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  • transfusions
  • Jehovah's Witnesses' literature teaches that their refusal of transfusions of whole blood or its four primary components-red cells, white cells, platelets and plasma-is a non-negotiable religious stand and that those who respect life as a gift from God do not try to sustain life by taking in blood, even in an emergency. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the Seattle Post-Intellingencer , doctors had given Dennis, one of Jehovah's Witnesses, a 70 per cent chance of survival for five years if he received the transfusions, which would have strengthened him to survive cancer treatment. (wordpress.com)
  • concerns
  • Treatment of newborn and premature infants also raise concerns because of the lower amount of blood volume overall and the greater risks from decreased oxygen levels if blood volume is lowered ( Macqueen 37). (wordpress.com)
  • patient's
  • Faced with this situation, physicians are generally reluctant to stop treatments but finally comply with the patient's will. (bmj.com)
  • Assessment of a patient's decisional capacity allows those with adequate capacity to make choices regarding treatment and protects those who lack capacity from potential harm caused by impaired decision making. (ama-assn.org)
  • Based both on our experience and the results of other gynecological studies, there exists a strong indication that the earlier a patient's chemotherapy treatment begins, the better the maternal outcome. (springer.com)
  • After analyzing our patient's history, medical examination results, and laboratory data, the medical team proposed that our patient begin chemotherapy treatment without delay. (springer.com)
  • But the 'neo-paternalists' admit that physicians should attend more carefully to a patient's desires and to give them greater weight in arriving at a treatment of choice. (nyu.edu)
  • A patient's 'free and informed consent' reflects an implicit therapeutic contract, defined and reviewed as treatment proceeds. (nyu.edu)
  • The treatment-driven approach places the locus of control with physicians, either with or without the requirement for independent clinical judgments about the appropriateness of treatment, and does not emphasize the assessment of the patient's capacity to refuse treatment. (jaapl.org)
  • Rights-driven approaches, on the other hand, examine both the treating physician's judgment about need for treatment and the patient's competency to refuse treatment. (jaapl.org)
  • The rights-driven model exemplified by the 1986 decision in Rivers v. Katz 20 in New York State requires a formal judicial hearing that not only addresses the patient's competency, but also insinuates judicial determination of the appropriateness of treatment and the patient's best interests. (jaapl.org)
  • burden
  • As Dr. A evaluates her initial response to treatment, he sees that her tumor burden has actually increased slightly, and he informs Catherine that she might have to undergo more aggressive therapy. (ama-assn.org)
  • objection
  • It is a product of the first global meeting on the topic of "conscientious objection," which took place in Montevideo, Uruguay in August 2017 because the refusal to treat is a major barrier to abortion access in many Latin American countries . (rabble.ca)
  • A growing number of health-care professionals, researchers and bioethicists have concluded that refusal to treat under the guise of "conscientious objection" is inappropriate and harmful in health care. (rabble.ca)
  • reluctant
  • Judiciously applied rewards can go a long way toward motivating kids to do things they are scared of and are always the first thing we try when kids are reluctant to engage treatment or school. (adaa.org)
  • Interventions
  • The discrepancy between these interventions and routine care plans suggests that if service users are given better information about their rights, more would make advance refusals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • abortion
  • Since most care denials involve abortion and other reproductive health care that is largely delivered to women, treatment refusals constitute discrimination on the basis of sex. (rabble.ca)
  • Case
  • In analyzing a case in which a patient with stage II breast cancer refuses further treatment, we review the conceptual model of informed consent and approaches to assessing decision-making capacity that are in accordance with the American Medical Association Code of Medical Ethics as well as tools to assess decisional capacity. (ama-assn.org)
  • In the case of advance refusals, an appropriate point at which to inform service users of the legal right to make such a refusal and help them to exercise it is during the process of crisis planning for mental health care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this case, this literature will now start exploring rights of an individual with both capacity and lacking capacity to exercise the principle of autonomy for treatment refusal. (lawteacher.net)
  • care
  • 3 Camhi, Mercado, Morrison, Du, Platt, August and Nelson "Deciding in the Dark - Advance Directives and Continuation of Treatment in Chronic Critical Illness" 2009 Critical Care Medicine 919. (scielo.org.za)
  • In the UK, crisis planning for mental health care should acknowledge the right to make an informed advance treatment refusal under the Mental Capacity Act 2005. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To identify refusals we conducted content analysis of Joint Crisis Plans, which are plans formulated by service users and their clinical team with involvement from an external facilitator, and routine care plans in sub-samples from a multi-centre randomised controlled trial of Joint Crisis Plans (plus routine mental health care) versus routine care alone (CRIMSON) in England. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In a policy statement released by the academy, parents who declined the immunization of their child will be requested to sign a vaccine refusal form, showed to the door and asked to seek care from different health care provider. (natureworldnews.com)
  • Moreover, it seems like treatment refusal is one of the most common medical and nursing issues in health care causing ethical dilemma to health care professionals. (lawteacher.net)
  • Free
  • Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. (curehunter.com)
  • Moreover, free consent is another type of consent to treatment which means the free choice of the individual and cannot be gained by unwarranted influences. (lawteacher.net)
  • problems
  • Dr. Fiala attended the Uruguay meeting, as did bioethicist Udo Schüklenk of Queen's University in Kingston, who has written extensively on the ethical problems with treatment refusals. (rabble.ca)
  • people
  • 4 To many people, JWs are best known for their absolute refusal of blood products, even when death may result. (bmj.com)
  • suggests
  • The Uruguay expert group suggests that this practice should instead be called "refusal to provide services," "denial of services," or even " dishonourable disobedience " -- a phrase I coined in 2014. (rabble.ca)
  • advance
  • In the United Kingdom (UK), health service users have the right under the Mental Capacity Act (MCA) 2005 to make an informed advance treatment refusal [ 2 ] when capacitous, regarding times when their decision-making capability is impaired. (biomedcentral.com)
  • exercise
  • Randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment trial of fluoxetine and graded exercise for chronic fatigue syndrome. (curehunter.com)
  • Six-month prospective randomised placebo and therapist contact time controlled trial with allocation to one of four treatment cells: exercise and 20 mg fluoxetine , exercise and placebo drug, appointments only and 20 mg fluoxetine , appointments and placebo drug. (curehunter.com)
  • patient
  • Moreover, to attain all this, a valid defence next to the claim of trespass, consent must be full in a way that the patient or client agrees to all of the proposed treatment. (lawteacher.net)
  • condition
  • Now I learn that Sébire had constantly refused treatment for her condition that would have likely returned her to a healthy condition. (blogspot.com)
  • cases
  • This article examines cases from the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia, and clarifies any confusion that may exist regarding the necessary transfusion of the children of JWs and the refusal of blood products by adolescent JWs. (bmj.com)