• Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder that affects the degradation of branched-chain amino acids and is associated with acute and chronic brain dysfunction. (springermedizin.de)
  • Maple syrup urine disease, mild variant (MSUDMV): A mild form of maple syrup urine disease, a metabolic disorder due to an enzyme defect in the catabolic pathway of the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine. (nih.gov)
  • The keto acids of the branched-chain amino acids are present in the urine. (nih.gov)
  • Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inherited and rare metabolic disorder in which the body is unable to break down certain amino acids, leading the individual to produce urine that has a distinctive maple syrup odor. (healthician.org)
  • This case study describes the developmental history and behavioral and neuropsychological sequelae of maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) in an 18-year-old male. (elsevier.com)
  • Clinical features include mental and physical retardation, feeding problems, and a maple syrup odor to the urine. (nih.gov)
  • A urine culture is a lab test to check for bacteria or other germs in a urine sample. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The urine is taken to a lab to determine which, if any, bacteria or yeast are present in the urine. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If the dipstick test or the microscopic test shows white blood cells, red blood cells, or bacteria (possible signs of a kidney or bladder infection), the doctor may send the urine to a lab for a urine culture to identify the bacteria that may be causing the infection. (kidshealth.org)
  • If these bacteria contaminate the urine, the doctors might not be able to use the sample to tell if there is a true infection or not. (kidshealth.org)
  • Some bacteria in urine too break urea into ammonia. (medhelp.org)
  • You could be having urine infection with the bacteria breaking the urea into ammonia. (medhelp.org)
  • The laboratory work, published in the Journal of Clinical Pathology, looked at two common bacteria that can cause urine and bladder infections - E. coli and Proteus mirabilis. (bbc.co.uk)
  • And while recent studies show that urine isn't completely bacteria and "germ"-free, urine has been shown to have antibacterial and antiviral properties , likely leading to the the myth that urinating on a wound is a good idea (which it's not . (thedailybeast.com)
  • What's more, the bacteria present in urine is similar to the so-called "flora" living symbiotically other places in the body such as the mouth or gastrointestinal tract. (thedailybeast.com)
  • Contact with urine or urine-play as part of sexual activity would not facilitate the transfer of the "large amounts of causative bacteria and viruses needed," Handsfield explains. (thedailybeast.com)
  • These bacteria produce an enzyme (indoxyl phosphatase/sulfatase) that converts the excreted indoxyl sulfate in the urine into red-and blue-coloured compounds (indirubin and indigo), which mix to form the purple colour. (cmaj.ca)
  • Urine is usually free of bacteria, hence it is considered sterile. (thebody.com)
  • In future studies, we hope to explore how bacteria and other microbes interact with the body of the individual they infect, and how these interactions alter metabolism in the body, resulting in unique metabolite profiles in the urine," she said. (redorbit.com)
  • A urine sample will be tested for signs of infection, such as the presence of white blood cells and bacteria. (medicinenet.com)
  • However, urine culture is often ordered as a follow-up test to confirm the diagnosis and to identify the bacteria that may be causing the infection. (medicinenet.com)
  • Murky urine may also be caused by the presence of bacteria, mucus, white blood cells or red blood cells, epithelial cells, fat, or phosphates. (yahoo.com)
  • The bricks are simultaneously grown and manufactured: Human urine, loose sand and live bacteria are mixed together and pressed into a mould. (mediamatic.net)
  • Since 2014, the researchers have been exploring ways to remove bacteria, viruses and residual pharmaceuticals from urine to make it a viable fertilizer. (freep.com)
  • and bio-nitrification, which uses bacteria to eliminate odors and turn the volatile ammonia in urine into stable nitrate. (freep.com)
  • A heavy-duty cleaner will ensure that all the all the other elements of the urine (like the bacteria) are completely removed and the enzymatic cleaner can work faster to dissolve the uric crystals. (wikihow.com)
  • This article is about a lab test to measure the amount of bilirubin in the urine. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This test can be done on any urine sample. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Many medicines can interfere with urine test results. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A comparison of reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test results for urine and serum specimens from 66 persons with Zika virus disease with both specimens collected on the same date indicated that approximately twice as many urine specimens (61) than serum specimens (31) tested positive. (cdc.gov)
  • Sometimes, when the urine contains white blood cells or protein, or the test results seem abnormal for another reason, it's because of how or when the urine was collected. (kidshealth.org)
  • Depending on the amount of protein or other cells in the urine, the doctor may repeat the urine test at another time, just to make sure that everything is back to normal. (kidshealth.org)
  • It can be difficult to get urine samples from kids to test for a possible infection. (kidshealth.org)
  • If the red color persists, however, or if there are other symptoms, it's important to be seen by your doctor, who may test the urine for signs of blood, infection or other problems. (cnn.com)
  • A problem with some individuals that occasionally happens is a positive opiate urine test is reported but the person denies taking such drugs . (medicinenet.com)
  • You and your doctor should review all of your medicines before you take a drug test to make sure none contain an opiate that would give you a positive urine opiate test. (medicinenet.com)
  • The doctor sent me to go have a urine test. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The Endocrine Society recommends using a test for plasma free metanephrines or urine metanephrines to evaluate an individual for a pheochromocytomas or paragangliomas. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Since the hormone levels may fluctuate significantly during this period, the urine test may detect excess production that is missed with the blood test. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Sometimes the 24-hour urine metanephrines test will be done in conjunction with plasma free metanephrines testing and/or followed by catecholamines testing to help decide if a catecholamine-secreting tumor is present. (labtestsonline.org)
  • For this test, a clean catch (midstream) urine sample is needed. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Transfer 4 mL aliquot from the well-mixed 24-hour urine collection to an ARUP Transport Tube with 20 mg Sulfamic Acid (ARUP supply #48098) Record total volume and collection time interval on transport tube and test request form. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Aug. 3, 2011 -- A painless urine test could soon help doctors tell when a high prostate -specific antigen ( PSA ) level means a dangerous cancer or when it's a sign of a more benign condition that may not need further treatment, a new study shows. (webmd.com)
  • To increase the accuracy of the test, researchers also looked for another gene, called prostate cancer antigen 3, or PCA3, which is also found in urine. (webmd.com)
  • Researchers then narrowed their analysis to see how the urine test scores matched the men's Gleason score, which helps doctors gauge how aggressive a cancer may be. (webmd.com)
  • A chlamydia test for males using first-void urine has proven effective in a study, and the rapidity of its results could offer patients same-day treatment, say British researchers. (thebody.com)
  • A simple urine test can pick up the human papilloma virus (HPV) that causes cervical cancer. (newscientist.com)
  • Neha Pathak at Barts and The London School of Medicine and her colleagues combined the results of 14 clinical trials of urine testing and compared the results against the new cervical DNA test. (newscientist.com)
  • This article discusses the urine test. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Your provider will order this test if you have signs of porphyria or other disorders that can cause abnormal urine porphyrins. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • In general, for a 24-hour urine test of total porphyrins, the range is about 20 to 120 µg/L (25 to 144 nmol/L). (ucsfhealth.org)
  • A urinalysis test is performed by collecting a urine sample from the patient in a specimen cup. (medicinenet.com)
  • A doctor may simply perform a urine dipstick test in the office. (medicinenet.com)
  • Well, assuming you mean a urine test for controlled substances, yes. (answers.com)
  • One way to test this is through urine testing. (healthline.com)
  • One type of porphyrin urine testing is with a random, single urine sample, or they may ask you to complete a urine test over a 24-hour period. (healthline.com)
  • A 24-hour urine test is painless and just requires a simple urine collection done in three stages. (healthline.com)
  • Parents of infants taking a urine test may wish to have extra collection bags available in case an active baby dislodges the bag. (healthline.com)
  • If you're an adult taking the test, your doctor may instruct you to stop taking drugs that could interfere with the accuracy of the porphyrins urine test. (healthline.com)
  • The normal range for a 24-hour porphyrins urine test is about 50 to 300 milligrams, although results vary among different laboratories. (healthline.com)
  • A urine test, also called a urinalysis, measures levels of proteins, blood cells and chemicals in the urine. (lls.org)
  • Tramadol and urine test for it? (drugs.com)
  • Will Tramadol show a false positive for Marijuana in a urine test? (drugs.com)
  • Urine Test - Can Alcohol Denat used in Old Spice body spray cause false positive in Urine Lab test? (drugs.com)
  • The vet will also perform a urine culture test and a urine analysis to find out if the dog is suffering from any bacterial infection. (vetinfo.com)
  • The only diagnostic test currently authorized by the US Food and Drug Administration for Zika virus testing of urine is the CDC Trioplex rRT-PCR assay. (medscape.com)
  • We have your urine test, college grades, salary and family contacts. (dilbert.com)
  • Boss: No. I mean I also have the results of your urine test. (dilbert.com)
  • If you don't give us a urine sample to test, I have to fire you. (dilbert.com)
  • Eating more leafy greens could also affect the smell of urine, so if you have been eating different foods than your body is used to, that could explain these changes. (ehow.co.uk)
  • if there is a predominance of androstenone, the sweat develops an obvious smell of urine. (healingwell.com)
  • Even if you think the smell is gone after using conventional cleaning products, it will only take a little bit of moisture (even just a humid day) to revive the smell of urine. (wikihow.com)
  • A chemical reaction triggered by the urease breaks down the urea in urine while producing calcium carbonate - also known as limestone, the principal component of cement. (mediamatic.net)
  • Certain antibiotics, blood thinners and laxatives may turn urine red or pink, too. (cnn.com)
  • A few medications can turn urine orange. (webmd.com)
  • U-M to turn urine on campus to fertilizer University of Michigan researchers will collect urine in special toilets to turn it into fertilizer for use at the Matthaei Botanical Gardens. (freep.com)
  • A team of ecological engineers at the University of Kalyani, India, discovered that plankton fed on a diet of ground water and human urine did better than those that were given alternate nitrogen-rich meals. (treehugger.com)
  • Those that were reared on human urine started reproducing at least four days earlier, lived longer and produced more offspring than the rest. (treehugger.com)
  • Human urine is a stable liquid and contains valuable nutrients. (treehugger.com)
  • I see no reason why it couldn't be used for this purpose if it provides a suitable chemical environment for the zooplankton to grow," said Stephen Smith, an environmental biochemist at Imperial College London.Why makes human urine such an effective fertilizer? (treehugger.com)
  • Not surprisingly, human urine is much cheaper to "produce" and is more eco-friendly than chemical fertilizers, whose frequent use often results in severe bouts of eutrophication. (treehugger.com)
  • For many of the same reasons that it has shown itself to be such an effective fertilizer for zooplankton, human urine also has tremendous potential as an agricultural fertilizer, though worries about disease transfer and the presence of antibiotics and hormones may hinder its widespread use. (treehugger.com)
  • We have not yet encountered any diseases or abnormalities in the zooplankton grown in tanks with human urine, but we are looking for hormone residues and antibiotics, just to be sure" he said. (treehugger.com)
  • University of Cape Town students have created a zero-waste building material made with human urine, which hardens at room temperature, as an alternative to environmentally taxing kiln-fired bricks. (mediamatic.net)
  • In the February 2011 issue of European Urology, Jean-Nicolas Cornu and colleagues reported the evaluation of the efficacy of prostate cancer (PCa) detection by trained dogs on human urine samples. (redorbit.com)
  • Urinalysis, which is the examination of urine, allows the doctor to find microscopic red blood cells or, perhaps, white blood cells. (empowher.com)
  • A urinalysis is simply an analysis of the urine. (medicinenet.com)
  • If both urinalysis and metal testing are ordered, please submit a separate urine specimen (containing no additive) for the metal testing. (labcorp.com)
  • If this occurs, the color of your cat's urine and its smell will change, which can be a very helpful diagnostic indicator of which organ is causing the urine problem. (vetinfo.com)
  • Diagnosing a cat urine problem consists of a thorough medical history that includes information about a cat's urinary habits and output, grooming habits and locations of such, indications of blood in a cat's urine, and urine found on the outside of a litter box. (vetinfo.com)
  • A cat's urine should be a shade of yellow, depending on his water intake. (vetinfo.com)
  • If the color or smell of a cat's urine is not normal, something is wrong. (vetinfo.com)
  • There are many things that can turn a person's urine red, pink or any number of different colors. (cnn.com)
  • Beets, berries and rhubarb have been known to make a person's urine turn red. (cnn.com)
  • How does having diabetes typically affect a person's urine? (reference.com)
  • We're told Pitt voluntarily provided a urine sample in an attempt to show he had nothing to hide, and to clear up any "exaggerations. (tmz.com)
  • In most cases, urine is collected in a clean container, then a small plastic strip that has patches of chemicals on it (the dipstick) is placed in the urine. (kidshealth.org)
  • In the new study, Slupsky and colleagues applied "metabolomics" "" the study of the chemicals produced by the body's metabolic processes "" to develop a profile for pneumonia as it appears in a patient's urine. (redorbit.com)
  • Dirty floors won't necessarily stain the concrete when you start using the urine-removing chemicals. (wikihow.com)
  • Urine testing strips contain special chemicals that change colors when they react with ketones. (healthline.com)
  • They'd then process the urine to remove the chemicals that had passed straight through the dilapidated endochrine systems of the patients, which could then be put straight back into new medicine. (wired.co.uk)
  • Bird urine has a varied composition, and x-ray analysis shows that it does not consist largely of uric acid, as has frequently been parroted. (sciencemag.org)
  • Urine contains uric acid crystals, which are insoluble and bond tightly with the surface--in this case, the hard, porous concrete. (wikihow.com)
  • A new comprehensive life-support system for the International Space Station (ISS) centers on a water recycling system whose specially designed filters and chemical processes cleanse waste liquids-notably astronauts' urine and perspiration-so that they become refreshing, drinkable water. (technologyreview.com)
  • NASA's new water recovery system-shown here in a rack for transporting to the space station-can transform waste water, including astronauts' urine, into drinkable water by using specially designed centrifuges, filters, and chemical processes. (technologyreview.com)
  • The system is most notable for its ability to turn an astronaut's urine into drinkable water. (technologyreview.com)
  • One of the four astronauts on the Atlantis will be testing a device that Wired calls "a textbook-sized kit that can convert urine into drinkable water. (technologyreview.com)
  • You wan to make sure you do not have blood in your urine. (yahoo.com)
  • If you urine is a clear dark brown urine, see a doctor immediately. (yahoo.com)
  • Clear, dark-brown urine is symptomatic of acute viral hepatitis and cirrhosis, both of which are liver disorders that require medical attention. (reference.com)
  • Pink, red, or smoky brown urine can be a side effect of a medication or may be caused by the recent consumption of beets, blackberries or certain food colorings. (yahoo.com)
  • Another potential cause for concern is pink, red or smoky-brown urine that is not the result of drug or food intake. (reference.com)
  • Astronauts, in fact, already have sampled recycled urine water in space, back in 2009-only, it was with a different device, one that uses an external power source. (technologyreview.com)
  • By analyzing urine samples collected at various intervals during the patient's hospitalization, we could actually observe sick patients recover because their recovery was reflected in the chemical composition of their urine," Slupsky said. (redorbit.com)
  • Urine and saliva might be appropriate specimens for evaluating Zika virus disease. (cdc.gov)
  • results from testing nine of 11 urine specimens were positive. (cdc.gov)
  • A further comparison of 53 persons with Zika virus disease with urine, saliva, and serum specimens collected on the same date found positive results from testing in 49 (92%) urine specimens, 43 (81%) saliva specimens, and 27 (51%) serum specimens. (cdc.gov)
  • Urine specimens were collected from 70 patients with suspected Zika virus disease from zero to 20 days after symptom onset. (cdc.gov)
  • RT-PCR was routinely performed on urine, serum, or saliva specimens collected within 21 days of symptom onset. (cdc.gov)
  • A restroom prepared in this manner and inspected before each use will permit the collection of urine specimens with a high specimen integrity confidence. (healthy.net)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated its interim diagnostic testing guidance for Zika virus to recommend real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) testing of urine specimens collected within 14 days of illness onset and serum along with urine specimens obtained less than 7 days after illness onset. (medscape.com)
  • Overall, urine specimens from 65 of 70 cases (93%) obtained within 20 days after symptom onset were rRT-PCR-positive. (medscape.com)
  • Eighty-two percent (9/11) of urine specimens obtained more than 5 days after illness onset were rRT-PCR-positive, but none of the serum specimens were positive. (medscape.com)
  • Perform Zika virus rRT-PCR on urine specimens obtained ≤ 14 days after illness onset. (medscape.com)
  • The sensitivity and utility of Zika virus rRT-PCR on urine specimens obtained ≥ 14 days after onset of illness are unclear. (medscape.com)
  • The kidneys make urine (pee) as they filter wastes from the bloodstream, while leaving substances in the blood that the body needs, like protein and glucose. (kidshealth.org)
  • So when urine contains glucose, too much protein, or has other irregularities, it can be a sign of a health problem. (kidshealth.org)
  • If you are talking about three substances that are normally found in blood but not in urine, they are leukocytes, erythrocytes and glucose. (answers.com)
  • Diabetes causes excess glucose in the bloodstream, along with other fluids from the body, to be secreted into the urine, causing the urine to have more sug. (reference.com)
  • Blood in the urine (or hematuria) isn't always serious, but it can sometimes be a sign of a health issue. (webmd.com)
  • Blood in one's urine, otherwise known as hematuria, may be alarming. (empowher.com)
  • Blood that is visible in urine is called gross hematuria, which indicates the presence of red blood cells in the urine. (empowher.com)
  • You should also contact your doctor if hematuria is accompanied by pain with sexual intercourse, urine dribbling, frequent urination or difficulty starting your urinary flow. (empowher.com)
  • Hematuria (Blood in Urine). (empowher.com)
  • A combination of multiple urine biomarkers may be valuable in the case of men with persistently elevated serum prostate-specific antigen and a history of negative biopsies. (nih.gov)
  • In some cases, the stones or crystals block the urethal passage and prevent the flow of urine. (vetinfo.com)
  • Most other substances present in blood are also present in urine since the kidneys filter out poisonous substances as well as substances that are present in excess such as salt and water. (answers.com)
  • Many substances in the blood can be detected in the urine, because your kidneys filter your blood and produce urine. (lls.org)
  • The government resource recommends visiting a doctor if an individual experiences an unexplained change in urine color or if there is blood in the urine. (reference.com)