• On the lower-tech end of things, I was thinking that if it were cured properly, bamboo might make an excellent corrosion-proof replacement for rebar in reinforced concrete construction in temperate climates, as rebar tends to push concrete apart when it begins to rust, as bamboo does not and, therefore, will not. (permies.com)
  • Such storms are truly phenomena of the tropical oceans. (britannica.com)
  • The annual average of observed hurricanes and tropical storms in the North Atlantic has risen from 6 in the first part of the 20th century (white), to 10 after 1931 (mid blue) to 15 after 1995 (dark blue). (newscientist.com)
  • Climate change has triggered three major shifts in the number of tropical storms that rise up in the North Atlantic, according to a new analysis of 20th century records. (newscientist.com)
  • The first change came in 1905, starting a 25-year period with an average of 6.0 tropical storms or hurricanes per year. (newscientist.com)
  • They are least protected from climate-related disasters by savings or insurance, least able to access modern health care when diseases spread, and least able to move to safer locations when storms rage. (cgdev.org)
  • Because the 2005 season produced the largest number of TCs in the Atlantic basin regardless of the best estimate used to correct for missing storms in the earlier part of the record, we examine whether 28 TCs are close to the maximum possible number for the present climate of that basin. (sciencemag.org)
  • New information from researchers at MIT and Yale University predict that economic damages from tropical storms could more than quadruple by the year 2100. (scitechdaily.com)
  • However, the researchers say by the year 2100, two factors could more than quadruple the economic damages caused by tropical storms in such regions and around the world: growing income and global warming. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Since a tropical cyclone that may whip into a massive hurricane under certain weather conditions requires resolutions of a few kilometers, using climate models to simulate storms is highly problematic. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Although there is a lot of media coverage of the damage and destruction accompanying tropical storms and hurricanes, such storms can also have important benefits. (blogspot.com)
  • For example, landfalling tropical storms can be an important source of water, water that can lessen droughts and recharge underground aquifers. (blogspot.com)
  • The benefits of tropical storms and hurricanes doesn't end with rainfall. (blogspot.com)
  • Hurricanes and tropical storms produce overwash of sand, and without that the islands get skinnier and skinnier and might disappear as sea level rises. (blogspot.com)
  • Typically when those storms become extra-tropical the threat for severe weather decreases and the rain is heavy but not torrential. (blogspot.com)
  • Thin clouds at about 5 km altitude are more ubiquitous in the tropics than previously thought and they have a substantial cooling effect on climate. (eurekalert.org)
  • Using the satellite observations and high-resolution numerical modelling, we find that thin mid-level clouds are frequently formed in the tropics in the vicinity of deep convective clouds and that their cooling effect could be as large as the warming induced by high cirrus clouds", says lead author of the study Quentin Bourgeois, postdoctoral associate at the Department of Meteorology (MISU) and the Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University. (eurekalert.org)
  • Tropical groundwater may prove to be a climate-resilient source of freshwater in the tropics as intense rainfall favours the replenishment of these resources, according to a new study published in Environmental Research Letters . (eurekalert.org)
  • Other influences on groundwater storage including excessive pumpage, substantial changes in total precipitation, and land-use change can undermine and overwhelm this resilience of groundwater resources in the tropics to climate change. (eurekalert.org)
  • Future research will explore how the combination of climate change and pumping will impact the availability of groundwater supplies across the tropics. (eurekalert.org)
  • A tropical climate is a type of climate typical in the tropics . (wikipedia.org)
  • But our model shows that these phenomena are equally weighted, that climate and weather at higher latitudes have as much of an influence on the tropics as tropical weather and climate influence the higher latitudes. (innovations-report.com)
  • According to the scenario depicted by the modeling experiments conducted by Liu and colleague Haijun Yang, the heat carried via the atmospheric bridges from the tropics to higher latitudes is reduced as a result of warming climate in the higher latitudes. (innovations-report.com)
  • When climate change caused the region to warm up, the cryptococcus began emerging in tropics-like concentrations, allowing the fungus to infect people's brains. (treehugger.com)
  • Geological oceanographer Matthew Schmidt and two of his graduate students teamed up with Ping Chang, a physical oceanographer and climate modeler, to help uncover an important climate connection between the tropics and the high latitude North Atlantic. (eponline.com)
  • When the tropics warmed, it altered climate patterns around the globe. (eponline.com)
  • We apply a multivariate model evaluation to the relationship between climate, vegetation and fire in the tropics using the JSBACH land surface model and two remote-sensing data sets, with the aim to identify the potential for model improvement. (biogeosciences.net)
  • Atmospheric circulation patterns drive convection in the tropics and can have a far-reaching effect on global climate. (summitcountyvoice.com)
  • Clouds play a pivotal role in determining the Earth's climate and radiation budget, yet we still have a lot to learn about them. (eurekalert.org)
  • Different types of clouds affect the Earth's climate differently: low liquid clouds, such as the cotton-like cumulus, cool the Earth while high altitude ice clouds, such as the wispy cirrus, warm the climate. (eurekalert.org)
  • What we found was that subsurface temperatures in the western tropical Atlantic rapidly warmed during cold periods in Earth's past," Schmidt explains. (eponline.com)
  • Evidence is mounting that the Earth's climate system has sensitive triggers that can cause abrupt and dramatic shifts in global climate," Schmidt said. (eponline.com)
  • It also tells us that it might be a good idea to monitor subsurface temperatures in the western tropical Atlantic to assess how the strength of the ocean conveyor might be changing over the next few decades as Earth's climate continues to warm. (eponline.com)
  • As the Earth's surface warms, climate models predict that the amount of fresh water for human consumption will likely decrease in parts of the globe. (populationmedia.org)
  • The low-latitute area of the western Pacific assumes an important role in Earth's climate system. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Aide, T.M.: 1993, 'Patterns of Leaf Development and Herbivory in a Tropical Understorey Community', Ecology 74 , 455-466. (springer.com)
  • The findings have implications for similar patterns in other tropical mountain species. (phys.org)
  • We evaluate the model using a multivariate comparison that allows us to focus on the interactions between climate, vegetation and fire and test the influence of land use change on the modelled patterns. (biogeosciences.net)
  • The model captures the broad spatial patterns with regional differences, which are partly due to the climate forcing derived from an Earth system model. (biogeosciences.net)
  • Distinguishing effects of unpredictable events from cyclical patterns can be challenging but important to predict the influence of press and pulse drivers in the face of climate change. (fiu.edu)
  • Ice cores draw the attention of climate researchers because the ratio of oxygen isotopes in the ice acts like a thermometer for past climate and sea surface temperatures. (yahoo.com)
  • Researchers say that subtle changes in climate over the last 40 years may be the reason it's infecting people much farther north. (treehugger.com)
  • Researchers at the University of Bayreuth and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in Stockholm have now discovered how climate change is facilitating the spread of the Chikungunya virus. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • The researchers in Bayreuth and Stockholm used two different climate change scenarios. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • Researchers at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) have shown that Brachiaria grass species can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from cattle and increase productivity - and breeding improved varieties can potentially augment the environmental and economic benefits. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • In addition, CIAT researchers have identified mechanisms that this tropical grass uses to efficiently acquire nutrients from soil. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • The readings provide viable insight and analysis, and should serve as inspiration for researchers not only interested in this problem but also in conducting studies of climate change impacts on ecosystems in other critical regions of the world. (nhbs.com)
  • In a paper published this week in Nature Climate Change, researchers developed a model to predict hurricanes around the world, looking at how hurricane activity might change in the next 100 years both with and without climate change. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Even in a world without climate change, where rates of greenhouse gas emissions remain stable, the researchers found that annual economic damages from hurricanes could double in the next century: Global population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2100, likely leading to more development along hurricane-prone coastlines. (scitechdaily.com)
  • Nicholas R. Polato et al, Narrow thermal tolerance and low dispersal drive higher speciation in tropical mountains, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2018). (phys.org)
  • TONY EASTLEY: Given the long term predictions that we'll face more hotter days and extreme weather, medical authorities say the implications for human health as a result of climate change are very serious. (abc.net.au)
  • Increasing extreme events are also considered to be a result of climate warming, and they may have widespread and diverse effects on health, agriculture, economics, and political conflicts. (pnas.org)
  • The question of how tropical infectious diseases could spread as a result of climate change in Europe and other regions of the world has been a research priority of Bayreuth's biogeography team for more than a decade. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • Still, the detection and quantification of climate change, both in observations and climate models, constitute a main focus of the scientific community. (pnas.org)
  • Kindel, B. C. , K. S. Schmidt , P. Pilewskie , B. A. Baum , P. Yang , and S. Platnick ( 2010 ), Observations and modeling of ice cloud shortwave spectral albedo during the Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling Experiment (TC 4 ) , J. Geophys. (wiley.com)
  • This would predominantly affect tropical bird communities, especially species living in coastal and island habitats. (redorbit.com)
  • Å ekercioÄ lu says it is difficult to predict how habitat loss, emerging diseases, invasive species, hunting and pollution will combine with climate change to threaten tropical birds, although "in some cases habitat loss [from agriculture and development] can increase bird extinctions caused by climate change by nearly 50 percent. (redorbit.com)
  • Climate change already has caused some low-elevation birds to shift their ranges, either poleward or to higher elevations, causing problems for other species. (redorbit.com)
  • Nevertheless, climate change will not benefit many species. (redorbit.com)
  • And tomorrow environment reporter Sarah Clarke will look at the effect of climate change on Australia's plants and animal species. (abc.net.au)
  • Irreparable damage due to climate change, such as the drought, abnormal weather, rise in sea levels, expansion of infectious diseases, and extinction of species, is steadily spreading throughout the world. (scirp.org)
  • Still, the same traits that make tropical mountains among the most biodiverse ecosystems on Earth also make the species that live there more vulnerable to rapid climate changes, the study finds. (phys.org)
  • The research compares rates of species evolution in three types of aquatic stream insects-mayflies (Ephemeroptera), stoneflies (Plecoptera) and caddisflies (Trichoptera) - in temperate and tropical mountain areas. (phys.org)
  • We also found that they move less up and down the side of the mountain, and there are more species [on tropical mountains] as a result. (phys.org)
  • These animals do have other options besides a species crash, he said: they can migrate uphill or toward the poles to seek cooler climates, or they can evolve, and those with the best tolerance for heat would survive. (risingtidenorthamerica.org)
  • To calculate changes in carbon storage required identifying nearly 10,000 tree species and over two million measurements of tree diameter, across 24 tropical countries. (azocleantech.com)
  • We develop bioclimatic models of spatial distribution for the regionally endemic rainforest vertebrates and use these models to predict the effects of climate warming on species distributions. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Further research is required to investigate the potential for transgenerational acclimation to provide an extra buffer for tropical marine species facing climate warming. (nerc.ac.uk)
  • In this study, sclerochronological and bio-geochemistry measurements in shell portions of several species of tropical bivalve shells collected from various sites were analyzed. (nii.ac.jp)
  • L.A. County's health department warns that the warming side effects of climate change could lead straight to an upswing in tropical disease across California. (scpr.org)
  • Fielding urged lawmakers to restore funding to the Centers for Disease Control to help local public health departments prepare for insect-borne diseases and other side effects of climate change. (scpr.org)
  • The direct effects of climate change on the organisms we studied appear to depend a lot more on the organisms' flexibility than on the amount of warming predicted for where they live," said co-author Joshua Tewksbury of the University of Washington. (risingtidenorthamerica.org)
  • Health effects of climate change. (ajtmh.org)
  • Tropical mountain vegetation is considered sensitive to climatic changes, so these consistent vegetation responses across widespread regions indicate persistent global-scale effects of climate warming and associated moisture-stresses. (cifor.org)
  • Using the best, most comprehensive models in existence, we could not obtain results that matched this past climate that we know existed," Huber said. (underwatertimes.com)
  • and 2) use assemblages in sediment cores to interpret past climate changes and tropical cyclone activity. (fiu.edu)
  • In August, the right-wing then-presidential candidate Bolsonaro said that he would follow U.S. President Donald Trump and pull out of the Paris climate deal, but his current position is currently reportedly unclear. (breitbart.com)
  • 'Tropical Trump' is harnessing racism to destroy the Amazon ("The pace of devastating rollbacks is mind-boggling. (bluevirginia.us)
  • Midwest voters in Trump country face historic floods and call for climate action ("Farm groups say the situation is worse than ever and that's causing pain in states that flipped from Obama to Trump. (bluevirginia.us)
  • Tropical Storm Cindy reminds Trump states that climate change is real. (rightwingnews.com)
  • PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases is the top Open Access tropical medicine journal, featuring an International Editorial Board and increased support for developing country authors. (plos.org)
  • The prevailing wisdom, according to Zhengyu Liu, lead author of the paper and director of UW-Madison's Center for Climatic Research, was that climate and weather phenomena at higher latitudes tended to be static, with no far-reaching influence. (innovations-report.com)
  • The Center for Climatic Research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is a leading center of research into world climate. (innovations-report.com)
  • The map shows how the regions which have climatic conditions that facilitate Chikungunya infection will intensify and grow (or subside) through the end of the 21st century if climate change is left largely unchecked. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • This is especially true in the tropical Andes, which is a region with strong climatic gradients and topographical limits to water resources. (populationmedia.org)
  • The progressive president of France Emmanuel Macron has threatened to veto the European Union-South American trade deal if Brazil's president-elect Jair Bolsonaro pulls out of the Paris Climate Agreement. (breitbart.com)
  • This breakthrough allows for the acceleration of our breeding program for multiple traits, including the development of tropical forages that can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and make farming more eco-efficient," said Joe Tohme, a senior scientist at CIAT and study co-author. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • Today, tropical deforestation is responsible for 10% of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions . (bard.edu)
  • This is especially important because greenhouse gas emissions have been so high for the past century that we can't fight climate change just by reducing carbon pollution. (bard.edu)
  • The tropical and subtropical regions are important areas where severe weather and climate events and oceanic variations frequently occur. (clivar.org)
  • These findings support a 2001 theory by Kerry Emanuel, a professor of atmospheric science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and suggest that there is an additional factor to be included in climate models that may change predictions of future climate scenarios. (underwatertimes.com)
  • Here, we develop an approach based on network and percolation frameworks to study the impacts of climate changes in the past decades using historical models and reanalysis records, and we analyze the expected upcoming impacts using various future global warming scenarios. (pnas.org)
  • One of the two scenarios assumes that climate change will progress moderately and that the IPCC target of 2 degrees Celsius per year will only be slightly missed. (uni-bayreuth.de)
  • Per capita water availability is evaluated along topographic gradients for the present and for future scenarios of population growth and climate change. (www.gov.uk)
  • The world cannot meet this pledge without stopping tropical deforestation. (cgdev.org)
  • Adds to the understanding of pedospheric processes in tropical ecosystems and how to better use soils as a sink for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. (nhbs.com)
  • An assessment of the effectiveness of existing adaptation policy measures and the extent to which they apply to the Tropical Andes. (grida.no)
  • Although he says consumers are not yet used to exotic businesses like his, he believes both consumers and entrepreneurs are slowly starting to understand that climate adaptation also offers some opportunities. (dw.com)
  • Seymour and Busch show how international support for efforts to stop deforestation can advance transparency and accountability, resulting in a triple win for sustainable development, climate stability, and good governance. (cgdev.org)
  • Articles (III) and (IV) examine the role of carbon-based policy instruments in the presence of taxes on land incomes in curbing tropical deforestation. (helsinki.fi)
  • The carbon payments may complement these taxes, and an effective policy to combat tropical deforestation should jointly target forestry and cash-crop sectors. (helsinki.fi)
  • In view of the better stability in tropical climates, similar cost, fewer side effects and comparative efficacy, parenteral oxytocin, rather than parenteral ergometrine, is the drug of choice in the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage. (who.int)
  • TCs are very likely being artificially prevented from intensifying in a warmer climate in the Knutson et al study because of this. (realclimate.org)
  • Hence the amount of modelled carbon release in warm El Nino years, for instance, is a strong indicator across climate models to their modelled "die-back" risk in a future generally warmer world. (ceh.ac.uk)
  • If we limit climate change they can continue to store a large amount of carbon in a warmer world. (azocleantech.com)