A family of MEMBRANE TRANSPORT PROTEINS that require ATP hydrolysis for the transport of substrates across membranes. The protein family derives its name from the ATP-binding domain found on the protein.
An actinomycete from which the antibiotics STREPTOMYCIN, grisein, and CANDICIDIN are obtained.
A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.
The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.
Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.
Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.
Microscopic threadlike filaments in FUNGI that are filled with a layer of protoplasm. Collectively, the hyphae make up the MYCELIUM.
Gram-negative aerobic rods found in warm water (40-79 degrees C) such as hot springs, hot water tanks, and thermally polluted rivers.
An exocellulase with specificity for 1,3-beta-D-glucasidic linkages. It catalyzes hydrolysis of beta-D-glucose units from the non-reducing ends of 1,3-beta-D-glucans, releasing GLUCOSE.
An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-glucans including laminarin, paramylon, and pachyman.
An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,3- or 1,4-linkages in beta-D-glucans. This enzyme specifically acts on sites where reducing glucose residues are substituted at the 3 position.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria, in the family BURKHOLDERIACEAE, that are mobile by means of peritrichous FLAGELLA. The genus was formerly called Wautersia and species in this genus were formerly in the genus RALSTONIA.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains kukulkanin, a CHALCONE.
An exocellulase with specificity for a variety of beta-D-glycoside substrates. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing residues in beta-D-glucosides with release of GLUCOSE.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.
The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.
A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic nidulin is obtained. Its teleomorph is Emericella nidulans.
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.
A genus of aerobic, gram-negative, motile, slightly curved, rod-shaped bacteria. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Proteins that bind specific drugs with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Drug receptors are generally thought to be receptors for some endogenous substance not otherwise specified.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Molecules on the surface of T-lymphocytes that recognize and combine with antigens. The receptors are non-covalently associated with a complex of several polypeptides collectively called CD3 antigens (ANTIGENS, CD3). Recognition of foreign antigen and the major histocompatibility complex is accomplished by a single heterodimeric antigen-receptor structure, composed of either alpha-beta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, ALPHA-BETA) or gamma-delta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, GAMMA-DELTA) chains.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Morphologic alteration of small B LYMPHOCYTES or T LYMPHOCYTES in culture into large blast-like cells able to synthesize DNA and RNA and to divide mitotically. It is induced by INTERLEUKINS; MITOGENS such as PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS, and by specific ANTIGENS. It may also occur in vivo as in GRAFT REJECTION.
Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).
Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae, used for the industrial production of SOLVENTS.
A species of gram-positive bacteria in the family Clostridiaceae, capable of solventogenesis, and isolated from SOIL, infected WOUNDS, fermenting OLIVES, and spoiled CANDY.
The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.
Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.
Lenses designed to be worn on the front surface of the eyeball. (UMDNS, 1999)
Soft, supple contact lenses made of plastic polymers which interact readily with water molecules. Many types are available, including continuous and extended-wear versions, which are gas-permeable and easily sterilized.
Sterile solutions used to clean and disinfect contact lenses.
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the conversion of beta-D-glucose and oxygen to D-glucono-1,5-lactone and peroxide. It is a flavoprotein, highly specific for beta-D-glucose. The enzyme is produced by Penicillium notatum and other fungi and has antibacterial activity in the presence of glucose and oxygen. It is used to estimate glucose concentration in blood or urine samples through the formation of colored dyes by the hydrogen peroxide produced in the reaction. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.1.3.4.
A genus of fungi in the family Ganodermataceae, order POLYPORALES, containing a dimitic hyphal system. It causes a white rot, and is a wood decomposer. Ganoderma lucidum (REISHI) is used in traditional Chinese medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
A cationic cytochemical stain specific for cell nuclei, especially DNA. It is used as a supravital stain and in fluorescence cytochemistry. It may cause mutations in microorganisms.
A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar orange fruit which is also a source of orange oil.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.
Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.
Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.
... "α-Cellobiose Octaacetate" (PDF). Organic Syntheses. Collected Volume 2: 124. and Braun, G. (1937). "α-Cellobiose Octaacetate". ... Cellobiose is a disaccharide with the formula (C6H7(OH)4O)2O. It is classified as a reducing sugar. In terms of its chemical ... Cellobiose has eight free alcohol (OH) groups, one acetal linkage and one hemiacetal linkage, which give rise to strong inter- ... Cellobiose can be used as an indicator carbohydrate for Crohn's disease and malabsorption syndrome. Treatment of cellulose with ...
investigated use of cellobiose phosphorylase (CP) toward synthesis of alpha-glycosides in ionic liquids. The best condition for ... "Chemoenzymatic Synthesis of β-D Glucosides using Cellobiose Phosphorylase from Clostridium thermocellum". Advanced Synthesis & ... Part 1. 16 (1): 65-75. doi:10.1016/j.tetasy.2004.11.038. Marco Brito-Arias, "Synthesis and Characterization of Glycosides", ... 881 (1): 37-46. doi:10.1016/S0006-8993(00)02794-3. PMID 11033091. Polt, Robin; Dhanasekaran, Muthu; Keyari, Charles M. (2005-09 ...
Cellulose may be further hydrolyzed to cellobiose or glucose in an acidic medium. Humans cannot digest cellulose and excrete ... 1-18, doi:10.1002/14356007.a03_151 T. C. Tso (2007), "Tobacco", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry (7th ed.), Wiley ... 1-26, doi:10.1002/14356007.a27_123 Robert Kapp (2005), "Tobacco Smoke", Encyclopedia of Toxicology, 4 (2nd ed.), Elsevier, pp. ... 1-16, doi:10.1002/14356007.a12_477.pub2 Erik Lassner; Wolf-Dieter Schubert; Eberhard Luderitz; Hans Uwe Wolf (2007), "Tungsten ...
Brookfield, CT: Twenty-First Century Books, 2000. Gallant, Roy A. Geysers: When Earth Roars. New York: Scholastic Library ... Mechanistic Implications Based on the Free and Cellobiose-bound Forms". Journal of Molecular Biology. 329 (3): 403-410. doi: ... Twenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 2: 789-790. Rinehart, John S. (1980). Geysers and Geothermal Energy ... There are around 20-29 active geysers in the country as well as numerous formerly active geysers. Icelandic geysers are ...
equuli is not capable of fermenting cellobiose, whereas the opposite is true for A. equuli subsp. haemolyticus, indicated by a ... 159 (1): 18-36. doi:10.1053/tvjl.1999.0403. ISSN 1090-0233. PMID 10640409. Thompson, Amy B.; Postey, Rosemary C.; Snider, Tim; ... Actinobacillus equuli are rod-shaped bacteria that measure an average of 1 μm in length. According to a study of the complete ... 124 (1): 184-186. doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2007.04.013. hdl:1854/LU-416303. ISSN 0378-1135. PMID 17482388. Montagnani, Carlotta; ...
In Escherichia coli, the chb operon is involved with the utilization of cellobiose and β-glucosides chitobiose. The chbG gene ... Chitobiose is a dimer of β-1,4-linked glucosamine units. There is ambiguity as to which structure the name refers, owing to the ... ISBN 978-1-61344-113-8. OCLC 743217704. "N-Acetyl-chitobiose ameliorates metabolism dysfunction through Erk/p38 MAPK and ... 20. Bibcode:1931NW.....19..618B. doi:10.1007/BF01516360. Zechmeister L, Grassmann W, Töth G, Bender R (1932). "Über die ...
... cellobiose, lactose, gentiobiose, melibiose, gentianose, raffinose, as well as the glucoside ring tautomeric structure of ... 1-9. doi:10.1016/S0096-5332(08)60061-2. ISBN 9780120072064. PMID 14894345. Hirst, E. L. (1950). "Sir Norman Haworth". Nature. ... 7 (20): 372-404. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1951.0008. JSTOR 769026. PMID 14894345. S2CID 40701042. L. L. Bircumshaw (2004). "Haworth, ...
... cellobiose, inulin, a-methyl mannoside, dulcitol, and inositol are not used by the species; xylose, glycogen, a-methyl ... cellobiose, glycogen, inulin, a-methyl mannoside, dulcitol, and inositol were insufficient to allow flight, indicated by a ... kurstaki (HD-1) can produce a parasporal crystal in the form of a toxic inclusion body. Proteins isolated from a parasporal ... 20: 136-147. Van, E. Handel; Day, J. F. (June 1990). "Nectar-feeding habits of Aedes taeniorhynchus". Journal of the American ...
Colonies grow in the presence of glucose, sucrose, maltose, cellobiose, α,α-trehalose, melezitose, D-arabinose, ethanol, ... cellobiose or salicin. Colonies of Sporobolomyces salmonicolor produce visible, liposoluble carotenoid pigments, resulting in ... ISBN 978-1-4160-5680-5.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Kurtzman, edited by Cletus P.; Fell, Jack W.; Boekhout, Teun ... 20 (8): 945-946. doi:10.1038/sj.eye.6702051. PMID 16096659. St. Germain, Guy (2011). Identifying Fungi (2nd ed.). Stuart A. ...
D-cellobiose, maltose, and sucrose. Results are compared to the literature on staphylococcal species[18] ... ISBN 978-1-55581-166-2.. *^ a b c d e f de Allori; et al. (2006). "Antimicrobial Resistance and Production of Biofilms in ... ISBN 978-0-9631172-1-2.. *^ a b c Froggatt JW, Johnston JL, Galetto DW, Archer GL (1989). "Antimicrobial resistance in ... doi:10.1007/s12223-011-0017-1. PMID 21431912.. *^ a b Billet-klein; et al. (1996). "Peptidoglycan Synthesis and Structure in ...
Cellulose may be further hydrolyzed to cellobiose or glucose in an acidic medium. Humans cannot digest cellulose and excrete ... 978-1-4200-4479-9. *^ a b Novotny TE, Lum K, Smith E, et al. (2009). "Cigarettes butts and the case for an environmental policy ... 1-18, doi:10.1002/14356007.a03_151. *^ T. C. Tso (2007), "Tobacco", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry (7th ed.), ... 1-70, doi:10.1002/14356007.a01_221. *^ F. L. Marten (2002), "Vinyl Alcohol Polymers", Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical ...
25: 1-8. doi:10.1146/annurev.nutr.25.121304.131658. PMID 16011456.. *^ Anderson JW, Baird P, Davis RH, et al. (2009). "Health ... They may be amorphous or even insoluble in water.[1] When all the monosaccharides in a polysaccharide are the same type, the ... Amylose is a linear polymer of glucose mainly linked with α(1→4) bonds. It can be made of several thousands of glucose units. ... It is made up of a mixture of amylose (15-20%) and amylopectin (80-85%). Amylose consists of a linear chain of several hundred ...
No acid is produced from adonitol, arabinose, arbutin, cellobiose, dulcitol, fucose, galactose, inositol, inulin, lactose, ... 42(1):97-101 Type strain of Staphylococcus muscae at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase Biology portal. ... It produces lecithinase, splits Tween 20, Tween 40, and Tween 80 and reduces nitrate. On crystal violet agar it may produce ...
135 (20): 7593-602. doi:10.1021/ja4008694. PMID 23659308.. *^ De Crisci, Antonio G.; Chung, Kevin; Oliver, Allen G.; Solis- ... 978-0-8342-1270-1. .. [page needed] *^ Eschenbruch, B.; Dittricha, H. H. (1986). "Stoffbildungen von Essigbakterien in bezug ... The skin browning of a sunless tan may provide some UV protection (up to SPF 3),[20][21] but this low-level protection should ... The normal form is a dimer (2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)-1,4-dioxane-2,5-diol) which is slowly soluble in one part water and 15 parts ...
Oxidative cellulases depolymerize cellulose by radical reactions, as for instance cellobiose dehydrogenase (acceptor). ... such as cellobiose. Exocellulases are further classified into type I, that work processively from the reducing end of the ... 177 (1): 9-19. doi:10.1042/bj1770009. PMC 1186335. PMID 106849.. *^ Telke AA, Zhuang N, Ghatge SS, Lee SH, Ali Shah A, Khan H, ... 978-1-78262-113-3. .. *^ Fleming D, Rumbaugh KP (April 2017). "Approaches to Dispersing Medical Biofilms". Microorganisms. 5 (2 ...
This information was obtained by sampling the foregut's bacterial communities of twenty grazing macropods. The fermentative ... The main electron donors include carbohydrates such as pyruvate, glucose, fructose, galactose, maltose, cellobiose, lactose, ... As such it is classified as a BSL-1 organism by the ATCC. This chemoorganotrophic anaerobe utilizes various sugars as electron ... They made a basal medium consisting of 5% rumen fluid and bicarbonate buffer incubated in 4:1 N2:CO2 conditions. The ...
... /ˌæmɪloʊˈpɛktɪn/ is a water-soluble[1][2] polysaccharide and highly branched polymer of α-glucose units found in ... At the places of origin of a side chain, the branching that takes place bears an α(1→6) Glycosidic bond , resulting in a ... In contrast, amylose contains very few α(1→6) bonds, or even none at all. This causes amylose to be hydrolyzed more slowly, but ... Glucose units are linked in a linear way with α(1→4) Glycosidic bonds. Branching usually occurs at intervals of 25 residues. ...
All Blastobotrys species, including B. elegans, can grow on cellobiose, D-galactose, D-glucitol, D-glucose, D-mannitol, D- ... A strain of B. elegans, labelled CBS 530.83A, was grown at 20-22°C on 4% malt extract/0.5% yeast extract agar and the following ... Hyphae are translucent, about 2-3 μm wide, grow outwards unevenly and septate every 20-40 μm. As cylindrical denticles continue ... occurred in 1/22 clones. In other words, 30% of the clones from Neomida, were discovered to be similar to species of ...
doi:10.1016/S0007-1536(72)80067-6. Heale, J. B.; Gupta, D. P. (1970). "The Utilization of Cellobiose by Verticillium albo-atrum ... Heale, JB; Gupta, DP (1970). "The utilization of cellobiose by Verticillium albo-atrum". Journal of General Microbiology. UK: ... Retrieved 1 May 2016. MEMBERS OF THE R.U. SENATE D.P. Gupta, Testimony From M. L. A., Patna (7 May 1951) Devendra Prasad Gupta ... 2 (1-2): 39-44. Gupta, D.P. (1974). "The Effect of ultraviolet radiation on spore and pigment production in Biotypes of V.albo- ...
In the case of the Christmas Island red crab beta glucosidase not only produces glucose, but also removes cellobiose. This is ... The purpose of the reaction is to remove the residues from disaccharide cellobiose to produce glucose during the hydrolysis of ... In the case of beta-glucosidase, two carboxylate residues of glucosides, cellobiose, cellotriose, cellotetraose are involved at ... important as cellobiose is an inhibitor for a number of enzymes including endo-β-1,4-glucanase and cellobiohydrolase. Beta- ...
Acid is produced from D-glucose, D-sucrose, D-raffinose, D-melibiose, D-cellobiose, D-mannitol, D-mannose, L-rhamnose, L- ... 20 (4): 684-6. PMC 271411. PMID 6386874. Muytjens, HL; et al. (1983). "Analysis of eight cases of neonatal meningitis and ... 18 (1): 115-20. PMC 270753. PMID 6885983. Muytjens, HL; van der Ros van De Repe, J (1986). "Comparative in vitro ... and Cronobacter genomospecies 1". BMC Evol. Biol. 7: 64. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-64. PMC 1868726. PMID 17439656. Stephan, R; et ...
β-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-α-D-glucopyranoside; β-(2S,3S,4S,5R)-fructofuranosyl-α-(1R,2R,3S,4S,5R)-glucopyranoside; α-(1R,2R,3S, ... ISBN 1-56639-832-0. p. 311. *^ a b Rolph, George (1873). Something about sugar: its history, growth, manufacture and ... doi:10.1007/978-1-4684-8511-0.. *^ a b "Forced Labour". The National Archives, Government of the United Kingdom. 2010. Archived ... InChI=1/C12H22O11/c13-1-4-6(16)8(18)9(19)11(21-4)23-12(3-15)10(20)7(17)5(2-14)22-12/h4-11,13-20H,1-3H2/t4-,5-,6-,7-,8+,9-,10+, ...
ISBN 1-56639-832-0. ಪುಟ 311. *↑ ‌ಷಾರ್ಪ್, ಪೀಟರ್‌‌‌ (1998). ‌ಷುಗರ್‌‌ಕೇನ್‌: ಪಾಸ್ಟ್‌ ಅಂಡ್‌ ಪ್ರೆಸೆಂಟ್ . ಇಲಿನಾಯ್ಸ್‌‌: ಸದರ್ನ್‌ ... sugar, saccharose, β-(2S,3S,4S,5R)-fructofuranosyl-α-(1R,2R,3S,4S,5R)-glucopyranoside ... InChI=1/C12H22O11/c13-1-4-6(16)8(18)9(19)11(21-4)23-12(3-15)10(20)7(17)5(2-14)22-12/h4-11,13-20H,1-3H2/t4-,5-,6-,7-,8+,9-,10+, ... P21 ಎಂಬ ಏಕಪ್ರವಣತೆಯ ಅವಕಾಶದ ಗುಂಪಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಸುಕ್ರೋಸ್‌‌ ಸ್ಫಟಿಕೀಭವಿಸುತ್ತದೆ; 300 Kಯಲ್ಲಿ ಈ ಗುಂಪು ಹೊಂದಿರುವ ಮೌಲ್ಯಗಳು ಈ ರೀತಿ ಇವೆ: a = 1.08631 ...
978-1-118-35411-7. .. *^ a b Volman, Julia J (20 November 2007). "Dietary modulation of immune function by β-glucans". ... 135 (1): 19-30. doi:10.1042/bj1350019. PMC 1165784. PMID 4359920.. *^ Teas, J (1983). "The dietary intake of Laminarin, a brown ... 5 (1): 26-44. doi:10.1159/000335319. PMC 4030412. PMID 22516953.. *^ Simpson, H. L.; Campbell, B. J. (2015). "Review article: ... 1,3)-β-D-glucan medical application[edit]. An assay to detect the presence of (1,3)-β-D-glucan in blood is marketed as a means ...
GlcUAβ1-3'GalNAcβ1-4. Most prevalent GAG Dermatan sulfate. GlcUA or IdoUA or IdoUA(2S). GalNAc or GalNAc(4S) or GalNAc(6S) or ... p. 1.. *^ a b Trowbridge JM, Gallo RL (2002). "Dermatan sulfate: new functions from an old glycosaminoglycan". Glycobiology. 12 ... 392 (1): 87-92. doi:10.1006/abbi.2001.2422. PMID 11469798.. *^ Yoshida M, Itano N, Yamada Y, Kimata K (2000). "In vitro ... 275 (1): 497-506. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.1.497. PMID 10617644.. *^ DeAngelis PL, Weigel PH (1994). "Immunochemical confirmation of ...
978-1-78262-609-1. .. *^ a b c d Buss, David; Robertson, Jean (1976). Manual of Nutrition; Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries ... Retrieved 20 May 2018.. *^ a b c d "How Cane Sugar is Made - the Basic Story". Sugar Knowledge International. Retrieved 24 ... 48 (1): 39-44. doi:10.1007/BF01089198. PMID 8719737. S2CID 25995873.. *^ The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, ... 978-1-107-43530-8. . Retrieved 2018-09-03.. *^ "How Sugar is Made - the History". SKIL: Sugar Knowledge International. ...
negative for F7 Melibiose, F8 Lactose, F9 Cellobiose, F11 Raffinose, F12 Inulin, F14 D-xylose. negative delay after 7 days for ... According to the data obtained from 2010, frequency of candidemia is 12-25% in the US, 4.5-9% in Europe, 20-24% in Brazil and ... echinocandin are a type of non-competitive inhibitors of cell wall 1,3-b-D-glucan synthase complex mainly used to treat fungal ... C32 D-glucono-1,5-lactone, C33 2-keto-d-gluconate, C34 5-keto-d-gluconate, C39 succinate, C42 ethanol, N3 ethylamine, N4 L- ...
4-glycosidic bond-linked cellulose is partially hydrolyzed to cellobiose. Cellobiose phosphorylase cleaves to glucose 1- ... It is made by adding 3 grams of soluble starch to 1 liter of heated water; the solution is cooled before use (starch-iodine ... 2012: 1-7. doi:10.1155/2012/829238. PMC 3205742. PMID 22132324. "Stuck on Starch: A new wood adhesive". US Department of ... The enzyme starch synthase then adds the ADP-glucose via a 1,4-alpha glycosidic bond to a growing chain of glucose residues, ...
... and cellobiose (two D-glucoses linked β-1,4). Disaccharides can be classified into two types: reducing and non-reducing ... 42 (Supplement 1): s46-s60. doi:10.2337/dc19-S005. PMID 30559231. Seckold R, Fisher E, de Bock M, King BR, Smart CE (2019). " ... 1-67. ISBN 9780323138338. Pigman W, Anet E (1972). "Chapter 4: Mutarotations and Actions of Acids and Bases". In Pigman and ... 1, 3-dihydroxyacetone, the ketose corresponding to the aldose glyceraldehydes, is a symmetric molecule with no stereo centers. ...
The protein detects cellobiose and then causes changes in gene expression of the genes required for thaxtomin production, as ... Cellobiose, a subunit of cellulose, activates thaxtomin production in some strains, but suberin also acts as an activator, ... It is thought that S. scabies cannot degrade cellulose itself and that instead it detects cellobiose that leaks through plant ... Each chain contains 20 or more spores that are 0.5 by 0.9-1.0 μm, smooth and grey. Bacteria are often distinguished by their ...
Sucrose · Lactose · Maltose · Trehalose · Turanose · Cellobiose. Trisaccharides. Raffinose · Melezitose · Maltotriose. ... 209.2 J K−1 mol−1 Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa ... 1/C6H12O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-11H,1H2/t2-,3-,4+,5-,6+/m1/s1 ... ഈ താൾ അവസാനം തിരുത്തപ്പെട്ടത്: 08:44, 20 സെപ്റ്റംബർ 2016.. *വിവരങ്ങൾ ക്രിയേറ്റീവ് കോമൺസ് ആട്രിബ്യൂഷൻ-ഷെയർഎലൈക്ക് അനുമതിപത്ര ...
Sucrose · Lactose · Maltose · Trehalose · Turanose · Cellobiose. Trisaccharides. Raffinose · Melezitose · Maltotriose. ... 1/C6H12O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-11H,1H2/t2-,3-,4+,5-,6+/m1/s1 ... ഈ താൾ അവസാനം തിരുത്തപ്പെട്ടത്: 08:44, 20 സെപ്റ്റംബർ 2016.. *വിവരങ്ങൾ ക്രിയേറ്റീവ് കോമൺസ് ആട്രിബ്യൂഷൻ/ഷെയർ-എലൈക്ക് അനുമതിപത്ര ( ... 1]. ഇതിനെ വിഘടിപ്പിക്കുവാൻ സാധ്യമല്ല. ഇതിൽ ഹൈഡ്രജന്റേയും, ഓക്സിജന്റേയും അംശബന്ധം 2:1 ആണ്. ...
InChI=1/C4H8O4/c5-1-3(7)4(8)2-6/h1,3-4,6-8H,2H2/t3-,4+/m0/s1 ... InChI=1S/C4H8O4/c5-1-3(7)4(8)2-6/h1,3-4,6-8H,2H2/t3-,4+/m0/s1 Y ... This page was last edited on 6 March 2019, at 20:40 (UTC). ... 1)." (The one [i.e., name] that I propose, without attaching ... any importance to it, is that of erythrose, from the Greek verb ερυθραινω, to redden (1).) ...
25: 1-8. doi:10.1146/annurev.nutr.25.121304.131658. PMID 16011456.. *^ a b c Anderson, J. W; Baird, P; Davis Jr, R. H; Ferreri ... ISBN 978-1-57881-199-1.. *^ a b Institute of Medicine (2001). Dietary Reference Intakes: Proposed Definition of Dietary Fiber. ... 4 (2): 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.aninu.2017.08.010.. *^ Cummings, John H. (2001). The Effect of Dietary Fiber on Fecal Weight and ... 133 (1): 1-4. doi:10.1093/jn/133.1.1. PMID 12514257.. *^ Tako E, Glahn RP, Welch RM, Lei X, Yasuda K, Miller DD (2007). " ...
978-1-57881-199-1. .. *^ a b Institute of Medicine (2001). Dietary Reference Intakes: Proposed Definition of Dietary Fiber. ... 25: 1-8. doi:10.1146/annurev.nutr.25.121304.131658. PMID 16011456.. *^ a b De Paepe K, Verspreet J, Courtin CM, Van de Wiele T ... 133 (1): 1-4. doi:10.1093/jn/133.1.1. PMID 12514257.. *^ Tako E, Glahn RP, Welch RM, Lei X, Yasuda K, Miller DD (March 2008). " ... 63 (1-2): 42-54. doi:10.1159/000350312. PMID 23887189.. *^ Parisi GC, Zilli M, Miani MP, Carrara M, Bottona E, Verdianelli G, ...
... cellodextrin into glucose and prevent the feedback inhibition that would otherwise occur with the accumulation of cellobiose. ... 24 (1): 158-160. doi:10.1093/icesjms/24.1.158. ISSN 1054-3139. "Home - Cytophaga hutchinsonii ATCC 33406". genome.jgi.doe.gov. ... 549-590, doi:10.1007/0-387-30747-8_20, ISBN 978-0-387-30747-3, retrieved 2021-04-01 "Studies of genera cytophaga-flavobacterium ... doi:10.1007/s10482-020-01488-1. ISSN 1572-9699. PMID 33135105. S2CID 226232317. Achenbach, Hans (1987), The Pigments of the ...
Many disaccharides, like cellobiose, lactose, and maltose, also have a reducing form, as one of the two units may have an open- ... 94 (1): 9-20. doi:10.1002/jsfa.6349. hdl:10533/127076. ISSN 0022-5142. PMID 23939985. "Acrylamide and Cancer Risk". American ... type 1 diabetes) or by an inability to respond to insulin (type 2 diabetes). Measuring the amount of oxidizing agent (in this ...
When predating on nematodes, the fungus uses cellobiose, L-asparagine, L-arginine, DL glutamic acid for its carbon and nitrogen ... Saprophytic growth uses D-xylose, D-mannose, and cellobiose. The fungus uses nitrite, nitrate, and ammonium for its nitrogen ... The optimal growth temperature for the fungus in nematode-free and nematode-infested environments is 20 °C (68 °F) and 25 °C ( ... In environments rich with nematodes, the spores range from 22-32 by 12-20 µm, though the spores are smaller in environments ...
Cellobiose phosphorylase (CBP) catalyzes the reversible phosphorolysis of cellobiose to produce α-,small,D,/small,- ... Cellobiose phosphorylase (EC 2. 4. 1. 20) of Cellulomonas : Occurrence, induction, and its role in cellobiose metabolism SCHIMZ ... Enzymatic properties of cellobiose 2-epimerase from Ruminococcus albus and the synthesis of rare oligosaccharides by the enzyme ... Cellobiose versus glucose tuilizationby the ruminal bacterium Ruminococ-cus albus. THURSTON B ...
CDH, a fungal enzyme, can oxidize a broad range of fuels, including glucose, cellobiose, and lactose, and is also useful for ... 7 Structure of cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) and its connection to an electrode is shown. In addition to mediated electron ... Other enzymes exploited for pollutant removal include hydrogenase, Mn-dependent hydrogenase, cellobiose dehydrogenase, and ... 99 the structure of cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) can easily facilitate direct electron transfer in addition to mediated ...
Genetic characterization of the CcpA-dependent, cellobiose-specific PTS system comprising CelB, PtcB and PtcA that transports ... ClaR--a novel key regulator of cellobiose and lactose metabolism in Lactococcus lactis IL1403. ... Identification and functional characterisation of cellobiose and lactose transport systems in Lactococcus lactis IL1403. ... Lactic acid bacteria--20 years exploring their potential as live vectors for mucosal vaccination. ...
Lee J, Saddler JN, Um Y, Woo HM (2016) Adaptive evolution and metabolic engineering of a cellobiose- and xylose- negative ... 1.Guangdong Key Laboratory of Fermentation and Enzyme Engineering, School of Biology and Biological EngineeringSouth China ... Buschke N, Schroder H, Wittmann C (2011) Metabolic engineering of Corynebacterium glutamicum for production of 1,5- ... Nat Commun 9(1):1508. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-03937-y CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar ...
... "α-Cellobiose Octaacetate" (PDF). Organic Syntheses. Collected Volume 2: 124. and Braun, G. (1937). "α-Cellobiose Octaacetate". ... Cellobiose is a disaccharide with the formula (C6H7(OH)4O)2O. It is classified as a reducing sugar. In terms of its chemical ... Cellobiose has eight free alcohol (OH) groups, one acetal linkage and one hemiacetal linkage, which give rise to strong inter- ... Cellobiose can be used as an indicator carbohydrate for Crohns disease and malabsorption syndrome. Treatment of cellulose with ...
Cellobiose consumption was similar for all three strains in both rate and extent and was complete in 20 h. The rate of biomass ... Twenty microliters of cell suspension were added to each cuvettete along with 1-8 μL of DNA (10-2,000 ng) eluted in water. ... Cellobiose consumption was measured by HPLC. Pellet nitrogen was measured with a Shimadzu TOC-V CPH elemental analyzer with TNM ... For cellobiose-grown cultures, dry weight was composed exclusively of biomass. For Avicel-grown cultures, the dry weight ...
After the cellobiose was totally consumed, the cellulose was washed, and the adsorbed proteins were eluted as previously ... As our previous work demonstrated that a cellulosome is produced by C. acetobutylicum when grown on cellobiose (14), we ... On the other hand, when the recombinant C. acetobutylicum(prSCipA) strain was grown in synthetic medium with cellobiose (20 g ... The recombinant C. acetobutylicum(prSCipA) strain was grown in synthetic medium with cellobiose (20 g liter−1) and crystalline ...
The Streptomyces ATP-binding components MsiK assists in cellobiose and maltose transport. J. Bacteriol. 179:2092-2095. ... A cellulase/xylanase-negative mutant of Streptomyces lividans 1326 defective in cellobiose and xylobiose uptake is mutated in a ... Characterization of the binding protein-dependent cellobiose and cellotriose transport system of the cellulose degrader ... The gene organization dasR-dasA-dasB-dasC and their predicted functions are the same as those for the maltose and cellobiose/ ...
... endo-β-1,4-glucanase),這些水解酵素可以幫助分解植物細胞壁,以提供生物體內的碳來源。在工業應用上,纖維素分解酵素可用於再生能源的生產或是用於造紙業,也常做為家畜的飼料或酒類發酵的添加物。經由對Meiothermus ... cellobiose and mannotriose. Biochim Biophys Acta, 2011. 1814(12): p. 1832-40.. 22.Kristjansson, J.K. and G.A. Alfredsson, ... 在自然界中,細菌及真菌或是一些昆蟲的體內常含有纖維素水解酵素
investigated use of cellobiose phosphorylase (CP) toward synthesis of alpha-glycosides in ionic liquids. The best condition for ... "Chemoenzymatic Synthesis of β-D Glucosides using Cellobiose Phosphorylase from Clostridium thermocellum". Advanced Synthesis & ... Part 1. 16 (1): 65-75. doi:10.1016/j.tetasy.2004.11.038. Marco Brito-Arias, "Synthesis and Characterization of Glycosides", ... 881 (1): 37-46. doi:10.1016/S0006-8993(00)02794-3. PMID 11033091. Polt, Robin; Dhanasekaran, Muthu; Keyari, Charles M. (2005-09 ...
It displayed high tolerance to glucose and cellobiose. The K cat for cellobiose was 67.7 s-1 at 60°C and pH 6.4, when the ... The V max of 64 U/mg and 120 U/mg were found for p-nitrophenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (K m value of 0.62 mM) and cellobiose (K m ... Therefore, the glucose-tolerant β-glucosidase with high specific activity for cellobiose might be a potent candidate for ... The article provides a useful novel β-glucosidase which displayed favorable properties: high glucose and cellobiose tolerance, ...
The final coat weight, dry coating thickness, and coating line speed were varied between 1-11 g/m(2), 900 nm-7 A mu m, and 2.5- ... The (1--,3)-beta-D-glucan systematically had a microfibrillar morphology, but the size and organization of the microfibrils ... The microscopy showed that a long adsorption time, 24 h, and a high ionic strength, 10(-1) M NaCl + 5 x 10(-3) M NaHCO3 or ... To study the time dependence of mercerization the pulp was treated with 12 wt% aqueous NaOH for 1, 6 or 48 h. The cellulose I ...
1→3)-β-D-glucan (callose) and cellulose, using detergent extracts of membranes from hybrid aspen ( Populus tremula ×... ... 1→3)-β-D-Glucan (callose) and cellulose synthases Hybrid aspen (Populus tremula × tremuloides) In vitro synthesis of callose ... Lawson S.G., Mason T.L., Sabin R.D., Sloan M.E., Drake R.R., Haley B.E.and Wasserman B.P.1989.UDP-glucose: 1!3-b glucan ... Dijkgraaf G.J., Abe M., Ohya Y.and Bussey M.2002.Mutations in Fks1paect the cell wall content of (1!3) b and (1!6)-b glucan in ...
Conversion of cellobiose to glucose catalysed by free β-glucosidase enzyme: For cellobiose to glucose conversion, 2.0 mL of 1 ... Conversion of cellobiose to fructose catalysed by a mixture of β-glucosidase and recombinant GI: For cellobiose to fructose ... β-glucosidase, known also as cellobiose, is a ubiquitous component of cellulases [2]. Given that cellobiose inhibits the ... Cellobiose (0.02 g of cellobiose) in the M buffer was mixed with β-glucosidase solution in the M buffer (1 mg/mL, 1 mL) and the ...
Cellobiose dehydrogenase, feruloyl esterases, and CAZy family 61 endoglucanases, all of which are thought to reduce the ... Despite secretion of most of the enzymes on day 1, changes in the relative abundances of enzymes over the time course indicates ... Time course analysis revealed a total of 196, 166, 172 and 182 proteins on day 1, 3, 7 and 14 respectively. The fungus used 20 ... Semi-quantitative extracellular proteome analysis (1-D PAGE LC-MS/MS), whole genome microarray analysis, scanning and ...
Cofermentation of cellobiose and galactose by an engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain. Ha, S. J., Wei, Q., Kim, S. R., ... Khanna, M., Gramig, B. M., DeLucia, E. H., Cai, X. & Kumar, P., Oct 1 2019, In: Nature Sustainability. 2, 10, p. 889-891 3 p.. ... Ranard, K. M. & Erdman, J. W., Sep 1 2018, In: Nutrition reviews. 76, 9, p. 724 1 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal ... Holscher, H. D., Apr 1 2020, In: Journal of Nutrition. 150, 4, p. 652-653 2 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › ...
Cellobiose phosphorylase from Cellvibrio gilvus was used to prepare 1,5-anhydro-4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-D-fructose [βGlc(1→4)AF ... O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-D-fructose Using Cellobiose Phosphorylase and Its Spontaneous Decomposition via β-Elimination ... Keywords: 1,5-anhydro-4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-D-fructose, 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose, cellobiose phosphorylase, β-elimination, ... For instance, the half-life of βGlc(1→4)AF was 17 h at 30 °C and pH 7.0. Because βGlc(1→4)AF is a mimic of cellulose, in which ...
The cellobiose stock solution was a 292 mM solution made by dissolving 1.000 gram of cellobiose in 9.00 mls of ddH2 O. Solution ... A film of cellobiose was adsorbed onto the clean surface of the crystal by evenly applying 400 ul of 100 mM cellobiose and ... A solution of 100 mM cellobiose (Sigmas D-(+) cellobiose, FW=342.3 solid-form) was prepared in HPLC-grade water (Sigma). Solid ... 1.00 ml of the dispersion was combined and stirred with 8.00 ml of ddH2 O and 1.00 ml of 29.2 mM cellobiose stock in a 15.0 ml ...
This finding aided in bringing out four carbohydrates that supported the growth of C. abyssi: starch, cellobiose, glucomannan ... The genome encoded five different [NiFe]- and [FeFe]-hydrogenases, one of which, group 1 [NiFe]-hydrogenase, is presumably ... The genome encoded five different [NiFe]- and [FeFe]-hydrogenases, one of which, group 1 [NiFe]-hydrogenase, is presumably ... This finding aided in bringing out four carbohydrates that supported the growth of C. abyssi: starch, cellobiose, glucomannan ...
Co-expression of a cellobiose phosphorylase and lactose permease enables intracellular cellobiose utilisation by Saccharomyces ... Energetic benefits and rapid cellobiose fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing cellobiose phosphorylase and mutant ... Construction of cellobiose-growing and fermenting Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains. J. Biotechnol. 120, 284-295. ... Co-fermentation of xylose and cellobiose by an engineered S. cerevisiae. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol.39, 1597-1604. ...
... which were biomodified with Corynascus thermophilus cellobiose dehydrogenase and Myrothecium verrucaria bilirubin oxidase as ... about 1 μW cm(-2) maximum power density at a cell voltage of 0.5 V, and more than 20 h operational half-life. Theoretical ...
... a labile C-degrading enzyme which hydrolyzes cellobiose into glucose), N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamidase (NAG [3.1.6.1], a N-degrading ... FIGURE 1. Figure 1. Locations of forestry plots at The Morton Arboretum. Trees varying in mycorrhizal association (AM or ECM) ... Potential soil extracellular enzyme activities of β-1,4-glucosidase (BG) (A), N-acetyl-β-d-glucosamidase (NAG) (B), acid ... Soils found here are deep and moderately- to poorly-drained Alfisols formed from a thin layer of loess (0.3-1 m) underlain by ...
Bacterial Variation In Cellobiose Medium. Below is result for Bacterial Variation In Cellobiose Medium in PDF format. You can ... cellobiose, 15g purified agar). Cellobiose was chosen because it is a substrate likely to be encountered frequently by soil ... and placed on modified colistin-polymyxin B-cellobiose medium (mCPC), fol-lowed by 24 h of incubation at 37°C. All cellobiose- ... cellobiose-agar (RGCA) medium for isola-tion and enumeration of strains of rumen bacteria, and also to prove that numbers of ...
... reesei cellulase in releasing much more glucose with significantly lower amounts of cellobiose from crystalline cellulose. The ... and other oligosaccharides from glucose and cellobiose. We report herein the successful overexpression of a thermophilic N. ... In the same time, the fusion of NfBgl3A to the cbh1 gene introduced extra copies of the cellobiohydrolase 1 gene. As a result, ... However, the T. reesei cellulase is weak in β-glucosidase activity, which results in accumulation of cellobiose inhibiting the ...
Dissolve cellobiose in distilled water by heating gently. Cool and filter sterilize. ... Add Solution 2 to cooled Solution 1, mix, and dispense into petri dishes. Final color, light blue. ...
... of twenty strains encompassing seven different Pantoea species, including pathogens and endo-/epiphytes of a wide range of ... LPP-1 encodes a large array of proteins that have played a major role in the adaptation of the different Pantoea spp. to their ... The LPP-1 plasmid sequences range in size from ~281 to 794 kb and carry between 238 and 750 protein coding sequences (CDS). A ... LPP-1 is universal to all Pantoea spp. whose genomes have been sequenced to date and is derived from an ancestral plasmid. ...
Aldose oxidase is active on all mono-, di-, tri- and oligo-carbohydrates such as D-arabinose, L-arabinose, D-cellobiose, 2- ... classification EC1.1.3.9), cellobiose oxidase (IUPAC classification EC1.1.3.25), pyranose oxidase (IUPAC classification EC1.1. ... classification EC1.1.3.9), cellobiose oxidase (IUPAC classification EC1.1.3.25), pyranose oxidase (IUPAC classification EC1.1. ... For example: galactose oxidase acts on D-galactose, lactose, melibiose, raffinose and stachyose; cellobiose oxidase acts on ...
The hydrolysis and hydrogenation of cellobiose (4-O-b-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucose) in ZnCl2_4H2O solvent was studied to optimize ... Simultaneous hydrolysis and hydrogenation of cellobiose to sorbitol in molten salt hydrate media ... Water at neutral pH does not allow hydrolysis of cellobiose under the conditions of the experiments (up... ... The GI/G/1 queueing model is regarded as a functional which maps the service and interarrival time distributions onto output ...
the disaccharide cellobiose and to B-glucose. Cellulases currently have limited use in the food industry, but can be used to ... download word file, 1 pages download word file, 1 pages2.0 2 votes ... Retrieved 11:07, January 20, 2018, from http://www.writework.com/essay/process-manufacturing-orange-drink ...
Diauxic growth of Fibrobacter succinogenes S85 on cellobiose and lactose. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2017;364:1-9. DOIPubMed ... CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People A-Z Index × Submit. ... 20. (18). group_5665. Addiction module antitoxin Axe family protein. Stress response (Type II toxin-antitoxin system). 19. (18) ... Table 1. List of genes exclusively associated with lineage G Staphylococcus saprophyticus strains in study of foodborne origin ...
  • Treatment of cellulose with acetic anhydride and sulfuric acid, gives cellobiose octoacetate, which is no longer a hydrogen bond donor (though it is still a hydrogen bond acceptor) and is soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cellulases from family 48, along with family 9, are up-regulated during growth of C. thermocellum on crystalline cellulose as compared with cellobiose ( 12 , 13 ). (pnas.org)
  • It does not only participate in cellulose degradation, it also plays an important role in hydrolyzing cellulose to fermentable glucose by relieving the inhibition of exoglucanase and endoglucanase from cellobiose. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of this work was to optimize the conditions for in vitro synthesis of (1→3)-β-D-glucan (callose) and cellulose, using detergent extracts of membranes from hybrid aspen ( Populus tremula × tremuloides ) cells grown as suspension cultures. (springer.com)
  • The optimal mixture for cellulose synthesis consisted of 100 mM Mops buffer pH 7.0, 1 mM UDP-glucose, 1 mM Ca 2+ , 8 mM Mg 2+ , and 20 mM cellobiose. (springer.com)
  • The process of converting cellulose to fructose is illustrated in Figure 1 . (omicsonline.org)
  • In the process of converting cellulose to glucose, β-1,4,-glucanase enzyme leads to a glucose dimer, called cellobiose. (omicsonline.org)
  • Given that cellobiose inhibits the reaction, cellulose hydrolysis is greatly impaired. (omicsonline.org)
  • The fungus used 20% of the xylan and cellulose by day 7 and 30% by day 14. (aspergillus.org.uk)
  • Because βGlc(1→4)AF is a mimic of cellulose, in which the C2 hydroxyl group is oxidized, such decomposition may occur in oxidized cellulose in nature. (go.jp)
  • cellobiose, a soluble cellodextrin, which countered the continuous cultivation of the bacterium on cellulose as sole carbon and energy source. (fastkpdf.com)
  • In vitro, the Pichia pastoris -expressed Nf Bgl3A aided the T. reesei cellulase in releasing much more glucose with significantly lower amounts of cellobiose from crystalline cellulose. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The intermediate products of cellulose hydrolysis, such as cellobiose, cellooligosaccharides, have a strong inhibitory activity on the activity of exoglucanase and endoglucanase. (researchsquare.com)
  • β-glucosidase hydrolyzes cellobiose and cellooligosaccharides to produce glucose, reducing the inhibitory effect of these intermediate products on exoglucanase and endoglucanase, thus improve the saccharification rate of cellulose enzymes(Gomes et al. (researchsquare.com)
  • Anaerobic cellulolytic bacteria are promising CBP candidates for direct conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into primary alcohol or other industrially relevant compounds, as they efficiently degrade cellulose and related plant cell wall polysaccharides while often producing some valuable chemicals [ 1 - 5 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cellulose that is the most abundant biopolymer on earth, is formed by β-(1,4)-linked D-glucose units, where adjacent D-glucoses are flipped making cellobiose the fundamental repeating unit ( Mansfield, Mooney & Saddler, 1999 ). (peerj.com)
  • Cellulose, the most abundant biopolymer on Earth, is composed of linear chains of β-1,4 linked d -Glc monomers with repeating structural units of the disaccharide cellobiose. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The ß-1,3 glucan, callose, also similar to cellulose, is an important polymeric component of sieve plates of phloem tubes. (powershow.com)
  • Cellulose is a natural polymer classified as polysaccharide, which is most frequently found in the plant kingdom, comprising at least one third of the vegetable material in the world [20] and, it is present in materials such as wood, seeds and agricultural waste. (scirp.org)
  • Two intracellular enzymes, cellobiose phosphorylase (CBP) and cellodextrin phosphorylase (CDP) are involved in the phosphorolytic pathway in cellulose degradation. (nii.ac.jp)
  • To elucidate the involvement of cAMP in the cellulase expression, we analyzed the growth of the mutant strain ∆ acy1 and its parental strain QM9414 in the presence of the inducers cellulose, cellobiose, lactose, or sophorose, and the repressor glucose. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The expression cel7a, and cel6a genes was higher in the presence of sophorose than in the presence of cellulose, lactose, cellobiose, or glucose. (beds.ac.uk)
  • However, the biosynthesis of these cellulases is not only induced by cellulose, but also by cellobiose, 1,5-δ-lactone celobiono (an analog of cellobiose), lactose and sophorose. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The transport of the cellulose by-products cellobiose and cellotriose into the cell induces the biosynthesis of the main phytotoxin thaxtomin A. These carbohydrates bind to the cis-acting sequences of the cellulose utilization repressor CebR and thereby induce the expression of the thaxtomin activator TxtR. (omicsdi.org)
  • Production of its main phytotoxin thaxtomin A is triggered upon transport of cellulose byproducts cellotriose and cellobiose, which disable the repression of the thaxtomin biosynthesis activator gene txtR by the cellulose utilization regulator CebR. (omicsdi.org)
  • Later, the use of solid acid catalysts [ 17 - 19 ], as well as an immobilized acidic ionic liquid catalyst [ 20 ] was reported as well for the hydrolysis of cellulose dissolved in imidazolium ionic liquids. (hindawi.com)
  • Where we reported that cellulose dissolved in Brönsted acidic ionic liquids 1-(alkyl sulfonic)-3-methylimidazolium chloride can be hydrolyzed by the addition of 2.0 equivalents of water per glucose unit of cellulose and heating the solution at 70°C, and at atmospheric pressure to give glucose along with other reducing sugars in good yields [ 21 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Among the cellulose degrading enzymes, beta-glucosidases are essential for efficient hydrolysis of cellulosic biomass as they relieve the inhibition of the cellobiohydrolases and endoglucanases by reducing cellobiose accumulation. (mdpi.com)
  • Recalcitrant plant biomass consists primarily of cellulose, hemicelluloses (including β-1,4-xylan and β-1,4-mannan), and lignin, all of which may be biologically degraded. (kpubs.org)
  • The Effect of Calcium Carbonate on the Rate of Fermentation and Adjustment of pH to ,2 - 7 *^ during Fermentation 4-9 7 - Effect of Age of Culture on Fermentation of Cellulose 52 S. Effect of Heat-Shock on the Rate of Germination C. MORPHOLOGICAL STUDIES 53 5^ 1. (docme.su)
  • Morphology on Solid Medium 5^ 3 * Effect of Heat Treatment: Morphological Changes during Fermentationof Cellulose D. BIOCHEMICAL REACTIONS 60 6l 1. (docme.su)
  • It displayed high tolerance to glucose and cellobiose. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This invention relates to a β-glucosidase effective for hydrolyzing cellobiose to glucose, which has a high tolerance to glucose and cellobiose. (google.com)
  • In nature, bacteria, fungi and insects often utilize some cellulases (e.g., endo-β-1,4-glucanase), to acquire their carbon sources from hydrolyzing plants' cell walls. (ncl.edu.tw)
  • β-glucosidase, known also as cellobiose, is a ubiquitous component of cellulases [ 2 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • However, the T. reesei cellulase is weak in β-glucosidase activity, which results in accumulation of cellobiose inhibiting the endo- and exo-cellulases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Decryptified O. oeni cells are able to phosphorylate glucose, cellobiose, trehalose, and mannose at the expense of phosphoenolpyruvate. (asm.org)
  • It was found that the mycelia of white rot fungus Lenzites betulinus IUM 5468 produced ethanol from various sugars, including glucose, mannose, galactose, and cellobiose with a yield of 0.38, 0.26, 0.07, and 0.26 g of ethanol per gram of sugar consumed, respectively. (bvsalud.org)
  • These results indicate that L. betulinus can produce ethanol efficiently from glucose, mannose, and cellobiose and produce ethanol very poorly from galactose and arabinose. (bvsalud.org)
  • T. versicolor KT9427 also produced ethanol from glucose, mannose, fructose, cellobiose and maltose at yields ranging from 0.45 to 0.49 g ethanol per 1 g of sugar consumed. (springeropen.com)
  • Like cellobiose and maltose, lactose is a reducing sugar. (orthomolecular.org)
  • Unlike cellobiose and maltose, however, lactose contains two different monosaccharide units. (orthomolecular.org)
  • The probable order of specificity was p-nitrophenyl-alpha D-glucose greater than-isomaltose greater than-isomaltotriose greater than-panose greater than-nigerose and no activity was shown against malto-oligosaccharides, melezitose, melibiose, raffinose, cellobiose, sophorose, gentiobiose, lactose, pullulan, dextran or amylose. (waikato.ac.nz)
  • The enzyme cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) can be used to oxidize lactose to lactobionic acid. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cellobiose phosphorylase from Cellvibrio gilvus was used to prepare 1,5-anhydro-4- O -β-D-glucopyranosyl-D-fructose [βGlc(1→4)AF] from 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose and α-D-glucose 1-phosphate. (go.jp)
  • Co-fermentation of xylose and cellobiose by an engineered S. cerevisiae . (biofueljournal.com)
  • Abdel-Rahman MA, Tashiro Y, Zendo T, Shibata K, Sonomoto K (2011) Isolation and characterisation of lactic acid bacterium for effective fermentation of cellobiose into optically pure homo L-(+)-lactic acid. (springer.com)
  • Here we describe the major properties of strain ZAS-9, which is readily distinguished from strains ZAS-1 and ZAS-2 by its shorter mean cell wavelength or body pitch (1.1 versus 2.3 μm), by its nonhomoacetogenic fermentation of carbohydrates to acetate, ethanol, H 2 , and CO 2 , and by 7 to 8% dissimilarity between its 16S rRNA sequence and those of ZAS-1 and ZAS-2. (asm.org)
  • Oenococcus oeni (formerly Leuconostoc oenos ) is an alcohol-tolerant, acidophilic lactic acid bacterium primarily responsible for malolactic fermentation in wine ( 1 ). (asm.org)
  • LAB have found wide applications as food preservatives, flavouring and texturizing agents for centuries [1] and are now used as starter culture in dairy industry, meat and vegetable fermentation. (ispub.com)
  • However, theoretical fermentation yields were made possible for hydrolysate fractions of up to 20% by using micro-aerophilic conditions and high yeast inoculums (1 g/L in vial). (ubc.ca)
  • Production of 1,2,4-butanetriol from xylose by Saccharomyces cerevisiae through Fe metabolic engineering. (nih.gov)
  • This strain, designated KT9427, was capable of assimilating and converting xylose to ethanol under anaerobic conditions with a yield of 0.44 g ethanol per 1 g of sugar consumed. (springeropen.com)
  • Accumulated cellobiose inhibits the activity of endo- and exo-glucanases [ 6 , 7 ], which can nonetheless be relieved through cellobiose hydrolysis by a β-glucosidase. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We aimed to clarify how cellobiose inhibits cellobi ohydrolase crystallization and to crystallize cellobiohydrolase in concentrated cellobiose without using seeds. (scirp.org)
  • This result was in contrast with the conventional idea that cellobiose inhibits the nucleation of cellobiohydrolase crystals. (scirp.org)
  • Both maltose and cellobiose are reducing sugars because the anomeric carbons on the right-hand sugar are part of a hemiacetal. (orthomolecular.org)
  • This activity is induced by starch, maltose and cellobiose. (bvsalud.org)
  • Cellobiose dehydrogenase, feruloyl esterases, and CAZy family 61 endoglucanases, all of which are thought to reduce the recalcitrance of biomass to hydrolysis, were found in high abundance. (aspergillus.org.uk)
  • 100 μm diameter gold wires, covered with 17 nm gold nanoparticles, were used to fashion three-dimensional nanostructured microelectrodes, which were biomodified with Corynascus thermophilus cellobiose dehydrogenase and Myrothecium verrucaria bilirubin oxidase as anodic and cathodic bioelements, respectively. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Production of cellobiose dehydrogenase was optimized leading to a more simplified medium composition. (biomedcentral.com)
  • By simplifying the cultivation medium of Sclerotium rolfsii , the costs of cellobiose dehydrogenase production could be reduced. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH, EC 1.1.99.18) is an extracellular enzyme produced by a number of wood-degrading fungi [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The used enzyme system consists of cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH) and laccase with 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol (DCIP) as redox mediator. (biomedcentral.com)
  • β-glucosidase (EC 3.2 .1.21) hydrolyzes cellobiose or other soluble cellobiose and cellooligosaccharides into glucose (Gomes et al. (researchsquare.com)
  • beta-Glucosidase, which hydrolyzes cellobiose into two glucoses, plays an important role in the process of saccharification of the lignocellulosic biomass. (bvsalud.org)
  • The optimal activity was at pH 6.4 and 70°C. The purified enzyme was stable over pH range of 5.2-7.6 and had a 1 h half life at 68°C. The activity of BGL was significantly enhanced by Fe 2+ and Mn 2+ . (biomedcentral.com)
  • β-Glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.21) is a glucosidase enzyme that acts upon β 1-4 bonds linking two glucose or glucose-substituted molecules. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The (1→3)-β-D-glucan systematically had a microfibrillar morphology, but the size and organization of the microfibrils were affected by the nature of the detergent used for enzyme extraction. (springer.com)
  • This enzyme, with high occurrence in prokaryotes, is subjected to research efforts that could improve the catalytic ability and application in industry [ 1 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • 3. A composition of matter according to claim 1 wherein said bioreactive pair is selected from the group consisting of ligand-receptor pairs, enzyme-substrate pairs, drug-receptor pairs, catalyst-reactant pairs, immunological pairs, toxin-ligand pairs, absorbant-absorbate pairs and adsorbent-adsorbate pairs. (google.com)
  • 6. A composition of matter according to claim 1 wherein said bioreactive pair is selected from the group of enzyme-substrate pairs consisting of lysozyme-chitin pairs, ribonuclease-RNA pairs, carboxypeptidase A-carboxyl terminal polypeptide pairs, serine, zinc, thiol and carboxyl proteases-protein pairs, NADH-Q reductase-NADH pairs, glutathione seductase-glutathione pairs and acetylcholinesterase-acetylcholine pairs. (google.com)
  • a wide variety of fungal and bacterial species and the enzyme is transported across the cell membrane to the outside environment [1]. (fastkpdf.com)
  • A new β-glucosidase enzyme which is tolerant to glucose and cellobiose, and which is effective for the hydrolysis of cellobiose to glucose, is disclosed. (google.com)
  • The disaccharide obtained by enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis of starch, consists of two D-glucopyranoses joined by a 1,4'-beta-glycoside bond. (orthomolecular.org)
  • Various sugars and sugar alcohols were investigated to study their protective effect during lyophilisation and freezing at -20°C. Glucose and lactulose could be identified to have a high lyoprotective effect while loss of enzyme activity was high (77%) when using no additives. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Storage at -20°C using 50% (w/v) glycerol was considered to be most suited for preservation of the enzyme. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The enzyme consisted of a single catalytic domain, which is 74% identical to that of an endo- β -1,4-xylanase (GH10) from Isoptericola variabilis 225. (kpubs.org)
  • Unlike other endo-β-1,4-xylanases from invertebrate-symbiotic bacteria, rXylH was an alkali-tolerant multifunctional enzyme possessing endo-β-1,4-xylanase activity together with β-1,3/β-1,4-glucanase activity, which exhibited its highest xylanolytic activity at pH 9.0 and 60℃, and was relatively stable within a broad pH range of 5.0-10.0. (kpubs.org)
  • Strain D2C22(T) grew anaerobically at 45-85 degrees C (optimum 65 degrees C), at pH 5-9 (optimum pH 6.8) and with 0-20 g NaCl l(-1). (ird.fr)
  • 100 μl of the sample from 10 -4 , 10 -5 , 10 -6 and 10 -7 dilutions of soil samples were spread plated on sugarcane medium composed of filtered sugarcane juice containing sucrose (2%, w/v), peptone (1%, w/v), NaCl (0.1%, w/v), pH 7 [14]. (ispub.com)
  • 1% to about 2% NaCl. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • October 2017: Sec. Q.1.c. (fda.gov)
  • October 2017: Additional instructions and cautionary statements have been added to Sec. R.1.c on isolation of STEC. (fda.gov)
  • The fungus demonstrated the capacity to degrade cellobiose, starch, and xylan. (bvsalud.org)
  • Cell-associated oligo-1,6-alpha-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.10) was isolated from Thermoanaerobium Tok6-B1 grown on starch-containing medium. (waikato.ac.nz)
  • does not lead to a substantial activation of the enzymatic The diastases break down the complex reserve substances of the grains, such as the starch, the proteins and the fats into more simple substances which are more easily as - It is possible to cause less than 1% by weight of carbohydrate to be absorbed on the cereal grain but this system. (docme.ru)
  • 5. A composition of matter according to claim 1 wherein said coating is selected from the group consisting of cellobiose, sucrose, pyridoxyl-5-phosphate and citrate. (google.com)
  • Whether from sugar cane (20% by weight) or sugar beets (15% by weight), and whether raw or refined, common sugar is still sucrose. (orthomolecular.org)
  • Sucrose is a disaccharide that yields 1 equiv of glucose and 1 equiv of fructose on acidic hydrolysis. (orthomolecular.org)
  • Cellobiose was produced from sucrose at 90% yield by a combined action of three enzymes including CBP. (nii.ac.jp)
  • 6 . The suspension formulation of claim 1 , wherein the stabilizers are sucrose and methionine and the buffer is citrate. (google.com.au)
  • Upon simultaneous loading of beta-glucosidase and glucose isomerase inside their porous structure, Stellate MSNs-featuring a hierarchical pore arrangement and large surface area, show capability to perform a cascade reaction that converts cellobiose, a cellulosic hydrolysis product, into glucose and further to fructose. (omicsonline.org)
  • The article provides a useful novel β-glucosidase which displayed favorable properties: high glucose and cellobiose tolerance, independence of metal ions, and high hydrolysis activity on cellobiose. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thin-layer chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography analysis showed that BG FH1and BG FH2 had hydrolysis activity toward cellobiose and could hydrolyze cellobiose into glucose. (researchsquare.com)
  • Nf Bgl3A had significant transglycosylation activity, generating sophorose, a potent cellulase inducer, and other oligosaccharides from glucose and cellobiose. (biomedcentral.com)
  • β-Glucosidases (EC 3.2.1.21) which act on soluble cello-oligosaccharides produced by the action of β-1,4-endoglucanases (EC 3.2.1.4) and cellobiohydrolases (EC 3.2.1.91), including cellobiose, towards the release of D-glucose, belong to GH families 1, 3, 5, 9, 30 and 116. (peerj.com)
  • A key obstacle to the cost-effective production of cellulosic biofuels is the recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass ( 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • Depletion of fossil fuels and deterioration of ecological environments have attracted intensive attentions toward the utilization of renewable lignocellulosic biomass for production of biofuels, such as cellulosic ethanol [ 1 , 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars is an essential step in the production of cellulosic-ethanol and is the most challenging step in the whole process [ 1 - 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • It exhibits muta-rotation and is a 1,4'-beta-linked glycoside. (orthomolecular.org)
  • Endo-β-1,4-xylanases are glycoside hydrolase (GH) enzymes, which randomly cleave internal β-1,4-xylosidic linkages, and are well known to play a key role in the deconstruction of β-1,4-xylosidic materials. (kpubs.org)
  • L. betulinus was capable of producing ethanol directly from rice straw and corn stalks at 0.22 g and 0.16 g of ethanol per gram of substrates, respectively, when this fungus was cultured in a basal medium containing 20 g/L rice straw or corn stalks. (bvsalud.org)
  • 1% of cellulosomal protein) enzymatic subunits. (pnas.org)
  • From whole genome sequence of Meiothermus taiwanensis WR220, we found a protein annotated as endo-β-1,4-glucanase (Mta-Glucanase), which is less commonly observed in Thermus species. (ncl.edu.tw)
  • The LPP-1 plasmid sequences range in size from ~281 to 794 kb and carry between 238 and 750 protein coding sequences (CDS). (biomedcentral.com)
  • 10. The method of claim 1 wherein the particles comprise a protein. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Total plasma protein concentration was assayed with a BCA-assay (20) according to the manufacturer's protocol (Thermo). (omicsdi.org)
  • Proteolytic digestion was performed with modified trypsin (gold grade, Promega, Madison WI) at 0.3 units/µg protein, (37° C, 20 hours) unless indicated otherwise. (omicsdi.org)
  • The online version of this article ( https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-019-09625-1 ) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. (springer.com)
  • In addition, both enzymes exhibited transglycoside activity, which could use glucose to synthesize cellobiose and cellotriose, and preferentially synthesize alcohol. (researchsquare.com)
  • cellobiose-agar (RGCA) medium for isola-tion and enumeration of strains of rumen bacteria, and also to prove that numbers of viable bacteria in the rumen of cattle varied significantly in relationship to animal, diet, and time after feeding. (fastkpdf.com)
  • In Section R.1.a. the SHIBAM agar has been added to facilitate the isolation of STEC from enrichment samples. (fda.gov)
  • The swabs were inoculated onto sheep's blood agar plates containing 10 μg of vancomycin and 20 μg of gentamicin/ml of agar. (asm.org)
  • LPP-1 encodes a large array of proteins that have played a major role in the adaptation of the different Pantoea spp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Lignocellulose is a linear polysaccharide linked by D-glucose via β-(1,4)-glycosidic bonds, and is the most abundant renewable resource on earth (Zhang et al. (researchsquare.com)
  • Proteome and transcriptome analysis show that A. nidulans secretes a wide array of enzymes to degrade the major polysaccharides and lipids (but probably not lignin) by 1 day of growth on sorghum. (aspergillus.org.uk)
  • Despite secretion of most of the enzymes on day 1, changes in the relative abundances of enzymes over the time course indicates that the set of enzymes secreted is tailored to the specific substrates available. (aspergillus.org.uk)
  • In addition to the aforementioned GH enzymes, a retaining endo-β-1,4-xylanase from Cellulosimicrobium sp. (kpubs.org)
  • We performed a shotgun proteomic experiment to compare the wild-type S. scabies 87-22 and its cebR null mutant in the absence or presence of cellobiose. (omicsdi.org)
  • The percentage of recognized genes that are predicted to encode transport proteins in O. oeni PSU-1 genome is the highest among the low-GC lactic acid bacteria analyzed by Lorca et al. (asm.org)
  • Lactic acid bacteria are Gram-positive microorganisms which are used as starter cultures in fermented dairy products such as yoghurt, cheese, kefir, etc. in food industry [ 1 , 2 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The optimal reaction mixture for callose synthesis contained 100 mM Mops buffer pH 7.0, 1 mM UDP-glucose, 8 mM Ca 2+ , and 20 mM cellobiose. (springer.com)
  • It was found that CBP from C. gilvus strictly recognized the hydroxyl groups at positions β-1, 3, and 4 of the acceptor molecule in the reverse reaction. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Three branched β-1, 4-glucosyl trisaccharides were synthesized by using the reverse reaction of C. gilvus CBP. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Specific colorimetric quantification of cellobiose was designed by using the reaction of CBP. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Figure 1 shows the reaction mechanism using DCIP as a redox mediator. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Arnold, L.A., Naasz, R., Minnaard, A.J. & Feringa, B.L. Catalytic enantioselective synthesis of prostaglandin E-1 methyl ester using a tandem 1,4-addition-aldol reaction to a cyclopenten-3,5-dione monoacetal. (rug.nl)
  • 10 . The suspension formulation of claim 1 , wherein degradation in the suspension formulation from oxidation is less than 7% over 3 months at an accelerated storage condition. (google.com.au)
  • Introduction of multicopies of dasA into the wild-type strain caused ectopic septation in very young substrate hyphae after only 1 day of growth and subsequent sporulation in response to glucose. (asm.org)
  • The optima for activity and stability were between pH 5.6 and 7.0 and the half-life at pH 6.5 was 1000 min at 70 degrees C and 20 min at 76 degrees C. Activity was stabilized by substrate, Mg2+, Mn2+ and Ca2+, but was destabilized by Zn2+ and EDTA. (waikato.ac.nz)
  • Therefore, the glucose-tolerant β-glucosidase with high specific activity for cellobiose might be a potent candidate for industrial applications. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In microorganisms such as Trichoderma viride, the conversion is step-wise process: first, beta-1,4 glucanase breaks the glyosidic linkage to cellobiose-a glucose dimer ( Figure 1 ) which is subsequently converted to glucose by beta-glucosidase (β-glucosidase). (omicsonline.org)
  • A cell-associated oligo-1,6-alpha-glucosidase from an extremely thermophilic anaerobic bacterium, Thermoanaerobium Tok6-B1. (waikato.ac.nz)
  • 1977). Following incubation of the cultures on complex growth medium in roll tubes at 37uC for 48 h, single colonies of three representative strains (A2-183T, M72/1T and A2-194T) were small (1 3 mm in diameter), creamy white and translucent with entire edges. (fastkpdf.com)
  • The L arge P antoea P lasmids (LPP-1) of twenty strains encompassing seven different Pantoea species, including pathogens and endo-/epiphytes of a wide range of plant hosts as well as insect-associated strains, were compared. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, application of specific epithets to the strains isolated ( Treponema strains ZAS-1, ZAS-2, and ZAS-9) was postponed pending a more complete characterization of their phenotypic properties. (asm.org)
  • Strains ZAS-1 and ZAS-2, which are H 2 -consuming, CO 2 -reducing homoacetogens, are proposed here to be two strains of the new species Treponema primitia . (asm.org)
  • The isolates were simply referred to as Treponema strains ZAS-1, ZAS-2, and ZAS-9, with assignment of specific epithets postponed until a more detailed characterization of the strains could be performed. (asm.org)
  • In order to identify the National Institute for Food and Drug Control (strain 140623) and Shin Biofermin S (strain SBS‑1, one of the cocci), which are widely used clinically, the present study sequenced and analyzed these two strains. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • The biochemical characteristics, gas chromatography and mass spectrometry results of 140623 and SBS‑1 revealed that the two strains were more similar to E. faecium than E. faecalis. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Depending on the type of lignocellulosic material used and the operating conditions for the process of pyrolysis, bio-oil can contain up to 33 wt% (Li and Zhang, 2004) of 1,6-anhydro-β-D-glucopyranose (levoglucosan, LG), an anhydrosugar that can be readily hydrolyzed to glucose. (ubc.ca)
  • Bulone V., Fincher G.B.and Stone B.A.1995.In vitro synthesis of a micro brillar (1!3)-b glucan by a ryegrass ( Lolium multiflorum )endosperm (1!3)-b glucan synthase enriched by product entrapment.Plant J.8:213-225. (springer.com)
  • Regulation of beta-1,4-Endoglucanase Synthesis in Thermomonosp. (mysciencework.com)
  • This study shows that the variation is caused by two regulatory mechanisms: an induction mechanism that increases the rate of endocellulase synthesis about 20-fold and a growth rate-dependent repression mechanism that changes the rate of synthesis over a 6-fold range in both induced and noninduced cells. (mysciencework.com)
  • 2. A composition of matter according to claim 1 wherein said article is a core particle having a diameter of less than about 1000 nanometers. (google.com)
  • Brönsted acidic ionic liquid 1-(1-propylsulfonic)-3-methylimidazolium chloride (PSMIMCl) shows a higher catalytic activity than sulfuric acid in the hydrolysis of D-cellobiose to D-glucose in water at 90-120°C. This catalytic activity enhancement is more significant at higher temperatures, and at 120°C, PSMIMCl produced 64.5% glucose yield, whereas H 2 SO 4 produced only 42.2% after 40 min. (hindawi.com)