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  • anaerobic
  • This relationship has increased in its complexity, from localized ecosystems predicated on anaerobic microbial production and consumption to a global biosphere founded on primary production from oxygenic photoautotrophs, through the evolution of Eukarya, metazoans, and the complexly networked ecosystems of microbes, animals, fungi, and plants that characterize the Phanerozoic Eon (the last ∼541 million years of Earth history). (microbe.net)
  • humans
  • The known occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the built and natural water environment, including in drinking water supplies, continues to raise concerns over inadvertent exposures and associated potential health risks in humans and aquatic organisms. (mdpi.com)
  • Environmental exposures of humans and aquatic organisms to pharmaceuticals have been reported [ 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 ] and the associated risks evaluated [ 17 , 26 , 27 , 28 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • These advances in laboratory diagnostics are expected to have a significant impact on the assessment and management of health risks to humans and the environment. (bgu.ac.il)
  • The general conclusion is that the application of manure on crop fields leads to a negligible risk for plants, bacteria, and finally humans, but in future every group of compounds needs to be investigated separately, because of the high divergence of properties. (springer.com)
  • health
  • These results may be useful for risk assessment studies since ground water is a common source of drinking water and subsequently connected to the interest of public health. (waterpathogens.org)
  • The current system allows for understanding of long-term trends of microbial surface water quality and the related public health risks. (mdpi.com)
  • The investigation of VPs in manure is prevalent, because of the potential risk for environmental organisms, as well as human health. (springer.com)
  • Results in this study could be taken into consideration to understand the health risks associated with exposure to biogas wastewater through different activities in other areas of Vietnam as well as in other developing countries with a similar context of applying biogas plants. (waterpathogens.org)
  • The health risk-assessment studies on the phthalates found in the water systems suggested potential carcinogenic and other toxic effects they may pose to communities downstream which might be exposed either through drinking untreated water from the rivers, through dermal absorption or by using the freshwater sources to water their vegetable gardens. (scielo.org.za)
  • contamination
  • To assess whether a ground water source is at risk for fecal contamination, agencies responsible for monitoring water supplies generally test for the presence of nonpathogenic as indicator organisms. (extension.org)
  • Whereas the perceived and actual risks of trace levels of pharmaceuticals in drinking water is a topic of ongoing discussion, this review concentrates on the sources and pathways of water contamination in the U.S. to assess our understanding of the occurrence of pharmaceuticals in U.S. drinking water, and to identify opportunities for pollution control. (mdpi.com)
  • hygiene
  • This study investigated dishwashers in German households to analyse the number and composition of microbial colonisers and their putative impact on dishwashing hygiene. (microbe.net)
  • targets
  • Techniques such as qPCR or dPCR allow speedy detection and quantitation of microbial nucleic acid targets with greater than ever accuracy and sensitivity. (bgu.ac.il)
  • vegetables
  • This study was aimed at identifying some microbial communities of fresh produce by analyzing 105 samples of imported fresh fruits and vegetables originated from different countries in the world including local samples (Oman) for aerobic plate count and the counts of Enterobacteriaceae, Enterococcus, and Staphylococcus aureus. (microbe.net)
  • diarrhoeal
  • This contributed to a decrease in the average risk of contracting diarrhoeal diseases among children under 5 years of age from 17.8% in 2002 to 11.2% in 2010 [ 4 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • urban
  • Goldman JH, Rounds SA, Needoba JA (2012) Applications of fluorescence spectroscopy for predicting percent wastewater in an urban stream. (springer.com)
  • System
  • Tools for supranational communication of food safety risks like the European Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) play an increasingly important role in consumer protection along global supply chains. (usda.gov)