• Attention getting behaviors, sexual (estrus or male) behaviors, play behavior, medical problems, discomfort, and aggressive displays are the most common reasons for feline vocalization. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Never reward vocalization by providing food, attention, or play when the cat vocalizes, since it is likely to reinforce the behavior and cause it to continue. (vcahospitals.com)
  • The cause of the cat's vocalization, those stimuli that are associated with the onset of the behavior as well as all factors that might be reinforcing the behavior, must be understood. (vcahospitals.com)
  • If the cat can be denied exposure to the stimuli for the vocalization (e.g., the sight or sounds of other cats), or prevented from performing the behavior (e.g., keeping the cat out of the owner's bedroom at night), the problem can often be successfully resolved. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Many owners inadvertently encourage the behavior by giving the cat something it values during vocalization. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Many owners inadvertently encourage the behavior by giving the cat something it values during vocalization, perhaps in an attempt to quiet it down. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Reinforcement of even a very few of the vocalization outbursts perpetuates the behavior. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Although removal of reinforcement (known as extinction) ultimately reduces or eliminates excessive vocalization, the behavior may at first become more intense as the cat attempts to get the reward. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Although ignoring the vocalization, so that the cat receives no reward for the behavior, is the best solution, in the long run it can be difficult to do. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Vocalizations were correlated with the behavior of the calling animal as well as the behavior of its cagemate(s). (springer.com)
  • Mechanisms of Animal Behavior , Wiley and Sons, New York. (springer.com)
  • These data together clearly demonstrate a dissociation of the timing of women experiencing orgasm and making copulatory vocalizations and indicate that there is at least an element of these responses that are under conscious control, providing women with an opportunity to manipulate male behavior to their advantage. (springer.com)
  • d) This article shall not apply to noises arising from normal animal behavior or agricultural activities or operations as long as same are in compliance with the Unified Development Code and other County Ordinances. (oconeecounty.com)
  • In spinal and hindbrain circuits in a variety of animals - including flies, worms, leeches, crustaceans, rodents, birds, fish, amphibians and mammals - studies have indicated a crucial role for motor neuron feedback in maintaining normal behavior patterns dictated by the activity of a central pattern generator. (biologists.org)
  • During each on-farm visit, a checklist was compiled, based on specific scores for housing and management conditions, and animals' nutritional status, health, and behavior. (mdpi.com)
  • Though having distinct plumage , the two species are similar in vocalization and behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Vetsuisse Faculty in Bern is looking for an enthusiastic Master-student in biology, veterinary medicine, agricultural sciences or related disciplines for immediate appointment in the area of animal behavior/animal welfare. (wur.nl)
  • Millions of captive animals develop abnormal oral behavior such as crib-biting in horses, sham-chewing in sows or tongue rolling in cattle. (wur.nl)
  • Take a closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about animal habitats, behavior, and scientific classification. (seaworld.org)
  • Animal Behavior and Cognition, 7 (2), 151-158. (animalbehaviorandcognition.org)
  • We propose further research into segmental units in animal vocalizations is a key next step to determining the evolution of human vocal behavior. (animalbehaviorandcognition.org)
  • Vocalization is a prominent social behavior among vertebrates, including in the midshipman fish, an established model for elucidating the neural basis of acoustic communication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It depends on the situation, often if the change will be permanent, some problems are related to other animals in the household, such as territorial behavior, and this may persist as long as another cat is present. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • In searching for an animal behavior expert to treat challenging issues, be leery of behavior professionals who promise quick fixes or instant cures. (petsbest.com)
  • American College of Veterinary Behaviorists - This group consists of veterinarians with a special interest and additional study in the field of animal behavior. (petsbest.com)
  • Animal Behavior Society - This group certifies qualified individuals as Applied or Associate Applied Animal Behaviorists. (petsbest.com)
  • These professionals hold doctorate-level education in the field of animal behavior and hold the title CAAB: certified applied animal behaviorist. (petsbest.com)
  • when under severe stress or in panic, the animals may fall back to the behavior of their early ancestors and run to shore to find safety. (crunchyroll.com)
  • In this manuscript, the author analyzes the infant developmental stage, human anatomy, animal behavior studies, and anthropological changes. (scirp.org)
  • This theoretical article presents human language in three phases, anthropological, animal behavior studies, and biological, and provides new light on debates that have been conducted for decades. (scirp.org)
  • Vocal signals were collected from 40 animals under the following situations: normal (baseline), feeling cold, in pain, and feeling hunger. (mdpi.com)
  • As with other dolphins, orcas are very vocal animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • During 700 h of vocal recordings (by day) of giraffes in three zoological institutions, Hurgitsch [ 10 ] recorded 72 vocalizations, mostly snorts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Here we discuss the current status of animal vocal communication and its relation to Jackendoff's hypothesis. (animalbehaviorandcognition.org)
  • Vocalizations rely upon extreme synchrony and millisecond precision in the firing of a homogeneous population of motoneurons, the vocal motor nucleus ( VMN ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The physical nature of the vocal tract results in the production of formants during vocalisation. (biologists.org)
  • [3] Other authorities such as Howell and Webb (1995) make the distinction based on function, so that short vocalizations, such as those of pigeons, and even non-vocal sounds, such as the drumming of woodpeckers and the " winnowing " of snipes ' wings in display flight, are considered songs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the residence you find these vocal dialects where different family groups have different vocalizations," said Deecke. (juneauempire.com)
  • And then as soon as they make a kill pandemonium breaks loose and the animals often become vocal. (juneauempire.com)
  • decidedly argued that the ability of a cat species to purr is not affected by the anatomy of its hyoid, i.e. whether it is fully ossified or has a ligamentous epihyoid, and that, based on a technical acoustic definition of roaring, the presence of this vocalization type depends on specific characteristics of the vocal folds and an elongated vocal tract, the latter rendered possible by an incompletely ossified hyoid. (liu.se)
  • July 8 (UPI) -- Animals that use their voice to sound bigger than they are tend to also be skilled vocal learners, according to new scientific paper, published Wednesday in the journal Biology Letters . (upi.com)
  • In particular, we wondered: For species that are vocal learners, and which can flexibly modify their vocalizations, then how do allometric principles apply? (upi.com)
  • We recorded neuronal responses in the dorsal amygdala including the lateral amygdaloid nucleus to ultrasonic vocalization (USVs) emitted by subjects and conspecifics during free social interaction in 16 adult male rats. (frontiersin.org)
  • The animals emitting the USVs were identified by EMG recordings. (frontiersin.org)
  • Rats emit ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) that are thought to serve as situation-dependent affective signals and accomplish important communicative functions. (jneurosci.org)
  • Rats emit various types of ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs). (jneurosci.org)
  • Infant rodents emit ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs), whistle-like sounds with frequencies between 40 kHz and 100 kHz, when isolated from the mother and littermates ( 15 ). (pnas.org)
  • In rats, fear-induced ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) were dose-dependently abolished by S 15535 (0.16-2.5 s.c. and 0.63-10.0 p.o.), an action mimicked by buspirone (0.02-2.5) and DZM (0.16-10.0). (aspetjournals.org)
  • Mouse ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) are often used as behavioral readouts of internal states, to measure effects of social and pharmacological manipulations, and for behavioral phenotyping of mouse models for neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Here, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we sought to determine if and where cortical pathways in humans might diverge for processing action sounds vs. vocalizations as distinct acoustic-semantic categories of real-world sound when matched for duration and intensity. (frontiersin.org)
  • This was tested by using relatively less semantically complex natural sounds produced by non-conspecific animals rather than humans. (frontiersin.org)
  • In humans, coital vocalizations are linked to orgasm, hence occurring during copulation and serving as an expression of sexual pleasure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Copulatory vocalizations of chacma baboons (Papio ursinus), gibbons (Hylobates hoolock) and humans. (springer.com)
  • What is clear about language, however, is that humans are unique among extant species in the animal kingdom. (the-scientist.com)
  • Dogs live in extraordinarily close range with humans, in many societies kept solely as companion animals . (wikipedia.org)
  • Animals perceive the emotions of the humans around them, and the anecdotes in the release could easily be evidence that Koko was responding to the sadness she sensed in her human caregivers. (slate.com)
  • Characteristic of the Animal Answer Guide series, the book is divided into a dozen chapters with topics such as food and feeding, deer and humans, and deer in art and literature. (tuscaloosanews.com)
  • It's very concerning when family pets come in contact with rabid animals because they risk not only acquiring the disease but also passing it on to other animals and humans," said Vandenbark. (fortmorgantimes.com)
  • Just like with humans, mental and emotional upsets in animals can have deep and lasting physical and behavioral effects. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • In some animals (including humans), receivers can derive information (such as body size) about sender characteristics on the basis of formant characteristics. (biologists.org)
  • Striking similarities between humans and animals suggest that musicality is anchored in our biology. (oeaw.ac.at)
  • Apart from humans, there are very few animals that can imitate sounds and learn new ones. (oeaw.ac.at)
  • They are among those animals that are similar to humans in many respects. (oeaw.ac.at)
  • It's a kind of voice box, but it's different from the larynx, which is found in many animals, including crocodiles and humans. (cbc.ca)
  • This is a list of the books about humans as animals which I thought were at least somewhat helpful which were assigned for MIT courses which did not have any useful slides, PDFs, audio files or links and which I, therefore, eliminated. (google.com)
  • Still, if you're interested in humans as animals and you don't know a whole lot about animals, this might be a good place to start. (google.com)
  • Dolphins, with their charmingly playful personalities, breathtaking acrobatic abilities, and affinity for humans, are among the most sought-after animals for viewing by humans. (crunchyroll.com)
  • Let's take a few minutes and talk about their common behaviors that make them such unique animals. (flexpetz.com)
  • Often, an animals' stress, anxiety or traumatic emotional state can be seen as behavioral changes such as depression, timidity, biting, aggression or other destructive behaviors. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • The researchers will study whether abnormal newborn-to-mother vocalization is caused by ASD-related gene variants and whether this early experience of social communication gone awry worsens ASD-like behaviors through the epigenetic modification of these gene variants. (yu.edu)
  • Each community has a completely different set of behaviors, including their own repertoire of vocalization. (go.com)
  • A unidirectional microphone positioned about 15 cm from the animals' mouth was used for recording the acoustic signals. (mdpi.com)
  • These ultrasonic vocalizations (USV) are typically described and evaluated using expert defined classification of the spectrographic appearance or simplistic acoustic metrics resulting in nine call types. (nature.com)
  • Many animals communicate with acoustic signals. (encyclopedia.com)
  • But vocalization is by far the most common mechanism of acoustic communication. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Reports on giraffe vocalizations are mainly anecdotal and the missing acoustic descriptions make it difficult to establish a call nomenclature. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These results show that giraffes do produce vocalizations, which, based on their acoustic structure, might have the potential to function as communicative signals to convey information about the physical and motivational attributes of the caller. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Apart from this, no acoustic descriptions have been provided for the different types of vocalizations listed above. (biomedcentral.com)
  • by modifying the acoustic structure of their vocalizations," Garcia said. (upi.com)
  • The use of elaborate acoustic vocalizations ( song ) for communication is common in a wide variety of animal groups. (washington.edu)
  • And the other thing is acoustics works at night just as well as at day and you can get a whole lot of information from the animals because you can tell if whether they're transients, the mammal-eating killer whales, or the residents, the fish eaters. (juneauempire.com)
  • The term 'purring' has been used liberally in the mammal vocalization literature, and an exhaustive review is given in Peters (2002) . (liu.se)
  • Rats receiving fluoride during the whole pregnancy up to the 9th day of lactation showed, when isolated at 10th day of life, a reduced rate of ultrasonic vocalizations (UV) in male pups (NaF 5.0 mg) and, in 90th days male rats, an increase of the Pre-Pulse Inhibition (PPI) with a reduction of the Peak response to the Startle stimulus given alone. (fluoridealert.org)
  • We recorded intranasal pressure, head acceleration, instantaneous speed, and ultrasonic vocalizations from male and female adult rats while freely behaving in a social environment. (hindawi.com)
  • We have recently shown that rats behaving in social settings produce high rates of ultrasonic vocalizations during locomotion bouts. (hindawi.com)
  • Accordingly, rats emitted vocalizations in over half of the respiratory cycles during fast displacements. (hindawi.com)
  • The percentage of vocalizations after copulation varies dependent on the non-human primate species studied. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another aspect of coital vocalization that varies according to species is the form of the call: in macaques and baboons they manifest themselves as grunts, whereas other species such as talapoins and chimpanzees typically emit screaming sounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Estrus vocalizations in two primate species (Cercocebus torquatus atys and Macaca nemestrina): Evidence for an effect of intrasexual competition. (springer.com)
  • White-tailed deer, the well-known species of the eastern United States, are not noted for making sounds beyond snorts and grunts, but some deer do produce vocalizations. (tuscaloosanews.com)
  • the transmission of information from one individual to another of the same or different animal species, which receives and understands it. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Birds communicate alarm through vocalizations and movements that are specific to the threat, and bird alarms can be understood by other animal species, including other birds, in order to identify and protect against the specific threat. (wikipedia.org)
  • By studying animals, we can find out what aspects of musicality we share with other species. (oeaw.ac.at)
  • The evolutionary relationships of the new species [ V. iaai] and the syrinx remains themselves [told us] that this animal would have made sounds most similar to those of living ducks and geese,' she said. (cbc.ca)
  • deep water animals (the species that most often are the victim of mass strandings) can not 'see' a sloping sandy beach properly with its sonar. (crunchyroll.com)
  • There is also a need for further studies of how changes in stress-axis function may modulate ultrasonic vocalisation and for studies of the effects of chronic drug treatment on ultrasonic vocalisation. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • Some animals have learned to modulate their voices to sound bigger than they are. (upi.com)
  • Female copulatory vocalizations, also called female copulation calls or coital vocalizations, are produced by female primates, including human females, and female non-primates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Copulatory vocalizations usually occur during copulation and are hence related to sexual activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In non-human primates, copulatory vocalizations begin towards the end of the copulatory act or even after copulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, copulatory vocalizations address issues that stand in the way of successfully producing offspring and guaranteeing its survival, such as the occurrence of infanticide. (wikipedia.org)
  • The current studies were conducted in order to investigate the phenomenon of copulatory vocalizations and their relationship to orgasm in women. (springer.com)
  • More detailed examination of responses during intercourse revealed that, while female orgasms were most commonly experienced during foreplay, copulatory vocalizations were reported to be made most often before and simultaneously with male ejaculation. (springer.com)
  • Mice that received the extracts showed moderate to severe clinical signs, including piloerection, vocalization, and seizures. (scielo.br)
  • Courtship vocalizations produced by territorial males are essential for reproductive success, vary over daily and seasonal cycles, and last up to hours per call. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and other antidepressants that preferentially enhance serotonergic neurotransmission inhibit footshock-induced ultrasonic vocalisation. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • How can excessive vocalization problems be treated? (vcahospitals.com)
  • These are only guidelines: lack of vocalization or excessive vocalization are not always reliable indicators of pain. (nas-sites.org)
  • Cats signal stress through excessive vocalization, inappropriate elimination and even vomiting. (prweb.com)
  • Animal Behaviour, 51 , 233-234. (springer.com)
  • Animal Behaviour, 48 , 687-694. (springer.com)
  • Animal Behaviour, 61 , 1023-1028. (springer.com)
  • Animal Behaviour, 50 , 1601-1615. (springer.com)
  • Furthermore, brain structures that are involved in the mediation of anxiety-like behaviour, e.g. the dorsal periaqueductal grey and cortical areas, are also important for modulation of ultrasonic vocalisation. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • Specifically, behaviour related to the welfare or health status of the animals. (wur.nl)
  • Wageningen UR Livestock Research (Animal Welfare & Animal Breeding and Genetics Groups) is involved in a collaborative project with the breeding organization CRV that is focused on the genetics of dairy cow behaviour, and the importance of dairy cow temperament for production and health. (wur.nl)
  • Animal Behaviour 105, 267-274. (washington.edu)
  • Animal Behaviour, 94, 151-159. (washington.edu)
  • All of the baleen whale sound files on this page (with the exception of the humpback vocalizations) are reproduced at 10x speed to bring the sound into the human auditory band. (wikipedia.org)
  • Distress related vocalization is of particular interest as an indicator of impaired welfare [ 1 , 2 ], and it is an objective and noninvasive procedure that has been studied to estimate pigs' welfare [ 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • These recordings bring you the 'big' sounds of nature, those of wild animals in their natural habitats. (listeningearth.com.au)
  • These recordings place the sounds of animals in the context of their environment. (listeningearth.com.au)
  • This included a previously well described pathway preferential for processing vocalization signals directed laterally from functionally defined primary auditory cortices to the anterior superior temporal gyri, and a less well-described pathway preferential for processing animal action sounds directed medially to the posterior insulae. (frontiersin.org)
  • Whale vocalizations are the sounds made by whales to communicate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Manta Ray sounds and vocalizations. (bioexpedition.com)
  • We may have also experienced a presence when walking alone on a dark street, or through a woodlot, or even being home alone, especially if it is a "dark and stormy night" filled with vague rustlings, howling winds, squeaking shutters, and distant animal sounds. (meta-religion.com)
  • Giraffes are known to produce sounds, but there is no evidence that they use vocalizations for communication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hear animal sounds for animals like anteaters, dolphins, frogs and more. (seaworld.org)
  • He said, 'I don't suppose you've ever heard the sounds these animals make? (kuow.org)
  • They were, as we learned later, the sounds of just one animal. (kuow.org)
  • We play different sounds from several speakers, such as rhythmic or non-rhythmic budgie song, or consonant or dissonant chords, and the animals decide which speaker they want to sit in front of. (oeaw.ac.at)
  • What does this say about the evolution of animal sounds? (cbc.ca)
  • Bigger animals tend to produce bigger, deeper sounds. (upi.com)
  • Furthermore, pathological activation of the amygdala, where Type-Other neurons predominate, could induce external misattribution of percepts of vocalization. (frontiersin.org)
  • Results showed that a population of motor neurons specifically fire during vocalization. (nih.gov)
  • The response of vocalization-selective neurons was present only during conditioned (voluntary) but not spontaneous (emotional) sound emission. (nih.gov)
  • Experiments in laboratory animals demonstrated that selegiline enhanced the survival of neurons after nerve trauma or exposure to neurotoxins. (drugs.com)
  • The human-animal bond is a close one, and pets are particularly vulnerable to absorbing their owners' moods and emotions, for example, we often stroke a dog or a cat when we are stressed or upset. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • Emotions of animals are part of their psychological state and can be compromised as a result of many environmental factors such as intensive farming practices, extreme weather conditions, and breeding. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • When considering getting a new animal, be sure that you are prepared for the time and emotions needed to be given to this new pet. (cornell.edu)
  • The expression of emotions through vocalization is a good example. (oeaw.ac.at)
  • Examination of rodent vocalizations in experimental conditions can yield valuable insights into how disease manifests and progresses over time. (nature.com)
  • After the experimental period, correlations between vocalisation types and different behavioural activities are examined. (wur.nl)
  • We facilitate functional assessments and phenotyping with many type of logistical support including help with animal protocols, grant and manuscript writing, experimental design and statistical analysis. (yu.edu)
  • Benzodiazepines, e.g. diazepam, inhibit shock-induced ultrasonic vocalisation although the active doses are generally close to those that produce sedation and muscle relaxation. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • Results indicated that vocalization might be an effective welfare indicator, and it could be applied for assessing distress from pain, cold and hunger in farrowing piglets. (mdpi.com)
  • Cognitive bias is a method used for assessment of affective state valence in animals, where animals in a negative emotional state tend to show a pessimistic response ("pessimists") to an ambiguous cue and animals in a positive state an optimistic response ("optimists") (Mendl et al. (wur.nl)
  • Other problem pets such as animals that tend to wander away from home, cats that urinate and defecate all over the house, animals that suffer from separation anxiety can all benefit from flower remedies, and their problems can be improved. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • T he post-stimuli anticipatory vocalisations that follow stressful and painful conditions are suggested as a quantitative measure of the emotional state of fear and anxiety in animal models. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • Some animals experience separation anxiety when their owners go away for a vacation, or sometimes even when they leave them for a short time. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • In cases of severe grieving, when an animal stops eating, cries incessantly, self-mutilates (cats especially), or seems especially anxious, your veterinarian may be able to suggest medication to relieve the anxiety associated with the loss. (cornell.edu)
  • Our research shows that people, no matter which language they speak, can recognize stress or anxiety in animals' vocalizations. (oeaw.ac.at)
  • Critical to survival and social organization is our ability to view, hear, and understand the goals and intentions of others, including both human (conspecifics) and non-human (non-conspecific) animals. (frontiersin.org)
  • Overall our results are consistent with previous epidemiological data on OP neurobehavioral toxicity, and also indicate ultrasonic vocalization as an early marker of CPF exposure during development in rodent studies, with potential translational value to human infants. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Human vocalizations are made up of meaningless units or segments that are combined to create meaningful words and phrases. (animalbehaviorandcognition.org)
  • First, every animal has something that would be totally familiar in a human school: an individualized education program. (nhpr.org)
  • Most information on maned wolf breeding has come from the study of animals in human care. (si.edu)
  • SeaWorld trainer Dawn Brancheau and Tilikum, a killer whale, delighted an audience when they performed together, but the joyful scene of human and animal interaction ended when the giant orca pulled his trainer into the water and killed her. (go.com)
  • The majestic animals also enjoy life spans similar to the length of a human life. (go.com)
  • Other animals that make this noise include wolves , coyotes , seals , foxes and quolls . (wikipedia.org)
  • Maned wolves primarily eat small animals, fruits and vegetables. (si.edu)
  • Maned wolves rotate their large ears to listen for prey animals in the grass. (si.edu)
  • Found only among vertebrates , vocalization involves forcing air through a tube across one or more thin membranes located in a tube between the lungs and the mouth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • We also show that FoxP2 modulates synapse formation through regulating SRPX2 levels and that SRPX2 reduction impairs development of ultrasonic vocalization in mice. (nih.gov)
  • At postnatal day 10, these mice also showed severe ultrasonic vocalization (USV) and motor impairment, whereas the heterozygous Foxp2 (R552H)-KI mice exhibited modest impairments. (pnas.org)
  • Working with a genetic mouse model of ASD, Dr. Hiroi's lab has observed that newborn mice display an unusual vocalization or "call," to communicate with their mothers and that this abnormal call reduces the level of maternal care that newborns receive. (yu.edu)
  • Mild outbursts of vocalization can either be ignored or interrupted with remote punishment techniques such as a water gun, compressed air, loud verbal no, or alarm device, but never with physical punishment. (vcahospitals.com)
  • For some animals the slightest change in their environment such as loud noise can be enough to trigger a response to their traumatic and stressful experience long after the event actually took place. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • Really loud, haunting vocalizations. (juneauempire.com)
  • Besides the known burst, snorts and grunts, we detected harmonic, sustained and frequency-modulated "humming" vocalizations during night recordings. (biomedcentral.com)
  • What animal eats baboons? (reference.com)
  • As omnivorous animals, baboons mostly eat vegetation but can prey on small antelopes, fish and velvet monkeys. (reference.com)
  • Baboons are classified as omnivores, which means they eat both plants and animals. (reference.com)
  • In fact, animal behaviorist believe that the original function of purring was for a kitten to communicate with the mother that "everything is okay. (flexpetz.com)
  • Can you identify this animal or insect sound? (metafilter.com)
  • We could hear it moving slowly to the west and it did not sound like a deer, bear, or any of the many other animals I have heard or tracked ever. (bfro.net)
  • They could hear the footsteps going off to the west and it did not sound like any animal they have heard before. (bfro.net)
  • I grew up in a swamp I know what all the night animals sound like. (bfro.net)
  • Vocalizations that occur before intercourse, for the purpose of attracting mates, are known as mating calls. (wikipedia.org)
  • Understand their calls and vocalizations. (lulu.com)
  • Lots of animals have calls or vocalizations. (kuow.org)
  • Bird vocalization includes both bird calls and bird songs . (wikipedia.org)
  • In ornithology and birding , songs (relatively complex vocalizations) are distinguished by function from calls (relatively simple vocalizations). (wikipedia.org)
  • It's only farther up the evolutionary scale that vocalization is used for alarm calls and other, more complex, communications. (google.com)
  • In cotton-top tamarins ( Saguinus o. oedipus ) one finds a significantly increased frequency of occurrence of playful wrestling, where the respective vocalizations are characterized by a high degree of instability in the contour of the fundamental frequency. (wiley.com)
  • Approximately 20 s after these instable pitched vocalizations, however, frequency of occurrence is significantly reduced. (wiley.com)
  • Usually, an animal's size dictates the frequency of the animal's vocalizations. (upi.com)
  • Frog vocalization seems to be limited to males who are trying to attract a mate. (google.com)
  • Vocalizations exhibited diurnal peaks of occurrence (0600-0800, 1600-1800 h). (biomedsearch.com)
  • However, the manner in which such affective reward representations are expressed in animals remains unclear. (uni-marburg.de)
  • It is agreed that coital vocalizations fulfill an evolutionary purpose and that they serve as adaptive solutions to problems that the females face, such as infanticide, as well as obtaining high quality sperm. (wikipedia.org)
  • The book, of course, considers animals higher up the evolutionary tree than frogs, but it was the frogs that interested me. (google.com)
  • This book has an extremely wide focus, considering the evolutionary ecology of all animal life throughout the Earth's history. (google.com)
  • Scientists refer to vocalizations that accurately reflect an animal's size as "honest signalling. (upi.com)
  • Housing:The animals were housed in a limited access rodent facility.5 of one sex to a cage, in polisulphone solid bottomed cages measuring 59.5x38x20 cm. (europa.eu)
  • Clinical signs occur within minutes to two hours, depending on the type of oil, route of exposure, concentration and quantity the animal is exposed to. (lortsmith.com)
  • Of course, since some cats are quite active at night, it is not surprising that many owners are concerned about their cat's nighttime vocalization and activity. (vcahospitals.com)
  • For some cats, especially those that are middle aged or elderly, veterinary examination is recommended to rule out potential medical causes of vocalization such as pain, endocrine dysfunction and hypertension. (vcahospitals.com)
  • BHC was a useful insecticide for large animals and dogs but is highly toxic to cats in the concentrations necessary for parasite control. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • For excessive nighttime vocalization, providing a stimulating daytime routine with regular offerings of food, social play, and exploratory toys may help to program and change the schedule of the cat so that it sleeps through the night (see Nocturnal Activity). (vcahospitals.com)
  • These vocalizations have been assumed to deter intruders, thus reducing energetic costs and the risk of injury associated with direct aggressive interactions. (brill.com)
  • Objective: To investigate the relationship between pig vocalisation types and behavioural activities.Activities: The student participates in 3 successive experiments in grower pigs (September to mid November). (wur.nl)