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  • Health
  • With the help of a Transitions Coach our members will be able to achieve goals they set for themselves and be better able to manage their chronic health conditions. (cincinnati.com)
  • This paper traces the transitions in population health-life expectancies and mortality rates for both males and females-in seven of the CEE countries during the two decades after the fall of communism. (hindawi.com)
  • We estimate a series of panel data models to identify some of the common factors that would explain health transitions in these countries, while allowing for country-specific variability. (hindawi.com)
  • Our findings indicate that the health transitions are strongly country specific. (hindawi.com)
  • Moreover, income per capita and trade openness are statistically significant common contributors to health transitions. (hindawi.com)
  • Across the CEE countries, transition has had an immediate and largely adverse impact on health as noted by McKee [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Although a key aspect of transition has been that of political change from autocratic/totalitarian regimes to democratic ones, little attention has been paid to the role of polity on health in these transitional countries. (hindawi.com)
  • Although
  • Although the D3-symmetric transition-metal complexes used in many photoredox-catalyzed reactions are chiral, the use of enantioenriched photoredox catalysts led to low levels of enantioselectivity in a photoredox-catalyzed aryl-aryl coupling reaction, suggesting that the chiral nature of these catalysts is not yet a highly effective means of transmitting stereochemical information in photoredox reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Finally, 55 articles were included in the detailed analysis, selected by two independent researchers according to the study population, a longitudinal design of at least one year, risk factors, the transition and the outcome measures. (mpg.de)
  • IUPAC
  • Many chemistry textbooks and printed periodic tables classify La and Ac as Group 3 elements and transition metals, since their atomic ground-state configurations are s2d1 like Sc and Y. The elements Ce-Lu are considered as the "lanthanide" series (or "lanthanoid" according to IUPAC) and Th-Lr as the "actinide" series. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1993
  • The nutrition transition model was first proposed in 1993 by Barry Popkin, and is the most cited framework in literature regarding the nutrition transition, although it has been subject to some criticism for being overly simplified. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Transition Tag was born in 1993, following the advent of free agency in the NFL. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • Note 3: In a partially crystalline polymer the glass transition occurs only in the amorphous parts of the material. (wikipedia.org)
  • Secondly, an epidemiological transition occurs, wherein a shift from a pattern of high prevalence of infectious diseases associated with malnutrition, and with periodic famine and poor environmental sanitation, to a pattern of high prevalence of chronic and degenerative diseases associated with urban-industrial lifestyles is shown. (wikipedia.org)
  • ions
  • The elements of groups 4-11 are generally recognized as transition metals, justified by their typical chemistry, i.e. a large range of complex ions in various oxidation states, coloured complexes, and catalytic properties either as the element or as ions (or both). (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, when discussing the crystal field stabilization energy of first-row transition elements, it is convenient to also include the elements calcium and zinc, as both Ca2+ and Zn2+ have a value of zero against which the value for other transition metal ions may be compared. (wikipedia.org)
  • word transition
  • That's because in every site/book I looked at I see they use word transition without specifying whether it's absorption or emission. (physicsforums.com)
  • English chemist Charles Bury (1890-1968) first used the word transition in this context in 1921, when he referred to a transition series of elements during the change of an inner layer of electrons (for example n=3 in the 4th row of the periodic table) from a stable group of 8 to one of 18, or from 18 to 32. (wikipedia.org)
  • gradual
  • Countries like P.R.China and Vietnam adopted a gradual transition mode, however Russia and some other East-European countries, such as the former Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia, used a more aggressive and quicker paced model of transition. (wikipedia.org)
  • transitional
  • Bypass Transition is a kind of laminar to turbulent transition in a flow over a surface, in which some of pre-transitional events which are generally occurring in natural Laminar-turbulent transition, such as generation of two dimensional Tollmien-Schlichting waves, spanwise vorticity and three-dimensional vortex breakdown are bypassed and through some secondary instability mode the laminar boundary layer becomes a turbulent boundary layer. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Bypass transition flow, the pre-transitional flow structures are quite different from those of very low turbulent intensity free-stream flow. (wikipedia.org)
  • A transition economy or transitional economy is an economy which is changing from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • However, it is often convenient to include these elements in a discussion of the transition elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The truly transition economics should include both the micro transition and macro transition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most films will also include selective use of other transitions, usually to convey a tone or mood, suggest the passage of time, or separate parts of the story. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typical uses of labels include representing input expected, conditions that must be true to trigger the transition, or actions performed during the transition. (wikipedia.org)
  • In model checking, a transition system is sometimes defined to include an additional labeling function for the states as well, resulting in a notion that encompasses that of Kripke structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • polymer
  • glass transition (in polymer science): Process in which a polymer melt changes on cooling to a polymer glass or a polymer glass changes on heating to a polymer melt. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1964, Dr. William Little of the Stanford University Department of Physics theorized that a certain class of polymer chains may experience a high Tc superconducting transition. (wikipedia.org)
  • thermal
  • Upon cooling or heating through this glass-transition range, the material also exhibits a smooth step in the thermal-expansion coefficient and in the specific heat , with the location of these effects again being dependent on the history of the material. (wikipedia.org)
  • structures
  • Throughout, the contributors consider how the programs and services proven to support undergraduate persistence and academic success might be adapted for use with graduate students-from orientations and mentoring structures to transition courses and graduate student centers. (sc.edu)
  • The transition between differently ordered, commensurate or incommensurate, magnetic structures, such as in cerium antimonide. (wikipedia.org)
  • The transition between different molecular structures (polymorphs, allotropes or polyamorphs), especially of solids, such as between an amorphous structure and a crystal structure, between two different crystal structures, or between two amorphous structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • state
  • The reverse transition, achieved by supercooling a viscous liquid into the glass state, is called vitrification . (wikipedia.org)
  • Hard plastics like polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) are used well below their glass transition temperatures, i.e., when they are in their glassy state. (wikipedia.org)
  • A transition constraint is a way of enforcing that the data does not enter an impossible state because of a previous state. (wikipedia.org)
  • In formal models in computer security, a transition constraint is a property that governs every valid transition from a state of the model to a successor state. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be viewed as complementary to the state criteria that pertain to states per se but have no bearing on transitions between successive states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ti-doped V2O3 undergoes a transition from antiferromagnetic insulator to disordered magnetic conducting state. (wikipedia.org)
  • In essence, one transition mode is the functional restructuring of state institutions from being a provider of growth to an enabler, with the private sector its engine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Formally, a transition system is a pair (S, →) where S is a set of states and → is a set of state transitions (i.e., a subset of S × S). The fact that there is a transition from state p to state q, i.e. (p, q) ∈ →, is written as p → q. (wikipedia.org)
  • This represents the fact that there is a transition from state p to state q with label α. (wikipedia.org)
  • Action languages are extensions of transition systems, adding a set of fluents F, a set of values V, and a function that maps F × S to V. Simulation preorder Bisimulation Operational semantics Kripke structure Finite-state machine Modal μ-calculus Robert M. Keller (July 1976) "Formal Verification of Parallel Programs", Communications of the ACM, vol 19, nr 7, p. 371-384. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • Doug Johnstone for The Independent concluded: "Transition is a book that makes you think, one that makes you look at the world around you in a different light, and it's also a properly thrilling read. (wikipedia.org)
  • The transition model can be applied to different types of places where people live, such as villages, regions, islands and towns. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the conduction in an n- (p-) type doped semiconductor sets in at high temperatures because the conduction (valence) band is partially filled with electrons (holes) with the original band structure being unchanged, the situation is different in the case of the Mott transition where the band structure itself changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However La and Ac are exceptions to the Aufbau principle with electron configuration [ ]s2d1 (not [ ]s2f1 as the Aufbau principle predicts) so it is not clear from atomic electron configurations whether La or Lu (Ac or Lr) should be considered as transition metals. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, teams that rescind a transition tag cannot use it again until the next season. (wikipedia.org)
  • shift
  • Nutrition transition is the shift in dietary consumption and energy expenditure that coincides with economic, demographic, and epidemiological changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent and rapid changes seen in developing countries from the second and third pattern to the fourth is the common focus of nutrition transition research and desire for policy that would emphasize a healthier overall diet characterizes the shift from the fourth to the fifth pattern. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • In the case of transition metal oxides, the material typically switches from being a good electrical insulator to a good electrical conductor. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first is that the one-year transition offer is typically a large amount, which could provide the club with difficulties while attempting to keep the team's aggregate salaries under the salary cap. (wikipedia.org)
  • Process
  • EMT, and its reverse process, MET ( mesenchymal-epithelial transition ) are critical for development of many tissues and organs in the developing embryo, and numerous embryonic events such as gastrulation , neural crest formation, heart valve formation, palatogenesis and myogenesis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Key inducers of the epithelial to mesenchymal transition process. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Transition Board for cross cutting functions met in November 2011 and discussed: Informatics Transition Estates Data Protection Programme Status & Overview Stakeholder Engagement & Communications Handover process Comments on the October minutes were received. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • Following the conference held in February 2009 on 'History in Schools - Present and Future', the History Subject Centre and Historical Association have been working together on a guidance document and workshop to progress the important issues of collaboration between schools and universities, and enhancing the transition process to HE. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • In 2008, the number of communities involved in the project had increased with many localities in the process of becoming "official" Transition towns. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transition US is a resource and catalyst for building resilient communities across the United States that are able to withstand severe energy, climate, or economic shocks while creating a better quality of life in the process. (wikipedia.org)
  • The existence of private property rights may be the most basic element of a market economy, and therefore implementation of these rights is the key indicator of the transition process. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main ingredients of the transition process are: Liberalization - the process of allowing most prices to be determined in free markets and lowering trade barriers that had shut off contact with the price structure of the world's market economies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Edgar Feige, cognizant of the trade-off between efficiency and equity, suggests that the social and political costs of transition adjustments can be reduced by adopting privatization methods that are egalitarian in nature, thereby providing a social safety net to cushion the disruptive effects of the transition process. (wikipedia.org)
  • A film transition is a technique used in the post-production process of film editing and video editing by which scenes or shots are combined. (wikipedia.org)
  • electrons
  • The physical origin of the Mott transition is the interplay between the Coulomb repulsion of electrons and their degree of localization (band width). (wikipedia.org)
  • The period 6 and 7 transition metals also add (n − 2)f0-14 electrons, which are omitted from the tables below. (wikipedia.org)
  • model
  • The terms transition town, transition initiative and transition model refer to grassroot community projects that aim to increase self-sufficiency to reduce the potential effects of peak oil, climate destruction, and economic instability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Popkin used five broad patterns to help summarize the nutrition transition model. (wikipedia.org)
  • world
  • During May 2014 individuals and organisations around the world will put on thousands of blogs, conversations and events telling the truth about the need and hopeful possibilities of transitioning to a life-sustaining society. (scoop.it)
  • The first world went through this change during the 18th/19th century (the industrial revolution ) and the third world is at present in stage 2 of the transition. (everything2.com)
  • Unfortunately for the third world , its transition did not happen naturally and has been marred by interference from the first world. (everything2.com)
  • Translation in transition: between cognition, computing and technology celebrates the end of CRITT's 5-year 'world-class' grant from CBS and the transition to the new, larger research group. (google.com)
  • mercury
  • This transition is known to exist in various systems: mercury metal vapor-liquid, metal NH3 solutions, transition metal chalcogenides and transition metal oxides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc, cadmium, and mercury are generally excluded from the transition metals as they have the electronic configuration [ ]d10s2, with no incomplete d shell. (wikipedia.org)
  • The recent (though disputed and so far not reproduced independently) synthesis of mercury(IV) fluoride (HgF 4) has been taken by some to reinforce the view that the group 12 elements should be considered transition metals, but some authors still consider this compound to be exceptional. (wikipedia.org)
  • systems
  • Several cumulative major transitions of evolution have transformed life through key innovations in information storage and replication, including RNA, DNA, multicellularity, and also language and culture as inter-human information processing systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transition systems coincide mathematically with abstract rewriting systems (as explained further in this article) and directed graphs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transition systems can be represented as directed graphs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Labelled transitions systems were originally introduced as named transition systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • book
  • The concept of metasystem transition was introduced by the cybernetician Valentin Turchin in his 1970 book The Phenomenon of Science, and developed among others by Francis Heylighen in the Principia Cybernetica Project. (wikipedia.org)
  • The related notion of evolutionary transition was proposed by the biologists John Maynard Smith and Eörs Szathmáry, in their 1995 book The Major Transitions in Evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concept
  • Two of his students, Louise Rooney and Catherine Dunne, developed the Transition towns concept. (wikipedia.org)
  • Turchin has applied the concept of metasystem transition in the domain of computing, via the notion of metacompilation or supercompilation. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • It was once believed that current nutrition transition was endemic only to industrialized nations like the United States, but increasing research has indicated that not only is nutrition transition occurring most rapidly in low- and middle-income developing countries, the stress of its effects stands to burden the poorest populations of these countries the most as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concern
  • Set between the dismantling of the Berlin Wall and the 2008 financial crisis, Transition centres on a shadowy organisation called "The Concern" (also known as "L'Expédience"), and how the workings of this organisation affect the lives of the novel's multiple narrators and characters. (wikipedia.org)
  • Share
  • These concurrent and dynamically influenced transitions share an emphasis on the ways in which populations move from one pattern to the next. (wikipedia.org)
  • case
  • The group 12 elements Zn, Cd and Hg may therefore, under certain criteria, be classed as post-transition metals in this case. (wikipedia.org)