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  • oxide
  • 15. The material according to claim 1 wherein the non-metal of said complex oxide is selected from the group consisting of sulfates, phosphates silicates, oxysulfates, oxyphosphates, oxysilicates, and mixtures thereof, and the transition metal comprises lithium. (google.com)
  • In recent decades, extensive studies have been conducted on controlling and engineering novel functionalities in transition metal oxide (TMO) heterostructures by epitaxial strain. (intechopen.com)
  • In this chapter, we discuss popular transition metal oxide thin films in the context of various research fields that are extensively studied in condensed matter physics. (intechopen.com)
  • These materials include La1.85Sr0.15CuO4 (a high temperature superconductor), SrRuO3 (a highly conductive ferromagnetic metal), La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (a colossal magnetoresistive ferromagnetic metal), BiFeO3 (a multiferroic oxide), LaAlO3-SrTiO3 (a conductive oxide interface), and LaNiO3 (a strongly correlated metal). (intechopen.com)
  • We believe that our collective efforts on the strain engineering of various transition metal oxide thin films will provide an insightful description of this emerging subject from a fundamental physics and nanoscale device applications point of view. (intechopen.com)
  • 10. The memory element as claimed in claim 6 , wherein said substrate is made of a first material, wherein said protrusion is made of a second material, and wherein one of said first and said second materials is silicon and the other of said first and of said second materials is silicon oxide. (google.com)
  • 13. The memory element as claimed in claim 6 , wherein an interface is formed between said substrate and said protrusion, said substrate being an ultrathin silicon oxide layer embedded between a first material layer, which is silicon, and a second material layer, which is silicon. (google.com)
  • electron paramagne
  • Research in the Centre for Advanced Electron Spin Resonance, CÆSR , focuses on bridged metal clusters, biophysical distance measurements, transient organic radicals, electron transfer processes, and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) instrumentation and methods development, among many other projects from groups across the Mathematical, Physical and Life Sciences (MPLS) division. (ox.ac.uk)
  • spectroscopy
  • With the combination of spectroscopy and microscopy, we can now see metals within complex biological matrices complemented by information about associated molecules and their structures. (rsc.org)
  • Her research interests lie at the interface of biology, chemistry and physics, with a specific focus on developing analytical techniques and workflows to quantify temporal dynamics of intracellular metal species, their subcellular localisation, and identification of key biomolecules involved in their binding and transport with minimal disruption to the system of study through the use of both elemental mass spectrometry and synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy based bioimaging techniques. (rsc.org)
  • ligands
  • We dedicate significant efforts to designing new chelating ligands, particularly pincer-type ligands and tripodal ligands in order to influence structure and reactivity at the metal center in a desirable way. (tamu.edu)
  • 3d) X-ray absorption spectra are affected by a number of different interactions: electron-electron repulsion, spin-orbit coupling, and charge transfer between metal and ligands, which makes the simulation of spectra challenging. (diva-portal.org)
  • reactive
  • The molecular mechanism by which chromium elicits its biological effects is currently unclear but may involve the formation of reactive intermediates, oxidant stress, and gene induction. (cdc.gov)
  • californium
  • The heaviest element that exists in usable quantities on Earth, californium is surprisingly able to covalently bond with borate, dramatically altering the electronic characteristics of the californium ion, according to experimental and theoretical studies. (phys.org)
  • This new paradigm in understanding may demonstrate how to further optimize the interactions between heavy elements , such as americium, curium, berkelium, and californium, and other elements to improve separating and recycling of used nuclear reactor fuel. (phys.org)
  • Enzymes
  • Enzymes involved in sulfur-oxidation and transfer are increasingly being recognized as potential drug targets for development of antimicrobials, therapies for cancer, and inflammatory disease. (uta.edu)
  • An intrinsic property of binuclear metallo hydrolytic enzymes that depend on a metal-bound water both as the attacking nucleophile and as a ligand for the second metal-ion is that this water molecule, which is consumed during hydrolysis of the substrate, has to be replaced to maintain the catalytic cycle. (hindawi.com)
  • roles
  • Dr Theodora Stewart is the lead scientist and manager of the new London Metallomics Facility (LMF) based at King's College London, focusing on developing correlative bioimaging workflows to advance our understanding of the roles of metals in biology. (rsc.org)
  • magnetic
  • There are, however, a very few elements in which the fields line up to create what is known as a net magnetic dipole, or a unity of direction - rather like a bunch of basketballs simultaneously thrown from in the same direction at the same time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • But in magnetic rare earth elements such as cerium, magnetism comes both from rotational and orbital forms of motion. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The improved method involves a heat treatment step, which may occur at various times during the preparation of the materials, including during subdivision of the magnetic starting. (google.com.au)
  • The improved method involves a heat treatment step, which may occur at various times during the preparation of the materials, including during subdivision of the magnetic starting material, during the addion of a coating material, after formation of a magnetically responsive particle, or some combination thereof. (google.com.au)
  • varieties
  • Closely related to electricity, magnetism results from specific forms of alignment on the part of electron charges in certain varieties of metal and alloy. (encyclopedia.com)
  • bacterial
  • however, several examples have been identified to suggest that the presence of modified nucleosides in tRNA can impact aminoacyl-tRNA selection, decrease translational frame-shifting, regulate central metabolism, as well as initiate genes involved in bacterial virulence. (uta.edu)
  • Factors
  • Atmospheric air pollution in densely populated industrial cities is one of the chief factors implicated in the excessive metal ion and free radical counts in living cells. (eurekalert.org)
  • complex
  • Consequently, to ensure the proper metal levels, plants have developed a complex metal uptake and distribution system, that not only involves the plant itself, but also its associated microorganisms. (frontiersin.org)
  • We all have, at the very least, an intuitive sense that the functions of essential metals in biology are complex, dynamic and critical for life. (rsc.org)
  • Therefore, to reveal Nature's secrets we must approach metallomic studies with an equally rich toolkit of integrated analytics across multiple dimensions of space and time, which are specific, sensitive and flexible enough to accommodate the wide range of concentrations, complex chemistry, and dynamics of metals in biology. (rsc.org)
  • structures
  • The intensities and relative energies of metal K pre-edge features are sensitive to both geometric and electronic structures. (diva-portal.org)
  • Besides that, they are autonomous and require no special conditions: Lichens can grow on trees, rocks, metal structures. (eurekalert.org)
  • organic
  • The process involves electrodeposition of aluminum from an organic bath comprising an aluminum salt, a stabilized electrolyte, and organic solvent. (pfonline.com)
  • thus
  • Thus, delivery of viable yeasts to non-matured phagosomes is likely not triggered by initial recognition events via MAPK or NF?B signaling, but Syk activation may be involved. (jove.com)
  • orbitals
  • How the outer shells, or the valence orbitals, of the actinide elements (which are part of the heavy elements category) participate in bonding has been debated for decades. (phys.org)
  • mechanisms
  • In this review, we propose to do an overview of metal transport mechanisms in the plant-microbe system, emphasizing the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and endosymbiotic rhizobia. (frontiersin.org)
  • Research
  • Academic activities of this post involve research collaborations, supervision of Part II, D. Phil and PDRA research, co-authorship of publications and grants, organization of the undergraduate EPR practical, and serving as a reviewer. (ox.ac.uk)
  • often
  • I often hear the phrase "there is no silver bullet" when it comes to metal analytics. (rsc.org)
  • process
  • This type of reaction is a two-step process and involves the reversible formation of a tetrahedral intermediate [ 1 , 2 ]. (hindawi.com)