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  • botulinum toxin
  • Serum taken on the day of admission had tested negative for barbiturate and the residual serum from the 3 animals later tested negative for botulinum toxin. (scielo.org.za)
  • Colon and oesophageal content from the male at necropsy were positive for Clostridium botulinum toxin type C by the mouse bioassay neutralisation test, confirming that this male had had concomitant barbiturate toxicity and botulism, and had succumbed to aspiration bronchopneumonia secondary to pharyngeal, laryngeal and oesophageal paralysis and oesophageal impaction. (scielo.org.za)
  • Although ricin's lethal toxicity is approximately 1,000-fold less than that of botulinum toxin, ricin may have significance as a biological weapon because of its heat stability and worldwide availability, in massive quantities, as a by-product of castor oil production. (ukessays.com)
  • antibodies
  • A study in Israel showed that 29 % and 3 % of 39 golden jackals had naturally formed antibodies to botulinum toxins types C and D respectively, but red foxes and wolves were negative, suggesting that some wild carnivores do become exposed to the toxin subject to various factors including eating habits 26 . (scielo.org.za)
  • Hematologic malignancies are optimal for treating with immunotoxins, since malignant cells are often intravascular and accessible to intravenously administered drug, and since patients often lack sufficient immunity to make antibodies against the toxin. (bioportfolio.com)
  • toxicity
  • The plant is most hazardous at the seedling stage because of its toxicity as well as palatability. (lsesc.net)
  • As plants develop past the seedling stage, their toxicity decreases. (lsesc.net)
  • The study says, "It has been reported that Cry toxins exert their toxicity when activated at alkaline pH of the digestive tract of susceptible larvae, and, because the physiology of the mammalian digestive system does not allow their activation, and no known specific receptors in mammalian intestinal cells have been reported, the toxicity [of] these MCAs [microbial control agents] to mammals would negligible. (gmoseralini.org)
  • The stage of growth or form in which it is eaten can affect the toxicity of some plants. (mofga.org)
  • pasture
  • Trematone remains active in hay and in the stalks of the dead plants on pasture. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • If a pasture has enough palatable plants to eat, livestock will generally avoid the poisonous plants. (mofga.org)
  • So any pasture management method that results in over grazing will encourage animals to eat plants they would normally avoid. (mofga.org)
  • Many pasture plants that are not normally toxic can accumulate nitrates under certain conditions. (mofga.org)
  • If animals eat only the tops and don't dig or pull up the tubers, they won't be affected - so again, regarding pasture management, don't push animals to eat plants they would prefer not to, but may eat only because they are hungry and have been in that paddock too long. (mofga.org)
  • Take extra care not to throw cuttings of these into the pasture, and avoid planting exotics or ornamentals along the fence if animals have any chance of reaching through the fence to nibble. (mofga.org)
  • veterinary
  • As a veterinary toxicologist for the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center and a gardening enthusiast, I often give advice on planting pet-safe gardens and with the planting season in full force, it s important for all dog and cat owners to be extra vigilant about keeping dangerous plants out of their homes and gardens. (care2.com)
  • thrive
  • You did not suddenly develop a new set of genetic instructions over the past 60+ years that allow your body to thrive on toxins and "not know what to do" with antioxidants! (mercola.com)
  • are popular plants, because they are generally easy to grow, can thrive in many conditions and produce gorgeous blooms. (care2.com)
  • crops
  • The methodology is not clearly described but what is clear is that the presumed nontoxicity of Bt toxin to mammals, on which all regulatory approvals of Bt crops are based, is false. (gmoseralini.org)
  • found
  • The plant is found all over India and though all its parts are poisonous, the seeds are commonly used as poison. (santoshraut.com)
  • Taking into account the increased risk of human and animal exposures to significant levels of these toxins, especially through diet, our results suggest that further studies are required to clarify the mechanism involved in the hematotoxicity found in mice, and to establish the toxicological risks to non-target organisms, especially mammals, before concluding that these microbiological control agents are safe for mammals. (gmoseralini.org)
  • In this study, Bt toxin Cry1Ac was found to be toxic to human cells. (gmoseralini.org)
  • amounts
  • If your animal ingests large amounts of the plant, he could suffer from convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors and cardiac arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats). (care2.com)
  • pastures
  • Cockleburs occur throughout Illinois and the rest of the U.S. as stray plants in waste places, cornfields, pastures, and along roadsides, fencerows, stream banks, the beds of dry ponds, and previously flooded land along streams and rivers. (lsesc.net)
  • Trematone is a toxic component of white snakeroot ( Eupatorium rugosum ), which grows in shaded areas of the eastern and central USA, as well as rayless goldenrod ( Isocoma wrightii ), which is common in the Southwest on open pastures. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Also known as devil s trumpet, the Jimson weed ( Datura stramonium ) can be moderately toxic to cats and dogs and typically infests farmland and pastures . (care2.com)
  • Learn to identify the plants in your pastures. (mofga.org)
  • pests
  • Celangulin V (CV) is a compound isolated from Celastrus angulatus Max that has a toxic activity against agricultural insect pests. (mdpi.com)
  • relatively
  • A relatively short list of plants has been developed for the task of phytoremediation from coal mining. (botanyeveryday.com)
  • The most useful of these agents appear to be the relatively small recombinant fusion toxins that contain either growth factor or Fv fragments as ligands. (bioportfolio.com)
  • humans
  • Sometimes natural substances present in the food can be toxic to humans and can cause food poisoning. (medindia.net)
  • eaten
  • Mature plants, however, are seldom eaten, perhaps because of their bitterness and rough texture. (lsesc.net)
  • The quantity of the plant eaten will also affect the severity of the result. (mofga.org)
  • And the part of the plant eaten is significant. (mofga.org)
  • evergreen
  • The Christmas Rose is an evergreen plant with dark, leathery, pedate leaves carried on stems to 9-12 in tall. (lsesc.net)
  • Holly plants are evergreen trees and shrubs. (ehow.com)
  • genetically
  • In conclusion, results showed that the Bt spore-crystals genetically modified to express individually Cry1Aa, Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, or Cry2A can cause some hematological risks to vertebrates, increasing their toxic effects with long-term exposure. (gmoseralini.org)
  • common
  • These are pretty common as a potted indoor plant. (arizonapottery.com)
  • These are typically outdoor plants, but the popular and beloved lily of the valley is a common bouquet flower for weddings and holiday gatherings. (care2.com)
  • Animals
  • Chemical defence by means of toxins poisonous to other organisms, be they animals or plants, is widespread amongst the plant kingdom - including microorganisms as well. (springer.com)
  • The animals' health and condition will affect the potency and effects of certain toxins. (mofga.org)
  • For animals that can do so, vomiting - the first sign of poisoning - eliminates some of the toxin. (mofga.org)
  • Being toxic to all animals is a nice defense mechanism for a plant, said Princeton University biologist Peter Andolfatto, senior author of one of the papers. (philly.com)
  • animal
  • A healthy animal will process this toxin without ill effects, while a thin or unhealthy animal could have a serious reaction or even die. (mofga.org)
  • If you suspect poisoning, try to find the offending plant in order to decide how to treat the animal. (mofga.org)
  • present
  • At present, only 1 agent, which contains human interleukin-2 and truncated diphtheria toxin, is approved for use in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. (bioportfolio.com)
  • work
  • In the process, phytoremediation may offer a suite of benefits familiar to those who work with plants including carbon sequestration, increased water quality, aesthetic value, food for wildlife, craft material etc. (botanyeveryday.com)
  • For the immunotoxin to work, it must bind to and be internalized by the target cells, and the enzymatic fragment of the toxin must translocate to the cytosol. (bioportfolio.com)
  • body
  • If you have genes lighting up and going dark in unpredictable ways, the functions of a plant or a body can change randomly. (scienceblogs.com)
  • cause
  • This plant also may cause photosensitization. (lsesc.net)
  • Trifolium subterraneum contains genistein and formononetin isoflavone estrogens that cause most if not all problems with this plant. (lsesc.net)
  • Spring has finally sprung but some of the flowers and plants growing in your garden or blooming in your vases could cause serious harm to your pet. (care2.com)
  • irritation
  • All parts of this tree are toxic, causing upset stomach and if the foliage contacts your skin, it can result in rash or irritation. (ehow.com)
  • keep
  • Warm without drafts, moist but not sitting water and misting every couple of days will keep these high humidity plants happy. (arizonapottery.com)