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  • genome
  • The yeast genome was the first to be completely sequenced. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The priority of yeast in this field has resulted in rapid advances in the study of function at the whole genome level, providing a wide range of materials, tools, and concepts that are being applied to other organisms as well. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Several yeast genetic databases are accessible online, which facilitates functional genome analyses. (encyclopedia.com)
  • There are also proce- dures for induction of mutants by physical and chemical agents, and for iso- lation of particular types of mutants, such as to temperature sensitivity, for increased frequency of mutations, for mutations in the mitochondrial genome, both to the petite colonie form and to resistance to antibiotics, for mutations in that part of the yeast genome controlling the glycolytic cycle, and numerous others. (springer.com)
  • Michael, If you run against 'nr' (non-redundant), you will be searching against all of the public sequences, which (at my guesstimate) now represents 65% of the yeast genome. (bio.net)
  • We have used recently developed hybridization and restriction endonuclease mapping techniques to demonstrate directly the presence of the transforming DNA in the yeast genome and also to determine the arrangement of the sequences that were introduced. (pnas.org)
  • The sequencing of the yeast genome was a major milestone in biology. (brighthub.com)
  • The project to sequence the yeast genome got underway in 1989 and the entire code of strain S288c was spelled out in 1996. (brighthub.com)
  • The yeast genome has been an important model in a whole host of research efforts. (brighthub.com)
  • strains
  • How- ever, as is pointed out in the pertinent part of the manual, the task of mapping has been tremendouslysimplified by the availability from the Yeast Genetics Stock Center at the University of California at Berkeley of a set of auxo- trophic strains designed to permit mapping of most unknown genes with a minimum number of crosses and tetrad analyses. (springer.com)
  • fermentation
  • Instant dry yeast is used mainly in fermentation and clinical research. (gminsights.com)
  • In 1857, French microbiologist Louis Pasteur proved in the paper " Mémoire sur la fermentation alcoolique " that alcoholic fermentation was conducted by living yeasts and not by a chemical catalyst. (wikipedia.org)
  • 9. After this yeast is separated and stored for several days before using in final trade fermentation Next is Pitch fermentation, to prepare a pitch, fed- batch is followed Then from intermediate to a stock fermentor. (slideshare.net)
  • 10. Fermentation  After seed production final trade production is carried out  Duration of final trade fermentation is about 19 to 22 hrs,  During final trade production yeast cells increase in number 5 to 8 fold  During fermentation pH, regulation of nutrients, airflow are monitored carefully. (slideshare.net)
  • Top-fermenting yeasts are so-called because they form a foam at the top of the wort during fermentation They can produce higher alcohol concentrations and prefer higher temperatures, producing fruitier ale-type beers. (answers.com)
  • exclusively
  • In the United States, naturally occurring airborne yeasts were used almost exclusively until commercial yeast was marketed at the Centennial Exposition in 1876 in Philadelphia, where Charles L. Fleischmann exhibited the product and a process to use it, as well as serving the resultant baked bread. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Each gram of yeast contains about 1 billion cells. (csun.edu)
  • Thus, individual cells are mortal, while the yeast population is immortal. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In practical terms, yeast life span is measured by observing individual cells periodically under a microscope and removing buds with a micro-manipulator. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Methods for the preparation of age-synchronized yeast cells have facilitated biochemical and molecular studies. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Several procedures for the bulk preparation of age-synchronized yeast cells are available. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It is often the genes that are involved in cell proliferation that are mutated in cancer cells and so yeast can be used to study anticancer drugs to see if they are hitting, and neutralising their molecular targets. (brighthub.com)
  • human genes
  • About 25 percent of human genes have yeast counterparts, and these human genes have frequently been shown to functionally replace the corresponding gene in the yeast cell. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Isolation
  • The first includes the essential, sometimes laborious, procedures for handling yeasts, for inducing mating and isolation of hybrids, for inducing sporulation and isolation of single-spore clones, with some details of tetrad analysis, and including techniques and ancillary equipment for use of the micromanipulator. (springer.com)
  • Researchers
  • A large community of yeast researchers exists, and, consequently, there is a wealth of biological information and expertise that can be tapped. (encyclopedia.com)
  • bread
  • Archaeologists digging in Egyptian ruins found early grinding stones and baking chambers for yeast-raised bread, as well as drawings of 4,000-year-old bakeries and breweries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Without yeast, bread has a heavier texture, is less tasty and often called flatbreads. (answers.com)
  • Yeast feeds on sugars, so it needs carbohydrates (i.e., flour, sugar, fruit) to achieve the desired results, be they gas production for the leavening of bread, or the production of alcohol. (answers.com)
  • I was on a yeast diet and it was tough to find things I could eat as far as bread products. (answers.com)
  • I found a good bread called "Aileen's Bread", but now notice many bakery will carry no yeast breads and buns. (answers.com)
  • There is no yeast in Jiffy Mix Corn Bread. (answers.com)
  • Next
  • To yeast news netters, I while back people were giving information as to where (Seattle) and when the next yeast meeting is. (bio.net)
  • humans
  • Many of the genes that are involved in the control of the cell cycle are conserved between humans and yeast. (brighthub.com)
  • cell
  • In addition to this organelle, yeast also possesses mitochondria, which are the power plants of the cell that generate the energy needed for cellular function. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Aging is not typically measured by time in yeast, but rather by the number of divisions an individual cell completes before it dies. (encyclopedia.com)
  • An individual cell is easy to follow from birth to death because yeast divides asymmetrically by budding off new daughters. (encyclopedia.com)
  • rise
  • North America has a major share in global instant dry yeast market with rise in brewery industry. (gminsights.com)
  • Rapid Rise yeast 3/4 c. warm water (105 to 115 degrees) 1/2 tsp. (answers.com)
  • Cream
  • 11. Downstream Processing  After completion of the process yeast is separated with centrifugation and washed with water and re-centrifuged to yield cream yeast. (slideshare.net)
  • Yeast cream is stored in a separate, refrigerated stainless steel tank. (slideshare.net)
  • bubble
  • Check once a day, and when the mixture starts to bubble (in 3-4 days) you have captured yeast! (answers.com)
  • known
  • It is not known yet whether the actions of prions in yeast are similar to prions in mammals, but the more they are studied the clearer the picture should become. (brighthub.com)
  • time
  • Yeast mutants can be created and selected rapidly, again because it is a microbe producing many generations of progeny in a short time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If you want to harvest yeast for baking purposes, this is an easy method requiring more time than work. (answers.com)
  • process
  • In 1872, Baron Max de Springer developed a manufacturing process to create granulated yeast, a technique that was used until the first World War. (wikipedia.org)
  • production
  • Low production cost and good shelf life are key drivers for instant dry yeast market. (gminsights.com)
  • The industrial production of yeast blocks was enhanced by the introduction of the filter press in 1867. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. Can you recommend the type of Oleaginous yeast avaiable for used in the production of the protease. (bio.net)
  • type
  • everything there is to know about every type of yeast on the planet? (bio.net)
  • comes
  • An example of how yeasts have been used in other kinds of medical research comes from the University of Chicago at Illinois. (brighthub.com)
  • Food
  • Instant Dry Yeast Market size will witness significant growth in owing to its application in food & beverage and pharmaceutical industry. (gminsights.com)
  • Asia pacific is the fastest growing region for instant dry yeast market owing to increase in population and change in food consumption trends. (gminsights.com)
  • liquid
  • In 1825, a method was developed to remove the liquid so the yeast could be prepared as solid blocks. (wikipedia.org)