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  • impacts
  • With evidence on the harmful health impacts of vehicle emissions increasing, the EPA will begin monitoring pollution levels adjacent to freeways in Los Angeles and more than 100 of America's biggest cities. (planetizen.com)
  • The project may provide data that could contribute to a hybrid incentive program under AB 118, a 2007 law that established voluntary incentive program administered by the California Air Resources Board to fund clean vehicle and equipment projects, research on biofuels production and the air quality impacts of alternative fuels, and workforce training. (eponline.com)
  • Prominent among these issues is the perception that emissions benefits and other impacts of I/M programs have not been evaluated adequately. (nap.edu)
  • In August 2007, the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated a test program to assess the potential impacts of higher intermediate ethanol blends on conventional vehicles and other engines that rely on gasoline. (greencarcongress.com)
  • passenger
  • Canadian and U.S. federal emission standards for various classes of on-road and off-road vehicles and engines, including passenger cars, trucks, motorcycles, gasoline-fuelled engines found in lawn and garden and light-duty industrial machines and diesel-fueled engines found in construction, mining, farming and forestry machines are closely aligned. (riv.ca)
  • The report, which updates the preliminary data published earlier this year, tracks progress towards CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and vans. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Environmental Protec
  • Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt suggested that as administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency he might not allow California to set its own stricter motor vehicle emissions standards. (planetizen.com)
  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimated the costs for the vehicle and fuel programs under this final rule. (gao.gov)
  • 2025
  • However, a likely scenario suggests that electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles could make up 5 percent of new vehicle sales in 2018, growing to 13 percent of sales in 2025. (oregon.gov)
  • estimates
  • The same study estimates that embedded emissions will grow to 57 percent of the total life cycle emissions in large part due to the introduction of battery powered vehicles. (autosteel.org)
  • However, when average traffic speeds approach congested conditions, there are significant errors associated with emissions estimates. (edu.au)
  • Emission ratios for NO x , NO y , NH 3 , H 2 CO, CH 3 CHO, and other selected volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are presented for chase sampled vehicles in the form of frequency distributions as well as estimates for the fleet averaged emissions. (atmos-chem-phys.net)
  • control
  • This includes the removal of or modification to the emission control system. (riv.ca)
  • The importer or his duly authorized agent is required to make a signed declaration that the vehicle bears the national emissions mark, the vehicle emission control information label applied by the vehicle manufacturer, or that evidence of conformity can be produced. (riv.ca)
  • Emissions inspection and maintenance (I/M) programs subject vehicles to periodic inspections of their emission control systems. (nap.edu)
  • In the study described in the report, an initial group of 11 vehicles was selected primarily to span evolution in emission control system technology and focused on two model years, 2003 and 2007. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Most new vehicles with 7,500 or fewer miles on their odometers need to be equipped with factory-installed California-certified advanced emission control systems in order to be sold and registered in Massachusetts. (mass.gov)
  • The Massachusetts Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Program requires most new vehicles with 7,500 or fewer miles on their odometers to be equipped with factory-installed California-certified advanced emission control systems. (mass.gov)
  • For a previously registered vehicle with less than 7,500 miles, you'll need to schedule an appointment with an RMV inspector, who will check under the hood for the Vehicle Emission Control Label. (mass.gov)
  • The gasoline sulfur standard is intended to make emission control systems more effective for both existing and new vehicles and to enable more stringent vehicle emissions standards. (gao.gov)
  • For over 10 years, a Canadian aircraft manufacturer has saved over $500,000 annually in fuel and electricity consumption by using Munters rotor concentrators to control solvent emissions from its facility's paint booths. (environmental-expert.com)
  • An LDS 6 analyzer monitors HF emissions during the production of hydrofluoric acid in accordance with the German Technical Instructions on Air Quality Control (TA Luft)The customerFine chemicals and inorganic basic chemicals have been developed and produced at the Seelze chemical site in northern Germany for more than 100 years.Such a basic chemical is hydrofluoric acid (HF), an extremely corrosive, colorless, and pungent smelling liquid. (environmental-expert.com)
  • This combination offers several advantages: optimized performance and emissions control through interaction of the powerplants, and retrieved energy through regenerative braking. (greensangha.org)
  • California
  • Normally having the California Air Resources Board and the auto industry in agreement on emissions standards would be enough, but the Trump administration wants to ensure that California plays no role in setting standards. (planetizen.com)
  • Scientists at the University of California, Riverside's Center for Environmental Research and Technology have received a $2 million contract for a first-of-its-kind study of hybrid construction vehicles. (eponline.com)
  • The other half will fund testing in six vehicles, which will be scattered throughout California. (eponline.com)
  • This will increase the production of zero emissions cars so that there will be approximately 1.4 million of them available in California. (cheapcarinsurance.net)
  • In October 2013, Massachusetts Governor Charles Baker and his counterparts from California, Connecticut, Maryland, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Vermont signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) committing to coordinated action to ensure the successful implementation of their respective states' zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) programs. (mass.gov)
  • Under the federal Clean Air Act, California is the only state allowed to adopt rules affecting emissions from new vehicles. (oregon.gov)
  • That requirement was found infeasible and California overhauled its program to focus instead on an incremental approach to developing emission-free vehicles. (oregon.gov)
  • In California, the categories are low-emission vehicle (LEV), ultra-low-emission vehicle (ULEV), super-ultra-low emission vehicle (SULEV), and zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) standards. (greensangha.org)
  • For a more complete listing of vehicles, see the California Air Resources Board's Drive Clean Buying Guide . (greensangha.org)
  • methodology
  • The methodology for vehicle compliance checks defined in the Guidance note published by the European Commission was applied and discussed. (europa.eu)
  • Measurements
  • The report notes that while the different fuel characteristics were not expected to have significant impact on the temperature measurements, the emissions results may have been influenced slightly due to unintended changes in the vehicle cold start and warm up. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Our measurements of emission ratios for both CNG and gasoline powered "colectivos" (public transportation buses that are intensively used in the MCMA) indicate that - in a mole per mole basis - have significantly larger NO x and aldehydes emissions ratios as compared to other sampled vehicles in the MCMA. (atmos-chem-phys.net)
  • These results are compared with the vehicle emissions inventory for the MCMA, other vehicle emissions measurements in the MCMA, and measurements of on-road emissions in U.S. cities. (atmos-chem-phys.net)
  • Carbon
  • According to the recent study titled "Preparing for a Life Cycle CO2 Measure," conducted by global engineering firm Ricardo for the United Kingdom's Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership, vehicle production, including materials manufacturing, accounts for approximately 25 percent of the life cycle emissions in today's vehicles. (autosteel.org)
  • Ultra lightweight engine designs, advanced battery management systems and the next generation of electric motors are just three of the new low carbon vehicle technologies to be developed by leading British companies with funding from the government-backed Technology Strategy Board ( http://www.innovateuk.org ) and the Department for Business Innovation and Skills (BIS) ( http://www.bis.gov.uk ). (prweb.com)
  • The Technology Strategy Board and BIS have jointly agreed to invest £10 million in grants to sixteen collaborative research and development projects that focus on achieving significant cuts in CO2 emissions for vehicle-centric technologies in low carbon vehicles. (prweb.com)
  • This new government investment is part of our strategy to put the UK at the forefront of low carbon vehicle technology and is another step for the UK towards a low carbon economy. (prweb.com)
  • Developing such highly innovative strategic technologies is vital if we are to mass produce low carbon vehicles in the UK and make this country a more attractive location for sustainedinvestment by global vehicle manufacturers and suppliers. (prweb.com)
  • By investing in such cutting-edge development, we are driving forward low carbon vehicle innovation in a range of strategically important areas for the UK. (prweb.com)
  • electricity
  • The battery technology for electric vehicles is based on charge/discharge cycles, meaning that the battery is charged beforehand using an electricity source and is discharged during vehicle operation. (psu.edu)
  • Because electricity production may involve some emissions, there is also a concept of well-to-wheel emissions, which includes not only operating emissions, but also those associated with the fuel source and other stages of the vehicle operating cycle. (psu.edu)
  • The hydrogen-fueled vehicles are typically based on fuel cell technology, which imply electrochemical conversion of the fuel energy into electricity (as opposed to combustion). (psu.edu)
  • However, there is a possibility to design a sustainable zero-emission lifecycle for electric and hydrogen vehicles, if electricity for recharging the batteries is supplied from renewable sources such as wind, solar, hydro-power converters, and the hydrogen to power fuel cells is produced via electrolysis or other emission-free technologies. (psu.edu)
  • Most can go from 50 to 100 miles on a single charge, and have no emissions except those created by the power plants producing the electricity (much fewer emissions than cars. (greensangha.org)
  • quantify
  • We have been asked to use our emissions testing experience to quantify what their benefit is. (eponline.com)
  • In order to quantify the likely level of uncertainty attached to forecasts of emissions, an analysis of errors needs to be undertaken. (edu.au)
  • electric vehicles
  • The same as electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles shift the emissions to the stage of fuel production. (psu.edu)
  • The energy conversion technologies that support the electric vehicles rely heavily on special chemistry and materials necessary to facilitate the efficient charge transfer processes. (psu.edu)
  • PRESENTER: The lithium ion battery is the power source for modern electric vehicles. (psu.edu)
  • The main drawback for electric vehicles is the need to recharge batteries. (air-quality.org.uk)
  • Promising options include Electric Vehicles (EV's) and hybrid cars, which are on the market today, and fuel-cell cars, still being explored. (greensangha.org)
  • micro-simulation
  • S. Zhu and L. Ferreira, "Evaluation of vehicle emissions models for micro-simulation modelling: using CO 2 as a case study," Road and Transport Research , vol. 21, pp. 3-18, 2012. (hindawi.com)
  • As a result, the thesis puts forward improved emissions estimation relationships for use with micro-simulation models. (edu.au)
  • Using Australian emissions data, it was possible to improve the estimation ability of existing micro-simulation models. (edu.au)
  • standards
  • DISCLAIMER - The RIV inspection process does not confirm that a U.S. specification vehicle is compliant to Canadian emission standards prior to provincial/territorial licensing and registration in Canada. (riv.ca)
  • Rules setting standards for reduced emissions will increase the average cost of new cars and trucks. (oregon.gov)
  • At the present time they are still under development and have not yet been able to meet EU emission standards, especially at high speeds. (air-quality.org.uk)
  • catalyst
  • The test program focuses specifically on the effects of intermediate blends of E15 and E20 on emissions, catalyst and engine durability, drivability or operability, and materials associated with these vehicles and engines. (greencarcongress.com)
  • For these vehicles catalyst temperatures were between 29ºC and 35ºC higher at E20 relative to E0. (greencarcongress.com)
  • inspection
  • Evaluating Vehicle Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs assesses the effectiveness of these programs for reducing mobile source emissions. (nap.edu)
  • The classifier is the data structure used in the automobile emission testing inspection. (google.com)
  • The classifier is the data structure used in the automobile emission testing inspection lane by the lane diagnostic subsystem to provide a diagnosis for a particular vehicle. (google.com)
  • Every vehicle that is newly registered in Massachusetts is required to undergo a state safety inspection and emissions test within seven days of registration. (mass.gov)
  • significantly
  • Macro level models based on average vehicle speeds may not be appropriate for use at a more localized and detailed level when vehicle speed profiles may change significantly. (edu.au)
  • fuel
  • R. Akcelik and M. Besley, "Operating cost, fuel consumption and emission models in aaSIDRA and aaMOTION," in Proceedings of the 25th Conference of Australian Institutes of Transport Research (CAITR '03) , University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia, December 2003. (hindawi.com)
  • Manufacturers are saying the hybrid vehicles reduce fuel needs by 20 percent and cut emissions by 30 percent, Johnson said. (eponline.com)
  • Fuel cell vehicles are another type of ZEV. (cheapcarinsurance.net)
  • Currently, the availability of fuel cell vehicles is limited. (cheapcarinsurance.net)
  • Three LEV technologies have emerged as potential alternatives for the internal combustion engine (ICE) : hybrid vehicle (HV), electric vehicle (EV) and fuel-cell vehicle (FCV). (slideshare.net)
  • All 13 vehicles exhibited a loss in fuel economy commensurate with the energy density of the fuel. (greencarcongress.com)
  • Seven of the 13 tested vehicles adjusted fueling with increased ethanol content to maintain a consistent fuel:air equivalence ratio† at wide-open throttle (WOT). (greencarcongress.com)
  • Six of the 13 tested vehicles ran leaner (albeit still rich) with E20 fuel than with E0 fuel at WOT. (greencarcongress.com)
  • From the relative amounts of NO x and selected VOC's sampled, the results indicate that the technique is capable of differentiating among vehicle categories and fuel type in real world driving conditions. (atmos-chem-phys.net)
  • Different tiers have been developed to categorize fuel efficiency in vehicles. (greensangha.org)
  • Fuel cells have no moving parts, which makes them very durable and efficient, and therefore perfectly suited for vehicle use. (greensangha.org)
  • Ford has a commitment to fuel cell technology, as shown by projects such as the P2000 hydrogen fuel cell vehicle and the Focus FC5 methanol reformate vehicle. (matthey.com)
  • prediction
  • Overall, the emission prediction results reveal that the proposed new models outperform conventional equations. (edu.au)
  • harmful
  • In addition, these emissions can also be harmful to the environment and may cause a number of health problems, such as emphysema, headaches and even certain types of cancer. (cheapcarinsurance.net)
  • Harmful emissions are defined as those known to have a negative impact on the environment or human health. (psu.edu)
  • measurement
  • Today, much of the work is done with portable emission measurement systems (PEMS), which have been used on everything from on-road and off-road vehicles, stationary sources, locomotives, port vehicles, air craft, harbor craft, and ocean-going vessels. (eponline.com)
  • Behavior of those vehicles will be characterized on a second-by-second basis during in-use operations at construction sites using portable emission measurement systems. (eponline.com)
  • Technologies
  • The Honourable Denis Lebel, Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities, today announced that the Government of Canada is continuing its commitment to advance clean vehicle technologies and work with the automotive industry to make safe, clean and innovative transportation options available to Canadians. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Congratulations to Dr. Charles H.F. (Chuck) Peden at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory on receiving the Distinguished Achievement Award from the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program, part of the DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. (pnnl.gov)