzyme can be determined by taking a skin ... Most GBE1 gene mutations result in a shortage (deficiency) of the glycogen branching enzyme, which leads to the production of ...
... cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase MeSH D08.811.682.690.708.783.212 - cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme MeSH D08.811.682.690. ... glucan 1,4-beta-glucosidase MeSH D08.811.277.450.420.200.600 - glucan endo-1,3-beta-d-glucosidase MeSH D08.811.277.450.420.375 ... cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase MeSH D08.244.453.915.212 - cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme MeSH D08.244.453.915.400 - 25 ... cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase MeSH D08.811.682.690.708.170.915.212 - cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme MeSH D08.811. ...
Q-enzyme, alpha-glucan-branching glycosyltransferase, amylose isomerase, enzymatic branching factor, branching ... This connection is catalyzed by a branching enzyme, generally given the name α-glucan branching enzyme. A branching enzyme ... Glycogen branching enzyme is an enzyme that adds branches to the growing glycogen molecule during the synthesis of glycogen, a ... and branching enzyme. Shown by x-ray crystallography, glycogen branching enzyme has four marginally asymmetric units each that ...
... is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction that transfers an alpha-D-glucosyl residue in a 1,4-alpha-D-glucan to the ... 6-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase. Other names in common use include oligoglucan-branching glycosyltransferase, 1,4-alpha-D-glucan ... 6-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase, T-enzyme, and D-glucosyltransferase. Abdullah M; Whelan WJ (1960). "Synthesis of alpha-1:6- ... This enzyme belongs to the family of glycosyltransferases, specifically the hexosyltransferases. The systematic name of this ...
While most alpha-amylase enzymes only cleave alpha-1,4-linkages in their substrates, neopullulanase additionally cleaves alpha- ... also known as glycogen branching enzyme). Like these enzymes, each monomer contains an active site at the carboxyl-terminus ... The enzyme first selectively hydrolyzes alpha-1,4-glucosidic bonds on the nonreducing side of pullulan's alpha-1,6-glucosidic ... This results in narrower active site than the other alpha-amylase enzymes, which do not dimerize, and likely contributes to its ...
... α-glucan can be comparably synthesized via the maltosyl transferase GlgE and branching enzyme GlgB. This alternative pathway is ... α-Glucans (alpha-glucans) are polysaccharides of D-glucose monomers linked with glycosidic bonds of the alpha form. α-Glucans ... Alpha-glucan is also commonly found in bacteria, yeasts, plants, and insects. Whereas the main pathway of α-glucan synthesis is ... 6-glucan (including amylopectin) Shimomura, Shoji; Fukui, Toshio (1980). "A comparative study on .alpha.-glucan phosphorylases ...
... highly branched starch chains have to be phosphorylated in order to be accessible for degrading enzymes. The enzyme glucan, ... the other enzyme-potato alpha-glucan phosphorylase can add a glucose unit from glucose 1-phosphorylase to the non-reducing ends ... The starch debranching enzyme isoamylase removes some of these branches. Several isoforms of these enzymes exist, leading to a ... 6-alpha branching bonds. A second enzyme, phosphoglucan, water dikinase (PWD) phosphorylates the glucose molecule at the C-3 ...
These extracellular homopolysaccharides are called α-glucan polymers. Glucansucrase enzymes can synthesize a variety of glucans ... "A circularly permuted alpha-amylase-type alpha/beta-barrel structure in glucan-synthesizing glucosyltransferases". FEBS Letters ... University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. 1996. ISBN 978-0-9631172-1-2. Colby SM, McLaughlin RE, Ferretti JJ, Russell RR ... This glucose is added to a growing glucan chain. Glucansucrase uses the energy released from bond cleavage to drive glucan ...
They contain no enzymes. ASBC 50-165/EBC 90-320; the typical British crystal malt used in pale ale and bitter is around ASBC 70 ... Unconverted starch becomes sugar during the last steps of mashing, through the action of alpha and beta amylases. The oldest ... and contains large quantities of beta-glucans compared to other grains; these long-chain sugars can leach out during a mash, ... not fully modified requires mashing in multiple steps rather than at simply one temperature as the starches must be de-branched ...
6-trideoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranose N,N-dimethyltransferase EC 2.1.1.235: dTDP-3-amino-3,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranose N,N- ... 3-b-glucan synthase EC 2.4.1.35: phenol b-glucosyltransferase EC 2.4.1.36: a,a-trehalose-phosphate synthase (GDP-forming) EC ... branched-chain-fatty-acid kinase EC 2.7.2.15: propionate kinase EC 2.7.3.1: guanidinoacetate kinase EC 2.7.3.2: creatine kinase ... m4X modification enzyme EC 2.1.1.226: 23S rRNA (cytidine1920-2'-O)-methyltransferase EC 2.1.1.227: 16S rRNA (cytidine1409-2'-O ...
With a low renewal rate the intestinal cells become more mature, allowing for more efficient digestive enzyme production and ... Firon, N; Ashkenazi, S; Mirelman, D; Ofek, I; Sharon, N (1987). "Aromatic alpha-glycosides of mannose are powerful inhibitors ... Glycosidic bond Mannan Mannose Saccharomyces cerevisiae extracts PGG-glucan, EpiCor, nutritional yeast Oyofo, BA; Deloach, JR; ... D-mannose branches (from 1 to 5 rings long), which are attached to long α-(1,6)-D-mannose chains. This specific combination of ...
The fungal cell wall is composed of glucans and chitin; while glucans are also found in plants and chitin in the exoskeleton of ... Harris SD (2008). "Branching of fungal hyphae: regulation, mechanisms and comparison with other branching systems". Mycologia. ... Xu H, Andi B, Qian J, West AH, Cook PF (2006). "The alpha-aminoadipate pathway for lysine biosynthesis in fungi". Cell ... Pereira JL, Noronha EF, Miller RN, Franco OL (June 2007). "Novel insights in the use of hydrolytic enzymes secreted by fungi ...
The enzymes that make the A-band (homopolymeric) and B-band (heteropolymeric) O-antigens have been identified and the metabolic ... Starch is a glucose polymer in which glucopyranose units are bonded by alpha-linkages. It is made up of a mixture of amylose ( ... Chitin has a similar structure, but has nitrogen-containing side branches, increasing its strength. It is found in arthropod ... 3D structure of cellulose, a beta-glucan polysaccharide.. Amylose is a linear polymer of glucose mainly linked with α(14) ...
In addition, the enzyme transferase shifts a block of 3 glucosyl residues from the outer branch to the other end, and then a α1 ... While the enzyme can exist as an inactive monomer or tetramer, it is biologically active as a dimer of two identical subunits.[ ... The enzyme is specific to α1-4 chains, as the molecule contains a 30-angstrom-long crevice with the same radius as the helix ... Binding of AMP at this site, corresponding in a change from the T state of the enzyme to the R state, results in small changes ...
... by extracellular enzymes. These glucans allow the bacteria to adhere to the tooth surface and to build up thick layers of ... and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in rats with sucrose-induced metabolic syndrome". J. Nutr. Biochem. 15 (6): 350-57. doi:10.1016 ... GSD type IV (Andersen's disease, branching enzyme deficiency). *Adult polyglucosan body disease (APBD) ... If the enzyme sucrase is added, however, the reaction will proceed rapidly.[12] Hydrolysis can also be accelerated with acids, ...
3-Beta-glucan synthase is a glucosyltransferase enzyme involved in the generation of beta-glucan in fungi. It serves as a ... Debranching enzyme. *Branching enzyme. *1,3-Beta-glucan synthase. *Ceramide glucosyltransferase. *N-glycosyltransferase ... This EC 2.4 enzyme-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ... These enzymes catalyse the transfer of sugar moieties from activated donor molecules to specific acceptor molecules, forming ...
Debranching enzyme. *Branching enzyme. *1,3-Beta-glucan synthase. *Ceramide glucosyltransferase. *N-glycosyltransferase ... They are labelled "Type I" if the defective gene is for an enzyme involved in the assembly or transfer of the Glc3Man9GlcNAc2- ... 74 (1): 134-8. Bibcode:1977PNAS...74..134P. doi:10.1073/pnas.74.1.134. PMC 393212. PMID 264667.. ... B-N-acetylglucosaminyl-glycopeptide b-1,4-galactosyltransferase. *Glycoprotein-N-acetylgalactosamine 3-beta- ...
Debranching enzyme. *Branching enzyme. *1,3-Beta-glucan synthase. *Ceramide glucosyltransferase. *N-glycosyltransferase ... The CTA1 fragment catalyses ADP-ribosylation of the Gs alpha subunit (Gαs) proteins using NAD. The ADP-ribosylation causes the ... The A1 portion of the chain (CTA1) is a globular enzyme payload that ADP-ribosylates G proteins, while the A2 chain (CTA2) ... forms an extended alpha helix which sits snugly in the central pore of the B subunit ring.[6] ...
Debranching enzyme. *Branching enzyme. *1,3-Beta-glucan synthase. *Ceramide glucosyltransferase. *N-glycosyltransferase ... The method by which sucrose phosphorylase converts sucrose to D-fructose and alpha-D-glucose-1-phosphate has been studied in ... In the reaction, sucrose binds to the enzyme, at which point fructose is released by the enzyme-substrate complex. A covalent ... The enzyme consists of four major domains, namely A, B, B', and C. Domains A, B' and C exist as dimers around the active site.[ ...
... blood group B branched chain alpha-1,3-galactosidase EC 3.2.1.167: blood group B linear chain alpha-1,3-galactosidase EC 3.2. ... Limulus clotting enzyme EC 3.4.21.87: Transferred entry: omptin. Now EC 3.4.23.49, omptin. The enzyme is not a serine protease ... glucan 1,4-a-glucosidase EC 3.2.1.4: cellulase EC 3.2.1.5: deleted EC 3.2.1.6: endo-1,3(4)-b-glucanase EC 3.2.1.7: inulinase EC ... alpha-agarase EC 3.2.1.159: alpha-neoagaro-oligosaccharide hydrolase EC 3.2.1.160: now EC 3.2.1.155 EC 3.2.1.161: beta-apiosyl- ...
許多生物學上的重大發現都得益於將真菌用作模式生物的研究,例如一基因一酵素假說(英语:One gene-one enzyme hypothesis)便是用粉色麵包黴菌的實驗證實的[249]。釀酒酵母、裂殖酵母(英语:Schizosaccharomyces ... 與裸藻與某些細菌:高等真菌、眼蟲與某些細菌都以一種特殊的生化反應:α-氨基己二酸途徑(英语:Alpha-aminoadipate pathway)
... alpha-longipinene synthase EC 4.2.3.81: exo-alpha-bergamotene synthase EC 4.2.3.82: alpha-santalene synthase EC 4.2.3.83: beta- ... "EC 4.1.2.8". Integrated relational Enzyme database. Retrieved 2017-04-07. Biology portal. ... α-D-glucan lyase EC 4.2.2.14: glucuronan lyase EC 4.2.2.15: anhydrosialidase EC 4.2.2.16: levan fructotransferase (DFA-IV- ... branched-chain-2-oxoacid decarboxylase EC 4.1.1.73: tartrate decarboxylase EC 4.1.1.74: indolepyruvate decarboxylase EC 4.1. ...
... interacts with pancreatic and enteric enzymes and their substrates. Human pancreatic enzyme activity is reduced ... Beta-glucan from oat bran, whole oats, oatrim, or rolled oats (3 grams per day) ... The variables include chemical structure, polymer concentration, molecular weight, degree of chain branching, the extent of ... Dietary fiber or roughage is the portion of plant-derived food that cannot be completely broken down by digestive enzymes.[1] ...
Ability to form branching chains of cells, known as pseudohyphae is also sometimes said to be associated with virulence, though ... At first, this was thought to increase RLS by up-regulating the sir2 enzyme, however it was later discovered that this effect ... Yeast has two mating types, a and α (alpha), which show primitive aspects of sex differentiation. As in many other eukaryotes, ... After AMR constriction is complete, two secondary septums are formed by glucans. How the AMR ring dissembles remains poorly ...
... interacts with pancreatic and enteric enzymes and their substrates. Human pancreatic enzyme activity is reduced ... Beta-glucan from oat bran, whole oats, or rolled oats; or whole grain or dry-milled barley (3 grams per day) ... The variables include chemical structure, polymer concentration, molecular weight, degree of chain branching, the extent of ... Dietary fiber is defined to be plant components that are not broken down by human digestive enzymes.[1] In the late 20th ...
This enzyme can be found in fungi like Panellus stipticus, organisms able to break down lignin, a complex aromatic polymer in ... 1996). "Synthesis of trideca-O-methyl-alpha-pedunculagin. Diastereo-favoritism studies on intramolecular ester-cyclization of ... especially phenylpropanoid and polyketide branches aimed at plant and related secondary metabolites (both definitions). ... Polyphenols[1][2] (noun, pronunciation of the singular /ˌpɒliˈfiːnoʊl/[3] or /ˌpɒliˈfiːnɒl/[4][5]; also known as ...
... or fungal alpha amylase enzymes, to break down the starches into complex sugars. A glucoamylase is then added to break the ... It has been reported that marine yeasts are able to produce many bioactive substances, such as amino acids, glucans, ... Lager strains of S. cerevisiae secrete an enzyme called melibiase, allowing them to hydrolyse melibiose, a disaccharide, into ... This triggers autolysis, wherein the yeast's digestive enzymes break their own proteins down into simpler compounds, a process ...
... or fungal alpha amylase enzymes, to break down the starches into complex sugars. A glucoamylase is then added to break the ... glucans, glutathione, toxins, enzymes, phytase and vitamins with potential application in the food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic ... Lager strains of S. cerevisiae secrete an enzyme called melibiase, allowing them to hydrolyse melibiose, a disaccharide, into ... This triggers autolysis, wherein the yeast's digestive enzymes break their own proteins down into simpler compounds, a process ...
Maize branching enzyme catalyzes synthesis of glycogen-like polysaccharide in glgB-deficient Escherichia coli.. Proc. Natl. ... The degree of branching in (alpha 1,4)-(alpha 1,6)-linked glucopolysaccharides is dependent on intrinsic properties of the ... branching enzymes.. Eur. J. Biochem. 168 393-7 1987. Thon VJ, Khalil M, Cannon JF. Isolation of human glycogen branching enzyme ... This entry consists of glycogen branching enzyme GlgB from bacteria and GBE1 from eukaryotes, which are responsible for the ...
All MeSH CategoriesChemicals and Drugs CategoryEnzymes and CoenzymesEnzymesTransferasesGlycosyltransferasesHexosyltransferases ... In glycogen or amylopectin synthesis, the enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a segment of a 1,4-alpha-glucan chain to a ... Enzyme, Starch Branching. *Branching Enzyme. *Enzyme, Branching. *Amylopectin Branching Enzyme. *Branching Enzyme, Amylopectin ...
... alpha-D-glucan chain to a primary hydroxy group in a similar glucan chain.ARBA annotation. ,p>Information which has been ... IPR006048, A-amylase/branching_C. IPR037439, Branching_enzy. IPR006047, Glyco_hydro_13_cat_dom. IPR004193, Glyco_hydro_13_N ... IPR006048, A-amylase/branching_C. IPR037439, Branching_enzy. IPR006047, Glyco_hydro_13_cat_dom. IPR004193, Glyco_hydro_13_N ... section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.,p>,a href=/help/ ...
Compare 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme 1 ELISA Kits from leading suppliers on Biocompare. View specifications, prices, ... The ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a well-established antibody-based tool for detecting and quantifying antigens ... DuoSet CTLA-4 ELISA Our laboratory focuses on effects of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) activation in dendritic cells. ... ... Your search returned 9 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme 1 ELISA ELISA Kit across 1 supplier. ...
Catalyzes the formation of the alpha-1,6-glucosidic linkages in starch by scission of a 1,4-alpha-linked oligosaccharide from ... growing alpha-1,4-glucan chains and the subsequent attachment of the oligosaccharide to the alpha-1,6 position. UniProt ... Transfers a segment of a 1->4-alpha-D-glucan chain to a primary hydroxy group in a similar glucan chain. UniProt ... Other Gene names: SBE1, RBE1, Os06g0726400, LOC_Os06g51084, P0017G10.8-1, P0017G10.8-2, P0548E04.28-1, P0548E04.28-2 ...
1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme activity, carbohydrate metabolic process, determination of adult lifespan, glycogen ... alpha-D-glucan chain to a primary hydroxy group in a similar glucan chain.ARBA annotation. ,p>Information which has been ... IPR006048, A-amylase/branching_C. IPR037439, Branching_enzy. IPR006047, Glyco_hydro_13_cat_dom. IPR004193, Glyco_hydro_13_N ... IPR006048, A-amylase/branching_C. IPR037439, Branching_enzy. IPR006047, Glyco_hydro_13_cat_dom. IPR004193, Glyco_hydro_13_N ...
Is involved in the biosynthesis of both glycogen and capsular alpha-D-glucan. ... 6-glucosidic linkages in glucan chains by scission of a 1,4-alpha-linked oligosaccharide from growing alpha-1,4-glucan chains ... Essential enzyme that catalyzes the formation of the alpha-1, ... the subsequent attachment of the oligosaccharide to the alpha-1 ... glucan branching enzyme Rv1326c of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv.". Garg S.K., Alam M.S., Kishan K.V., Agrawal P.. Protein ...
What is 1,4-alpha-d-glucan-branching enzyme? Meaning of 1,4-alpha-d-glucan-branching enzyme medical term. What does 1,4-alpha-d ... Looking for online definition of 1,4-alpha-d-glucan-branching enzyme in the Medical Dictionary? 1,4-alpha-d-glucan-branching ... 2c4-alpha-d-glucan-branching+enzyme,1,4-alpha-d-glucan-branching enzyme,/a,. *Facebook ... Synonym(s): α-glucan-branching glycosyltransferase, amylo-1, 4:1, 6-glucantransferase, amylo-, 41, 6)-transglucosidase, amylo- ...
What is 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme? Meaning of 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme medical term. What does 1,4-alpha- ... Looking for online definition of 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme in the Medical Dictionary? 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme ... 2c4-alpha-glucan+branching+enzyme,1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme,/a,. *Facebook ... An enzyme in muscles that catalyzes the breakdown of alpha-1,4 linkages in glycogen and the formation of alpha-1,6 linkages, ...
The protein encoded by this gene is a glycogen branching enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of alpha-1,4-linked glucosyl units ... from the outer end of a glycogen chain to an alpha-1,6 position on t ... Brancher enzyme antibody, Antibody against Brancher enzyme, Anti-Glycogen-branching enzyme, Anti-Glycogen-branching enzyme ... Glycogen-branching enzyme antibody, Antibody against Glycogen-branching enzyme, Anti-GBE1, Anti-GBE1 antibody, GBE1 antibody, ...
Catalyzes the formation of the alpha-1,6-glucosidic linkages in glycogen by scission of a 1,4-alpha-linked oligosaccharide from ... growing alpha-1,4-glucan chains and the subsequent attachment of the oligosaccharide to the alpha-1,6 position. Monomer. ... 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme GlgB - Also known as GLGB_CORDI, glgB. ... Catalyzes the formation of the alpha-1,6-glucosidic linkages in glycogen by scission of a 1,4-alpha-linked oligosaccharide from ...
Showing Protein 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme 1 (BMDBP02985). IdentificationBiological propertiesGene propertiesProtein ...
Crystal structure of branching enzyme L541A/W655A mutant from Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142 ... Crystal structure of branching enzyme L541A/W655A mutant from Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142. Coordinates. PDB Format Method. X-RAY ... Hayashi, M. et al., Structural basis for substrate binding and catalysis of branching enzyme from Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142. To ... 1 x GOL: GLYCEROL(Non-functional Binders). GOL.1: 8 residues within 4Å:*. Chain A: E.592, W.593, Y.596, R.600, P.642, Q.645, Y. ...
... generation and enzyme engineering has opened up fascinating new fields for the potential application of enzymes in a large ran ... Recent progress on enzyme immobilisation, enzyme production, coenzyme re- ... alpha,alpha-Trehalose-phosphate synthase (UDP-forming) Dietmar Schomburg, Dörte Stephan. Pages 159-162 ... 3-beta-Glucan synthase Dietmar Schomburg, Dörte Stephan. Pages 261-266 ...
Brancher enzyme definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up ... Nearby words for brancher enzyme. * branch- * branched * branched chain * branched chain ketoaciduria ...
GNAI3: G protein subunit alpha i3. *GNAQ: G protein subunit alpha q ... GNPTAB: N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate transferase subunits alpha and beta. *GNPTG: N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate ...
During glycogen synthesis, while glycogen synthase (GYS1) extends glucan chains through α1-4 linkages, every 6 units added are ... restriction enzymes overnight. Genomic DNA was separated on 1% agarose gel, and nicked with 0.3 M HCl. Before transferring to ... which cannot be digested by the normal glycogen-digesting enzymes. LB accumulate in the somatodendritic compartments of neurons ... 1.. Holland JM, Davis WC, Prieur DJ, Collins GH. Laforas disease in the dog. A comparative study. Am J Pathol. 1970;58:509-30. ...
Probable alpha/beta-glucosidase agdC. Aspergillus clavatus (strain ATCC 1007 / CBS 513.65 / DSM 816 / NCTC 3887 / NRRL 1). ... Glycogen debranching enzyme. Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:8 / biotype 1B (strain NCTC 13174 / 8081). Loading... ... Probable alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase C. Aspergillus clavatus (strain ATCC 1007 / CBS 513.65 / DSM 816 / NCTC 3887 / NRRL 1). ... Probable alpha-galactosidase B. Aspergillus clavatus (strain ATCC 1007 / CBS 513.65 / DSM 816 / NCTC 3887 / NRRL 1). Loading ...
The GBE1 gene provides instructions for making the glycogen branching enzyme. Learn about this gene and related health ... The glycogen branching enzyme is involved in the formation of these side chains. The branched structure of glycogen makes it ... glucan (1,4-alpha-), branching enzyme 1. *glycogen branching enzyme. Additional Information & Resources. Tests Listed in the ... The GBE1 gene provides instructions for making the glycogen branching enzyme. This enzyme is involved in the last step of the ...
1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme GlgB. Chlamydia pneumoniae (Chlamydophila pneumoniae) ... Alpha-amylase/branching enzyme, C-terminal all beta. IPR006048PF02806. Sequence Alignments ... 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme GlgB UniProtKBInterProSTRINGSTRINGSTRINGInteractive Modelling. 720 aa; Sequence (Fasta) ...
Q-enzyme, alpha-glucan-branching glycosyltransferase, amylose isomerase, enzymatic branching factor, branching ... This connection is catalyzed by a branching enzyme, generally given the name α-glucan branching enzyme. A branching enzyme ... Glycogen branching enzyme is an enzyme that adds branches to the growing glycogen molecule during the synthesis of glycogen, a ... and branching enzyme. Shown by x-ray crystallography, glycogen branching enzyme has four marginally asymmetric units each that ...
We achieved this by simultaneously inhibiting two isoforms of starch branching enzyme to below 1% of the wild-type activities. ... 2000 May;18(5):551-4. doi: 10.1038/75427. Authors G P Schwall 1 , R Safford, R J Westcott, R Jeffcoat, A Tayal, Y C Shi, M J ...
... glycogen branching enzyme C663_2943 glgP; glycogen phosphorylase C663_2840 amyX; pullulanase C663_0294 amyE; alpha-amylase C663 ... 3349 bbmA; glucan 1,4-alpha-maltohydrolase C663_0275 ycdG; putative glycosidase C663_3342 malL; oligo-1,4-1,6-alpha-glucosidase ... C663_0842 glvC; phosphotransferase system (PTS) maltose-specific enzyme IICB component C663_0840 glvA; 6-phospho-alpha- ... alpha-amylase [EC:3.2.1.1] K01208 cd; cyclomaltodextrinase / maltogenic alpha-amylase / neopullulanase [EC:3.2.1.54 3.2.1.133 ...
Enzymes [BR:cne01000]. 2. Transferases. 2.4 Glycosyltransferases. 2.4.1 Hexosyltransferases. 2.4.1.18 1,4-alpha-glucan ... branching enzyme. CNA03810. Exosome [BR:cne04147]. Exosomal proteins. Exosomal proteins of other body fluids (saliva and urine) ... Alpha-amylase_C CBM_48 Alpha-amylase hDGE_amylase. Other DBs. NCBI-GeneID: 3253422 ... KEGG ENZYME (1) KEGG REACTION (1) Genome (1) KEGG GENOME (1) Gene (6) KEGG ORTHOLOGY (1) RefGene (1) NCBI-PROTEINID (1) NCBI- ...
... branching enzyme 1 [Source:HGNC Symbol;Acc:4180]. Human Orthologue:. GBE1. Human Description:. glucan (1,4-alpha-), branching ... glucan (1,4-alpha-), branching enzyme 1 Gene [Source:MGI Symbol;Acc:MGI:1921435]. ... enzyme 1 [Source:HGNC Symbol;Acc:4180]. Mouse Orthologue:. Gbe1. Mouse Description:. ...
GNAI3: G protein subunit alpha i3. *GNAQ: G protein subunit alpha q ... GNPTAB: N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate transferase subunits alpha and beta. *GNPTG: N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphate ...
Keywords: Branching Enzyme, Cyclodextrin, Glycogen, Starch, glucan, TRANSFERASE. Deposited on 2015-10-11, released 2015-12-16. ... Description: Crystal structure of Ecoli Branching Enzyme with beta cyclodextrin. Class: transferase. ... Compound: 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme GlgB. Species: Escherichia coli O139:H28 (strain E24377A / ETEC) [TaxId:331111]. ... Compound: 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme GlgB. Species: Escherichia coli O139:H28 (strain E24377A / ETEC) [TaxId:331111]. ...
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z ... type 1 serine/threonine-protein phosphatase catalytic subunit GLC7. protein-coding. GRX8. glutathione-disulfide reductase GRX8 ... tRNA 1-methyladenosine methyltransferase subunit GCD10. protein-coding. GDH1. glutamate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) GDH1. protein- ... trifunctional aldehyde reductase/xylose reductase/glucose 1-dehydrogenase (NADP(+)). protein-coding. GSP2. Ran GTPase GSP2. ...
The lollipop plot above illustrates recurrent (observed in 3 or more out of 4440 TCGA tumor samples from 15 cancer types) and therefore potentially oncogenic missense mutations (click on Show Cancer Mutations). The bar plot below shows the proportion of tumor samples that have any kind of altering mutation(s) in the given protein. ...
It is found in a range of enzymes that act on branched substrates i.e. isoamylase, pullulanase and branching enzyme. Isoamylase ... Carbohydrate-binding module family 25 (CBM25) binds alpha-glucooligosaccharides, particularly those containing alpha-1,6 ... 3-mixed linked glucans only bind in cleft B. Carbohydrate-binding module family 9 (CBM9) binds to crystalline cellulose. CBM4 ... 6-alpha-D-glucosidic branch linkages in glycogen, amylopectin and dextrin; 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme functions in the ...
  • Hepatic and neuromuscular forms of glycogen storage disease type IV caused by mutations in the same glycogen-branching enzyme gene. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • The protein encoded by this gene is a glycogen branching enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of alpha-1,4-linked glucosyl units from the outer end of a glycogen chain to an alpha-1,6 position on the same or a neighboring glycogen chain. (abbexa.com)
  • The GBE1 gene provides instructions for making the glycogen branching enzyme. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The GBE1 gene mutations that cause GSD IV lead to a severe shortage or complete absence of glycogen branching enzyme. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Lossos A, Meiner Z, Barash V, Soffer D, Schlesinger I, Abramsky O, Argov Z, Shpitzen S, Meiner V. Adult polyglucosan body disease in Ashkenazi Jewish patients carrying the Tyr329Ser mutation in the glycogen-branching enzyme gene. (medlineplus.gov)
  • 1,4-alpha-glucan-branching enzyme, also known as brancher enzyme or glycogen-branching enzyme is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the GBE1 gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, we employed a functional gene-targeted metagenomic approach to the 1-4-α-glucan-branching enzyme (gBE) gene in the gut microbiomes of four host species (human, chicken, cow and pig). (elsevier.com)
  • An important gene associated with Polyglucosan Body Neuropathy, Adult Form is GBE1 (1,4-Alpha-Glucan Branching Enzyme 1). (malacards.org)
  • An important gene associated with Adult Polyglucosan Body Disease is GBE1 (1,4-Alpha-Glucan Branching Enzyme 1). (malacards.org)
  • 11. The microsyringe of claim 1 or 5 , wherein the pharmaceutical comprises a gene therapy system. (google.com)
  • Glycogen storage disease (GSD) IV is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the gene coding for glycogen branching enzyme leading to progressive liver disease. (bvsalud.org)
  • To compare the digestibility of main nutrients in genetically modified rice with double antisense starch-branching enzyme gene and parental rice. (bvsalud.org)
  • DNA microarrays have been increasingly applied as a tool for the simultaneous monitoring of relative expression levels of thousands of genes for samples under various conditions, e.g., normal versus disease, and control versus drug or toxicant treatment [ 1 - 3 ], and offer a promising means to better understand how cells react to environmental perturbations. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Functional annotations on the identified genes highlighted the conclusion that up-regulated genes (some of them are known enzymes) in hybrid are mostly related to enhancing carbon assimilation in leaves and roots. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The activated glucosyl unit of UDP-glucose is then transferred to the hydroxyl group at the C-4 of a terminal residue of glycogen to form an α-1,4-glycosidic linkage, a reaction catalyzed by glycogen synthase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Importantly, glycogen synthase can only catalyze the synthesis of α-1,4-glycosidic linkages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soluble starch synthase and branching enzyme were purified from 18-day-old cotyledons of the smooth-seeded pea cultivar Alaska (RR) and wrinkled-seeded pea cultivar Progress #9 (rr) by DEAE-cellulose chromatography. (elsevier.com)
  • Two coeluting peaks of primed and citrate-stimulated starch synthase activity and a major and minor peak of branching enzyme activity were observed in Alaska. (elsevier.com)
  • The association of one form of soluble starch synthase with the pelleted fraction and the greatly reduced levels of branching enzyme provide a partial explanation for the appearance of high-amylose starch in Progress #9 cotyledons. (elsevier.com)
  • Mucin glycans released from MUC1 and MUC5AC will be analyzed by HPLC and Maldi-Tof-Ms. C2GnT-M to be targeted to C2GnT-L location will be generated by replacing its N-terminal region with that of C2GnT-L. Core 3 synthase to be targeted to core 1 synthase location will be similarly prepared. (elsevier.com)
  • To date, a number of mutational studies have been performed in many C3 plants, mainly in Arabidopsis and barley, to understand the photorespiratory pathway, but identified only a handful of essential enzymes including serine-glyoxylate aminotransferase (SGAT), glycine decarboxylase (GDC), ferredoxin-dependent glutamate synthase (Fd-GOGAT) and glutamine synthase (GS) (Foyer et al. (springeropen.com)
  • In addition, the glyoxylate enzymes malate synthase and isocitrate lyase have been found in animal tissues. (wikibooks.org)
  • An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of amylose to glycogen. (dictionary.com)
  • The two peaks of branching enzyme activity in Alaska differed in their stimulation of phosphorylase, amylose branching activity, and activity in various buffers. (elsevier.com)
  • This entry consists of glycogen branching enzyme GlgB from bacteria and GBE1 from eukaryotes, which are responsible for the transfer of chains of alpha(1,4)-linked glucosyl residues to other similar chains (in new alpha-(1,6) linkages) in the biosynthesis of glycogen [ PMID: 7862674 ]. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Want to tell a friend about 1, 4-alpha-glucan-branching enzyme (GBE1), Sheep, ELISA Kit? (arp1.com)
  • GSD IV is associated with mutations in GBE1, which encodes the glycogen branching enzyme. (bvsalud.org)
  • In glycogen or amylopectin synthesis, the enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a segment of a 1,4-alpha-glucan chain to a primary hydroxy group in a similar glucan chain. (nih.gov)
  • GlgB is responsible for the degree of alpha(1,6) branch linkages found in polysaccharides [ PMID: 2959476 ]. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Maize branching enzyme catalyzes synthesis of glycogen-like polysaccharide in glgB-deficient Escherichia coli. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Although the conformational change do not affect the branching enzyme activity, the change in surface hydrophobicity could influence the interaction or dissociation of different cellular proteins with GlgB in response to different physiological states. (uniprot.org)
  • For our exercise, we use the crystal structure of 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme Glgb from E. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • IMMS was also able to identify a product within a mixture of maltooligosaccharides treated with the potential anti-tuberculosis drug target Mycobacterium tuberculosis GlgB branching enzyme. (jic.ac.uk)
  • Therefore, we started the development of an enzyme data information sys- tem as part of protein-design activities at GBF. (springer.com)
  • These mutations change single protein building blocks (amino acids) in the glycogen branching enzyme. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In molecular biology, a carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) is a protein domain found in carbohydrate-active enzymes (for example glycoside hydrolases). (wikipedia.org)
  • actin related protein 2/3 complex, subunit 1. (broadinstitute.org)
  • Whereas the ankyrin repeat is a common eukaryotic motif involved in protein-protein interactions, reports of its presence in prokaryotic enzymes have been limited. (embl-heidelberg.de)
  • One of these, TRBP, a protein that binds HIV‐1 TAR RNA, has two dsRBDs (dsRBD1 and dsRBD2), as indicated by computer sequence homology. (usda.gov)
  • A-kinase interacting protein 1 [Source. (gsea-msigdb.org)
  • meiosis 1 associated protein [Source:H. (gsea-msigdb.org)
  • This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, to be specific, those glycosyltransferases that transfer hexoses (hexosyltransferases). (wikipedia.org)
  • Glycogen branching enzyme is an enzyme that adds branches to the growing glycogen molecule during the synthesis of glycogen, a storage form of glucose. (wikipedia.org)
  • More specifically, during glycogen synthesis, a glucose 1-phosphate molecule reacts with uridine triphosphate (UTP) to become UDP-glucose, an activated form of glucose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proof of this hypothesis would advance our understanding of how synthesis of different mucin glycan branch structures is controlled, which can help develop strategies to design therapeutics to treat patients with lung diseases associated with altered mucin glycosylation. (elsevier.com)
  • This mutation replaces the amino acid tyrosine with the amino acid serine at position 329 in the enzyme (written Tyr329Ser or Y329S). (medlineplus.gov)
  • The enzyme stops when it reaches the fourth residue away from an alpha-1,6 branching point, leaving a highly branched core known as a limit dextrin. (cathdb.info)
  • The enzyme transfers glucose units from sucrose to make a highly branched, high molecular weight alpha-D-Glucan with α (1→4) glucosidic linkages and also some α (1→6) linked glucosyl units. (creative-enzymes.com)
  • section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis. (uniprot.org)
  • Since glycogen is a readily mobilized storage form of glucose, the extended glycogen polymer is branched by glycogen branching enzyme to provide glycogen breakdown enzymes, such as glycogen phosphorylase, with many terminal residues for rapid degradation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This domain contains 4 conserved cysteine residues which are involved in the formation of two disulfide bonds. (wikipedia.org)
  • An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues successively from non-reducing ends of polysaccharide chains with the release of beta-glucose. (bireme.br)
  • The tertiary structure of CBDN1 is strikingly similar to that of the bacterial 1,3-1,4-beta-glucanases, as well as other sugar-binding proteins with jelly-roll folds. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the fungal enzymes contain one, two or three copies of the dockerin sequence in tandem within the catalytic polypeptide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Structural basis for substrate binding and catalysis of branching enzyme from Cyanothece sp. (expasy.org)
  • Glycogen branching enzyme belongs to the α-amylase family of enzymes, which include α-amylases, pullulanas/isoamylase, cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGT), and branching enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • This enzyme participates in starch and sucrose metabolism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a well-established antibody-based tool for detecting and quantifying antigens of interest. (biocompare.com)
  • Catalyzes the formation of the alpha-1,6-glucosidic linkages in starch by scission of a 1,4-alpha-linked oligosaccharide from growing alpha-1,4-glucan chains and the subsequent attachment of the oligosaccharide to the alpha-1,6 position. (rcsb.org)
  • Branching of the chains is essential to increase the solubility of the glycogen molecule and, consequently, in reducing the osmotic pressure within cells. (abbexa.com)
  • some glucose molecules are linked together in a straight line, while others branch off the main line and form side chains. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The glycogen branching enzyme is involved in the formation of these side chains. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A deficiency in GBE activity results in the accumulation of glycogen with fewer branching points and long, unbranched outer chains. (elsevier.com)
  • Some of these enzymes catalyze the first step in the degradation of large branched glycan polymers - the phosphorolytic cleavage of alpha-1,4-glucosidic bonds from the non-reducing ends of linear poly(1->4)-alpha-D-glucosyl chains within the polymers. (cathdb.info)
  • Lactate is transported back to the liver where it is converted into pyruvate by the Cori cycle using the enzyme lactate dehydrogenase. (wikibooks.org)
  • In all species, the formation of oxaloacetate from pyruvate and TCA cycle intermediates is restricted to the mitochondrion, and the enzymes that convert PEP to glucose are found in the cytosol. (wikibooks.org)
  • The systematic name of this enzyme class is 1,4-alpha-D-glucan:1,4-alpha-D-glucan 6-alpha-D-(1,4-alpha-D-glucano)-transferase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Core 2 can be synthesized by core 2 N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase (C2GnT)-L, -M and -T isozymes, core 4 by C2GnT- M only, and I antigen by C2GnT-M and IGnT. (elsevier.com)
  • Most mutations that cause adult polyglucosan body disease lead to a shortage (deficiency) of the enzyme. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In glycogen, every 10 to 14 glucose units, a side branch with an additional chain of glucose units occurs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The side chain attaches at carbon atom 6 of a glucose unit, an α-1,6-glycosidic bond. (wikipedia.org)
  • For this analysis, the structure of the dimeric enzyme was determined in the presence of N(5)-formyltetrahydrofolate, a stable cofactor, and dTDP-3,6-dideoxy-3-amino-d-glucose (dTDP-Qui3N) to 1.5 A resolution. (embl-heidelberg.de)
  • 1->4)-alpha-D-glucosyl)(n) + phosphate = ((1->4)-alpha-D-glucosyl)(n-1) + alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate. (cathdb.info)
  • NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) 1 beta subco. (broadinstitute.org)
  • Funciton: Acetoin dehydrogenase E1 component alpha-subunit (EC 1.2.4. (lbl.gov)
  • Glycogen binding enzymes in other organisms have also been crystallized and structurally determined, demonstrating both similarity and variation to GBE found in Escherichia coli. (wikipedia.org)
  • To further characterize the essential elements of this enzyme, we utilized the Escherichia coli prolidase, PepQ, which shares striking similarity with eukaryotic prolidases. (embl-heidelberg.de)
  • Glycoside hydrolases (GHs), the enzymes that breakdown complex carbohydrates, are a highly diversified class of key enzymes associated with the gut microbiota and its metabolic functions. (elsevier.com)
  • Branching also importantly increases the solubility and decreases the osmotic strength of glycogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Structural basis of glycogen branching enzyme deficiency and pharmacologic rescue by rational peptide design. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Glycogen storage disease type IV (GSD-IV) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder due to a deficiency in the activity of the glycogen branching enzyme (GBE). (elsevier.com)
  • Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Soluble starch synthases and starch branching enzymes from cotyledons of smooth- and wrinkled-seeded lines of Pisum sativum L.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint. (elsevier.com)
  • Most of the mutations that cause this condition change single amino acids in the glycogen branching enzyme. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Isolation of human glycogen branching enzyme cDNAs by screening complementation in yeast. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • The biosynthetic pathway for the production of dTDP-Qui3NFo requires five enzymes with the last step catalyzed by an N-formyltransferase that utilizes N(10)-tetrahydrofolate as a cofactor. (embl-heidelberg.de)
  • Gluconeogenesis pathway with key molecules and enzymes. (wikibooks.org)
  • Prolidases, metalloproteases that catalyze the cleavage of Xaa-Pro dipeptides, are conserved enzymes found in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. (embl-heidelberg.de)
  • Their possible use is, however, complicated by observed variations in specificity of enzyme inhibition, even within closely related families of inhibitors. (usda.gov)
  • Maize, the third most important food crop in the world after rice and wheat, meets 50-60% of the calorie requirements of people [1]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Literature information suggests that non-tandem repeat peptide sequence unique to each mucin and the microenvironment in the Golgi stacks where the branching enzymes reside are the key determinants. (elsevier.com)
  • The description (accepted name) of the enzyme should be modified for each specific instance by substituting 'glycogen' with the name of the natural substrate, e.g. maltodextrin phosphorylase, starch phosphorylase, etc. (cathdb.info)
  • As more progress in research and application of enzymes has been made the lack of an up-to-date overview of enzyme molecular properties has become more appar- ent. (springer.com)
  • The network for '4 hydroxyproline metabolic process' in your query organism is displayed on the left, if relationships are supported by the integrated data. (princeton.edu)
  • Functions of both types of glycans are controlled to a large extent by 6GlcNAc branch structures;for membrane-associated mucin-type glycans, it is core 2 and for mucin-type glycans found in secreted mucins, it is core 2, core 4, and blood group I antigen. (elsevier.com)