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  • Placental
  • Doctors traditionally cut the cord so quickly because of long-held beliefs that placental blood flow could increase birth complications such as neonatal respiratory distress, a type of blood cancer called polycythemia and jaundice from rapid transfusion of a large volume of blood. (cnn.com)
  • Ineffective Tissue Perfusion* related to cord compression causing decreased placental circulation to the fetus' Epidemiology Possible Nursing Diagnosis's Goals of Treatment: Priorities During Cord Prolapse '-If prolapse occurs when giving care, preparations for prompt cesarean birth should begin immediately. (prezi.com)
  • In placental mammals, the umbilical cord (also called the navel string, birth cord or funiculus umbilicalis) is a conduit between the developing embryo or fetus and the placenta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bleeding from the fetus is rare, but may occur with two conditions called vasa previa and velamentous umbilical cord insertion where the fetal blood vessels lie near the placental insertion site unprotected by Wharton's jelly of the cord. (wikipedia.org)
  • newborn
  • The American College of Nurse-Midwives recommends delaying the clamping of the cord in full-term infants for five minutes if the newborn is placed skin-to-skin with the mother or two minutes if the newborn is at or below the height of the vaginal canal. (cnn.com)
  • After the delivery of a newborn, the umbilical cord is clamped and then cut. (aabb.org)
  • Provides information on the use of rubbing alcohol to heal and prevent infection in a newborn infant umbilical cord. (ebscohost.com)
  • University College Hospital - London - 1950-1952 / 1956-1958 Demonstrated the effects of cord around the neck and of pre-eclampsia on the oxygen saturation of newborn infants. (wikipedia.org)
  • preterm infants
  • We have known for several years that among preterm infants, delayed cord clamping reduces the risk of several serious complications of prematurity, such as anemia," Dr. Maria A. Mascola, lead author of the recommendation, wrote in an e-mail. (cnn.com)
  • Preterm infants definitely do better with delayed cord clamping," Denny said, noting that they have fewer serious problems such as brain bleeds and intestinal issues. (cnn.com)
  • The artery in cords of preterm infants contracts more to angiotensin II and arachidonic acid and is more sensitive to oxytocin than in term ones. (wikipedia.org)
  • artery
  • The fully patent umbilical artery has two main layers: an outer layer consisting of circularly arranged smooth muscle cells and an inner layer which shows rather irregularly and loosely arranged cells embedded in abundant ground substance staining metachromatic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Closure of the umbilical artery by vasoconstriction consists of multiple constrictions which increase in number and degree with time. (wikipedia.org)
  • interventions
  • Umbilical cord prolapse primarily occurs in two settings: (1) when the presenting part does not adequately fill the pelvis because of maternal or fetal characteristics, and (2) when obstetric interventions are performed that dislodge the presenting part. (uptodate.com)
  • Although observational studies suggest that obstetric interventions increase the risk of cord prolapse, it is often difficult to determine whether cord prolapse would have occurred spontaneously if the intervention had not been performed [ 4 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • birth
  • The common practice of clamping an umbilical cord within a minute of birth to reduce the possibility of maternal hemorrhaging may need to be revised, according to a new paper published in The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. (modernmedicine.com)
  • In most Western countries, including the United States, the cord is clamped immediately after birth: usually between 10 to 15 seconds after. (cnn.com)
  • Within a minute of birth, the doctor or midwife uses a special collection kit to gather blood from the umbilical cord. (healthcentral.com)
  • Typically, having a cesarean birth will not prevent cord blood collection. (healthcentral.com)
  • Can you do cord blood banking with a home birth? (healthcentral.com)
  • But leukemic cells are present at birth, so the cord blood would be tainted. (howstuffworks.com)
  • In settings where skilled birth attendants are available, controlled cord traction (CCT) is recommended for vaginal births if the care provider and the parturient woman regard a small reduction in blood loss and a small reduction in the duration of the third stage of labour as important. (bmj.com)
  • transfusion
  • Cord blood cells could also potentially be developed to generate large numbers of high value red blood cells or platelets for transfusion, or immune system cells for immunotherapies. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • concern
  • There has also been concern about whether delayed cord clamping would pose more risk to the mother, specifically, would it lead to more risk of excessive blood loss at the time of delivery," Mascola wrote in the e-mail. (cnn.com)
  • tissue
  • Moreover, cord tissue is considered a commercialized product for cryobanking on a par with cord blood (CB) in some countries [ 16 , 17 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • This scar tissue strengthens the weak area around the umbilical and a hernia is prevented. (revivalanimal.com)
  • Media coverage noted that the study used only tissue from umbilical cords, most of which is discarded as waste, meaning the study was uncomplicated by the ethical questions surrounding other forms of stem cell research. (wikipedia.org)
  • maternal
  • The cord is not directly connected to the mother's circulatory system, but instead joins the placenta, which transfers materials to and from the maternal blood without allowing direct mixing. (wikipedia.org)
  • peripheral blood
  • Szabolcs P, Park KD, Reese M, Marti L, Broadwater G, Kurtzberg J (2003) Coexistant na├»ve phenotype and higher cycling rate of cord blood T cells compared to adult peripheral blood. (springer.com)
  • Berthou C, Legros-Maida S, Soulie A et al (2003) Cord blood T lymphocytes lack constitutive perforin expression in contrast to adult peripheral blood T lymphocytes. (springer.com)
  • widely
  • The article shares views from people concerning early clamping and cutting of the umbilical cord which is widely practised as part of the management of labour in Great Britain. (ebscohost.com)
  • It has since become widely accepted that umbilical cord blood gas analysis can provide important information about the past, present and possibly the future condition of the infant. (wikipedia.org)
  • births
  • Welch is correct that much of the existing evidence comes from singleton births and we agree that timing of cord clamping for multiple births requires further evaluation. (bmj.com)
  • study
  • Presents a study which compared the umbilical care regimen of triple dye followed by alcohol, with that of alcohol alone, to determine time to cord separation. (ebscohost.com)
  • A particular study has given intestinal atresia and umbilical cord ulceration a clear link after 5 such cases were reported at the time of publication. (wikipedia.org)