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  • smallpox vaccinations
  • An active man aged 64 years with a history of dyspnea on exertion and productive cough for 3 months and eight previous smallpox vaccinations was revaccinated on March 21. (cdc.gov)
  • Cohen J. Smallpox vaccinations: how much protection remains? (wikipedia.org)
  • Before the United States stopped smallpox vaccinations in 1972, life-threatening complications occurred at the rate of 14 to 52 per million. (ucla.edu)
  • President Bush's decision on Friday to offer smallpox vaccinations to up to 10 million health care workers, firefighters, police officers and other emergency workers suddenly makes relevant the question of who pays the medical costs of illness from accidental infection. (ucla.edu)
  • Colorado is the only state not to meet the Dec. 9 deadline that the agency set for filing full plans for smallpox vaccinations, Mr. Thompson said. (ucla.edu)
  • Vaccinia
  • It is used to treat individuals who have developed progressive vaccinia after smallpox vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smallpox vaccination differs from other immunizations because recipients can accidentally transmit vaccinia , the virus in the vaccine, to others, in effect involuntarily vaccinating them and putting some at risk of life-threatening complications. (ucla.edu)
  • If secretions from a smallpox vaccination soak into clothing or blankets, the vaccinia virus may survive in the fabric for a day or two and could theoretically infect someone else who comes into contact with the item, said Dr. Donald A. Henderson, the epidemiologist who led the global smallpox eradication program and who now is a senior science adviser to Mr. Thompson. (ucla.edu)
  • program
  • Recommendations for using smallpox vaccine in the pre-event vaccination program: Supplemental recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccine
  • The best way to prevent or minimize severe disease from influenza among vulnerable groups is timely vaccination, even though the effectiveness of the vaccine varies depending on the virus in circulation. (europa.eu)
  • Overview of vaccine recommendations for 2017-2018 and vaccination coverage rates for 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 influenza seasons. (europa.eu)
  • Immunisation and vaccination training for the NHS and private healthcare sector further provides current information on vaccine-preventable diseases, and their associated medications. (skillsplatform.org)
  • The only vaccines containing gelatine in the UK routine vaccination schedule are the MMR vaccine , the shingles vaccine , and the children's nasal flu vaccine . (www.nhs.uk)
  • In 1904 in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, following an urban renewal program that displaced many poor, a government program of mandatory smallpox vaccination triggered the Vaccine Revolt, several days of rioting with considerable property damage and a number of deaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, yellow fever vaccination is on the routine vaccine schedule of French Guiana, is recommended in certain regions of Brazil but in the United States is only given to travelers heading to countries with a history of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of combination vaccine products means that, as of 2013[update], the United Kingdom's immunization program consists of 9 injections by the age of two, rather than 22 if vaccination for each disease was given as a separate injection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most vaccination protocols recommend a series of vaccines for kittens, with vaccine boosters given at one year of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frequency of vaccination thereafter varies depending on the lifestyle of the individual cat, including: indoor vs. outdoor travel plans kennel/boarding plans underlying disease conditions other exposure risks, the disease and vaccine type being considered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its recommendations, including the abolition of cumulative penalties and the use of safer vaccine were incorporated into the 1898 Vaccination Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some vaccines will protect even if they are given just after infection, but even if the vaccine does not, ring vaccination can prevent the virus from being transmitted again, to the contacts' contacts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Efficacy and effectiveness of an rVSV-vectored vaccine expressing Ebola surface glycoprotein: interim results from the Guinea ring vaccination cluster-randomised tria" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The stated goal of the group is to lower the incidence of vaccine-preventable diseases in the region by increasing vaccination rates, raising awareness of the importance of vaccination and providing clear and accurate information about vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • In response to her stance on vaccination, Gaylard has received hateful phone calls, much anti-vaccine material by post and has had her daughter approached by a stranger in a supermarket asking if Gaylard was her mother. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Anti-Vaccination League Anti-Vaccination League of Canada Vaccine controversies Karie Youngdahl (March 8, 2012). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Philippine Department of Health (DOH), on December 1, 2017, temporarily suspends a school-based dengue vaccination program after French drug based-Dengvaxia vaccine maker Sanofi Pasteur made a statement, two days prior, that its product poses higher risks to people without prior dengue infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to that, in 2016, the Department of Health (DOH), launched the dengue vaccination in regions Central Luzon, Calabarzon and Metro Manila, where about 700,000 individuals received at least one dose of the vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccines
  • Whether the newer vaccines and vaccination strategies will provide better overall protection will be studied by ECDC in the coming winter seasons. (europa.eu)
  • Vaccination with irradiated granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-secreting gene-transduced cancer vaccines induces tumoricidal immune responses. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Adults need to keep their vaccinations up to date because immunity from childhood vaccines can wear off over time. (cdc.gov)
  • With some vaccines, a goal of vaccination policies is to eradicate the disease - make it disappear from Earth altogether. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the past two decades, the recommended vaccination schedule has grown rapidly and become more complicated as many new vaccines have been developed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sample vaccination schedules discussed by the World Health Organization show a developed country using a schedule which extends over the first five years of a child's life and uses vaccines which cost over $700 including administration costs while a developing country uses a schedule providing vaccines in the first 9 months of life and costing only $25. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization monitors vaccination schedules across the world, noting what vaccines are included in each country's program, the coverage rates achieved and various auditing measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of controversies surrounding adverse reactions to vaccines have resulted in authorities revising their guidelines for feline vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • WSAVA also prefers serological testing over unnecessary boosters or re-vaccination doses of core vaccines after the initial 12-month booster that follows the kitten series of modified live virus [MLV] vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antibody tests can be used to demonstrate the DOI after vaccination with core vaccines, though not for non-core vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the Family Research Council opposes mandatory vaccination against HPV, a virus that causes various cancers, writing, "Our primary concern is with the message that would be delivered to nine- to 12-year-olds with the administration of the vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of controversies surrounding adverse reactions to vaccines have resulted in authoritative bodies revising their guidelines as to the type, frequency, and methods/locations for dog vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • influenza
  • None of the European Union (EU) Member States could demonstrate that they reach the EU target of 75% influenza vaccination coverage for vulnerable groups, according to a new report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). (europa.eu)
  • Influenza vaccination coverage remains low in many countries, and leads to severe disease, hospitalisations and premature deaths. (europa.eu)
  • Influenza vaccination coverage rates for the 2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18 seasons were provided by 19 Member States. (europa.eu)
  • The results of this survey have shown that achieving high vaccination coverage rates for those particularly at risk of developing severe complications remains a serious public health challenge" says Pasi Penttinen, ECDC Head of Influenza Disease Programme . (europa.eu)
  • For patients with severe influenza, or those unable to respond to vaccination due to disease or treatment affecting the immune system, the use of influenza antivirals may be life-saving. (europa.eu)
  • Countries that do not yet have a seasonal influenza vaccination action plan to achieve higher seasonal influenza vaccination coverage rates are encouraged to develop and adopt such a plan, document or policy. (europa.eu)
  • For example, a 2003 study found that a bioterrorist attack using smallpox would result in conditions where voluntary vaccination would be unlikely to reach the optimum level for the U.S. as a whole, and a 2007 study found that severe influenza epidemics cannot be prevented by voluntary vaccination without offering certain incentives. (wikipedia.org)
  • refuse vaccination
  • However, if a vaccination program successfully reduces the disease threat, it may reduce the perceived risk of disease enough so that an individual's optimal strategy is to encourage everyone but their family to be vaccinated, or (more generally) to refuse vaccination at coverage levels below those optimal for the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Epidemic
  • The pulse vaccination strategy is a method used to eradicate an epidemic by repeatedly vaccinating a group at risk, over a defined age range, until the spread of the pathogen has been stopped. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acts
  • In 1898 a new vaccination law was passed, in some respects modifying, but not superseding, previous Acts, giving conditional exemption of conscientious objectors, (and substituting calf lymph for humanised lymph). (wikipedia.org)
  • 1871
  • In 1871 another Act was passed appointing a Vaccination Officer, also authorising a defendant to appear in a court of law by any member of his family, or any other person authorised by him. (wikipedia.org)
  • exemption
  • It removed cumulative penalties and introduced a conscience clause, allowing parents who did not believe vaccination was efficacious or safe to obtain a certificate of exemption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost no religions object to vaccination, and some parents either fake religious adherence or invent fake religions to provide exemption. (wikipedia.org)
  • School, the United States District Court in New York affirmed the permissibility of claiming religious exemption from vaccination on the basis of such membership. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1904
  • with correspondence thereon, between A. Phelps and T. Percy C. Kirkpatrick) 1904, The Story of the Vaccination Crusade in Hackney & Stoke Newington, 1902-1904, and what came of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • India
  • Later he became a member of the Royal Jennererian Society, which was established when vaccination was accepted in Britain, India, the US, and elsewhere. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • THERE IS disturbing evidence of public apathy in the United States concerning vaccination against communicable disease. (washingtonpost.com)
  • For more detailed information, please visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Panel Physician Technical Instructions for Vaccination . (state.gov)
  • Rational individuals will attempt to minimize the risk of illness, and will seek vaccination for themselves or their children if they perceive a high threat of disease and a low risk to vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • To eliminate the risk of disease outbreaks, at various times governments and other institutions established policies requiring vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • DNA vaccination is a technique for protecting against disease by injection with genetically engineered DNA so cells directly produce an antigen, producing a protective immunological response. (wikipedia.org)
  • Respiratory tract disease vaccination may be given intra-nasally (in the nose) in some cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ring vaccination hinders the spread of a disease by vaccinating only those who are most likely to be infected. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of T cell vacination is, at least partially, analogous to classical vaccination against infectious disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research on T cell vaccination so far has focused mostly on multiple sclerosis and to a lesser extent on rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease and AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • To prevent others suffering, we want to send a positive message out there to people who are confused or hesitant about vaccinations, to provide honest and clear information, and to support one another as we strive to prevent infectious disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the statement by the dengue vaccination maker Sanofi Pasteur on December 1, 2017, DOH suspended the vaccination program based in schools due to the concern that it worsen the disease in some cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • requirement
  • This training is a mandatory legal requirement for all staff involved in the management or administration of vaccinations and immunisations across all branches of the healthcare sector. (skillsplatform.org)
  • If you do not have a vaccination record, the panel physician will work with you to determine which vaccinations you may need to meet the requirement. (state.gov)
  • Certain waivers of the vaccination requirement are available upon the recommendation of the panel physician. (state.gov)
  • That notice of this requirement, and information as to the local arrangements for public vaccination, shall, whenever a birth is registered, be given by the registrar of births to the parents or guardians of the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1898
  • The Vaccination Act of 1898 purported to give liberty of non-vaccination, but this liberty was not really obtained. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the year 1907 the Government recognised that the magistrates had practically declined to carry out the law of 1898, and, consequently, a new law-the Vaccination Act, 1907 (7 Edw. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was done in an 1898 Act, which also introduced a conscience clause that exempted parents who did not believe vaccination was efficacious or safe. (wikipedia.org)
  • strongly
  • Vaccination is strongly recommended if you're going to be staying or working with local people, or if you're going to be staying for prolonged periods in areas where sanitation and food hygiene are likely to be poor. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Many modern vaccination policies allow exemptions for people with compromised immune systems, allergies to vaccination components, or strongly held objections. (wikipedia.org)
  • prefers
  • For example, you could use Zostavax if a person is allergic to Shingrix, prefers Zostavax, or requests immediate vaccination and Shingrix is unavailable. (cdc.gov)
  • among
  • Member States are also encouraged to improve vaccination coverage among healthcare workers. (europa.eu)
  • An electronic immunisation record system, which aims to better monitor vaccination among populations, will need clear privacy rules and individuals should be the owners of their own data, Patricia Massetti told EURACTIV.com in an interview. (euractiv.com)
  • Health
  • Public health authorities at EU and national level have started working to "occupy more of the space on social media", as it is currently almost entirely taken up by people who are against vaccination, Dr Andrea Ammon told EURACTIV.com in an interview. (euractiv.com)
  • Vaccination policy refers to the health policy a government adopts in relation to vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaccinations are voluntary in some countries and mandatory in others, as part of their public health system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization coordinated the effort to eradicate smallpox globally through vaccination, the last naturally occurring case of smallpox was in Somalia in 1977. (wikipedia.org)
  • Programs supporting regular feline vaccination have contributed both to the health of cats and to public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • It consolidated and updated the existing laws relating to vaccination, and was repealed by the National Health Service Act 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under this law the parent escaped penalties for the non-vaccination of his child if within four months from the birth he made a statutory declaration that he confidently believed that vaccination would be prejudicial to the health of the child, and within seven days thereafter delivered, or sent by post, the declaration to the Vaccination Officer of the district. (wikipedia.org)
  • DOH Secretary Francisco Duque III said that "In the light of this new analysis, the DOH will place the dengue vaccination on hold while review and consultation is ongoing with experts, key stakeholders and the World Health Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • On December 15, former Education and Skills Development Augusto Syjuco Jr. filed on "mass murder" and plunder complaints against Aquino and former health secretary Janette Garin over the controversial vaccination program. (wikipedia.org)
  • Global Health and Vaccination Research (GLOBVAC) is a programme of the Research Council of Norway. (wikipedia.org)
  • opposition
  • This opposition began with the first vaccinations, has not ceased, and probably never will. (wikipedia.org)
  • When vaccination was introduced into UK public policy, and adoption followed overseas, there was opposition from trade unionists and others, including sectarian ministers and those interested in self-help and alternative medicines like homeopathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • The vaccination campaign targeted all children of applicable ages in Kousséri, ensuring protection for Cameroonian and refugee children alike. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vitamin A supplement tablets were also provided to approximately 34,000 children along with the vaccinations. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulations
  • Adhere to stringent regulations surrounding immunisation and vaccination training procedures by ensuring your staff have access to adequate training and up-to-date information on best practices. (skillsplatform.org)
  • and the abolition of all regulations in regard to vaccination as conditions, of employment in State Departments, or of admission to Educational, or other Institutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • given
  • Only a physician can determine which of the listed vaccinations are medically appropriate for you, given your age, medical history and current medical condition. (state.gov)
  • records
  • In order to assist the panel physican, and to avoid delays in the processing of an immigrant visa, all immigrant visa applicants should have their vaccination records available for the panel physician's review at the time of the immigrant medical examination. (state.gov)
  • Vaccination Records was a record label based in Oakland, California throughout the 1990s and early millennium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaccination Records took precedence for this release. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Only a few of the EU Member States that participated in the survey come close to achieving the 75% vaccination coverage target, which has been set by the EU to protect tens of thousands of persons at risk of death and serious illness. (europa.eu)
  • But vaccination should be considered if there's a significant risk of getting typhoid. (www.nhs.uk)
  • safe
  • Common objections included government intervention in personal matters or that proposed vaccinations were not sufficiently safe. (wikipedia.org)