• However, the budding of the chimeric virus was delayed and infectious titers were reduced 10-fold compared with the parental rRV strain containing RV G. Biochemical analysis showed equal replication rates of both viruses, and similar amounts of wild-type and chimeric G were present in the respective viral particles. (usda.gov)
  • Independently of considerations regarding Zika virus, WHO always recommends the use of safer sexual practices, including the correct and consistent use of condoms to prevent HIV, other sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies. (who.int)
  • Congenital virus infections. (bmj.com)
  • Congenital virus. (bmj.com)
  • Best J M , Banatvala J E . Congenital virus infections. (bmj.com)
  • [ 7 ] Although the illness is typically mild, infection in pregnant women has been linked to congenital microcephaly and other complications of pregnancy. (medscape.com)
  • Zika virus may play a role in developing congenital microcephaly ( small head and brain) in the fetus of infected pregnant women. (rxlist.com)
  • Since Brazil's first reports of ZIKV in 2015, cases have been reported in 69 countries and territories, resulting in a torrent of information and communication about the virus and its e ects, largely due to its connection with congenital Zika syndrome and other neurological disorders and the increased incidence of cases of Zika-associated Guillain-Barré syndrome (SGB). (paho.org)
  • It can also cause a syndrome of hydrocephalus, chorioretinitis, and perivascular calcifications similar to that seen in congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and toxoplasmosis, potentially leading to mental retardation, microcephaly, seizures, and blindness. (medscape.com)
  • The Pan American Health Organization reports that Zika virus transmission had occurred in over 48 countries or territories in the Americas , with 177,614 confirmed cases of locally acquired Zika in the region, over half a million suspected cases, and 2,525 confirmed congenital syndrome associated cases with Zika infections as of Dec. 29. (theconversation.com)
  • Recent findings: ZIKV outbreak in Brazil in 2015 was associated with an impressive registration of cases of congenital microcephaly in women with symptoms suggestive of ZIKV infection. (medworm.com)
  • In 2012, the CDC confirmed an outbreak of 1,118 cases of West Nile virus, the highest number of reported cases since the virus was first detected in the U.S. Of those, 56% of patients from 47 states developed neuroinvasive disease. (medicinenet.com)
  • HEFEI -- A lethal outbreak of intestinal virus in Fuyang City in east China's Anhui Province has killed 20 children and befallen 1,500 others, the provincial health department said on Tuesday. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • Doctors usually diagnose RSV by asking about your or your child's symptoms and by knowing whether there is an outbreak of the infection in your area. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • See your health care provider if you've recently travelled to areas where the Zika virus outbreak is and you develop the symptoms described above . (medbroadcast.com)
  • If you are travelling to areas where a Zika virus outbreak is happening, remember that the virus is most often transmitted by mosquito bites. (medbroadcast.com)
  • We report here the fourth known outbreak of HeV infection and discuss the implications of this recently emerged virus for veterinary practice. (mja.com.au)
  • This document assesses the risk associated with the outbreak of Zika virus infections, considered as an emerging disease, to public health in the EU/EEA and the risk to EU/EEA citizens in order to anticipate future developments. (europa.eu)
  • An outbreak of Zika infection has been ongoing in French Polynesia since the beginning of October 2013. (europa.eu)
  • Therefore, although primary preventive measures are considered critical to stopping Ebola virus transmission, a safe and effective vaccine is also needed to reduce Ebola-related mortality in outbreak settings. (sciencemag.org)
  • In 2009, the outbreak of a febrile horse disease across Israel, later diagnosed as EEV, caused great concern primarily due to the similarity of EEV with the African horse sickness virus, one of the most devastating equine pathogens. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2005). Opportunistic infections have gradually decreased in recent years in HIV-infected patients, thanks to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), particularly in early diagnosis and treatment regimens. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • However, in certain developing countries, HAART is not available to the general population, especially in prisons, so opportunistic infections are frequently encountered in these settings. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Our experience for the past six years has shown that opportunistic infections are the most widespread in HIV-infected patients who undergo delayed HAART or who do not receive any treatment. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • West Nile virus infection can cause West Nile fever (WNF) and West Nile Neuroinvasive Disease (WNND). (medicinenet.com)
  • We present three cases of West Nile virus infection during pregnancy. (hindawi.com)
  • Studies in mammalian systems have dissected the viral and host factors that determine the pathogenesis and outcome of West Nile virus infection. (bookdepository.com)
  • Fatma Aybala Altay , Hayat Güven , Gönül Çiçek Şentürk , Sevgi Ferik , İrfan Şencan , Selçuk Çomoğlu , Is West Nile Virus infection associated with myasthenia gravis? (wiley.com)
  • West Nile virus infection is also sometimes referred to as West Nile fever (WNF) or West Nile encephalitis (WNE). (onhealth.com)
  • Sexual partners of pregnant women, living in or returning from areas where local transmission of Zika virus is known to occur, should use safer sexual practices or abstinence from sexual activity for the duration of the pregnancy. (who.int)
  • Men and women living in areas where local transmission of Zika virus is known to occur should consider adopting safer sexual practices or abstaining from sexual activity. (who.int)
  • Men and women returning from areas where local transmission of Zika virus is known to occur should adopt safer sexual practices or consider abstinence for at least four weeks after return. (who.int)
  • The identification of the etiologic agent responsible for this infection and the recognition that infection can occur in mothers and their children have raised numerous questions. (aappublications.org)
  • LCMV infection is more common in young adults, although illness may occur in any age group. (medscape.com)
  • Beyond the neonatal period, most primary HSV-1 infections occur in infancy and childhood and are transmitted primarily by contact with infected saliva. (medscape.com)
  • People with AIDS have a low number of CD4+ cells and get infections or cancers that rarely occur in healthy people. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • These receptors also permit cell-to-cell HIV infection to occur. (nih.gov)
  • The fact that these cancers are caused by a virus may explain why they tend to occur in people with AIDS when their immune systems begin to fail. (medbroadcast.com)
  • B virus-related disease is characterized by a variety of symptoms, which generally occur within 1 month of exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • The working group recognizes that B virus infection may occur in persons not handling live macaques. (cdc.gov)
  • Infection of children can occur when adults mouth feed or pre-chew food before giving it to the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also re-infection of prior seropositive individuals may occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transmission of this virus through the air or blood does not normally occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • evidence comes from epidemiology and from Zika viruses isolated from amniotic fluid and the brain and heart of an infant with microcephaly. (rxlist.com)
  • In Brazil, the viral infection has been linked to birth defects (mainly small head and small brain size, termed microcephaly) in babies (newborns) whose mothers became infected with Zika virus during their pregnancy. (rxlist.com)
  • The CDC reported that researchers now conclude from new data published in the New England Journal of Medicine in April 2016, that Zika virus is responsible for (causes) microcephaly and other serious brain defects. (rxlist.com)
  • The Zika virus can also cause microcephaly in babies born to women who were infected while pregnant. (medbroadcast.com)
  • Microcephaly - a smaller than normal head - is the most well-known and visible consequence of Zika virus exposure. (eurasiareview.com)
  • While researchers have concluded that Zika infection can cause microcephaly and other birth defects such as eye damage in newborns, there are still many unanswered questions about the virus. (theconversation.com)
  • Summary: Neuroimaging investigation contributes to the prenatal detection of microcephaly and other brain abnormalities in cases of intrauterine ZIKV infection. (medworm.com)
  • Several studies have shown that the higher prevalence of HCV infection in diabetic patients is not related to the main risk factors associated with HCV seropositivity ( 17 , 18 , 22 , 24 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS A high prevalence of HCV infection was detected in diabetic patients, and most of anti-HCV positive patients presented with abnormal LFTs. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In fact, RSV is the most common cause of bronchiolitis (inflammation of the small airways in the lung) and pneumonia (infection of the lungs) in children younger than 1 year of age in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • These infections include bronchiolitis, an inflammation of the small airways in the lung, and pneumonia , an infection of the lungs. (medlineplus.gov)
  • While studying HSV-1 and scavenger receptors in cultured human skin cells, Gallo and colleagues in the Atopic Dermatitis Research Network, funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, discovered that the virus strongly interacts with a particular receptor called a macrophage receptor with collagenous structure or MARCO, which it uses to gain entry into cells. (ucsd.edu)
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) grantees at Yale University have converted a common livestock virus into a Trojan horse that selectively targets HIV-infected cells and then destroys them. (nih.gov)
  • 5 Center for Molecular and Cellular Biology of Inflammation and Division of Immunology, Infection and Inflammatory Diseases, King's College London, London, United Kingdom. (jci.org)
  • Next steps to address gaps in understanding Ebola virus immunology in the context of regulatory evaluation. (sciencemag.org)
  • also, researchers suggest the virus may possibly be transferred by blood transfusions from an infected individual. (medicinenet.com)
  • It's ironic that Patterson and Strathdee, both AIDS researchers, found viruses to be their biggest ally in the fight against Patterson's superbug. (10news.com)
  • A team of US researchers has identified a large number of viruses involved in respiratory tract infections (RTIs) with the help of a new technique. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The Virochip technique was developed by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, and was used to investigate the viruses associated with RTIs in people with and without asthma. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • This was discovered by the researchers in a previous study on liver recipients who did not have a HCV infection. (tum.de)
  • BERKELEY While a newly marketed vaccine promises to drastically reduce human papilloma virus (HPV) infections, the major cause of cervical cancer, a new discovery by University of California, Berkeley, researchers could some day help the millions of people already infected and at constant risk of genital warts and cancer. (webwire.com)
  • Earlier work by Botchan and numerous other researchers on the human and cow (bovine) papilloma virus has shown how the virus moves into new cells. (webwire.com)
  • In conjunction with PCR results, researchers used antibody titers to determine if the infection was a primary or reactivated herpesvirus. (innovations-report.com)
  • Researchers found that 7% of children had HHV-7 viremia at baseline and 2 children had HHV-6/7 primary co-infection. (innovations-report.com)
  • A single enzyme -- that is all the researchers behind a new study need to manipulate to prevent the feared Ebola virus from spreading. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • However, the researchers behind the new study have found what is called a new host factor for Ebola virus. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • The mutation, designated D614G, increased the number of "spikes" the virus uses to bind to and break into cells, and made them more stable, researchers found in the study undergoing peer review. (reuters.com)
  • Researchers contaminated eight different types of protective equipment and materials with virus, including nitrile medical examination gloves, reinforced chemical resistant gloves, N-95 and N-100 particulate respirator masks, coveralls made of Tyvek (a textile common in PPE clothing), plastic, cotton, and stainless steel. (reuters.com)
  • These results have direct relevance to infection prevention and control practices, laundering and waste handling protocols in healthcare settings," the researchers write in a not-yet-peer-reviewed paper posted on Friday on the preprint server medRxiv. (reuters.com)
  • In addition these researchers have shown that PGs prevent the intercellular spreading of the RSV virus, after infection is established. (nationaljewish.org)
  • To date, a total of 808 laboratory-confirmed human infections with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus have been reported through IHR notification since early 2013. (who.int)
  • Among the 46 patients evaluated, 30 (65.2%) were tested for Zika virus, 8 of whom (17.4%) had laboratory evidence of infection (7 confirmed, 1 probable). (medscape.com)
  • Direct contact and animal bites are a potential route of LCMV infection in pet handlers and laboratory technicians. (medscape.com)
  • As reported Sept. 5 in the journal Cell, this strategy effectively controlled HIV infection in laboratory-grown T cells and dramatically reduced infectious HIV to levels that were barely or no longer detectable. (nih.gov)
  • This mouse papillomavirus provides, for the first time, the opportunity to study papillomavirus infections in the context of a small common laboratory animal for which abundant reagents are available and for which many strains exist. (mdpi.com)
  • The case (Person A) developed symptoms consistent with Zika virus disease: rash, retroauricular adenopathies, conjunctivitis, and arthritis on 4 February. (who.int)
  • Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that each year in the United States over 57,000 children under the age of 5 are hospitalized with RSV infections. (healthline.com)
  • A person cannot get the virus, for example, from touching or kissing someone who has the disease. (medicinenet.com)
  • Persistent infection develops in at least 85% of infected newborns, even in the absence of biochemical evidence of liver disease. (aappublications.org)
  • The seroprevalence of HCV infection is 1.8% in the general population of the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, unpublished data), with global distribution of infection. (aappublications.org)
  • Pregnancies in second and third trimesters if infected with Flu virus have a high risk of suffering a fatal disease. (articlealley.com)
  • Herpes simplex virus seroprevalence and risk factors in 2 Canadian sexually transmitted disease clinics. (medscape.com)
  • Infection with LCMV results in a febrile, self-limited, biphasic disease that is often complicated by aseptic meningitis . (medscape.com)
  • We can identify all the interactions to show how the virus is causing disease in the mouse model and how the immune response is different for different organ systems," says Shresta. (eurekalert.org)
  • A liver biopsy to stage disease is recommended before deciding whether to initiate therapy for chronic HCV genotype 1 infection (BIII) . (nih.gov)
  • The report says the novel VSV described would be most appropriate for limiting HIV production in people with late-stage disease, but the Yale team has moved on to develop VSV constructs that incorporate other HIV coreceptors such as CCR5 and CCR3 in an attempt to affect HIV strains that target macrophages and typically predominate in early HIV infection. (nih.gov)
  • There have been cases of people who were infected with the Zika virus later developing a rare disorder called Guillain-Barré syndrome ( GBS ), an auto-immune disease that can cause muscle weakness and paralysis. (medbroadcast.com)
  • How is Zika virus disease treated? (medbroadcast.com)
  • Viruses are commonly cited as triggers for autoimmune disease. (wiley.com)
  • AIDS or HIV is an epidemic disease, a potentially deadly infection that can be prevented with precautions. (medindia.net)
  • According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), since 1999, nearly 42,000 people have been reported with West Nile virus. (onhealth.com)
  • A person cannot get the virus, for example, from touching or kissing a person who has the disease or from a health-care worker who has treated someone with the disease. (onhealth.com)
  • The Equine encephalosis virus (EEV) is a virus of the Orbivirus genus, and a member of the Reoviridae family, related to the African Horse Sickness Virus (AHSV) and the Bluetongue disease virus (BTV). (wikipedia.org)
  • By analogy with the Bluetongue disease virus, both these proteins may then be used to determine the serotype of EEV, of which seven have been identified to date. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although in this instance the animal is not in immediate danger, it must be treated in order to prevent the reemergence of the virus were the immune system to be challenged by another disease simultaneously. (wikipedia.org)