Art therapy is a form of expressive therapy that uses the creative process of making art to improve a person's physical, mental, and emotional well-being. It is based on the idea that the creative process can be healing and therapeutic, and that engaging in artistic activities can help people express and understand their emotions, improve their self-esteem, reduce their stress levels, and increase their self-awareness.

Art therapy can involve a wide range of artistic activities, including drawing, painting, sculpture, collage, and other creative techniques. It is typically facilitated by a credentialed art therapist who has specialized training in both art and therapy. The art therapist works with the client to create a safe and supportive environment where they can explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences through art-making.

The American Art Therapy Association defines art therapy as "an integrative mental health and human services profession that enriches the lives of individuals, families, and communities through active creation, use of customized tools, and reflection of therapeutic art experiences." The goal of art therapy is to help people improve their overall well-being, reduce symptoms of mental illness, and enhance their quality of life.

Sensory art therapies are a form of expressive arts therapy that utilizes creative and artistic processes to help individuals explore, understand, and express their emotions, thoughts, and experiences through their senses. This approach often incorporates various mediums such as visual arts, music, movement, drama, and writing to stimulate the senses and promote healing and well-being.

The goal of sensory art therapies is to facilitate self-exploration and self-expression, improve emotional regulation, reduce stress and anxiety, enhance cognitive functioning, and foster a greater sense of self-awareness and self-esteem. By engaging in creative activities that stimulate the senses, individuals can develop new ways of understanding themselves and their experiences, leading to increased insight, personal growth, and improved overall quality of life.

It is important to note that sensory art therapies should be facilitated by a trained and licensed professional who has experience working with individuals with various needs and abilities. The therapist will work closely with the individual to create a safe and supportive environment that encourages self-expression and exploration, while also providing guidance and support throughout the therapeutic process.

Group psychotherapy is a form of psychotherapy in which a trained therapist treats a small group of individuals together as a group. The therapy focuses on interpersonal relationships and social interactions among the members of the group. The group becomes a social microcosm for each individual, allowing them to understand and work through their issues in relation to others.

The size of the group typically ranges from 5-12 members, and meetings can be held in various settings such as hospitals, community mental health centers, or private practice offices. The duration of the therapy can vary, ranging from brief, time-limited groups that meet for several weeks to longer-term groups that meet for several months or even years.

Group psychotherapy can be used to treat a wide range of psychological issues, including depression, anxiety, personality disorders, trauma, and relational difficulties. The therapist facilitates the group process by creating a safe and supportive environment where members can share their thoughts, feelings, and experiences with one another. Through this process, members can gain insights into their own behavior, develop new social skills, and improve their relationships with others.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Northern Ireland" is a geographical location and political entity, and not a medical term or concept. It is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom, located in the north-east of the island of Ireland. Therefore, it doesn't have a medical definition. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

I am not aware of a specific medical definition for the term "art." In general, art refers to creative works that express or evoke emotions through meaning, symbolism, form, and/or color. This can include various forms such as visual arts (painting, sculpture, photography), performing arts (theater, music, dance), literary arts (poetry, novels), and more.

However, there is a field of study called medical humanities that explores the intersection between medicine and the humanities, including art. In this context, art can be used as a tool for healing, communication, reflection, and understanding in healthcare settings. For example, art therapy is a form of expressive therapy that uses creative activities like drawing, painting, or sculpting to help patients explore their emotions, improve their mental health, and enhance their well-being.

Therefore, while there may not be a specific medical definition for "art," it can have significant implications for healthcare and the human experience.