Benzodiazepines are a class of psychoactive drugs that possess anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, amnesic, sedative, hypnotic, and muscle relaxant properties. Benzodiazepinones are a subclass of benzodiazepines that share a specific chemical structure, characterized by a 1,4-benzodiazepine ring with an additional nitrogen-containing ring attached at the 2-position of the benzodiazepine ring.
Examples of benzodiazepinones include clonazepam (Klonopin), diazepam (Valium), and flurazepam (Dalmane). These medications are commonly used in the treatment of anxiety disorders, insomnia, seizures, and muscle spasms. However, they can also cause physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms, so they should be prescribed with caution and under medical supervision.