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  • Suzuki-Miyaura
  • 2 Due to the recyclability of the water medium and minimal solvent required to extract organic matter from the vessel, their group was able to show an improvement in waste production in the Suzuki-Miyaura coupling of 2-bromobenzotrifluoride and 6-methoxy-2-naphthaleneboronic acid. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • In the present manuscript, we described Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions in neat water , without using any phase transfer reagent. (rsc.org)
  • scarcity
  • As water has become a scarce resource, international organisations predict that the problem of water scarcity will become acute. (iwaponline.com)
  • However, this industry generates large amounts of olive mill wastewater (OMW) and due to its physicochemical characteristics it causes severe environmental concerns and management problems in the Mediterranean area, which is facing water scarcity. (iwaponline.com)
  • Amphiphile
  • Recently introduced by Professor Bruce Lipshutz of UC-Santa Barbara, polyoxyethanyl α-tocopheryl sebacate (PTS) is a nonionic amphiphile that is proving to be a versatile "solubilizer" for organic molecules in water. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • micelles
  • 1 Lipophilic substrates and catalysts can efficiently enter the micelles formed by PTS in water leading to important cross-coupling reactions at room temperature without the need for a co-solvent. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Since the reaction can be run at very high reactant concentration within the Nok micelles, little water is needed, which is why the E Factor did not increase significantly when water was included in the calculation (3.4 vs 7.6). (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Study
  • Wells is accused of lying to a police officer and obstruction of justice related to when Wells knew about the outbreak, and a study by Wayne State University professors trying to determine a link between the Flint water and the outbreak of Legionnaires cases. (michiganradio.org)
  • This study investigates the role of socio-political factors such as the forward-looking water pricing hypothesis and the impact of globalisation as determinants of water pricing in 22 selected countries. (iwaponline.com)
  • In this study, we successfully developed a few novel cross-linked coordination polymers ( CCP s) with the formula {[Ru(bda)] x L y } n as efficient heterogeneous catalysts for water oxidation in an organic solvent-free system, where Ru(bda) represents the catalytic center. (rsc.org)
  • An electrochemical study showed the polymeric catalysts were also promising electrode materials for electrocatalytic water oxidation and an electrode based on CCP /Nafion/ITO maintained ∼73% of its initial activity after 27 cycles under the optimal conditions. (rsc.org)
  • A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from June 23 to 30, 2015, in Dabat District. (ajtmh.org)
  • Only 23.1%, 95%CI (20, 26%) of the study participants had practiced household water treatment. (ajtmh.org)
  • This cross-sectional study evaluated the primary source of drinking water for forty homes, the Est. (uky.edu)
  • This cross-sectional environmental study of well water and city piped water quality in the TsáChila community of El Bua, Ecuador showed that well water is significantly more likely to be contaminated with coliforms or E. coli , when compared to city piped water. (uky.edu)
  • The objective of this study is to explore trends in perceived drinking water safety in South Africa and its association with disease outbreaks, water supply and household characteristics. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This repeated cross-sectional study draws on General Household Surveys from 2002-2009, a series of annual nationally representative surveys of South African households, which include a question about perceived drinking water safety. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Financial support: This study was funded by a grant to the Water Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill by World Vision, Inc. (Federal Way, WA). (ajtmh.org)
  • Design Cross-sectional study. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions Our study suggests a significant association between HD and heavy water-pipe smoking. (bmj.com)
  • Although the existing evidence suggesting similar biological consequences of water-pipe and cigarette smoking make this association plausible, results of our study were based on a modest number of water-pipe users and need to be replicated in further studies. (bmj.com)
  • This study aims to describe hydration status in adolescents and to assess the association between hydration status by free water reserve (FWR) and urinary sodium excretion. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Long-term study of migration of volatile organic compounds from cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) pipes and effects on drinking water quality' and will not need an account to access the content. (iwaponline.com)
  • The objectives of this study were to investigate migration of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) pipes used for drinking water produced by different production methods, and to evaluate their potential risk for human health and/or influence on aesthetic drinking water quality. (iwaponline.com)
  • polyethylene
  • The polyolefin foam is produced by extruding a mixture which contans polyethylene, silane hydrolyzable with water, a condensing catalyst and a foaming agent. (google.es)
  • For the polyolefin to be extruded is used polyethylene containing 0.1-5% water as foaming agent and 0-20% water carrier substance. (google.es)
  • 3. The method of claim 2, wherein the substance containing crystal water is gypsum or aluminum oxide, the water absorbing substance is calcium chloride or silica, and the water-solving substance miscible with the polyolefin is selected from the group consisting of ethylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, propylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, and mixtures thereof. (google.es)
  • Cross-linked polyethylene foam manufacturing processes have also been developed, but in their case cross-linking is accomplished with the aid of irradiation. (google.es)
  • hygiene
  • Adequate hand hygiene reduces disease transmission and health-care-acquired infections, but fewer than 25% of HCF in each country reported that a combination of water, soap, and hand-drying materials were always available. (ajtmh.org)
  • negatively
  • However, odour from some of these pipes could negatively affect drinking water for up to 1 year. (iwaponline.com)
  • The most obvious definition is anything that makes water unsuitable to drink or negatively impacts the marine life that lives in it. (wordpress.com)
  • chemicals
  • The company has just launched a new Rs 2,290 variant of AquaSure that does not use chemicals at all to purify water. (rediff.com)
  • This is a product targeted at those who realise that use of chemicals to purify water is not the most appropriate way to do so. (rediff.com)
  • If your plumbing carrying drinking water is connected to piping carrying fluid such as an air conditioner containing chemicals to kill algae, the contaminant could be drawn back into our water mains. (google.com)
  • Fracking, which causes many negative public health and environmental impacts, injects large quantities of water, sand and chemicals under high pressure to release oil or gas tightly held in rock layers. (foodandwaterwatch.org)
  • outcomes
  • Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Emerging outcomes from a cross-disciplinary doctoral programme on water resource systems' and will not need an account to access the content. (iwaponline.com)
  • Objective Water-pipe and smokeless tobacco use have been associated with several adverse health outcomes. (bmj.com)
  • hydration
  • FWR (measured urine volume minus the obligatory urine volume) was used for characterization of hydration status, and linear regression models were used to evaluate the association between urinary sodium excretion and FWR, adjusted for water and energy intake in boys and carbohydrate, fiber, and water intake in girls. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, as the majority of subjects consume sodium above recommendations, preventive measures to promote better hydration status should focus in increasing the level of total water intake. (biomedcentral.com)
  • odour
  • Perceived drinking water safety is primarily related to water taste, odour, and clarity rather than socio-economic or demographic characteristics. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Public acceptability of drinking water forms part of the World Health Organization 's Guidelines for Drinking Water Qualit y [ 2 ], which incorporates guidelines on consumer acceptability of taste, colour and odour. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In three new PEX pipes, MTBE was detected in concentrations above the recommended US EPA taste and odour value for drinking water, but decreased below this value after 5 months in service. (iwaponline.com)
  • catalysts
  • Recently, the development of polymeric catalysts for water splitting has received an increasing amount of attention. (rsc.org)
  • Detailed water oxidation catalytic kinetics studies suggested that single-site water nucleophilic attack ( WNA ) is the general mechanism applied to these polymeric catalysts, which is different to the small-molecular reference, [Ru(bda)(pic) 2 ] (pic = 4-picoline). (rsc.org)
  • purification
  • Indian Red Cross volunteers putting a NORIT water purification unit into operation in Uttarkashi. (ifrc.org)
  • T he Pallonji group-controlled Eureka Forbes had a solo run in the Rs 1,500-crore (Rs 15-billion) water purification market for long. (rediff.com)
  • Conclusions
  • Conclusions: The associations between well water use and other environmental factors with T. gondii and H. pylori infections warrant further research. (epa.gov)
  • practice
  • Despite mothers/caregivers having a fairly good knowledge and positive attitude, their practice of treating drinking water at household level was quite low. (ajtmh.org)
  • Water Practice and Technology (2018) 13 (2): 247-256. (iwaponline.com)
  • aquatic
  • After mastering aquatic skills in the Army, Via became the water safety director for various military branches, the U.N. and the Red Cross. (redcross.org)
  • Via has logged more than 13,000 volunteer hours teaching Red Cross aquatic lifesaving skills. (redcross.org)
  • filtration
  • In developing countries, such studies have examined water safety perceptions in relation to home water treatment uptake [ 9 , 10 ], such as household filtration or chlorination. (biomedcentral.com)
  • emergencies
  • The LifeStraw Go is an advanced 2-stage water filter bottle that is ideal for travel, outdoor sports and emergencies. (redcross.org)
  • Water competency is a way of improving water safety for yourself and those around you through avoiding common dangers, developing fundamental water safety skills to make you safer in and around the water, and knowing how to prevent and respond to drowning emergencies. (redcross.org)
  • system
  • You could end up drinking any or all of these cocktails if your plumbing system has a 'cross connection. (latimes.com)
  • And the only commonality between the two victims was that they both were at a hospital that had water from the Flint Water system," Livengood said. (michiganradio.org)
  • A group marched on Governor Rick Snyder's office Tuesday to call for faster work fixing Flint's water system. (michiganradio.org)
  • If a main line in our system should break or If a fire occurred and the fire pressure in the water mains drop dramatically it can cause a reversal of water flow pulling water from whatever water lines are attached to it and is why TGW is concerned about the possibility of backflow of contaminants into our drinking water distribution system. (google.com)
  • If you have a private well that is connected to the indoor plumbing is higher water pressure than the water system main pressure, that well water can contaminate the water system. (google.com)
  • Cross County Rural Water System operates in Hickory Ridge Arkansas 72347. (finduslocal.com)
  • This location of this Cross County Rural Water System made on average $510,000 in sales last year and is located in Cross County. (finduslocal.com)
  • Analysis of the water samples for total coliforms and E.coli was completed with the IDEXX Colilert and Quanti-Tray 2000 system. (uky.edu)
  • Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Jet-loop reactor with cross-flow ultrafiltration membrane system for treatment of olive mill wastewater' and will not need an account to access the content. (iwaponline.com)
  • Safety
  • Why Is Water Safety So Important? (redcross.org)
  • Help make your community safer in and around water by teaching water safety outreach! (redcross.org)
  • Help prepare older youth and adults in your community to be safer in, on and around the water by teaching our water safety presentations. (redcross.org)
  • Session topics include General Water Safety, Home Pool Safety, Sun Safety and Rip Current Safety. (redcross.org)
  • Are you passionate about teaching water safety and ready to take the next step? (redcross.org)
  • Fill out the Water Safety Outreach form . (redcross.org)
  • There are some absolute standards of safety that a water purifier has to adhere to. (rediff.com)
  • In low and middle income countries, public perceptions of drinking water safety are relevant to promotion of household water treatment and to household choices over drinking water sources. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, most studies of this topic have been cross-sectional and not considered temporal variation in drinking water safety perceptions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The results suggest that perceived drinking water safety has remained relatively stable over time in South Africa, once the expansion of improved supplies is controlled for. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This suggests that household perceptions of drinking water safety in South Africa follow similar patterns to those observed in studies in developed countries. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Where households have a choice of several different water sources (e.g. boreholes versus vended water), perceived drinking water safety may influence source choice [ 12 ] and thereby the financial sustainability of water services through tariff recovery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • More recently, information has been recognised as an intervention that can shape public perceptions of drinking water safety, both in South Africa and elsewhere. (biomedcentral.com)
  • organic
  • To use, one simply places the requisite amount of PTS (15 wt% in water) into a test tube with a stir bar and adds the organic substrate(s) and catalyst. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • However, the use of toxic organic solvents remains a scientific challenge and an aspect of economical and ecological relevance, and benign water as a reaction medium was found to be highly effective to overcome some of these issues. (rsc.org)
  • volunteer
  • Being a Red Cross volunteer involves giving your time to a good cause. (redcross.org)
  • A Korean War hero, Robert "Uncle Bob" Via was recently honored as the 2012 Red Cross Oahu Volunteer of the Year for training more than 20,000 people how to swim. (redcross.org)
  • authorities
  • The Red Cross has announced plans to spend millions of dollars to help the Haitian authorities increase their capacity to deliver water to people still recovering from the 2010 earthquake. (redcross.org)
  • But we have always been aware of the need to transition these services to the authorities, to communities, to water committees and to private vendors. (redcross.org)
  • Now, as part of the Red Cross strategy to transition services to local communities and the authorities, a permanent tank is being fitted in the area. (redcross.org)
  • In South Africa, government initiated a Blue Drop scheme in 2009 [ 16 ], which uses media releases to inform the public about the water quality-related performance of Water Service Providers and Authorities. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cross-border relationships between administrative authorities are complex. (wordpress.com)
  • Free
  • Among other findings, many Haitian reservoir operators said the free water distribution poses a competitive challenge to their businesses. (redcross.org)
  • The Red Cross responded to the request and has delivered free water to his neighborhood every day since then. (redcross.org)
  • During the transition period, the Red Cross will deliver water free of charge for a limited time to allow community water vendors like Printemps to establish their businesses and collect the funds needed to sustain them. (redcross.org)
  • I used to be a water guardian when Red Cross delivered free water to the community. (redcross.org)
  • source
  • Samples were taken from the primary drinking water source of 40 homes, the local river (Este. (uky.edu)
  • A member of each household was questioned about water usage, number of people using the water source, and illnesses. (uky.edu)
  • Statistically significant differences were also found in pH, salinity, and conductivity by water source (p (uky.edu)
  • Illnesses, including gastrointestinal disease, were not associated with water source. (uky.edu)
  • Grouping of symptoms into upper or lower gastrointestinal illnesses was also not associated with water source. (uky.edu)
  • Where water quality is poor, the release of water quality information to consumers may help to promote home water treatment [ 13 ] or use of safer source types, and potentially promote public pressure on suppliers to improve service quality. (biomedcentral.com)
  • FoEME Good Water Neighbors' partnering communities of Emek Hefer Regional Council (Israel) and Tulkarem (Palestine) are located opposite each other along the Green line, divided by the Separation Barrier and over the western basin of the Mountain Aquifer, a key source of drinking water for both Palestinians and Israelis. (wordpress.com)
  • In more scientific terms, water pollutants can be put into a few basic categories.One of the categories, or classes of water pollutants are wastes that enter a water source a deplete it of oxygen. (wordpress.com)
  • We selected covariates a priori, including source of tap water and housing characteristics. (epa.gov)
  • maintains
  • This gradient eventually acts as a 'pull' on the water column which maintains continuity through the vascular bundles of the leaf. (expertsmind.com)
  • safely
  • If you ride in difficult terrain, you need to know how to safely negotiate difficult water crossings. (equisearch.com)
  • able to enter the water, get a breath, stay afloat, change position, swim a distance then get out of the water safely. (redcross.org)
  • bacteria
  • In addition to having a bad odor and taste, water from questionable sources may be contaminated by a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria and parasites that cause diseases such as dysentery, cholera, typhoid and hepatitis. (redcross.org)
  • While coliform bacteria and E. coli were also found in piped water samples, the levels tended to be much lower than the well samples. (uky.edu)
  • Drinking
  • The 8,800 gallons of canned emergency drinking water with a 30 plus year shelf life is being used to meet the needs of emergency victims within the Region's sphere of support. (turlockjournal.com)
  • The 30 plus year shelf life of the canned emergency drinking water is an important component of any disaster preparedness plan. (turlockjournal.com)
  • Each emergency brings its own unique needs, but drinking water is always at the top of the list. (turlockjournal.com)
  • World Grocer of Turlock manufacturers the canned emergency drinking water for long term storage and it has been sold to families, hospitals, governments, and businesses. (turlockjournal.com)
  • World Grocer put a lot of research and effort into the manufacture of their canned emergency drinking water. (turlockjournal.com)
  • We can use the water for drinking and the washing of hands. (redcross.org.au)
  • outbreak
  • New charges have been filed in the Flint water crisis - this time in connection with the Legionnaires' outbreak that killed 12 people and sickened 78 more in Genesee County. (michiganradio.org)
  • New charges in the Flint water crisis are connected to the Legionnaires' disease outbreak. (michiganradio.org)
  • volunteers
  • The Red Cross is a not-for-profit organization that depends on volunteers and the generosity of the American public to perform its mission. (redcross.org)
  • From the onset of the disaster, over 100 trained Indian Red Cross volunteers have responded to the needs of those affected by providing first aid, navigation assistance, emergency shelter, clothing and blankets and by bringing news of survivors to their loved ones. (ifrc.org)
  • The Uttarakhand Red Cross branch had already trained volunteers in first medical response training, where they learnt important skills in first aid, psychosocial support and other aspects of disaster response. (ifrc.org)
  • main
  • It can happen when a water main breaks, or a car knocks over a neighborhood fire hydrant. (latimes.com)
  • Backflow
  • Backflow occurs when there's a pressure drop in your water lines. (latimes.com)
  • The California Code of Regulations Title 17 requires public water suppliers to protect their water systems from cross-connections and prevent backflow situations. (google.com)
  • resistance
  • At the same time, the resistance of the water as you pump your arms and legs helps you strengthen your muscles and joints. (coolrunning.com)
  • systems
  • In a separate announcement, the International Committee for the Red Cross said this week it is working on further repairs to water systems in the Port-au-Prince neighborhood of Cite Soleil to improve water access to some 200,000 residents of the area. (redcross.org)
  • Every family in the village chipped in to do the work and learnt skills to maintain the systems for the long run, well after Red Cross' work is done. (redcross.org.au)
  • line
  • One good example is a water softener hooked up to a drain line. (latimes.com)
  • plus the storage aspect ensures there is no requirement of a continuous water line," says Vikram Surendran, general manager, water, Hindustan Unilever. (rediff.com)
  • It acts like an extension of the water line. (google.com)
  • Sodium
  • A major bleach manufacturer has also added Sodium Hydroxide as an active ingredient, which they state does not pose a health risk for water treatment. (redcross.org)