Apocynaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes shrubs, trees, and vines. It's also known as the dogbane or milkweed family. The plants in this family have milky sap and contain toxic compounds, which can be harmful or even fatal to animals and humans if ingested. Some well-known members of Apocynaceae include the various species of milkweeds (Asclepias spp.), oleander (Nerium oleander), and periwinkle (Vinca spp.).

The family is characterized by having opposite leaves, flowers with five petals and five sepals, and a superior ovary. The fruits are usually paired follicles that contain numerous seeds with tufts of hair to aid in wind dispersal. Many species in this family have medicinal or toxic properties, and some have economic importance as ornamental plants, sources of fiber, or for their use in traditional medicine.

"Aspidosperma" is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae, which are native to the Americas. These trees and shrubs are known for their milky sap and contain various alkaloids with potential medicinal properties. However, it's important to note that many of these compounds can also be toxic if not used properly. Therefore, "Aspidosperma" itself is not a medical term or treatment, but rather a botanical name for a group of plants. Any medicinal use of these plants should be done under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional.

Asclepiadaceae is a former family of flowering plants that is now considered to be part of the larger family Apocynaceae. It was named after Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine and healing, due to the medicinal properties of some of its members. The plants in this family are primarily tropical or subtropical vines, shrubs, and trees that have milky sap and opposite leaves. They are known for their unique flower structure, which includes a corona of fleshy, modified stamens surrounding the central reproductive structures. Some examples of plants that were once classified in Asclepiadaceae include milkweeds (Asclepias spp.), periwinkles (Catharanthus roseus), and mandevillas (Mandevilla spp.).

"Tabernaemontana" is a genus of evergreen trees and shrubs in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae. It includes around 100 species that are native to tropical regions of the Americas, Africa, and Asia. Some species of Tabernaemontana contain alkaloids, which have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, such as treating pain, inflammation, and gastrointestinal disorders. However, it is important to note that these compounds can also be toxic if not used properly, so they should only be administered under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional.

"Asclepias" is a genus of plants in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae). It includes several species commonly known as milkweeds. These plants are native to North America and are known for their milky sap and clusters of pink, yellow, or white flowers. Some species of Asclepias are important host plants for the monarch butterfly, which lays its eggs on the leaves and uses the sap to fuel its migration.

Periploca is a term used in anatomy and it refers to a structure or part that surrounds or binds another. It is derived from the name of a genus of climbing plants, Periploca, which have twining stems that wrap around other plants for support.

However, I couldn't find any specific medical definition related to a disease, condition or procedure with the term 'Periploca'. If you are referring to a specific medical context, please provide more details so I can give a more accurate answer.

"Rauwolfia" is the name of a genus of plants in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae). It includes several species that have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes. The most well-known species is probably Rauwolfia serpentina, also known as Indian snakeroot or sarpagandha.

Extracts from the roots of Rauwolfia serpentina contain a number of alkaloids with pharmacological activity, including reserpine, which has been used in modern medicine to treat high blood pressure and some psychiatric disorders. However, due to its side effects, it is not commonly used today.

It's important to note that the use of Rauwolfia and its extracts should be done under medical supervision, as they can have significant effects on various body systems, including the heart, blood pressure, and nervous system.

A plant extract is a preparation containing chemical constituents that have been extracted from a plant using a solvent. The resulting extract may contain a single compound or a mixture of several compounds, depending on the extraction process and the specific plant material used. These extracts are often used in various industries including pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and food and beverage, due to their potential therapeutic or beneficial properties. The composition of plant extracts can vary widely, and it is important to ensure their quality, safety, and efficacy before use in any application.