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  • infection
  • The occurrence of the disease in humans has been associated only with infection of an intermediate species such as horses. (cdc.gov)
  • Hendra virus infection can be prevented by avoiding horses that are ill or may be infected with HeV and using appropriate personal protective equipment when contact is necessary, as in veterinary procedures. (cdc.gov)
  • The Ebola virus is spread in the blood, body fluids or organs of a person or animal with the infection. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A failure in infection control in the treatment of the second patient led to an isolated infection of Ebola virus disease in a health worker in Spain itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • The age of the fish is critical and 1-month-old alevins are the most susceptible target for virus infection ( Kimura et al. (cabi.org)
  • The symptoms in tomato vary greatly in intensity depending upon the variety, virus strain, time of infection, light intensity, and temperature. (cornell.edu)
  • Some strains (referred to as the acuba strains) may cause a striking yellow mosaic, whereas other strains may cause leaf malformation and 'fernleafing,' suggestive of cucumber mosaic virus infection. (cornell.edu)
  • On the fruit the symptoms appear as slightly sunken brown rings ( fig. 2) Double virus streak is the result of a mixed infection of TMV with potato virus X (PVX). (cornell.edu)
  • Dr. David Kuhar, Medical Officer in the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion at the CDC gave the following statement, "Any US hospital that is following CDC's infection control recommendations, and can isolate a patient in a private room,‎ is capable of safely managing a patient with Ebola virus disease. (prweb.com)
  • The patient was isolated and tested for Ebola virus infection while local public health authorities were alerted about a suspected case of Ebola. (cdc.gov)
  • A blood specimen sent to Lagos University Teaching Hospital was confirmed positive for acute Ebola virus infection. (cdc.gov)
  • This document aims to present an algorithm for deciding whom to test and provide guidance on the laboratory tests for Zika virus infection diagnosis in order to support clinical diagnostic and case reporting through surveillance among EU Member States. (europa.eu)
  • viral
  • Ebola virus disease ( EVD ), also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever ( EHF ) or simply Ebola , is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses . (wikipedia.org)
  • Other diseases such as malaria , cholera , typhoid fever , meningitis and other viral hemorrhagic fevers may resemble EVD. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blood samples are tested for viral RNA , viral antibodies or for the virus itself to confirm the diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • MVD is a viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF), and the clinical symptoms are indistinguishable from Ebola virus disease (EVD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Because viral populations evolve quickly, the emergence of new variants of classic viruses with stronger virulence, the occurrence of viruses switching host from the wild species to the cultivated crops, or recombinants between different families, pose a serious challenge in the control of viruses and to the durability of widely deployed resistance against viruses. (els.net)
  • Recent threats in global food security are due to newly emerging viral diseases. (els.net)
  • Laboratory diagnosis of a patient with a clinical history of HV or NV can be made during the acute and convalescent phase of the disease by using a combination of tests including detection of antibody in the serum or the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), viral RNA detection (RT-PCR) in the serum, CSF, or throat swabs, and virus isolation from the CSF or throat swabs. (cdc.gov)
  • 1999. Fish diseases and disorders, Vol. 3 Viral, bacterial and fungal infections. (cabi.org)
  • strains
  • Single and double virus streak and tomato leaf rolling are three separate diseases, which involve strains of TMV, mixed infections of TMV with other viruses, or interaction of TMV with a specific tomato gene. (cornell.edu)
  • The nucleotide sequences of the 3'-terminal regions of papaya ringspot virus strains W and P," Journal of General Virology , vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 203-210, 1990. (hindawi.com)
  • Ebola River
  • The disease was first identified in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks: one in Nzara (a town in South Sudan ) and the other in Yambuku ( Democratic Republic of the Congo ), a village near the Ebola River from which the disease takes its name. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease was named after the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), where the first case was recorded in 1976. (jhpiego.org)
  • Prevention
  • Prevention includes limiting the spread of disease from infected animals to humans by handling potentially infected bushmeat only while wearing protective clothing, and by thoroughly cooking bushmeat before eating it. (wikipedia.org)
  • These trainings presented the most up-to-date IPC interventions using Jhpiego's learning resource package, Prevention and Control of Ebola Virus Disease in Health Care Facilities with Limited Resources , which was developed through a collaboration with Johns Hopkins Medicine. (jhpiego.org)
  • isolates
  • Dwyer GI, Gibbs MJ, Gibbs AJ and Jones RAC (2007) Wheat streak mosaic virus in Australia: relationship to isolates from the pacific northwest of the USA and its dispersion via seed transmission. (els.net)
  • Differential protection against papaya ringspot virus isolates in coat protein gene transgenic papaya and classically cross-protected Papaya," Phytopathology , vol. 84, no. 11, pp. 1359-1366, 1994. (hindawi.com)
  • exposures
  • NIEHS research uses state-of-the-art science and technology to investigate the interplay between environmental exposures, human biology, genetics, and common diseases to help prevent disease and improve human health. (nih.gov)
  • Centre
  • The Federal Ministry of Health, with guidance from the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), declared an Ebola emergency. (cdc.gov)
  • 1980
  • Carroll TW (1980) Barley stripe mosaic virus: its economic importance and control in Montana. (els.net)
  • 2016
  • Byamukama E, Wegulo S, Yabwalo D and Langham MAC (2016) Impact of Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus on Wheat Production in the Northern Great Plains Region of the United States: A Review. (els.net)
  • 1995
  • Hewings AD (1995) Purification and virion characterization of barley yellow dwarf viruses. (els.net)
  • resistance
  • A. M. O. Retuta, P. M. Magdalita, E. T. Aspuria, and R. R. C. Espino, "Evaluation of selected transgenic papaya ( Carica papaya L) lines for inheritance of resistance to papaya ringspot virus and horticultural traits," Plant Biotechnology , vol. 29, pp. 339-349, 2012. (hindawi.com)
  • mosaic
  • Winter‐sown barley infected with Barley yellow mosaic virus in the United Kingdom. (els.net)
  • Brakke MK (1971) Wheat Streak Mosaic Virus. (els.net)
  • 2014) Quantification of yield loss caused by Triticum mosaic virus and Wheat streak mosaic virus in winter wheat under field conditions. (els.net)
  • Coutts BA, Hammond NEB, Kehoe MA and Jones RAC (2008) Finding Wheat streak mosaic virus in southwest Australia. (els.net)
  • Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is distributed worldwide and may cause significant losses in the field and greenhouse. (cornell.edu)
  • The most characteristic symptom of the disease on leaves is a light- and dark-green mosaic pattern ( fig. 1 ). (cornell.edu)
  • Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is the second most important virus disease of tomato in the state. (cornell.edu)
  • infections
  • A serious constraint to agricultural productivity and a constant pressure to global food security and hunger are infections of plants with viruses. (els.net)
  • Laboratory
  • Laboratory tests that are used to diagnose Hendra virus (HV) and Nipah virus (NV) include detection of antibody by ELISA (IgG and IgM), real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and virus isolation attempts. (cdc.gov)
  • survive
  • TMV is one of the most stable viruses known, able to survive in dried plant debris as long as 100 years. (cornell.edu)
  • Liberia
  • On July 20, 2014, an acutely ill traveler from Liberia arrived at the international airport in Lagos, Nigeria, and was confirmed to have Ebola virus disease (Ebola) after being admitted to a private hospital. (cdc.gov)
  • prevent
  • Because of the persistent nature of l-MY, special care must be taken to exclude the introduction of the virus and to prevent recontamination. (cornell.edu)
  • person
  • People can get EVD through direct contact with an infected animal (bat or nonhuman primate) or a sick or dead person infected with Ebola virus. (cdc.gov)
  • Semen or breast milk of a person after recovery from EVD may carry the virus for several weeks to months. (wikipedia.org)
  • It also includes wearing proper protective clothing and washing hands when around a person with the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, touching an infected person s eyes, nose or mouth or an open cut, wound or abrasion can transmit the virus to the person touching. (gov.ky)
  • Research
  • Research on EVD focuses on finding the virus' natural host, developing vaccines to protect at-risk populations, and discovering therapies to improve treatment of the disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Advances in Virus Research 66: 1-29. (els.net)
  • known
  • Oncorhynchus masou virus (OMV), the causative virus, is also known as Nerka virus Towada Lake, Akita and Amori prefecture (NeVTA), yamame tumor virus (YTV), Oncorhynchus kisutch virus (OKV), coho salmon tumor virus (COTV), coho salmon herpesvirus (CSHV), rainbow trout kidney virus (RKV), or rainbow trout herpesvirus (RHV). (cabi.org)