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  • India
  • India, for example, has compiled a searchable database of traditional medicine that can be used as evidence of prior art by patent examiners when assessing patent applications. (wipo.int)
  • This followed a well-known case in which the US Patent and Trademark Office granted a patent (later revoked) for the use of turmeric to treat wounds, a property well known to traditional communities in India and documented in ancient Sanskrit texts. (wipo.int)
  • In this study, covering nineteen settlements between 800-2000 m asl and as many as 500 respondents drawn equally from both the sexes in Central Himalayan region of India, an effort was made to document indigenous knowledge system of medicine and health care practices and its relevance in physical well being of the local people, resource conservation and socio-economic development. (niscair.res.in)
  • Another example has recently arisen, raising allegations of misuse of Traditional Knowledge from India relating to various herbs. (blogspot.com)
  • India's
  • India's Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) has set an example for other countries to follow.To combat misappropriation of its TK, and in particular the rich heritage of traditional healthcare systems, the Indian government set up TKDL. (blogspot.com)
  • In entering the premises of the Sami's R&D center, one can find how several advanced technologies such as High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), Gas Chromatography (GC), Mass Spectrometry (MS), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) etc, are being deployed to formulate and validate claims of India's 5,000-year old traditional medicine. (sabinsa.com)
  • TKDL
  • I wrote a guest post on Spicy IP a while ago about a claim by the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) to have successfully foiled an attempt by Nestec S.A. to get a European patent for an age-old Indian remedy. (blogspot.com)
  • After also taking a look at a few more of the cases where the TKDL had been cited in third party observations at the EPO, it appeared to me that its use in preventing patents being acquired for traditional knowledge was greatly over-stated and it was nowhere near as relevant as the people who run it claim it to be. (blogspot.com)
  • TKDL is a digitized record of previously published traditional medicinal knowledge, which has been made available to patent offices through non-disclosure access agreements in an effort to prevent the granting of erroneous patents. (blogspot.com)
  • initiatives
  • It is against the background of three hundred and fifty years of colonial domination that the initiatives currently being undertaken in South Africa around the issue of the promotion and protection of Indigenous Knowledge Systems need to be viewed. (wipo.int)
  • indigenous communities
  • Experts and representatives of local and indigenous communities with an interest to focus on issues of traditional knowledge, community engagement, policy and governance processes. (iucn.org)
  • This article discusses the process used in creating the Indigenous Peoples, Land, and Resources NCA chapter by a team comprised of tribal members, agencies, academics, and non-governmental organizations, who worked together to solicit, collect, and synthesize traditional knowledges and data from a diverse array of Indigenous communities across the US. (springer.com)
  • Indigenous knowledge isÂ…threatened from three sources: (1) loss of the indigenous peoples territorial base through the destruction of the rainforests, and their displacement by government projects or through commercial utilisation of natural resources. This makes it impossible for many indigenous communities to sustain their knowledge as well. (grain.org)
  • wisdom
  • Elements of this aspect of traditional wisdom can be gathered through analytical studies of the ethnic societies, which are less influenced by the modern civilization, and also by scrutinizing the ancient texts written in Sanskrit, Pali, Tamil, etc. (niscair.res.in)
  • consideration
  • The Advanced Distance Learning Course on IP, TK and TCEs provides technical information on key concepts and international, regional and national experiences, policy options and legal mechanisms available or under consideration for intellectual property protection of traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions. (wipo.int)
  • Assisting and lead development of thematic issues relevant to community engagement and traditional knowledge for consideration by IUCN and other stakeholders, including on legal and policy issues. (iucn.org)
  • We believe such disagreement and even polarity results from the human tendency to view things from your own spot in the world, and that thoughtful consideration of these two knowledge systems reveals much common ground (see diagram). (uaf.edu)
  • systems
  • It also discusses the synergy and discord between traditional knowledge systems and science and the emergence of cross-cutting issues and vulnerabilities for Indigenous peoples. (springer.com)
  • This is why western-styled patent systems are inherently incapable of recognising the existence of, or providing protection to, traditional knowledge of other countries. (grain.org)
  • For this reason, the Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Arts, Culture, Science and Technology discussed what could be done to rectify this legacy, and then embarked on an Indigenous Knowledge Systems Programme in collaboration with the now transformed CSIR. (wipo.int)
  • Such changes may lead to the loss of local knowledge systems (Benz et al. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • Laws
  • The apartheid government embarked on a programme of destruction of indigenous knowledge, and at the same time instituted laws that denied schoolchildren access to modern science and technology: Africans were deemed fit for nothing more than certain forms of labour - manual labour that would service the most basic needs of apartheid's technocratic society. (wipo.int)
  • livestock
  • The wealth is not only in terms of the number of unique species documented, but also in terms of the tremendous depth of traditional knowledge for the uses of human & livestock health and also for agriculture. (ethnoleaflets.com)
  • innovation
  • South Africa finds itself in the situation today where an opportunity for renewal and expansion, for the extension of knowledge as well as innovation, exists. (wipo.int)
  • examples
  • One of his worries, elaborated in a comment on the blogpost, and in earlier posts ( here and here ), is that many cited examples of alleged expropriation of Traditional Knowledge simply do not stand up to scrutiny. (blogspot.com)
  • elders
  • Individual users sharing knowledge with other local users and elders, and then time-testing this new knowledge is part of the evaluation and validation process for TEK. (nps.gov)
  • Gearheard lives in Clyde River, Nunavut, Canada, an Inuit community on eastern Baffin Island, and for the past 10 years has been working with Inuit hunters and elders to document their knowledge of the environment and environmental change. (innovations-report.com)
  • patents
  • It is through IPR, and particularly patents, that control and ownership over traditional knowledge is being usurped by commercial interests. (grain.org)
  • The whole notion of patents, or indeed any type of intellectual property protection, for life forms runs contrary to the traditional ways in which the properties of life forms are bred and nurtured in many parts of the world. (grain.org)
  • cultural
  • A living body of knowledge that is developed, sustained and passed on from generation to generation within a community, often forming part of its cultural or spiritual identity. (wipo.int)
  • It coincides with the establishment of the Tłı̨chǫ Research and Training Institute which joins other northern Aboriginal governments and organizations in seeking to document and advance the status of Traditional Knowledge, such as the Gwich'in Social and Cultural Institute www.gwichin.ca/ and the Dene Cultural Institute www.deneculture.org/the-institute/ . (uarctic.org)
  • disclosure
  • prior informed consent' means the written authorization given for access to traditional knowledge after having received complete and total disclosure of the reasons for such access including the eventual use of such traditional knowledge, the specific steps such access would entail, the risks involved and any implications of such access as may be reasonably foreseen. (wipo.int)
  • natural
  • Those interested in issues of community engagement, traditional knowledge, governance, natural resource management and the related. (iucn.org)
  • Historically, the drug discovery process started with a look at natural products and their traditional use for some of the disease indications. (pharmabiz.com)
  • World
  • Besides agriculture women led Cooperative have also used traditional knowledge to bring development for example Shri Mahila Griha Udyog Lijjat Papad where women have used their traditional ingredients with least mechanization to build a world renowned company. (blogspot.com)