Carlavirus is a genus of viruses in the family Betaflexiviridae, order Tymovirales. These viruses have single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genomes and are transmitted by insects or mechanically through sap. They infect a wide range of plant hosts, causing various symptoms such as mosaic, stunting, and necrosis. The genus contains over 50 species, including important pathogens like potato virus Y and apple stem grooving virus.

Molecular sequence data refers to the specific arrangement of molecules, most commonly nucleotides in DNA or RNA, or amino acids in proteins, that make up a biological macromolecule. This data is generated through laboratory techniques such as sequencing, and provides information about the exact order of the constituent molecules. This data is crucial in various fields of biology, including genetics, evolution, and molecular biology, allowing for comparisons between different organisms, identification of genetic variations, and studies of gene function and regulation.