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  • diseases
  • Typhoid is one of the world's oldest and most deadly diseases. (digitaljournal.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website has information about where typhoid fever is common -- www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/typhoid_fever . (pennmedicine.org)
  • The Communicable Diseases Network of Australia New Zealand (CDNANZ) advises that at least three passengers on this cruise have been infected with typhoid fever and there may be more passengers who are affected. (health.gov.au)
  • As discussed previously, the epidemiology of hepatitis A and typhoid is such that many travellers require protection from both diseases. (pharmiweb.com)
  • constipation
  • The classic presentation includes fever, malaise, diffuse abdominal pain, and diarrhea or constipation (in up to 38% of the patients). (springer.com)
  • The fever will remain high, and the individual may develop either diarrhea that has the color and consistency of pea soup or severe constipation. (westerlynaturalmarket.com)
  • delirium
  • Researchers based at Yale University have provided an explanation of how typhoid, a disease marked by delirium and stupor, still kills an estimated 200,000 people every year. (digitaljournal.com)
  • endemic
  • It is concluded that in an area where typhoid is endemic counterimmunoelectrophoresis using veronal buffer extract as the antigen is superior to the Widal test for serological diagnosis of typhoid fever. (bmj.com)
  • disease
  • Persons who are carriers of the disease and who handle food can be the source of epidemic spread of typhoid. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Persons who live in the house or have other close contact with a person who has typhoid fever need to be tested for the disease and may not work in food handling until they have multiple negative tests. (virginia.gov)
  • 75% of people get Typhoid Fever when traveling outside the U.S. About 30% of the people that are infected become carriers of this disease. (smore.com)
  • High fever (103°F, or 39.5°C) or higher and severe diarrhea occur as the disease gets worse. (pennmedicine.org)
  • Analysis carried out by Manolis Papagrigorakis and colleagues using DNA collected from teeth from an ancient Greek burial pit points to typhoid fever as the disease responsible for this devastating epidemic. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • However, the speed and ease of worldwide travel means that populations within areas of low hepatitis A and typhoid endemicity are at risk not only of imported disease, but also when travelling to areas of moderate or high endemicity. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Direct contact with someone who is infected with typhoid fever can also spread the disease. (reference.com)
  • Researchers from the University of Basel have uncovered how the typhoid fever pathogen repeatedly manages to evade the body's immune system - a discovery that could help to provide new strategies in the treatment of the life-threatening disease. (swissinfo.ch)
  • There is estimated 5,700 cases of typhoid fever annually in the United States, reports the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . (emaxhealth.com)
  • pathogen
  • Professor Dirk Bumann's research team at the University of Basel has now uncovered how the typhoid pathogen manages to repeatedly evade the host's immune system. (emaxhealth.com)
  • antibiotic
  • This is particularly relevant given that many infections, including typhoid fever, are developing resistance to antibiotic treatments, in what is described as an "antibiotic crisis", he said. (swissinfo.ch)
  • occur
  • Typhoid is found throughout the world, but it's more likely to occur in areas where there's poor sanitation and hygiene. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Although most cases of typhoid fever occur in the developing world, this illness can actually strike anywhere where food and beverages are contaminated. (emaxhealth.com)
  • high fever
  • Often there is a gradual onset of a high fever over several days. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the second week, the person is often too tired to get up, with high fever in plateau around 40 °C (104 °F) and bradycardia (sphygmothermic dissociation or Faget sign), classically with a dicrotic pulse wave. (wikipedia.org)
  • The second week the high fever continues, the heart rate slows down, and the stomach gets distended (bigger). (smore.com)
  • In the second week of the infection, the patient lies prostrated with high fever in plateau around 40 °C (104 °F) and bradycardia (Sphygmo-thermic dissociation), classically with a dicrotic pulse wave. (thefullwiki.org)
  • people
  • In the UK, most people who get typhoid fever develop it while visiting India, Pakistan or Bangladesh. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Combined typhoid and hepatitis A injections are also available for people aged 15 or over. (www.nhs.uk)
  • About 1 in every 100 people have a high temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F) or above. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Unlike with hepatitis A, up to 10% of people with typhoid will die in resource-poor settings, although mortality from imported infection is usually much lower. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Most otherwise healthy adults get better on their own, but some people who are not treated may have a fever for weeks or months. (rochester.edu)
  • Most people in the United States get typhoid as a result of visiting another country, such as in India and Brazil, where the food or water supply has been contaminated. (westerlynaturalmarket.com)