• Attention getting behaviors, sexual (estrus or male) behaviors, play behavior, medical problems, discomfort, and aggressive displays are the most common reasons for feline vocalization. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Never reward vocalization by providing food, attention, or play when the cat vocalizes, since it is likely to reinforce the behavior and cause it to continue. (vcahospitals.com)
  • The cause of the cat's vocalization, those stimuli that are associated with the onset of the behavior as well as all factors that might be reinforcing the behavior, must be understood. (vcahospitals.com)
  • If the cat can be denied exposure to the stimuli for the vocalization (e.g., the sight or sounds of other cats), or prevented from performing the behavior (e.g., keeping the cat out of the owner's bedroom at night), the problem can often be successfully resolved. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Many owners inadvertently encourage the behavior by giving the cat something it values during vocalization. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Many owners inadvertently encourage the behavior by giving the cat something it values during vocalization, perhaps in an attempt to quiet it down. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Reinforcement of even a very few of the vocalization outbursts perpetuates the behavior. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Although removal of reinforcement (known as extinction) ultimately reduces or eliminates excessive vocalization, the behavior may at first become more intense as the cat attempts to get the reward. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Although ignoring the vocalization, so that the cat receives no reward for the behavior, is the best solution, in the long run it can be difficult to do. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Whether it is a bird raising an alarm, a whale calling to potential partners, a dog responding to human commands, a parent reading a story with a child, or a business-person accessing stock prices using Siri , vocalization provides a valuable communication channel through which behavior may be coordinated and controlled, and information may be distributed and acquired. (frontiersin.org)
  • Human beings, in particular, have extended this behavior to a very high level of sophistication through the evolution of speech and language - a phenomenon that appears to be unique in the animal kingdom, but which shares many characteristics with the communication systems of other animals. (frontiersin.org)
  • Vocalization thus sits alongside other modes (such as vision and olfaction) as a primary means by which living beings are able to sense their environment, influence the world around them, coordinate cooperative or competitive behavior with other organisms, and communicate information. (frontiersin.org)
  • Alongside the study of vocal behavior, recent years have seen important developments in a range of technologies relating to vocalization. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this manuscript, the author analyzes the infant developmental stage, human anatomy, animal behavior studies, and anthropological changes. (scirp.org)
  • This theoretical article presents human language in three phases, anthropological, animal behavior studies, and biological, and provides new light on debates that have been conducted for decades. (scirp.org)
  • These outcomes were complemented by assays of urine scent marking and ultrasonic vocalizations as indices of social communication.We provide evidence of sociosexual deficits after brain injury at p21, which manifest as reduced mounting behavior and scent marking towards an unfamiliar female at adulthood.Together, these findings indicate vulnerability of the developing brain to social dysfunction, and suggest that a younger age-at-insult results in poorer social and sociosexual outcomes. (nih.gov)
  • We describe the calling and grunting behavior of male Amphichthys cryptocentrus , a tropical toadfish, and predict how these vocalizations are influenced by conspecifics. (springer.com)
  • Critical to survival and social organization is our ability to view, hear, and understand the goals and intentions of others, including both human (conspecifics) and non-human (non-conspecific) animals. (frontiersin.org)
  • Here, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we sought to determine if and where cortical pathways in humans might diverge for processing action sounds vs. vocalizations as distinct acoustic-semantic categories of real-world sound when matched for duration and intensity. (frontiersin.org)
  • We found that spectral representation of 7 kHz increased only in the ethological-rate-reared animals, whereas improved entrainment of cortical neurons was seen in animals reared in the slow- and fast-rate condition. (jneurosci.org)
  • T he post-stimuli anticipatory vocalisations that follow stressful and painful conditions are suggested as a quantitative measure of the emotional state of fear and anxiety in animal models. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • There are other techniques to recognize stress in animals, e.g., a stress response as an adrenaline release can be accompanied by changes in the rates of specific types of vocalization [ 7 ] while other studies suggested an increased rate of vocalization in pigs after receiving corticotrophin injections [ 8 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Some of the most interesting examples of complex animal behaviour come from studies on predator-specific alarm calls, including the classic studies on the vervet monkey alarm call system [ 1 ]. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Of course, since some cats are quite active at night, it is not surprising that many owners are concerned about their cat's nighttime vocalization and activity. (vcahospitals.com)
  • It stands to reason that the sensory and cognitive adaptations of animals are tightly linked to the sensory conspicuousness and cues of their potential food. (biologists.org)
  • Mild outbursts of vocalization can either be ignored or interrupted with remote punishment techniques such as a water gun, compressed air, loud verbal no, or alarm device, but never with physical punishment. (vcahospitals.com)
  • By this approach, it is necessary to develop accurate tools to estimate the animal welfare status and to ensure applicability on field. (mdpi.com)
  • For excessive nighttime vocalization, providing a stimulating daytime routine with regular offerings of food, social play, and exploratory toys may help to program and change the schedule of the cat so that it sleeps through the night (see Nocturnal Activity). (vcahospitals.com)
  • All procedures used in this study were approved by the University of California Berkeley Animal Care and Use Committee. (jneurosci.org)
  • The objective of this research was to identify stress conditions in piglets reared in farrowing pens through their vocalization. (mdpi.com)
  • All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. (springer.com)
  • This research aimed to analyze the possibility of assessing piglets' welfare using the records of their vocalization. (mdpi.com)
  • Most owner complaints about feline vocalization are either to do with the intensity and persistence of the vocalization, or the fact that it occurs at night or at other times when family members or neighbors are trying to sleep. (vcahospitals.com)