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  • species
  • Lesser known FBT have been reported in the USA including species of Alaria , echinostomids, heterophyids, troglotrematids, and a self-induced infection of Plagiorchis . (springer.com)
  • food-borne
  • This review examines the literature on imported (allochthonous) and local (autochthonous) cases of food-borne trematode (FBT) infections in the United States of America (USA) from 1890 to 2009. (springer.com)
  • Food-borne trematodes: ignored or emerging? (ajtmh.org)
  • Besides smear negative, culture positive TB, common alternative diagnoses include non-tuberculous mycobacteria and in some parts of the world, paragonimiasis, a food-borne trematode infection caused by the Paragonimus spp. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Food borne trematodes (FBTs) are an assemblage of platyhelminth parasites transmitted through the food chain, four of which are recognized as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). (plos.org)
  • Comparative genomics indicated that F . hepatica Oregon and related food-borne trematodes are metabolically less constrained than schistosomes and cestodes, taking advantage of the richer millieux offered by the hepatobiliary organs. (plos.org)
  • This report presents novel findings revealing (a) the genome sequence of the food-borne trematode Fasciola hepatica (the liver fluke) isolated from sheep, which stands out among neglected tropical diseases due to its zoonotic impact on both human and animal health and (b) the first instance (and the genome) of the rickettsial endobacterium of the genus Neorickettsia in F . hepatica . (plos.org)
  • humans
  • Breaking of the cysts by the dog releases numerous scoleces, which are ingested and evert in the dog intestine (5), subsequently growing into adult worms, which produce viable eggs (6) that are passed in the dog's feces to contaminate fur or grass-the source of infection for humans and sheep. (mhmedical.com)
  • metacercariae
  • Human infection is acquired by eating aquatic plants (eg, water chestnuts) that bear infectious metacercariae (encysted stage). (merckmanuals.com)
  • Effect of infection with Metacercariae of Himasthla elongata (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) on cardiac activity and growth rate in blue mussels ( Mytilus edulis ) in situ. (zin.ru)
  • Paragonimus
  • In The Gambia, West Africa, there is anecdotal evidence of Paragonimus infection and crustaceans are included in the local diet, although there is little documented evidence of culinary practices that might increase risk of consuming undercooked crabs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • schistosome infection
  • Agrawal MC, Sahasrabudhe VK (1982) A note on natural heterologous schistosome infection in domestic animals. (springer.com)
  • Agrawal MC, Jain J, Rao KNP (2001) Sudden death of piglets during immature schistosome infection. (springer.com)
  • Quantification of clinical morbidity associated with schistosome infection in sub-Saharan Africa," Acta Tropica , vol. 86, no. 2-3, pp. 125-139, 2003. (hindawi.com)
  • Diseases
  • Infection can cause severe lung disease and the symptoms of paragonimiasis often mimic those of tuberculosis and other non-helminthic diseases. (springer.com)
  • Neglected tropical diseases ( NTDs ) are a diverse group of tropical infections which are especially common in low-income populations in developing regions of Africa , Asia , and the Americas . (wikipedia.org)
  • NTDs are among the top 10 major communicable disease causes of ill health globally, behind lower respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria. (kff.org)
  • Diseases due to Trematodes. (princeton.edu)
  • Viral
  • Also, treatment of helminth infections using praziquantel and albendazole among HIV-1 infected individuals will lead to reduction in HIV-1 viral loads, improvement of CD4+ counts, CD4+/CD8+ ratio and Hb levels, improved weight gain and reduction of episodes of HIV-1 related opportunistic infections. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Other infections will also be examined, includes malaria and viral hepatitis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • intermediate host
  • Trematodes or Digenea are flatworms (Platyhelminthes), heteroxenous (with a multiple host life cycle) and require (with only one exception) a mollusc as their first intermediate host. (fao.org)
  • significantly
  • Multiple stepwise regression analysis indicated that growth retardation was significantly and substantially associated with S. japonicum infection and lack of protein-energy intakes. (ajtmh.org)
  • In some settings, the prevalence of foodborne trematode infections decreased significantly, which can be explained by factors such as social and economic development, urbanization, adequate food inspections, health education campaigns, use of chemical fertilizers, and water pollution (2-5). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • antigen
  • In plate ELISA, the sensitivity of the antigen and the test was 75.75% while the specificity was 97%, 95%, and 98%, respectively, against G . crumenifer , G . explanatum , and mixed infection of G . crumenifer and G . explanatum , respectively. (springer.com)
  • NTDs
  • Women and children are most at risk of infection, since they are more exposed to NTDs and more often face barriers to accessing treatment, particularly those living in remote areas. (kff.org)