Aralia is a genus of plants in the family Araliaceae, which includes shrubs and trees that are native to Asia and North America. Some common names for these plants include spikenard, Hercules' club, and Asian ivy. These plants have compound leaves and produce clusters of small flowers followed by berries or drupes. Some species of Aralia have medicinal uses, such as the use of the root of A. racemosa (American spikenard) in traditional medicine for its anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties. However, it is important to note that some parts of certain species of Aralia can be toxic if ingested, so they should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

"Wasabia" is the genus name for the wasabi plant (Wasabia japonica), which is a member of the Brassicaceae family, also known as the mustard or cabbage family. The wasabi plant is native to Japan and its root is often grated and used as a condiment, particularly with sushi and sashimi. Wasabi contains various bioactive compounds, including isothiocyanates, which have been reported to have several health benefits such as anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and cancer-preventive properties. However, it's important to note that many wasabi products available outside of Japan may not contain authentic wasabi, but rather a mixture of horseradish, mustard, and food coloring.

Saponins are a type of naturally occurring chemical compound found in various plants, including soapwords, ginseng, and many others. They are known for their foaming properties, similar to that of soap, which gives them their name "saponin" derived from the Latin word "sapo" meaning soap.

Medically, saponins have been studied for their potential health benefits, including their ability to lower cholesterol levels, reduce inflammation, and boost the immune system. However, they can also have toxic effects in high concentrations, causing gastrointestinal disturbances and potentially damaging red blood cells.

Saponins are typically found in the cell walls of plants and can be extracted through various methods for use in pharmaceuticals, food additives, and cosmetics.