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  • obese
  • It is possible for a healthy, muscular individual with very low body fat to be classified obese using the BMI formula. (cyberparent.com)
  • The view that obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is not generally supported. (wikipedia.org)
  • On average, obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their normal counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consumption of 500 mL (approximately 17 fl oz) of water 30 minutes before meals has been correlated with modest weight loss (1-2 kg) in obese men and women over a period of 8 to 12 weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several studies have shown that obese men tend to have a lower sperm count, fewer rapidly mobile sperm and fewer progressively motile sperm compared to normal-weight men. (wikipedia.org)
  • gain
  • Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the single and joint associations of maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with pregnancy outcomes in Tianjin, China. (harvard.edu)
  • Gestational weight gain (GWG) may interfere in perinatal outcomes and also cause future problems throughout woman's life. (hindawi.com)
  • Association of weight gain in infancy and early childhood with metabolic risk in young adults," Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , vol. 92, no. 1, pp. 98-103, 2007. (hindawi.com)
  • Gestational weight gain is an important risk factor for excessive fetal growth," Obstetrics & Gynecology Science , vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 442-447, 2014. (hindawi.com)
  • however, it is unclear which factors influence infant diet and weight gain. (aappublications.org)
  • Energy intake at age 4 months was estimated from 1-day unweighed dietary records in 881 infants and related to their childhood weight gain and BMI. (aappublications.org)
  • Higher energy intake at 4 months predicted greater weight gain between birth to age 1, 2, or 3 years and larger body weight and BMI at ages 1 to 5 years. (aappublications.org)
  • Both prenatal and postnatal factors may influence infant energy intake and postnatal weight gain. (aappublications.org)
  • 2 Subsequent larger studies have confirmed that rapid weight gain during the first 4 to 12 months predicts larger BMI in later childhood 3 , 4 and also in young adults. (aappublications.org)
  • The first 2 to 3 years of postnatal life represents a hypervariable period of weight gain, as many infants show relatively rapid weight gain in apparent compensation for in utero growth restraint. (aappublications.org)
  • 2 , 7 , 8 For example, first-born infants are thinner at birth and show subsequent rapid "catch-up" postnatal weight gain compared with a mother's subsequent offspring. (aappublications.org)
  • Conclusions This study points to the strong relationship between maternal excess weight and weight gain in pregnancy with offspring change in body size from adolescence to adulthood. (ahajournals.org)
  • It is marketed in the following countries: Austria Belgium Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland Germany Iceland Lithuania Latvia Portugal Sweden Melperone is reported to produce significantly less weight gain than clozapine and approximately as much weight gain as typical antipsychotics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unknown frequency adverse effects include Seizures (probably rare/uncommon) Increased intraocular pressure Intrahepatic cholestasis (probably rare) Orthostatic hypotension (probably common) Arrhythmias Rash Hyperprolactinemia** Weight gain Increased appetite ** which can lead to galactorrhea, gynecomastia, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Conversely, it was associated with a significant incidence of androgenic side effects including acne and hirsutism, and other androgenic side effects like weight gain, pattern hair loss, and voice deepening were also reported in some trials but were excluded from the meta-analysis due to insufficient data. (wikipedia.org)
  • gestational age
  • Results: After adjustment for all confounding factors, maternal prepregnancy BMI was positively associated with risks of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), pregnancy-induced hypertension, caesarean delivery, preterm delivery, large-for-gestational age infant (LGA), and macrosomia, and inversely associated with risks of small-for-gestational age infant (SGA) and low birth weight. (harvard.edu)
  • Chinese neonatal birth weight curve for different gestational age," Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi , vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 97-103, 2015. (hindawi.com)
  • mean ± SD]: 0.01 ± 0.98) and were no different from nonresponders in birth weight, gestational age, gender, parity, or childhood size. (aappublications.org)
  • Maternal
  • Maternal excessive GWG was associated with increased risks of pregnancy-induced hypertension, caesarean delivery, LGA, and macrosomia, and decreased risks of preterm delivery, SGA, and low birth weight. (harvard.edu)
  • waist
  • That said, the federal government announced guidelines which create a new definition of unhealthy weight: Those individuals with a BMI range of 25 or more with a waist size of over 40 inches for men and 35 inches for women, are considered to be at high risk for health problems-generally, the higher the BMI and the larger the waist measurement, the greater the health risks. (cyberparent.com)
  • It is defined by body mass index (BMI) and further evaluated in terms of fat distribution via the waist-hip ratio and total cardiovascular risk factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • excessive
  • Excessive body weight is associated with various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus type 2, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis and asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • pregnancy
  • Health care providers should inform women to start the pregnancy with a BMI in the normal weight category and limit their GWG to the range specified for their prepregnancy BMI. (harvard.edu)
  • Institute of Medicine (US), National Research Council (US), Committee to Reexamine IOM Pregnancy Weight Guidelines, K. M. Rasmussen, and A. L. Yaktine, Eds. (hindawi.com)
  • abdominal
  • There has been an acceptance in recent years that abdominal fat and weight around the abdomen constitute a greater health risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) is an objective standard that is becoming the measurement of choice for most health care professionals. (cyberparent.com)
  • Although Body Mass Index does not directly measure percent of body fat, higher BMIs are usually associated with an increase in body fat and the potential health risks of excess weight. (cyberparent.com)
  • Methods: Between June 2009 and May 2011, health care records of 33,973 pregnant women were collected and their children were measured for birth weight and birth length. (harvard.edu)
  • Your BMI is an important health tool because your weight alone can't tell the whole story. (easy-weightloss-tips.com)
  • The Continua Alliance is a group of companies and bodies seeking to promote the growth of this personal health market. (wikipedia.org)
  • infancy
  • Upward weight percentile crossing in infancy and early childhood independently predicts fat mass in young adults: the Stockholm Weight Development Study (SWEDES)," American Journal of Clinical Nutrition , vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 324-330, 2006. (hindawi.com)
  • intake
  • Consistent with Coleman's and Leibel's hypothesis, several subsequent studies from Leibel's and Friedman's labs and other groups confirmed that the ob gene encoded a novel hormone that circulated in blood and that could suppress food intake and body weight in ob and wild type mice, but not in db mice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore
  • Therefore, BMI is not recommended for use as the sole measurement of either body composition or level of fitness. (cyberparent.com)
  • population
  • Under such circumstances, the mean height may not represent the total population unless sample subjects are appropriately taken from all regions with using weighted average of the different regional groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • objective
  • The objective of this study was to determine whether different feeding patterns and energy intakes that are provided to infants affect body weight and BMI later in childhood. (aappublications.org)
  • account
  • B.M.I. is something that is used often as a general indicator of being over or under weight, but it does not take anything else into account. (healthboards.com)
  • Body mass index The body mass index (BMI) is a measure of a person's weight taking into account their height. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the easiest and most common method, but by far the least accurate, as it only measures one quantity (weight) and often does not take into account many factors such as height, body type, and relative amount of muscle mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • This method can be reasonably accurate for many people, but it assumes particular fat distribution patterns over the body-which may not apply to all individuals, and does not account for fat deposits not directly under the skin. (wikipedia.org)
  • greater
  • Greater body mass index (BMI) has been associated with increased risk of psoriasis in case-control and cross-sectional studies, however, the evidence from prospective studies has been limited. (springer.com)
  • indicates
  • 20 through 24: A BMI between 20 and 22 indicates a healthy amount of body fat and is associated with a long life and with less serious illness. (cyberparent.com)
  • Over 30: This indicates an unhealthy weight where you are at risk for heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, gall bladder disease, and some cancers. (cyberparent.com)
  • total
  • 6.2% of total women had low body mass index (BMI) and 35.5% in this group had insufficient GWG. (hindawi.com)
  • This measures the thickness of the layers of fat located under the skin, from which a general measurement of total amount of fat in the body is calculated. (wikipedia.org)
  • athletes
  • I took a nutrition class in college and even my professor, who was a licensed practicing nutritionist said that the BMI system was not very accurate, especially for athletes or people with more muscle mass. (healthboards.com)
  • The only exceptions are athletes and body builders, whose extra muscle may tip their BMI over the normal range. (thefitmap.co.uk)
  • less
  • Less than 0.3% of all freshwater is in rivers, lakes, and the atmosphere, and an even smaller amount of the Earth's freshwater (0.003%) is contained within biological bodies and manufactured products. (wikipedia.org)
  • As fat is less dense than muscle, careful application of this technique can provide a reasonably close estimate of fat content in the body. (wikipedia.org)