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  • adiponectin
  • Negative associations between leptin with osteocalcin, adiponectin with Beta CTX-collagen, and visceral fat with adiponectin were observed. (scielo.br)
  • Those carrying the risk allele and consuming higher carbohydrate/lower fat diets showed an unfavorable metabolic pattern [lower HDL-C and adiponectin levels, higher VAT/SAT ratio, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and higher gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Conversely, premenopausal women carrying the risk allele and consuming lower carbohydrate/higher fat diets showed a more favorable metabolic pattern (higher HDL-C and adiponectin levels, and lower VAT/SAT ratio, HOMA-IR, GGT and ALP levels). (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is the first study reporting a gender-specific interaction between ABCA1 /R230C variant and dietary carbohydrate and fat percentages affecting VAT/SAT ratio, GGT, ALP, adiponectin levels and HOMA index. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Accumulation
  • In the late 1980s and early 1990s insightful and powerful imaging techniques were discovered that would further help advance the understanding of the health risks associated with body fat accumulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • improves
  • Fontana in collaboration with the group of Samuel Klein has demonstrated that (1) visceral fat is an important site for IL-6 secretion, and is associated with increased systemic inflammation and (2) weight loss induced by diet and exercise, but not surgical removal of large amounts of subcutaneous abdominal fat, improves insulin sensitivity and reduces inflammation in overweight and obese patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • large amounts
  • It may remain as a literal "apron of skin" if a severely obese person quickly loses large amounts of fat (a common result of gastric bypass surgery). (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • Epidemiological and clinical studies have shown that, regardless of being overweight, the location and distribution of body fat are associated with cardiometabolic risk factors in the early stages of life, such as childhood and adolescence. (scielo.br)
  • During fasting, the body can obtain energy through the release of free fatty acids from the triglycerides in fat cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the suctioned fat cells are permanently gone, after a few months overall body fat generally returned to the same level as before treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • body fat includes essential body fat and storage body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Essential body fat is necessary to maintain life and reproductive functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The percentage of essential body fat for women is greater than that for men, due to the demands of childbearing and other hormonal functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The minimum recommended total body fat percentage exceeds the essential fat percentage value reported above. (wikipedia.org)
  • Epidemiologically, the percentage of body fat in an individual varies according to sex and age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Various theoretical approaches exist on the relationships between body fat percentage, health, athletic capacity, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different authorities have consequently developed different recommendations for ideal body fat percentages. (wikipedia.org)
  • This graph from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the United States charts the average body fat percentages of Americans from samples from 1999-2004: In males, mean percentage body fat ranged from 22.9% at age 16-19 years to 30.9% at age 60-79 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • In females, mean percentage body fat ranged from 32.0% at age 8-11 years to 42.4% at age 60-79 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bodybuilders may compete at essential body fat range, in fact certified personal trainers will suggest them to keep that extremely low level of body fat only for the contest time. (wikipedia.org)
  • If there were no errors whatsoever in measuring body density, the uncertainty in fat estimation would be about ± 3.8% of the body weight, primarily because of normal variability in body constituents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whole-body air displacement plethysmography (ADP) is a recognised and scientifically validated densitometric method to measure human body fat percentage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some fatty acids that are set free by the digestion of fats are called essential because they cannot be synthesized in the body from simpler constituents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other lipids needed by the body can be synthesized from these and other fats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fats and other lipids are broken down in the body by enzymes called lipases produced in the pancreas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fats serve both as energy sources for the body, and as stores for energy in excess of what the body needs immediately. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fats are broken down in the healthy body to release their constituents, glycerol and fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally during early adulthood, females tend to have a more peripheral fat distribution such that their fat is evenly distributed over their body. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, it has been found that as females age, bear children and approach menopause, this distribution shifts towards the android pattern of fat distribution resulting in a 42.1% increase in android body fat distribution in postmenstrual women. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presence of fat in the trunk and upper body in males is facilitated by testosterone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Android fat develops as a back-up source of energy when the male body is experiencing an imbalance, whereas gynoid fat develops after puberty, in order to better prepare the body for supporting a potential infant. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, research has shown that HIIT regimens successfully produced significant reductions in the fat mass of the whole-body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normally this insulin response triggers glucose being taken into body cells, to be used for energy, and inhibits the body from using fat for energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative weight and body mass index (BMI) are nearly identical and are reasonable estimates of body fatness as measured by percentage body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, BMI does not account for the wide variation in body fat distribution, and may not correspond to the same degree of fatness or associated health risk in different individuals and populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Body mass index or BMI is a simple and widely used method for estimating body fat mass. (wikipedia.org)
  • BMI is an accurate reflection of body fat percentage in the majority of the adult population. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, their mean body fat percentage, 14%, is well within what's considered a healthy range. (wikipedia.org)
  • In those with a BMI under 35, intra-abdominal body fat is related to negative health outcomes independent of total body fat. (wikipedia.org)
  • overweight
  • Significant associations between visceral fat and alterations in plasma fatty acids have been identified in overweight individuals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Using the ROC curve analysis, the WHR index showed a higher area under the curve, when compared to the WC and to the central fat percentage estimated by DEXA for predicting the classification of being overweight. (scielo.br)
  • whereas
  • To make vegetable shortening, then, liquid cis-unsaturated fats such as vegetable oils are hydrogenated to produce saturated fats, which have more desirable physical properties e.g., they melt at a desirable temperature (30-40 °C), and store well, whereas polyunsaturated oils go rancid when they react with oxygen in the air. (wikipedia.org)
  • Android type have larger fat (Hypertrophy) cells whereas gynoid type have increased number of fat cells (Hyperplasia). (wikipedia.org)
  • Whereas macromastia usually develops in consequence to the hypertrophy (overdevelopment) of adipose fat, rather than to milk-gland hypertrophy. (wikipedia.org)