• Trachoma causes more vision loss and blindness than any other infection in the world. (cdc.gov)
  • Globally, almost 1.9 million people have vision loss because of trachoma, and it causes 1.4% of all blindness worldwide. (cdc.gov)
  • 1 In 2021, 136 million people lived in trachoma-endemic areas and were at risk of trachoma blindness. (cdc.gov)
  • Untreated, repeated trachoma infections can result in a form of permanent blindness when the eyelids turn inward. (wikipedia.org)
  • Untreated, repeated trachoma infections result in entropion (the inward turning of the eyelids), which may result in blindness due to damage to the cornea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trachoma is the world's leading infectious cause of blindness. (medscape.com)
  • Prevention of trachoma-related blindness requires a number of interventions. (medscape.com)
  • Therefore, they are not involved in the genesis of trachoma blindness. (medscape.com)
  • To eliminate infections with species trachoma was spread from the Middle East to Europe during other than C. trachomatis, longer treatment intervals might the Crusades and was a major cause of blindness during the be required ( 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The World Health Organization declared a major milestone after eliminating trachoma, a debilitating disease that causes blindness in sufferers, in seven countries, and making significant inroads in others. (theonion.com)
  • Trachoma can be controlled, and blindness and visual loss can be prevented by appropriate application of relatively simple and inexpensive measures. (cdc.gov)
  • The need for blindness prevention has led to a renewed interest in trachoma and associated infections, which are still the most important causes of preventable blindness in the world. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1975, the Twenty-Eighth World Health Assembly, in a resolution on the prevention of blindness, requested the Director General of the World Health Organization 'to encourage member countries to develop national programmes for the prevention of blindness, especially aimed at the control of trachoma, xerophthalmia, onchocerciasis, and other causes, and to introduce adequate measures for the early detection and treatment for other potentially blinding conditions such as cataract and glaucoma. (cdc.gov)
  • Trachoma-control programs must be aimed primarily at those severely affected communities where the disease leads to blindness. (cdc.gov)
  • In view of these developments and the importance of trachoma control in the prevention of blindness, a revised guide to trachoma control has been prepared (1). (cdc.gov)
  • Trachoma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the eye and the leading cause of blindness. (uiowa.edu)
  • Trachoma infection can lead to vision impairment and blindness. (givewell.org)
  • Implementing a combination program known as the SAFE Strategy -- surgery, antibiotics distribution, facial cleaning (i.e., hygiene education), and environmental improvements (i.e., latrine building) -- to control trachoma and blindness. (givewell.org)
  • There's strong evidence that surgery reduces trachoma trichiasis (the stage of trachoma that leads directly to blindness) and reasonably strong evidence that antibiotics distribution reduces infection rates. (givewell.org)
  • 1 Trachoma is an infection that can lead to vision impairment and blindness as well as pain (see our writeup on trachoma ). (givewell.org)
  • This success in eliminating trachoma - the world's leading cause of infectious blindness - coming so soon after our country celebrated the elimination of elephantiasis in 2020, shows the fight against NTDs can be won. (sightsavers.org)
  • In 1986, when I was working in The Gambia, a national eye health survey found that 17% of blindness in the country was due to trachoma, so this is a remarkable achievement and a great credit to all those involved with the national eye care programme. (rstmh.org)
  • Trachoma is still the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide but there can now be little doubt that the target set in the new WHO Roadmap for Neglected Tropical Diseases will be met, and trachoma will have been eliminated as a public health problem globally by 2030. (rstmh.org)
  • Trachoma can cause scarring of the conjunctiva, inward-turned eyelashes, and scarring of the cornea leading to blindness as in the person in this photo. (msdmanuals.com)
  • The Global Trachoma Mapping Project is the largest ever project undertaken to track the prevalence of trachoma, the most common infectious cause of blindness globally. (acsh.org)
  • Trachoma, the world's leading infectious cause of blindness, affects over 300 million people globally. (cehjournal.org)
  • This evidence led to the implementation of a trachoma control programme through the National Blindness Prevention Programme (PNLC) in 1998. (cehjournal.org)
  • Since its inception, the PNLC has made significant progress towards the goal of eliminating trachoma as a cause of blindness by 2015, ahead of the global elimination date of 2020. (cehjournal.org)
  • INTRODUCTION: Trachoma is the leading cause of blindness worldwide, and Africa is the worst-affected continent. (edu.au)
  • The Foundation is leading Australia's contribution to eliminating the most common infectious cause of blindness in the world, with mapping of the disease trachoma beginning in Ethiopia. (hollows.org)
  • The completion of the mapping of this region, Ethiopia and ultimately all endemic countries will mean the scale of the problem can be understood and it will be clear exactly where trachoma is putting people at risk of blindness so that the resources can be mobilised to enable us to end this dreadful condition. (hollows.org)
  • Thousands of people living in remote corners of war-torn Yemen have for the first time received antibiotics to treat trachoma, the world's leading infectious cause of blindness. (hollows.org)
  • Malawi is now ranked fifth in Africa after Ghana, Morocco, The Gambia and Togo to 'eliminate trachoma as a public health problem', Sightsavers, an NGO helping to put an end to avoidable blindness, said in a statement. (voaafrica.com)
  • Malawi's President Lazarus Chakwera said in the same statement the 'success in eliminating trachoma - the world's leading cause of infectious blindness. (voaafrica.com)
  • Trachoma - (Ancient Greek: rough eye ) is an infectious eye disease, and the leading [ [http://gnntdc.sabin.org/what/aboutntds.html About Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)] ] cause of the world s infectious blindness. (en-academic.com)
  • Trachoma results in blindness so frequently that it places a huge burden a year on world health funding ($25 billion in the year 2000). (en-academic.com)
  • Trachoma is an infectious eye disease that can lead to blindness if left untreated. (who.int)
  • Trachoma is a disease of the eye and the leading infectious cause of blindness worldwide. (who.int)
  • Help children and adults by providing vital medical treatment to keep them SAFE from the agony and blindness of Trachoma. (giftsoflife.org.nz)
  • Trachoma is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis, which affects the eye and causes scarring, in-turned eyelashes and blindness if left untreated. (deadlyvibe.com.au)
  • Thriving in more than 50 developing countries, mostly in Africa and Asia, trachoma is the leading cause of blindness in the world. (swpictures.co.uk)
  • The estimated number of individuals with trachomatous trichiasis, the stage of trachoma that can cause blindness, reduced by 78% from 7.6 million in 2002 to 1.5 million in 2023. (trachomacoalition.org)
  • Can trachoma lead to blindness? (antibioticsforsale.com)
  • The conjunctival inflammation is called "active trachoma" and is usually seen in children, especially those in preschool. (wikipedia.org)
  • Active trachoma can often be irritating and have a watery discharge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most commonly, children with active trachoma do not present with symptoms, as the low-grade irritation and ocular discharge is just accepted as normal, but further symptoms may include:[citation needed] Eye discharge Swollen eyelids Trichiasis (misaligned eyelashes) Swelling of lymph nodes in front of the ears Sensitivity to bright lights Increased heart rate Further ear, nose, and throat complications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Repeated episodes of reinfection within the family cause chronic follicular or intense conjunctival inflammation (active trachoma), which leads to tarsal conjunctival scarring. (medscape.com)
  • In 1 of 5 families, most children have active trachoma (as opposed to 1 in 5 children in most families). (medscape.com)
  • Thus 50 households with 1 member treated for active trachoma in the last 6 months were evaluated for active trachoma and for water and sanitation facilities. (who.int)
  • the rate of active trachoma was 3.5% in the children. (who.int)
  • However, improvements in the socioeco- cates antibiotics for active trachoma treat- nomic situation, although visible, have not ment. (who.int)
  • Oman was a trachoma-endemic coun- the situation of active trachoma in children try in the past. (who.int)
  • A Cochrane review evaluated 15 high-quality studies, which in total included 8,678 participants, and concluded that "there is some evidence that antibiotics reduce active trachoma but results are not consistent. (givewell.org)
  • support a beneficial effect of face washing alone or in combination with topical tetracycline in reducing active trachoma. (givewell.org)
  • Of the communities screened, 36% were found to have no cases of active trachoma and 55% were found to have endemic levels of trachoma. (edu.au)
  • The prevalence of active trachoma was 23.6% (21.9% follicular and 1.7% intense inflammatory). (bmj.com)
  • The primary treatment for active trachoma infection is the antibiotic azithromycin, which is effective in clearing the infection. (who.int)
  • The scarring distorts the upper tarsal plate and, in some individuals, leads to entropion and trichiasis (cicatricial trachoma). (medscape.com)
  • India and Nepal, trichiasis of any degree indicates that the patient has trachoma until proved otherwise. (uiowa.edu)
  • This photo demonstrates the stigmata of established trachoma, i.e. trichiasis, pannus, and corneal scarring. (uiowa.edu)
  • This photo demonstrates extreme lid distortion with trichiasis in trachoma. (uiowa.edu)
  • Trichiasis is the painful, advanced stage of trachoma. (changingthepresent.org)
  • A 2018-2019 survey on trachoma trichiasis (an advanced stage) in The Gambia found that the prevalence of the disease among people aged 15 and above ranged from 0% to 0.02%, beating the threshold required for the elimination of trachoma as a public health problem. (who.int)
  • The Gambia's success in eliminating trachoma is largely attributed to strong collaboration with partner organizations to implement the WHO-developed SAFE strategy, which entails surgery for trichiasis (in-turned eyelashes), antibiotics to clear infection, and facial cleanliness and environmental improvement (particularly increased access to water and sanitation) to decrease transmission. (who.int)
  • Synthesized evidence relating to the disease has focused on various aspects including epidemiology, control, health education, facial cleanliness, interventions for trachomatous trichiasis, and the burden of trachoma on women. (edu.au)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the SAFE strategy for trachoma control: Surgery for trichiasis, Antibiotics to clear infection, Facial cleanliness, and Environmental improvement to reduce transmission. (who.int)
  • to evaluate the position of the upper eyelid margin and eye surface status in cicatricial trachoma without trichiasis (TS). (bvsalud.org)
  • Different degrees of upper lid entropion are already present in cicatricial trachoma even in the absence of trichiasis . (bvsalud.org)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and their partners endorse the surgery, antibiotics, facial cleanliness, and environmental improvement (SAFE) strategy for trachoma control. (medscape.com)
  • The World Health Organization recommends the SAFE Strategy (Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness, and Environmental changes) to control trachoma. (givewell.org)
  • Malawi has become the first country in southern Africa to eliminate the infectious eye disease trachoma, as confirmed by the World Health Organization. (sightsavers.org)
  • Aboriginal children aged 1-14 years were screened using the World Health Organization grading criteria to diagnose and classify individual cases of trachoma. (edu.au)
  • Banjul/ Brazzaville, 20 April 2021 - The Gambia has successfully eliminated trachoma as a public health problem, becoming the third African country to be validated by the World Health Organization (WHO) as having eliminated the disease as a public health threat. (who.int)
  • Vanuatu has been validated by the World Health Organization (WHO) for eliminating trachoma as a public health problem. (iapb.org)
  • The World Health Organization has endorsed the implementation of the SAFE Strategy, which is a combination of activities designed to eliminate blinding trachoma. (cehjournal.org)
  • Unpublished studies were searched in MedNar, Index to Thesis, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, World Health Organization, and individual governments' commissioned trachoma reports. (edu.au)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO), which has resolved to eliminate the disease by 2020, has developed a proven method to treat and prevent trachoma - the SAFE strategy - that is already being used in many countries. (hollows.org)
  • The activity was the result of global collaboration between the Yemen Ministry of Health, World Health Organization (WHO) and International Coalition of Trachoma Control members Sightsavers, The Fred Hollows Foundation, the International Trachoma Initiative and CBM. (hollows.org)
  • Mali, a land-locked country with 16.8 million people in West Africa, has historically been a country with a heavy burden of trachoma. (cehjournal.org)
  • Trachoma is an infection of the eye caused by bacteria called chlamydia. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Trachoma is caused by infection with the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Ocular immune responses, chlamydia trachomatis infection and clinical signs of trachoma before and after azithromycin mass drug administration in a treatment naïve trachoma-endemic Tanzanian community. (medlineplus.gov)
  • It summarizes present knowledge on the epidemiologic and clinical aspects of the disease, explains the most commonly used approach of large-scale trachoma treatment through control of infection transmission, and describes the more intensive treatment of individual cases. (cdc.gov)
  • Trachoma is due to Chlamydia trachomata infection. (uiowa.edu)
  • Trachoma is a neglected tropical eye disease that mainly affects children, with infection less common with increasing age. (who.int)
  • Trachoma is a devastating eye disease caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis . (who.int)
  • Trachoma , caused by a bacterial infection, remains a significant threat in the developing world and is already confirmed as being endemic in 53 countries. (hollows.org)
  • Trachoma is caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, and is spread through personal contact (such as through hands, clothes or bedding), and by flies that have been in contact with discharge from the eyes or nose of an infected person, according to the WHO. (voaafrica.com)
  • Trachoma - A chronic inflammatory eye disease due to infection with a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. (en-academic.com)
  • Issues around trachoma infection and treatment were conveyed through a story telling session. (biomedcentral.com)
  • When a person suffers from the trachoma eye infection, their eyelashes painfully scratch their eye with each blink. (givehopeandhealing.org)
  • Trachoma is a contagious bacterial infection of the eye, leading to inflammation and scarring of the inner surface of the eyelids. (antibioticsforsale.com)
  • Background: Mass drug treatment with azithromycin (MDA) is part of the WHO-endorsed 'SAFE' strategy for trachoma control in endemic communities. (cdc.gov)
  • In adults, women are up to four times more likely than men to be affected by the late complications of trachoma mainly due to their close contact with infected children. (who.int)
  • Models suggest that an individual requires more than 150 lifetime infections to develop the blinding complications of trachoma. (who.int)
  • What are the complications of trachoma? (antibioticsforsale.com)
  • Some 136 million people live in trachoma-endemic areas and are at risk. (voaafrica.com)
  • Antibiotics (A). Pfizer donates the antibiotic Zithromax™ to trachoma programs, and the International Trachoma Initiative manages distribution. (cdc.gov)
  • French-speaking countries in West Africa are joining forces to eliminate trachoma under a new initiative spearheaded by The Task Force's International Trachoma Initiative (ITI). (iapb.org)
  • Supported by the UK government, a consortium of the International Trachoma Initiative, other NGOs and academic institutions, led by Sightsavers, will carry out the mapping in more than 30 of the world's poorest countries, including over one third of African countries, in the next three years. (hollows.org)
  • Dr Danny Haddad, Director of the International Trachoma Initiative (ITI) who, together with The Fred Hollows Foundation, are supporting Ethiopia's Ministry of Health to deliver the program in Ethiopia commented: "It is exciting to be beginning this global survey in Ethiopia. (hollows.org)
  • Blinding endemic trachoma results from multiple episodes of reinfection that maintains the intense inflammation in the conjunctiva. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blinding endemic trachoma occurs in areas with poor personal and family hygiene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Australia remains the only developed country with endemic trachoma. (abc.net.au)
  • Endemic trachoma continues to exist in remote Aboriginal communities in Australia. (edu.au)
  • Data were collected from Aboriginal communities designated at-risk for endemic trachoma (defined as prevalence of 5% or greater among children) within the Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia. (edu.au)
  • On Nov. 5, former U.S. President Jimmy Carter joined Pfizer Inc. CEO Ian Read at Pfizer headquarters in New York City to celebrate major progress in the global campaign against the blinding disease trachoma as the Center prepares to distribute its 100 millionth dose of Zithromax ® , a Pfizer-donated antibiotic used to treat the disease. (cartercenter.org)
  • Poor sanitation, crowded living conditions, and insufficient clean water and toilets can also increase the spread of trachoma. (medscape.com)
  • Environmental risk factors for trachoma transmission include poor hygiene, overcrowded households, inadequate access to water as well as access and use of proper sanitation facilities. (who.int)
  • The country's first mass drug administration to protect people from blinding trachoma is a rare moment of positive news in Yemen, a country which has been ravaged by several years of civil war and where many face an inadequate water supply and poor sanitation - conditions that help trachoma thrive. (hollows.org)
  • Trachoma occurs especially under conditions of poverty, overpopulation, or poor sanitation and is often complicated by other eye infections of bacterial origin. (en-academic.com)
  • Trachoma is preventable through good hygiene practices and access to clean water and sanitation. (antibioticsforsale.com)
  • The National Trachoma Surveillance and Reporting Unit, established in 2006, is responsible for the collation, analysis and reporting of trachoma prevalence data and the documentation of trachoma control strategies in Australia. (edu.au)
  • The intervention consisted of a workshop which included photovoice training, participants disseminating knowledge from the workshop within their villages, documentation of trachoma control in the community through photography and ending with a group discussion of the participants' photos. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Center, in partnership with the Ethiopia Federal Ministry of Health, local communities, and others including Pfizer and Lions Clubs International Foundation, will celebrate the milestone during MalTra week, an intense effort for widespread treatment and prevention of trachoma and treatment of malaria. (cartercenter.org)
  • It stresses the importance of maximum participation of the people themselves in promotion of health care for the prevention and cure of blinding trachoma. (cdc.gov)
  • Practices included regular actions relating to trachoma, such as treatment and prevention behaviors. (edu.au)
  • The workshop covered basic information on causes and pathology, transmission, signs and symptoms, as well as treatment and prevention of trachoma. (biomedcentral.com)
  • He hopes that the survey will encourage the Federal Government to fund a national trachoma prevention program. (deadlyvibe.com.au)
  • Batteiger BE, Tan M. Chlamydia trachomatis (trachoma and urogenital infections). (medlineplus.gov)
  • The species C trachomatis causes trachoma and also genital infections (serovars D-K) and lymphogranuloma venereum (serovars L1-L3). (medscape.com)
  • Blinding trachoma is targeted for elimination as a public health problem by 2030, and whilst great progress has been made, hard-to-reach, under-served and marginalized communities can still suffer from high prevalence and resurgence of trachoma infections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • MDA has been associated with reduced trachoma prevalence and short-term reductions in other bacterial infections, but can also lead to increased circulation of macrolide-resistant bacteria. (cdc.gov)
  • Health Organization developed the SAFE program with the We investigated whether a commercial Micro-ArrayTube goal of eliminating blinding trachoma by the year 2020. (cdc.gov)
  • Prevalence and risk factors for trachoma in Sarlahi district, Nepal. (bmj.com)
  • Hence, less access to water, crowding and lower socioeconomic status were risk factors for trachoma. (bmj.com)
  • Severe corneal damage in trachoma patients is due primarily to the constant rubbing of the cornea by errant, bristle-like lashes. (uiowa.edu)
  • Contact your provider if you or your child recently visited an area where trachoma is common and you notice symptoms of conjunctivitis. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Serovars D-K occasionally cause a subacute follicular conjunctivitis that may be clinically indistinguishable from trachoma, including follicular conjunctivitis with pannus, but rarely conjunctival scarring. (medscape.com)
  • Trachoma is a chronic conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and is characterized by progressive exacerbations and remissions. (msdmanuals.com)
  • In the early stage, minute basophilic cytoplasmic inclusion bodies within conjunctival epithelial cells in Giemsa-stained conjunctival scrapings differentiate trachoma from nonchlamydial conjunctivitis. (msdmanuals.com)
  • These countries that share a common language can also share the resources and best practices needed to eliminate trachoma," said ITI Director Paul Emerson, PhD. "When countries work together, they better understand each others' needs for resources and technical support and where those should be directed. (iapb.org)
  • Trachoma is a public health problem in 42 countries across Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Central and South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • In September, ITI convened the first meeting of representatives of the ministries of health from 13 francophone countries in West Africa to discuss funding, logistics, and supply-chain management issues around the mass drug administration of antibiotic for eliminating trachoma as a public health problem. (iapb.org)
  • With support from a multitude of partners, the PNLC has become a leader in trachoma elimination across sub-Saharan Africa. (cehjournal.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to synthesize the perceptions and practices of community members relating to trachoma in Africa. (edu.au)
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA: Qualitative studies on the perceptions and practices relating to trachoma in both health care and community settings in Africa were considered for inclusion. (edu.au)
  • CONCLUSION: Various perceptions and practices relating to trachoma exist among community members in Africa. (edu.au)
  • Trachoma is endemic in resource-limited parts of North Africa, the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, Australia, and Southeast Asia, affecting 1.9 million people. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Malawi has become the first country in southern Africa to eliminate trachoma, an eye disease responsible for blinding or visually impairing nearly two million people worldwide, a global charity said Thursday. (voaafrica.com)
  • One of the oldest diseases known to man, trachoma is present in most areas of the world and is especially prevalent in Asia and North Africa. (en-academic.com)
  • Trachoma is predominantly found in impoverished rural areas of Africa, Asia, and Central and South America. (who.int)
  • Affected communities can also help control trachoma by separating animal living quarters from human living space. (cdc.gov)
  • 4. Identify behaviors that would help control trachoma in this population. (cartercenter.org)
  • Sightsavers began working in Malawi in the 1950s and helped to launch the Malawi Trachoma Elimination Programme in 2014. (sightsavers.org)
  • Thanks to hard work, commitment and collaboration between government, health workers, volunteers and organisations like Sightsavers, 9.5 million people are no longer at risk of losing their sight to trachoma. (sightsavers.org)
  • Sightsavers said the achievement was the result of different actions including the wide distribution of antibiotic treatments, training local surgeons to manage more than 6,000 advanced cases of trachoma, and by promoting better hygiene in school campaigns. (voaafrica.com)
  • From 2014 to 2020, the Trachoma Initiative programme, supported by The Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust, worked to eliminate the disease by working with Malawi's Ministry of Health and partners to implement the WHO-endorsed SAFE strategy . (sightsavers.org)
  • The number of people that required treatment with antibiotics for trachoma in the region fell by 72 million from 189 million in 2014 to 117 million in 2020. (who.int)
  • In 1996, WHO launched the WHO Alliance for the Global Elimination of Trachoma by the year 2020 (GET2020). (who.int)
  • ITI manages Pfizer's donation of antibiotic for trachoma elimination and is working with partners to eliminate the disease as a public health problem by 2020. (iapb.org)
  • The word trachoma cated in trachomatous disease by our group ( 6 ) and by an- derives from the Greek word for rough swelling, referring to other independent research group from Paris working in the follicles that appear on the tarsal conjunctiva. (cdc.gov)
  • During the past few decades, rates of trachoma have ness. (cdc.gov)
  • Lower rates of trachoma were seen in families who lived in cement houses, had fewer people per room, more servants, more household goods, animals, and land. (bmj.com)
  • 3 Good hygiene practices such as washing hands with soap, and washing faces with water to remove discharge from eyes and nose help reduce the spread of trachoma. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1986 the treatment for trachoma recommended by the WHO was tetracycline ointment, to be applied to both eyes twice daily for six weeks. (rstmh.org)
  • A cocktail to remember when "Here's mud in your eye" meant a treatment for trachoma and a lengthy delay to your immigration plans. (slklassen.com)
  • On 20 April, the WHO announced that The Gambia had met the targets for the elimination of trachoma as a public health problem. (rstmh.org)
  • Research done in The Gambia in the early 1990s showed that a single oral dose of the antibiotic azithromycin was equally, if not more effective and, as a result of that study the manufacturer of azithromycin, Pfizer, agreed to donate it for the global elimination of trachoma for as long as it was needed. (rstmh.org)
  • I congratulate the Gambian health workers for the hard work that resulted in the elimination of trachoma as a public health threat in The Gambia. (who.int)
  • Consider behaviors that lead to the transmission of trachoma. (cartercenter.org)
  • Simultaneously, MDA to reduce transmission of trachoma will continue in communities where the prevalence remains high. (cehjournal.org)
  • Facial cleanliness (F) . Since trachoma is spread through close personal contact, it typically infects children and their caretakers. (cdc.gov)
  • SAFE refers to Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness, ed directly from conjunctival samples from 101 trachoma pa- and Environmental improvements, specifically, surgery tients in Nepal. (cdc.gov)
  • As a part of a study to review the health institution approach of trachoma surveillance, "F" (facial cleanliness) and "E" (environmental improvement) components of the SAFE trachoma control strategy were assessed in a high-risk population in Nizwa wilayat . (who.int)
  • Blinding trachoma has a devastating personal and economic impact on people living in some of the world's poorest countries. (hollows.org)
  • Trachoma, one of the world's oldest diseases, is an infectious condition spread by flies and human touch. (hollows.org)
  • Local health officials drove through conflict zones and past road blocks to the communities in rural Al Hodeidah and Ibb regions where trachoma - a painful but preventable eye disease - remains prevalent. (hollows.org)
  • Trachoma is a preventable condition that is almost entirely a disease of undeveloped countries. (deadlyvibe.com.au)
  • Is trachoma preventable? (antibioticsforsale.com)
  • Increased carriage of macrolide-resistant fecal E. coli following mass distribution of azithromycin for trachoma control. (cdc.gov)
  • ABSTRACT Oman aims to eliminate blinding trachoma by 2010. (who.int)
  • We know if we are going to eliminate trachoma we cannot leave communities in areas of conflict and crisis behind. (hollows.org)
  • Trachoma is a target of global health initiatives aiming to eliminate it as a public health problem. (who.int)
  • Trachoma is usually treated with antibiotics, and in some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct complications. (antibioticsforsale.com)
  • Trachoma is an infectious disease caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trachoma is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, serotypes (serovars) A, B, and C. It is spread by direct contact with eye, nose, and throat secretions from affected individuals, or contact with fomites (inanimate objects that carry infectious agents), such as towels and/or washcloths, that have had similar contact with these secretions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The causative organism is Chlamydia trachomatis (serotypes A, B, Ba, and C). In the United States, trachoma is rare, occurring occasionally among American Indians and immigrants. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Trachoma is a blinding disease caused by particular strains of the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis . (who.int)
  • Trachoma is caused by certain serotypes of Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacterium that infects the conjunctiva of the eye. (who.int)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although follicular trachoma is prevalent, intense inflammatory trachoma is relatively rare and scarring was not observed in this preschool population. (bmj.com)
  • Cicatricial trachoma was not seen in this age group. (bmj.com)
  • IDDO is collaborating with the WHO's Global Neglected Tropical Diseases Programme and the global trachoma research community to assess optimal interventions against trachoma. (iddo.org)
  • Trachoma is highly contagious in its early stages and is transmitted by eye-to-eye contact, hand-to-eye contact, eye-seeking flies, or the sharing of contaminated articles (eg, towels, handkerchiefs, eye makeup). (msdmanuals.com)
  • Is trachoma contagious? (antibioticsforsale.com)
  • Trachoma is highly contagious as the bacteria can be easily spread through direct or indirect contact. (antibioticsforsale.com)
  • In recent years, knowledge about the causative agent of trachoma and about the epidemiologic patterns that determine the intensity of inflammation and the gravity of disease has increased substantially. (cdc.gov)
  • The Pfizer donation of Zithromax was momentous in trachoma control, and The Carter Center was pleased to go to scale in trachoma endemic countries to get the medicine into the villages and demonstrate the world could end blinding trachoma," President Carter said during a celebration with partners, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and Pfizer employees. (cartercenter.org)
  • Therefore, communities with uncontrolled trachoma should be identified so that appropriate control measures can be implemented. (cdc.gov)
  • The guide also outlines basic principles for the organization of trachoma-control programs. (cdc.gov)
  • The basic methods described can be suitably adapted to local conditions and should allow the swift and effective implementation of trachoma-control programs. (cdc.gov)
  • Guide to trachoma control. (cdc.gov)
  • Thus fa- the SAFE trachoma control strategy in na- cilities for addressing `A' and `S' compo- tional health programmes [ 3 ]. (who.int)
  • S" indicates nents of trachoma control are adequate. (who.int)
  • Reliable com- surveillance, the assessment of "F" and "E" munity-based information on these issues components of the trachoma initiative was is needed so that control of many water- undertaken in Nizwa. (who.int)
  • 15 years, their "F" face washing status provement and implementation of SAFE and "E" environmental improvement status trachoma control strategies have resulted in of the houses in the study area. (who.int)
  • Significant progress has been made in the African region in the control of trachoma over the last couple of years. (who.int)
  • A recent study looked at experiences and perspectives by the Maasai communities of Trachoma control programmes, and highlighted important social, economic and environmental barriers that hamper the effectiveness of these control programmes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Women were given disposable cameras to document their efforts as educators on trachoma and the challenges raised around trachoma control. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These mass drug administration programs continue until trachoma levels drop below levels recommended by WHO. (cdc.gov)
  • The prevalence of active disease has decreased to levels below the threshold recommendation for district-level mass drug administration (MDA), and so the programme has been able to stop this activity in 84 % of the districts where trachoma is present (Figures 1 and 2). (cehjournal.org)
  • Professor Taylor found that up to half of all children in some communities have trachoma and that one in 12 adults have in-turned eyelashes from having trachoma as a child. (deadlyvibe.com.au)
  • The prevalence of trachoma has fallen dramatically, but improvement has plateaued and more work is 'urgently' needed on hygiene. (abc.net.au)
  • Despite The Gambia's achievement, non-formal schools, especially those located in previously trachoma-endemic areas, remain a concern due to poor living conditions such as overcrowding and inadequate sanitary facilities, water supply and basic hygiene. (who.int)
  • Trachoma is only ever seen in areas where living conditions are crowded and hygiene is poor, and is known to be endemic in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations in some parts of the Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia. (deadlyvibe.com.au)
  • In the past 20 years, the number of people at risk of trachoma globally has dropped by 92 per cent, from around 1.5 billion people in 2002 to 125 million today. (sightsavers.org)
  • Globally, trachoma is a public health problem in 45 countries with an estimated 137 million people living in trachoma-endemic areas. (who.int)
  • Trachoma is a significant public health issue in many developing countries and affects millions of people globally. (antibioticsforsale.com)