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  • exposure
  • A cross-sectional study was conducted on 8790 women who had recently been pregnant in an area of Inner Mongolia, China known to have a gradient of drinking water arsenic exposure. (rti.org)
  • Rural Women
  • While rural women are less likely than urban women to receive counseling, rurality generally was not independently associated with receipt of counseling once demographics, access to health care, and health behaviors and indicators were controlled. (rrh.org.au)
  • years
  • Of those, 1,679 were tested for HIV during follow-up and 113 seroconverted, resulting in an overall HIV incidence rate of 4.7 per 100 women-years (95 percent confidence interval = 3.8-5.6). (thebody.com)
  • Median age was 31 years (SD +- 9.1). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Height, weight, serum ferritin (SF), soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations were measured in sixty apparently healthy women aged 15-49 years old in Bamako, Mali. (wur.nl)
  • Of all the 307,064 domestic injuries reported during the years 2000-2002, about 152,600 cases (49.7%) involved women. (dovepress.com)
  • Participants were 177,420 women aged 18-44 years with and without self-reported hGDM. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • RESULTS -Approximately 3% ( n = 4,718) of women aged 18-44 years reported physician-diagnosed hGDM. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Although most women with GDM return to normal glucose tolerance after delivery, as many as 10-50% of women with GDM are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes within 5 years ( 3 - 5 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Data were collected by telephone survey during 2004-2005 for 2002 participants aged 18-45 years in the Central Pennsylvania Women's Health Study. (rrh.org.au)
  • We conducted a community-based study of 457 women aged 18-50 years living in eight rural villages in northwest Tanzania. (ajtmh.org)
  • The study sample included women who were currently married and were between 18 and 49 years old. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Seven hundred ninety-one (791) randomly selected women, who had birth within the last 2 years preceding the survey, were interviewed using a pretested structured questionnaire. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Out of 791 women who gave birth within the last 2 years preceding the survey, only 110 (13.9%) gave birth in health institutions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • metabolic
  • Although PCOS is diagnosed exclusively based on reproductive criteria, it is also a metabolic disorder. (hindawi.com)
  • However, some of these metabolic perturbations occur even in lean women with PCOS and therefore are rightfully recognized as intrinsic to PCOS. (hindawi.com)
  • As PCOS seems to be dominated by metabolic consequences, both as a consequence of the condition and as a vector for further complications, including DM2, CVD, and the exacerbation of the reproductive features of the syndrome (hirsutism and an/oligoovulation) [ 5 ], it is evident that research on the metabolic and cardiometabolic features of PCOS is needed. (hindawi.com)
  • disease
  • Even though many studies have shown an elevation in surrogate biomarkers of cardiovascular disease in PCOS women, it is still not clear to what extent and magnitude the elevation precipitates more frequent and earlier events. (hindawi.com)
  • Yet, few studies have investigated whether lactation's favorable effects on cardiometabolic risk factors persist after weaning to protect women against future disease. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Median
  • Both HIV-infected and uninfected women desired and intended to have a median of three children. (ijhpebs.org)
  • complications
  • High proportions of women (20-50%) who have unsafe abortions are hospitalized for complications [ 2 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • An estimated number of eight million women annually experience complications that need medical treatment, but only five million receive care [ 5 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Multiple logistic regression shows that women who had readily available cash at the onset of labor (aOR 2.79, 95% CI: 1.29-6.25), delivered the birth preceding the most recent birth in a health institution (aOR 6.8, 95% CI: 3.44-13.45) and had birth related complications during the birth preceding the most recent birth (aOR 1.90, 95% CI: 1.08-3.36) were more likely to deliver at health institutions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Majority of the pastoral women seek institutional delivery, only when labor related complications are perceived. (biomedcentral.com)
  • sexually
  • The major predictors of HIV acquisition were young age, presence of sexually transmitted infections, being unmarried and higher educational level. (thebody.com)
  • study
  • In all, 2,016 HIV-negative women were enrolled in the condom-promotion and counseling phase of the study. (thebody.com)
  • The lack of association between overweight and ID in the present study could be due to the fact that the excess of body fat of the women might not be critical to induce chronic inflammation related to reduced Fe absorption. (wur.nl)
  • African American (n = 33) and Caucasian (n = 65) women of reproductive age from a larger study of USAF women (n = 170). (cdc.gov)
  • The committee will use a case-study approach to demonstrate the application of a methodological approach for deriving nutrient intake recommendations using a selected nutrient and generate recommendations for methodological approaches to achieve a uniform and consistent basis for setting nutrient intake recommendations for young children and women of child-bearing age across countries. (nationalacademies.org)
  • 60.5
  • Out of 365 women, 238 (60.5%) were illiterate, 55 (15%) completed matriculation, 38 (12%) had primary education while 31 (8.4%) had qualification above matriculation. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Insulin
  • Insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, and dyslipidemia are more common in women with PCOS than in age-comparable women without PCOS. (hindawi.com)
  • In the general population, lactating compared with nonlactating women exhibit a less atherogenic lipid profile ( 4 ) and lower blood glucose and insulin concentrations ( 5 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Consistent with these findings, lactating women with recent GDM experience lower fasting plasma glucose and insulin levels, higher plasma HDL cholesterol levels, and 50% lower prevalence of type 2 diabetes at 12-16 weeks postpartum ( 6 , 7 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • ethnicity
  • Some information that is important to this research such as age, ethnicity, health conditions, smoking history, weight, height, and the last menstrual period (LMP) date will be recorded on separate case report form (CRFs), but this information will not be enough to identify the subject in the research population. (springer.com)
  • All models controlled for variables that predispose individuals to use health services (age, race/ethnicity, educational level), variables that enable or impede healthcare access (having a usual healthcare provider, using an obstetrician-gynecologist, poverty, and continuous health insurance coverage) and need -based variables (health behaviors and indicators). (rrh.org.au)
  • research
  • Novel recruitment strategies to increase participation of women in reproductive health research in India," Global Public Health , vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 395-403, 2007. (hindawi.com)
  • The weight loss induced by the surgery is believed to reverse the negative impact of overweight and obesity on female reproduction, however, research is limited to in particular retrospective cohort studies and a growing number of small case-series and case-(control) studies. (ugent.be)
  • The final sample size for this research consisted of 536 women surveyed, giving a response rate of 92.4 percent. (oregonstate.edu)
  • significantly less likely
  • The degree of rurality appeared to impact counseling, with women in small or isolated rural areas significantly less likely than urban women and women in large rural areas to receive counseling related to smoking, alcohol/drug use and birth control. (rrh.org.au)
  • Children
  • Women with hGDM had higher BMIs, were significantly older, were less often educated or employed, and were more often Hispanic or African American, married, and living with children. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS -Despite their elevated risk for future diabetes, women with hGDM who lived with children were less likely to meet fruit and vegetable consumption guidelines and more likely to smoke than women with children who did not have hGDM. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Younger
  • Younger age, higher educational attainment, and seeing any obstetrician-gynecologist were associated with receipt of counseling in several models. (rrh.org.au)
  • assessment
  • In the pre-assessment women on average answered 64.8% of the question on malaria and its possibility to prevent malaria correctly. (biomedcentral.com)