• As one of the most crucial processes of social change in modern China, China's urbanization was artificially suppressed for quite a long time before it gained momentum in the mid-1990s. (mckinsey.com)
  • China's achievements have been immense and you deserve credit for the way in which you have managed the phenomenal pace of economic expansion and urbanisation. (oecd.org)
  • BEIJING (Reuters) - China's urbanisation drive could fuel social unrest over land disputes and pose financial risks if money is thrown around recklessly, a senior communist party official and a leading economist said on Thursday. (reuters.com)
  • These are severe challenges as we are trying to sustain the urbanisation process," said Chen Xiwen, head of the Office of Central Rural Work Leading Group, the top body which guides China's farm policy. (reuters.com)
  • Causes and Effects of Urbanization" last modified May 13, 2017. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Overall, we find that the probability of such extreme flood events across the studied basins increased on average by about 21 times in the period 25-30 August 2017 because of urbanization. (nature.com)
  • UN-Habitat who are currently assessing the spatial dynamics of Sri Lanka's urbanisation covering 9 provincial capitals for the period 1995-2017 also believe Sri Lanka's cities have expanded rapidly since the 1990s. (dailynews.lk)
  • In all of these studies, urbanization is defined as the conversion from rural land uses to residential and commercial uses that are typical of recent, generally sprawling, urban-growth patterns. (usgs.gov)
  • Urbanization refers to the number of people who migrate from rural areas to urban areas, resulting in growth. (reference.com)
  • Cities are better known for economic advancements than rural areas, and businesses make the move towards urbanization to remain competitive and to increase growth. (reference.com)
  • Chinese leaders have pledged to speed up urbanization, as they try to rely more on domestic consumption for growth and give markets a bigger role in the world's second-largest economy. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Chinese leaders vowed in December last year to map out city clusters across the country's central, western and northeastern regions, and develop them into engines for growth as part of the nation's urbanization strategy. (taipeitimes.com)
  • There is an overall growth in commercial opportunities with urbanisation, resulting in more profits and more jobs. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Urban growth has continued and the period of 1953-71 was particularly conspicuous, while in the 1970s the process of urbanization slowed down, undoubtedly under the impact of various rural development schemes. (springer.com)
  • Urbanization has the potential to usher in a new era of well-being, resource efficiency and economic growth. (unfpa.org)
  • There is a powerful link between urbanization and economic growth . (unfpa.org)
  • A collection of digital online tools to analyse urban growth and urbanisation. (scoilnet.ie)
  • NEW DELHI: India's urbanization may double to over 60 per cent in 30 years assuming that economic growth remains at 7-9 per cent level, Niti Aayog vice-chairman Arvind Panagariya said on Wednesday. (indiatimes.com)
  • About India's slow growth of urbanization, which was 31.16 per cent as per the 2011 Census, he said: 'Our process of urbanization has been slow. (indiatimes.com)
  • Environmental indicators such as landscape metrics, urbanization indices, buffer/edge/proximity analysis, ecosystem service valuation and provision bundles as well as habitat connectivity were calculated based on the classifications and used to estimate environmental impact of urbanization.The results reveal urban growth and environmental impact to varying degrees in each of the study sites. (kth.se)
  • Part of the economic growth associated with urbanization can be explained by productivity gains. (worldbank.org)
  • In a study on urbanization in the East Asia region , the elasticity of economic growth to urbanization rate was estimated at 2.71. (worldbank.org)
  • This is the reason why often urbanization is said to be an engine for growth. (worldbank.org)
  • This comparison does not rule out a link between urbanization and economic growth- incomes in Africa may have grown even more slowly without urbanization, for example- but it does suggest that factors other than urbanization are more important determinants of income growth. (worldbank.org)
  • The level and growth of urbanization differ considerably by region (see Figure 1). (prb.org)
  • Past projections of urbanization have also often overestimated future rates of growth. (prb.org)
  • One of the areas of focus of the Inclusive Growth and Poverty Reduction is ensuring inclusive and sustainable urbanization. (undp.org)
  • The observations starkly reverse assumptions by some scientists that fast-growing urbanization and the efficiencies of global trade might eventually slow or reverse tropical deforestation. (columbia.edu)
  • This conference aims to initiate a dialogue among all stakeholders on the drivers and patterns of urbanization and their consequences for inequality and poverty to elicit key insights for policymakers, with special attention to Africa's unfolding urbanization process. (worldbank.org)
  • The Experiment, to be conducted at the Modelling and Simulation COE in Rome, Italy, in September 2015, aims to gain insights on Urbanisation using a model of a 2035 urban environment. (nato.int)
  • Based on a request of several NATO nations, the NATO Military Committee tasked ACT to produce a conceptual study on the potential impact of Urbanisation and provide insights on the ability of NATO forces to successfully tackle potential security challenges in urbanised areas out to 2035. (nato.int)
  • It is important to identify these crucial stages and to determine what elements of urbanization are linked to the emergence of risk factors. (who.int)
  • The study was based on the working hypothesis that urbanicity, defined as the level of urbanization in a given locality, 7 is associated with risk factors for chronic disease. (who.int)
  • Urbanisation in Bangladesh is mainly influenced by four factors and these are-focus on the expansion of cities, personal interest instead of overall development, lack of accountability and transparency and innovation in the existing haphazard context, said Hossain Zillur Rahman. (defence.pk)
  • One of the major consequences of urbanization is the transformation of land cover from rural/natural environments to impervious surfaces that support diverse forms of human activity. (kth.se)
  • A far more significant feature of the impending transformation concerns Pakistan's rapidly expanding footprint of urbanisation and related ecological degradations that exacerbate vulnerability. (dawn.com)
  • The World Bank report - Leveraging Urbanization in South Asia: "Managing Spatial Transformation for Prosperity and Liveability" makes some interesting comments on Sri Lanka. (dailynews.lk)
  • Urbanization is transforming the planet, within and beyond cities, at all spatial scales. (degruyter.com)
  • In their spatial detail, these materials go well beyond what has previously been available in the public domain, and thereby provide an empirical basis for comparison among competing conceptual models of urbanization. (popcouncil.org)
  • How one of the world's most rapidly urbanizing regions copes with extreme weather, resource scarcity and surging demand for reliable energy will be addressed by Bechtel's Ian Laski, Region President , Asia , at an upcoming panel event at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), "Driving Sustainable Urbanization in Asia. (bechtel.com)
  • Environment & Urbanization was established in 1989 by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) to fill a perceived gap in coverage of urban issues in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much of this urbanization will unfold in Africa and Asia, bringing huge social, economic and environmental transformations. (unfpa.org)
  • With the largest and one of the most rapidly growing cities in sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria has experienced the phenomenon of urbanization as thoroughly as any African nation, but its experience has also been unique--in scale, in pervasiveness, and in historical antecedents. (country-studies.com)
  • The results underscore a significant potential urbanization wedge for reducing energy use in rapidly urbanizing Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. (pnas.org)
  • Bechtel has contributed to a century of global development and has addressed big urbanization challenges with bold infrastructure solutions worldwide -- from Saudi Arabia, to the UK and select countries in Africa. (bechtel.com)
  • Urbanization typically occurs when individuals move closer to cities to avoid a long commute to work and to have access to better education, housing and health care. (reference.com)
  • Urbanisation is the shift from a rural to an urban society, bringing a large concentration of people into towns and cities. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Washington - Urbanization, that is human development in the form of towns and cities, is affecting evolution, according to a new scientific study. (digitaljournal.com)
  • Urbanization is defined as the influx and increase of the number of people who live in the cities and major towns in the country, and it is caused by movement of people from rural areas to urban areas. (grin.com)
  • It is believed that, increased urbanization leads to more congestion in the cities and with the increase in the number of people the cost of infrastructure and building increases and this has mainly yielded poor housing conditions in the cities. (grin.com)
  • The high rate of urbanization has resulted to less land and water in urban areas, and that has resulted to the outbreak of diseases such as cholera in cities and towns. (grin.com)
  • For example, crime and drug abuse seem to be the worst impact of urbanization with most people in the cities, in Pakistan. (grin.com)
  • On the other hand, the increase in competition for facilities in the cities due to the high rate of urbanization has resulted into the following problems: poor educational systems, lack of food and water, poor health care system which are some of the indicators of how urbanization is unsustainable. (grin.com)
  • Ahead of next week's dialogue event on the challenges and opportunities posed to Least Developed Countries by the Sustainable Development Goals, Gordon McGranahan examines how cities and urbanisation can contribute to attaining development goals. (iied.org)
  • While it is widely accepted that development and urbanization go hand in hand, the expansion of cities gives rise to both opportunities and challenges, with countries urbanizing in quite different ways. (worldbank.org)
  • Urbanization has been occurring at different times and different paces, and some countries have concentrated the urban populations in few mega cities, while others have spread the urban populations across many smaller towns. (worldbank.org)
  • Although, cities and their ecology have a thousand years of evolving history, the term "urbanization and ecology" surprisingly only appeared very recently. (antiessays.com)
  • For example, term "Urbanization" was born only in the middle of 19th century, when with the expansion of industry people started to move from rural to urban areas causing vast pressure on the capacity of cities. (antiessays.com)
  • Keeping these views in mind, they suggested that the plan should be a complete one with involvement of youths and secondary cities be developed for the sake of sustainable urbanisation. (defence.pk)
  • Cases and topics include the demographics of urbanization, projections with respect to supply and demand in several resource types, day to day impact on business, and the framework of cities and regions considering effectiveness of infrastructure as an element of competitiveness.Skills. (harvard.edu)
  • The book draws on theories and concepts from human geography, political ecology, and Marxist political economy, and aims to shift the trajectory of the current literature on the interplay between offsetting, urbanization and the neoliberal reconstruction of conservation and planning policies in the era following the 2008 financial crash. (springer.com)
  • Urbanization causes environmental and economic strain on land and people. (reference.com)
  • Urbanization is a "strong engine" for sustainable and healthy economic development, according to the text of the plan released on Sunday by Xinhua news agency. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Urbanisation offers real economic opportunities to people who would otherwise be destined to subsistence living without hope for economic improvement. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Many approaches are applicable regardless of urbanization level, whereas certain strategies might be particularly relevant in less urban areas affected by difficult economic conditions, limited access to helping services, and social isolation. (cdc.gov)
  • China plans to issue guidelines on urbanisation in the first half of this year, the head of the National Development and Reform Commission, the main economic planning agency, said on Wednesday. (reuters.com)
  • Using mathematical derivation, numerical computation, and empirical analysis, we can explore chaotic dynamics of urbanization. (intechopen.com)
  • The Urbanisation Experiment identifies capability gaps in future urbanised areas and provides military advice to bridge those gaps to maintain a relevant and credible Alliance. (nato.int)
  • Over the last decade, stream ecologists have met 3 times at the Symposium on Urbanization and Stream Ecology (SUSE) to discuss current research, identify knowledge gaps, and promote future research collaborations. (usgs.gov)
  • In addition, the studies will lead to improved and comparable techniques for biological monitoring, and to the development of key indicators of the effects of urbanization on environmental quality. (usgs.gov)
  • The urbanization plan will help promote regional development, upgrade industries and increase domestic demand, according to the text released by Xinhua. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Urbanization is important for accelerating the development of the service sector, which will create many jobs, it said. (taipeitimes.com)
  • The fact that the curves are initially very flat is consistent with the view that the links between urbanization and income are relatively weak at low levels of development. (worldbank.org)
  • As such, the NATO Urbanisation project will benefit from SFA and FFAO and its findings will further inform and support the development of ACT's Future Work including the NATO Defence Planning Process, requiring a cross-functional team from ACT along with the ACO Planning division as operational sponsor. (nato.int)
  • Offering technical assistance to UNDP's country offices on issues related to urbanization from a multi-dimensional perspective, particularly through the application of innovative approaches such as design thinking, application of big data for development solutions, futures thinking, crowd sourcing, data exhaust, etc. (undp.org)
  • Policymakers have a kind of aversion to the philosophical aspects of urbanisation although these are important parts of the development process, they viewed. (defence.pk)
  • During the session, the panel of experts -- including representatives from IBM, the Millennium Challenge Corp and the Asian Development Bank - will explore ways in which urbanization can become a driver of development and stability through targeted investments from donors, host country governments, civil society, and the private sector. (bechtel.com)
  • Urbanisation has many adverse effects on the structure of society as gigantic concentrations of people compete for limited resources. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Another benefit of urbanisation is that the tight grouping of people enables social and cultural integration on a level unavailable to scattered populations in rural areas. (ehow.co.uk)
  • U.S. counties were grouped by level of urbanization using a six-level classification scheme. (cdc.gov)
  • Understanding suicide trends by urbanization level can help identify geographic areas of highest risk and focus prevention efforts. (cdc.gov)
  • Annual suicide counts were tabulated for county groupings defined according to a six-level urbanization classification scheme employed in the CDC WONDER reporting application ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • This classification scheme represents the level of urbanization as of 2006, selected to coincide with the middle of the study period. (cdc.gov)
  • 5 found that both body mass index (BMI) and blood cholesterol levels rose rapidly in tandem with increases in national income and level of urbanization. (who.int)
  • Investigation of drug-poisoning deaths by level of urbanization can be useful to public health programs to prevent unintentional drug-poisoning deaths. (cdc.gov)
  • For all unintentional drug-poisoning deaths, bivariate and multivariate associations were assessed for urbanization level and selected covariates. (cdc.gov)
  • Generally, the level of urbanization is over 60 per cent in developed economies. (indiatimes.com)
  • Considering the impending consequences of global warming, such as accelerating sea level rise and more extreme weather patterns, we might see an even stronger urbanization trend. (oreilly.com)
  • The key is the formula of urbanization level. (intechopen.com)
  • It is critically important to draw the right lessons from the BRICS, and both the successes and failures of their urbanisation strategies have much to teach the rest of the urbanising world. (iied.org)
  • In so doing, Brenner advocates a constant reinvention of the framing categories, methods and assumptions of critical urban theory in relation to the rapidly mutating geographies of capitalist urbanization. (degruyter.com)
  • Expanding urbanization is a major factor behind rapidly declining biodiversity. (frontiersin.org)
  • Given that species are evolving so rapidly in response to urbanization, the outdoors also becomes a classroom that offers an opportunity to see examples of evolution first-hand. (utoronto.ca)
  • Environment & Urbanization is a biannual peer-reviewed academic journal covering urban and environmental studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • To reach a more general public who may not usually read academic journals, a five-page Environment and Urbanization Brief appears with each issue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Environment & Urbanization was first published on the web in 1994 with free access to issues older than two years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Environment & Urbanization (E&U) provides researchers, NGO staff and professionals with the chance to write about their work, present their ideas and debate on issues. (iied.org)
  • With issues published twice a year since 1989, Environment & Urbanization is one of the most widely read and distributed journals in its field. (iied.org)
  • As part of our commitment to learning from our partners, Environment & Urbanization regularly publishes papers that profile the work of local organisations . (iied.org)
  • Urbanisation has been identified as one of the key trends in ACT's Strategic Foresight Analysis (SFA), a continual process to identify drivers of change, monitor weak signals and anticipate emerging trends that will shape the future security environment. (nato.int)
  • The first was the worsening state of the earth's bio-physical environment, the second was the process which we now refer to as 'globalization' and the third was the rapidity of urbanization taking place, particularly in the developing countries. (dailynews.lk)
  • The urbanization trend is global, but rates of urbanization have varied significantly by country and region. (worldwatch.org)