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  • ferulic acid
  • The results indicate the presence of five PAs (ferulic acid, syringic acid, p -hydroxybenzoic acid, p -coumaric acid, and vanillic acid) in the rhizosphere soils of P. notoginseng , whose contents in the rhizosphere soils of healthy plants are higher than those of the diseased ones. (mdpi.com)
  • In enzymology, a trans-feruloyl-CoA synthase (EC 6.2.1.34) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ferulic acid + CoASH + ATP ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } trans-feruloyl-CoA + products of ATP breakdown The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ferulic acid, CoASH, and ATP, whereas its two products are trans-feruloyl-CoA and products of ATP breakdown. (wikipedia.org)
  • syringic acid
  • The major phenolics in L.E.M., syringic acid and vanillic acid, were intraperitoneally injected into mice shortly before the ConA treatment. (go.jp)
  • Similar to L.E.M., the administration of syringic acid or vanillic acid significantly decreased the transaminase activity and suppressed the disorganization of the hepatic sinusoids. (go.jp)
  • In addition, the inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ, and interleukin (IL)-6 in the serum increased rapidly, within 3 h of the ConA administration, but the administration of syringic acid or vanillic acid significantly suppressed the cytokine levels. (go.jp)
  • Incorporating renewable monomers derived from vanillic acid (VA) and syringic acid (SyA) into a polymer system will, in addition to reducing the amount of non-renewable feedstock necessary, alter the physical properties of the resultant polymer so that it can be better tailored to suit a. (rit.edu)
  • bioactive
  • It is also a promising source of bioactive compounds such as phenolic acids, tocotrienols, tocopherols, carotenoids, phytosterols, and flavonoids and antinutritional factors, such as phytic acids and oxalates. (intechopen.com)
  • 19,20 Ellagic acid is poorly absorbed, so it moves to the colon where it is further metabolized by gut bacteria to urolithins, which are considered the major products and bioactive forms of ellagitanins and ellagic acid. (rsc.org)
  • metabolites
  • Vanillic acid is one of the main catechins metabolites found in humans after consumption of green tea infusions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Persistent concentrations of anthocyanins/metabolites, urolithins and some phenolic acids were observed in fasting ( t = 0 h) plasma samples on day 45 and 90 after strawberry drink consumption suggesting a role of enteric, enterohepatic recycling or upregulation of gut microbial and/or human metabolism of these compounds. (rsc.org)
  • Oxidation
  • In food industry, tyrosinase inhibition is desired as tyrosinase catalyzes the oxidation of phenolic compounds found in fruits and vegetables into quinones, which gives an undesirable taste and color and also decreases the availability of certain essential amino acids as well as the digestibility of the products. (wikipedia.org)
  • soils
  • With this hypothesis the alterations of phenolic acids (PAs) in the rhizosphere soils of P. notoginseng after pathogen infection were determined. (mdpi.com)
  • E. senticosus is broadly tolerant of soils, growing in sandy, loamy, and heavy clay soils with acid, neutral, or alkaline chemistry and including soils of low nutritional value. (wikipedia.org)
  • effect
  • 1 ], reported that vanillic acid (VA) should prevent the effect of the carcinogen N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidine (MNNG) on the induction of endometrial carcinoma in Albino female Wistar rats. (springer.com)
  • activity
  • Our results showed that vanillic acid reduced the severity of the clinical signs of DSS-induced colitis, including weight loss and shortening of colon length, and the disease activity index. (mdpi.com)
  • production
  • The effects of PAs on the growth of Fusarium oxysporum ( F. oxysporum ), a fungal pathogenic factor for P. notoginseng , as well as production of fusaric acid, a wilting agent for the plants, were also examined. (mdpi.com)
  • Further we found that individual PA could inhibit the mycelium growth and spore production of F. oxysporum , but stimulate fusaric acid production as well, disclosing the double-edge sword role of PAs in the occurrence of root rot of P. notoginseng and paving the way for the intervention of P. notoginseng root rot via balancing PAs. (mdpi.com)
  • administration
  • In addition, we observed that the plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-6 were higher in the DSS-treated group than in the control group, but these increased levels were reduced by the administration of vanillic acid. (mdpi.com)
  • major
  • 2015 Global Vanillic Acid Industry Report is a professional and in-depth research report on the world's major regional market conditions of the Vanillic Acid industry, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia) and the main countries (United States, Germany, Japan and China). (gosreports.com)
  • plants
  • The highest amount of vanillic acid in plants known so far is found in the root of Angelica sinensis, an herb indigenous to China, which is used in traditional Chinese medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • expression
  • NRRL 5646 and its expression in E. coli BL21-CodonPlus ®(DE3)-RP/pHAT305 provided an avenue to develop a biocatalyst for reduction of carboxylic acids. (naver.com)
  • Role
  • Vanillic Acid in Endometrial Carcinoma: A Role for Nitric Oxide? (springer.com)
  • 2-Naphthoxyacetic acid is a phytohormone and plays a vital role in plant growth regulator on tomatoes and strawberries. (alfa.com)
  • matrix
  • Bhavani P, Subramanian P, Kanimozhi S. Preventive efficacy of vanillic acid on regulation of redox homeostasis, matrix metalloproteinases and cyclin D1 in rats bearing endometrial carcinoma. (springer.com)
  • A mixture of 5-methoxysalicylic acid and spermine can be used as a matrix for oligonucleotides analysis in MALDI mass spectrometry. (wikipedia.org)
  • gallic acid
  • Gallic acid conjugates all of the catechins, such as EGCG (Epigallocatechin gallate), which are tannins with astringent qualities. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, ellagic acid is a dimer of gallic acid and forms the class of ellagitannins, or a catechin and a gallocatechin can combine to form the red compound theaflavin, a process that also results in the large class of brown thearubigins in tea. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • HPLC results showed that the longer the tea fermentation was, the greater reduction rosmarinic acid was found. (springeropen.com)
  • The highest amount of vanillic acid in plants known so far is found in the root of Angelica sinensis, an herb indigenous to China, which is used in traditional Chinese medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vanillic acid is one of the main catechins metabolites found in humans after consumption of green tea infusions. (wikipedia.org)
  • mass
  • A mixture of 5-methoxysalicylic acid and spermine can be used as a matrix for oligonucleotides analysis in MALDI mass spectrometry. (wikipedia.org)
  • plant
  • However, there is virtually no information about the effect of tea fermentation on rosmarinic acid and antioxidant activities of this plant. (springeropen.com)