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  • dialysis
  • CPM may also occur in patients prone to hyponatraemia affected by: severe liver disease liver transplant alcoholism severe burns malnutrition anorexia severe electrolyte disorders AIDS hyperemesis gravidarum hyponatremia due to Peritoneal Dialysis Wernicke encephalopathy The currently accepted theory states that the brain cells adjust their osmolarities by changing levels of certain osmolytes like inositol, betaine, and glutamine in response to varying serum osmolality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Homozygous FH often does not respond to medical therapy and may require other treatments, including LDL apheresis (removal of LDL in a method similar to dialysis) and occasionally liver transplantation. (wikipedia.org)
  • infections
  • The liver is a vital organ and it has several key functions to perform - it helps to filter and dispose toxic materials from the blood, fuels the body with the energy it needs to function, wards off viruses and infections, produces blood-clotting factors, regulates sex hormones, cholesterol levels and vitamin and mineral supplies in the body. (fortishealthcare.com)
  • Liver disease is the most common cause of death after heart disease, stroke, chest infections and cancer. (fortishealthcare.com)
  • Several circumstances are considered "absolute" contraindications, such as metastatic cancer outside of the liver, active drug or alcohol abuse, and active systemic infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Infections with carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae were associated with organ/stem cell transplantation, mechanical ventilation, exposure to antimicrobials, and overall longer length of stay in hospitals. (wikipedia.org)
  • recipients
  • The topic of discussion: "Piggy‐back or cava replacement - which implantation technique protects liver recipients from acute kidney injury and complications? (aasld.org)
  • The Liver Transplantation Journal Club kicks off on August 15 with a moderated Twitter discussion on the pros and cons of steroid weaning in transplant recipients with autoimmune hepatitis. (aasld.org)
  • LITTLE FALLS, N.J., May 29 -- A donor's age and other identifiable characteristics appear to worsen outcomes for liver transplant recipients, particularly those who are hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive. (medpagetoday.com)
  • In the first study, higher scores on an index predicting the risk of graft failure based on donor factors were associated with poorer outcomes in all liver transplant recipients, although the relationship was amplified in HCV-positive patients, according to Daniel Maluf, M.D., of Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, and colleagues. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The second study indicated that steatosis in the donor liver had no effect on the progression of liver disease or three-year survival among transplant recipients, regardless of HCV status, according to Patrizia Burra, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Padova in Italy, and colleagues. (medpagetoday.com)
  • bile
  • a rare disease of the liver and bile ducts. (sickkids.ca)
  • The hepatectomy involves division of all ligamentous attachments to the liver, as well as the common bile duct, hepatic artery, hepatic vein and portal vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • After blood flow is restored to the new liver, the biliary (bile duct) anastomosis is constructed, either to the recipient's own bile duct or to the small intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • fatty
  • It had been unclear whether using mildly or moderately fatty livers would be associated with worse outcomes, so Dr. Burra and colleagues analyzed the results of 116 consecutive liver transplants at a single center. (medpagetoday.com)
  • About 15 percent of U.S. alcoholics eventually will develop alcoholic liver disease (ALD), a broad spectrum of liver injuries-ranging from asymptomatic fatty liver (i.e., steatosis) or abnormalities of liver enzymes to end-stage liver disease-that result from alcohol ingestion. (nih.gov)
  • hypertension
  • A 67-year-old, 78 kg, 176 cm man with a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and decompensated liver disease secondary to hepatitis C virus (HCV) with portal hypertension, ascites, and hepatic encephalopathy presented for retransplantation with an MELD score of 31. (hindawi.com)
  • De novo hypertension after liver transplantation. (ahajournals.org)
  • complications
  • The disadvantage of liver transplantation is that approximately 10% of the subjects die from the procedure or complications resulting from the procedure, which is a form of gene therapy wherein the liver expressing wild type and mutant TTR is replaced by a liver only expressing wild type TTR. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Preformed vitamin A absorption and storage in the liver occur very efficiently until a pathologic condition develops. (wikipedia.org)
  • donation
  • A donor risk index was calculated using the following variables: age older than 40, black race, shorter height, donation after cardiac death, death by cerebrovascular accident, and death other than trauma, stroke or anoxia, and transplantation using a split or partial graft. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The first altruistic living liver donation in Britain was performed in December 2012 in St James University Hospital Leeds. (wikipedia.org)