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  • chromosome
  • The Y chromosome includes millions of mutable sites and these will be generally reported both by the 1000 Genomes Project, and the plethora of full genome sequences that is about to become available. (blogspot.com)
  • there will, of course, be lingering uncertainty of parameters such as generation length, but Y chromosome mutation rates are likely to become very secure once full genome sequencing becomes so cheap that it can be applied to a number of father-son pairs. (blogspot.com)
  • I also earnestly hope that the next set of Y chromosome papers on recent populations will forego the cost of testing hundreds of samples on Y-STRs and invest in full Y-chromosome sequencing of a few samples after an initial Y-SNP screening. (blogspot.com)
  • Our direct paternal ancestors have passed on their Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) generation after generation. (familytreedna.com)
  • Here we present an extensively revised Y chromosome tree containing 311 distinct haplogroups, including two new major haplogroups (S and T), and incorporating approximately 600 binary markers. (blogspot.com)
  • We also present demography-independent age estimates for 11 of the major clades in the new Y chromosome tree. (blogspot.com)
  • The Y chromosome retains a remarkable record of human ancestry, since it is passed directly from father to son. (blogspot.com)
  • This page displays Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) STR results for the project. (familytreedna.com)
  • mutations
  • Genomic analysis of an oak tree that lived during Napoleon's time supports the idea that plants somehow avoid the accumulation of mutations in their stem cells. (the-scientist.com)
  • a 234-year-old oak tree on the University of Lausanne campus in Switzerland has relatively few mutations. (the-scientist.com)
  • Sequencing DNA collected from leaves on different branches of a 234-year-old oak tree on the University of Lausanne campus in Switzerland, plant biologist Philippe Reymond and colleagues found far fewer single base-pair substitutions than expected based on known plant mutations rates and the number of cell divisions that presumed to have occurred between an old branch near the tree's base and a younger branch 40 meters higher up. (the-scientist.com)
  • SNPs have an extremely low (=negligible) rate of back-mutation, but they occur at a much lower rate than Y-STR step mutations. (blogspot.com)
  • 50,000
  • LAHORE - The Punjab government has enhanced the minimum punishment to three-day jail and fine up to Rs 50,000 for cutting down trees in Lahore and other major cities. (com.pk)
  • Genome
  • With complete Y genome sequencing , theoretically, there should not be any ascertainment bias but the way things are right now, the bias stays. (blogspot.com)
  • The print version of this work will appear in the May issue of Genome Research, accompanied by a special poster of the new tree. (blogspot.com)
  • Bishvat
  • Tu Bishvat - the Jewish "new year of trees," with its joyous themes of nature and renewal - will be marked on Shabbat. (jpost.com)
  • As Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael- Jewish National Fund tree plantings are a tradition on or around Tu Bishvat, Beterem urges that caution be taken when children are involved. (jpost.com)
  • markers
  • Hammer's group integrated more than 300 new markers into the tree, which allowed the resolution of many features that were not yet discernable, as well as the revision of previous arrangements. (blogspot.com)
  • stood
  • Researchers call the extinct tree a Wattieza and this particular tree stood over 30 feet tall and used spores to reproduce rather than seeds. (wikinews.org)
  • scientist
  • But this study shows that some of this downed wood still harbors insects several years later," said Gary Lovett, a senior scientist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies who was not involved in the study. (semissourian.com)
  • grown
  • The school's Principal Michael Sofolahan, who with his deputy, the school's Head Prefect John Sotola and others, planted some trees during the event, said the trees when fully grown would, among others, beautify the school premises. (thenationonlineng.net)
  • Seedlings
  • Forty-two years later, Dave still works with the same company, and he's come back to help plant the third generation of seedlings to grow on this site. (pfla.bc.ca)
  • Tree planting takes place twice a year on TimberWest lands with approximately 6 million seedlings planted and 3.6 million harvested. (pfla.bc.ca)
  • Joined by former chief forester, Bruce Devitt, former planting foreman, Gary Haut, TimberWest chief forester, Domenico Iannidinardo and current planting foreman, Peter Bontkes, Dave was proud to plant 42 seedlings-one for each year he's worked with TimberWest. (pfla.bc.ca)
  • significantly
  • We believe existing path damage by these large trees is minor and does not significantly impair accessibility for disabled people, or the use of prams, etc. (change.org)
  • feet tall
  • And $25 buys elaborate tree toppers, including magnificent minaret-like pieces that are about two feet tall and have a pair of doves, with real feathers, sitting atop their points. (latimes.com)
  • Known as "The Senator," or simply "The Big Tree," the hollowed-out majestic timber, standing at 118 feet tall, ignited before dawn. (slashdot.org)
  • shade
  • And to let them know that the trees will supply us oxygen, shade and make the area cool when it is hot. (thenationonlineng.net)
  • An official commission extended protected status to the tree after determining that it was indeed seven to eight centuries old, meaning that although road construction will likely continue in another location, the oak will continue to shade Kadıköy residents. (treehugger.com)
  • roads
  • He said it is in line with the policy of the government to make the development projects beautiful and attractive through horticulture, wherein plantation of trees on dividers between roads is a vital part. (com.pk)
  • belongs
  • We have saved the tree through our efforts, and the real victory belongs to the villagers who protected the tree," Atlamaz told the Doğan news agency. (treehugger.com)
  • estimates
  • Still, I do think the age estimates have value for the big picture, and, of course, any effort to set the ball rolling with Y-SNP data is to be applauded. (blogspot.com)
  • researchers
  • Researchers were surprised to find wood harvested even three years after the tornado produced a significant number of insects. (semissourian.com)
  • I don't think any of us dared think of them being quite that big," said paleobotanist at the State University of New York at Binghamton , and one of the researchers who studied the tree, William Stein. (wikinews.org)
  • Researchers say that these trees likely shaped the forests of Earth as we see them today, and that the trees existed long before dinosaurs were roaming the planet. (wikinews.org)
  • back
  • A new Missouri law, which will push back the start of classes in August beginning next year, has local school districts looking at how to adjust their schedules to the new calendar. (semissourian.com)
  • We fear this is just the beginning and more trees may go down just as they did back in 2011. (change.org)
  • Who would have thought I'd be coming back here 42 years later to plant again? (pfla.bc.ca)
  • Abhi Sinha (Ravi) "glad to be back" at Y&R -- but where was he? (soapcentral.com)
  • local
  • In a bid to keep the tree standing, local residents successfully petitioned for it to be registered as a " monumental tree " ( anıt ağaç in Turkish), a designation that confers protection. (treehugger.com)
  • The tree stands on sacred grounds - the final resting place of over 2,000 hapless local souls who perished in the workhouse. (woodlandtrust.org.uk)
  • next
  • Trees ordered outside of these times will be delivered around the start of next November, exact date determined by the weather. (trees-online.co.uk)
  • Kogarah Council has decided to start cutting trees along St Georges Pde, Hurstville, NSW in the next 2-3 weeks. (change.org)
  • beautiful
  • And everyone knows that in Wanner's delightful shop at Spalenberg 14, in the heart of one of Basel's oldest and most beautiful areas, it is Christmas almost all year long. (latimes.com)
  • Petition · Kogarah Council Mayor : Stop Kogarah Council's plan to cut down beautiful 80 year old trees on St Georges Pde! (change.org)
  • Our street still has one of the most beautiful tree alleys in the area, not many of these are still around. (change.org)
  • The Cathedral of Chartres (which was dedicated in 1260) has a particularly beautiful Jesse Tree window. (catholicculture.org)
  • The house was completed with impressive landscaped grounds boasting a variety of fine, now mature, trees including this beautiful cut leaved hornbeam. (woodlandtrust.org.uk)
  • Christmas
  • Although originally used as a Christmas tree it was ousted by Norway Spruce due to it being quicker and cheaper to grow. (trees-online.co.uk)
  • Johann Wanner has the largest and most unusual selection of Christmas tree ornaments in the world, and he is constantly adding items to his stock. (latimes.com)
  • Starting in late summer, Baselers and people from other places visit this glittering and delightful shop to see its forest of model Christmas trees, each exquisitely dressed with color-coordinated decorations. (latimes.com)
  • And from late September to Christmas people often wait in line to buy new items to add to their Christmas tree ornament collections and to get ideas about how to trim their trees. (latimes.com)
  • Each area is a wall-to-wall display of everything that rings of Christmas: twinkling lights, shimmering tinsel in various lengths and shapes, bows and pine cones, miniature toys and seemingly endless strings of brightly colored beads, Christmas dolls of various sorts and an astonishing array of the specially made, hand-crafted, shiny, glass Christmas tree ornaments. (latimes.com)
  • Most glass Christmas tree ornaments are made by machine, often by companies that also produce light bulbs. (latimes.com)
  • Quite possibly this is also the forerunner of our own Christmas tree. (catholicculture.org)
  • This custom has been used for years to help Christians to prepare for Christmas. (catholicculture.org)
  • symbolic
  • If you decide to use one symbol each day during December, there are 24 symbolic ornaments to make for your Jesse Tree, so each family member will need to make several. (catholicculture.org)
  • long
  • The Years of the Trees , also called the Days of Bliss (of Valinor) or the Noontide of Valinor , were the long years that lay between the founding of Valinor and its Darkening . (tolkiengateway.net)
  • Long before the Elves awoke, Yavanna created the Two Trees of Valinor to give light to realm of the Valar . (tolkiengateway.net)
  • Their project, The Long View, involved visiting seven individual trees in Cumbria - in all weathers, day and night. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The Long View was run alongside the campaign to create a new Charter for Trees, Woods and People, which will be launched on 6 November, 800 years after the original Forest Charter was signed by Henry III. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Your trees can generally be transplanted anytime as long as the ground is not frozen. (garden.org)
  • People
  • Years ago when I was helping deep fry asparagus at the Stockton Asparagus Festival, I asked people what they liked about it. (mantecabulletin.com)
  • People know they're buying more than the pleasure of a beautifully decorated tree. (latimes.com)
  • A lot can change in forty-two years-policies, practices, people-but with the right commitment, passion and continuity, a lot can stay the same too. (pfla.bc.ca)
  • seeds
  • It's believed that today's fabulous ancient tree, twisted and gnarled, grew from one of the chestnut seeds that the sailor had in his pocket when he was buried. (woodlandtrust.org.uk)
  • timber
  • Such pests are projected to put 63 percent of the country's forest at risk through 2027 and carry a cost of several billion dollars annually in dead tree removal, declining property values and timber industry losses, according to a peer-reviewed study last year in Ecological Applications. (semissourian.com)
  • days
  • Through amending the Parks and Horticulture Authority Act 2012, the government has prescribed summary trial for the offence of cutting trees to award the minimum sentence of three days' jail and fine of the said amount. (com.pk)
  • another
  • The meeting also gave approval to purchasing modern transplanter for shifting a tree from one place to another and setting up of modern nursery on the pattern of Chinese model in Jallo Park. (com.pk)
  • Another possibility is a large drawing of a tree on cardboard or poster board that can be hung on the wall. (catholicculture.org)
  • You'll also find a "Branching Out" section that will allow you to swing from one Family Tree to another. (soapcentral.com)
  • History
  • A short history of the Jesse Tree, ideas on how to create a tree and ornaments, and suggested Scripture verses for each ornament. (catholicculture.org)
  • In this section you will be able to browse through genealogical breakdowns of some of the most prominent family in Y&R's history. (soapcentral.com)
  • Each Family Tree provides detailed history of marriages, relatives, and children for all the members of the given family. (soapcentral.com)
  • project
  • President, Ikeja Dynamic Lions Club, Deji Olukokun, whose club sponsored the trees as part of its yearly project, said: ''We are a humanitarian organisation. (thenationonlineng.net)
  • Combining the two ideas of the stained glass Jesse Tree window and the Tree of Life from the Mystery Play we come up with our Jesse Tree Advent project. (catholicculture.org)
  • create
  • Additionally, if there is a family whose family tree is not present and you'd like to help create that tree, please use the Feedback form to let us know. (soapcentral.com)
  • place
  • 1-2 years old, no pruning or shaping has taken place. (trees-online.co.uk)
  • CONCORD, N.H. -- They may be down but they're not out: Damaging insects can emerge from fallen trees and logs for several years after a major storm, according to a U.S. Forest Service study that reinforces warnings against moving firewood from place to place. (semissourian.com)
  • Culture
  • If you'd like to impress Dave, or dinner party guests, with your knowledge and understanding of tree planting culture, we've included some terms below to help expand your vocabulary. (pfla.bc.ca)
  • several
  • You might think that several years after a windstorm that blows down trees, it would be safe to cut the downed trees into firewood and transport them. (semissourian.com)
  • To help customers, Wanner, his wife, Ursel, and several dedicated helpers set up model trees trimmed entirely with silver decorations, as well as those clad in blue, or in traditional red and green, or trendy black and white, and in every imaginable assortment of colors to blend or contrast with every sort of home decor. (latimes.com)
  • The trees are attractively arranged in groves of colors throughout the several rooms. (latimes.com)
  • The tree itself can be one of several types. (catholicculture.org)
  • make
  • Don't expect to build an industry that is going to make you lots of money in the short terms as the tree generally needs to be over 60 years old to get sufficient quality and quantity. (trees-online.co.uk)
  • That might make a catchy slogan for Blue Diamond: "One and a half trees a year is all we ask. (mantecabulletin.com)
  • It will take planning and work from each family member to make your own Jesse Tree. (catholicculture.org)
  • It's those wacky Genoa City citizens and all of their marrying and cheating ways that make the trees so. (soapcentral.com)
  • ancient
  • It is an offspring of pines that were planted in the late 1700s in Glencoyne Park, which was then a deer park and is now thick with ancient trees. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • hundreds
  • The emerald ash borer alone, now in 30 states, has killed hundreds of millions of trees and could cause $12.7 billion in damage by 2020. (semissourian.com)
  • During the past 20 years the Wanners have collected hundreds of antique ornament molds. (latimes.com)
  • times
  • A tree burning down is as much "dying of natural causes" as someone "dying from an allergic reaction" to lead, after being shot 6 times in the head. (slashdot.org)
  • World
  • In Tolkien's latest writings where Arda was a round world from its beginning, the Two Trees held the light of the untainted Sun rather than that of the Two Lamps , which did not ever truly exist. (tolkiengateway.net)
  • Firefighters watched helplessly as the oldest tree east of the Mississippi - and the fifth oldest in the world - blazed and then collapsed in a heap of flaming embers. (slashdot.org)
  • On one hand one of the oldest trees in the world is no more, but on the other hand a Senator died in a fire. (slashdot.org)