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  • characterization
  • Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS, EDX, EDXS or XEDS), sometimes called energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA) or energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDXMA), is an analytical technique used for the elemental analysis or chemical characterization of a sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • propagation
  • Propagation-based phase contrast uses free-space propagation to get edge enhancement, talbot and polychromatic far-field interferometry uses a set of diffraction gratings to measure the derivative of the phase, refraction-enhanced imaging uses an analyzer crystal also for differential measurement, and x-ray interferometry uses a crystal interferometer to measure the phase directly. (wikipedia.org)
  • For propagation-based phase contrast there are phase-retrieval algorithms, for talbot interferometry and refraction-enhanced imaging the image is integrated in the proper direction, and for x-ray interferometry phase unwrapping is performed. (wikipedia.org)
  • volume
  • The ability to make precise X-ray attenuation measurements on very small volume elements is a developing technology. (sae.org)
  • Volume rendering is a technique used to display a 2D projection of a 3D discretely sampled data set, as produced by a microtomography scanner. (wikipedia.org)
  • glass
  • A team from ESPCI, CNRS and Saint-Gobain studied the microstructure formation in a molten silicate glass during high-temperature heat treatment using X-ray microtomography at beamline ID19. (esrf.eu)
  • form
  • An electron from an outer, higher-energy shell then fills the hole, and the difference in energy between the higher-energy shell and the lower energy shell may be released in the form of an X-ray. (wikipedia.org)
  • another
  • citation needed] X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is another close relative of EDS, utilizing ejected electrons in a manner similar to that of AES. (wikipedia.org)