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  • aorta
  • Optical coherence tomography images of human thoracic aorta from aneurysms reveal elastin disorders and smooth muscle cell alterations when visualizing the media layer of the aortic wall. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Human thoracic aorta from aneurysms reveal elastin disorders and smooth muscle cell alterations when visualizing the media layer of the aortic wall, which is only some tens of microns in depth from surface. (spie.org)
  • In 20 healthy, young adults (10 males, mean age 31.3 years) of the AMBITYON cohort study the descending thoracic aorta was imaged with a 3.0 T MR system using the 3D-T1-BB-VISTA sequence. (biomedcentral.com)
  • vessel wall
  • 1 This pathological growth generally induces an underlying weakness in the vessel wall, and the main concern is to minimize the risk of rupture of the vessel. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Sample sizes required to detect a 5 % difference in aortic wall characteristics between two groups were 203, 126, 136, 68 and 153 per group for lumen area, total vessel area and vessel wall area and for mean and maximum vessel wall thickness, respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This sequence allows for an isotropic depiction of the vessel wall in an acceptable scan time with (sub)-millimetre spatial resolution. (biomedcentral.com)
  • spine
  • Canadian researchers performed a rigorous systematic review of RCTs, cohort studies, and case-control studies that examined nonpharmacologic treatments for managing acute mechanical thoracic spine and chest wall pain. (jaoa.org)
  • One of the studies found a small statistically significant-but not clinically important-impact of manual physiotherapy on reducing acute thoracic spinal pain when comparing the effectiveness of thoracic spinal manipulation, needle acupuncture, and placebo electrotherapy in the management of thoracic spine pain. (jaoa.org)
  • The osteopathic medical profession needs rigorously designed, low bias, large cohort studies, similar to those that support the American Osteopathic Association's recently updated osteopathic manipulative treatment guidelines for low back pain, 4 to validate reimbursement claims for treating patients with acute thoracic spine and chest wall pain conditions with osteopathic manipulative treatment. (jaoa.org)
  • aortic wall
  • Two approaches are followed to evaluate this risk: the analysis of the reflectivity decay along the penetration depth and the textural analysis of a two-dimensional spatial distribution of the aortic wall backscattering. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Results show that the alterations in the media layer of the aortic wall are better highlighted when the textural approach is considered and also agree with a semiquantitative histopathological grading that assesses the degree of wall degradation. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • Cardiovascular surgeons face certain challenges in open surgery: to prevent postoperative pseudoaneurysm formation if the graft is sutured close to a degraded aortic wall and to be able to evaluate the quality of the aortic arch to extend the graft placement if necessary. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • These techniques are believed to be useful in these applications as aortic wall disorders directly affect the refractive index of the tissue, having an effect on the gradient of the tissue reflectivity that conform the OCT image. (spie.org)
  • Here, we evaluate for the first time the reproducibility of an isotropic, T1-weighted, three-dimensional, black-blood, CMR VISTA sequence (3D-T1-BB-VISTA) for quantification of aortic wall characteristics in healthy, young adults. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Based on these findings, sample sizes for detecting differences in aortic wall characteristics between groups were calculated. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The 3D-T1-BB-VISTA sequence provides excellent reproducibility for quantification of aortic wall characteristics and can detect small differences between groups with reasonable sample sizes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • lung
  • Patients undergoing surgery for locally advanced lung cancer involving the chest wall require anatomical lung with extensive en-bloc chest wall resection and appropriate reconstruction.In this proo. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Occasionally, a localised injury to the osseous part of the chest wall can occur (rib fracture, sternal fracture and sternoclavicular dislocation) or, rarely, direct impact forces may be transmitted through the chest wall to the deeper organs, causing serious injury to the heart, lung or large mediastinal vessels. (springer.com)
  • indicators for wall degradation
  • These disorders can be employed as indicators for wall degradation and, therefore, become a hallmark for diagnosis of risk of aneurysm under intraoperative conditions. (spiedigitallibrary.org)
  • The resulting images require a suitable processing to enhance interesting disorder features and to use them as indicators for wall degradation, converting OCT into a hallmark for diagnosis of risk of aneurysm under intraoperative conditions. (spie.org)
  • scan
  • An enhanced CT scan revealed an 18-mm tumor in the right thoracic wall ( a , arrowheads). (springeropen.com)
  • The inter-scan, inter-rater and intra-rater reproducibility of aortic lumen, total vessel and wall area and mean and maximum wall thickness was evaluated using Bland-Altman analyses and Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Assessment
  • Hence, it may be a valuable tool for assessment of the subtle vascular wall changes of early atherosclerosis in asymptomatic populations. (biomedcentral.com)
  • adults
  • Vanti C, Ferrari S, Morsillo F, Tosarelli D, Pillastrini P. Manual therapy for non-specific thoracic pain in adults: review of the literature. (jaoa.org)
  • metastasis
  • We would like to present a rare case of metastatic pancreatic cancer to the chest wall muscle, and a review of the literature regarding skeletal muscle metastasis (SMM) from pancreatic cancer. (springeropen.com)
  • Thus, the chest wall tumor was diagnosed as a metastasis from the pancreatic adenocarcinoma. (springeropen.com)
  • arterial
  • The slowly progressive changes in the arterial wall attributed to atherosclerosis provide a window of opportunity for its pre-clinical detection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • abnormalities
  • Hence, the 3D-T1-BB-VISTA sequence may be attractive for the detection of atherosclerosis in early life, when vascular wall abnormalities are still subtle. (biomedcentral.com)
  • lesions
  • Fifteen months after the introduction of the chemoradiotherapy, an 18-mm elastic hard tumor was found in her right chest wall and resected after confirmation of no other metastatic lesions. (springeropen.com)
  • clinically
  • Contrary to previous recommendations, 1 , 2 the study determined that manual therapy provided clinically irrelevant pain reduction in patients with thoracic pain. (jaoa.org)
  • lower
  • At the lower part of the thoracic region the deep fascia is well-developed, and is continuous with the fibrous sheaths of the Recti abdominis. (bartleby.com)
  • Posteroanterior (PA) chest radiograph in a 16-year-old male adolescent with thoracic non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) shows subtle enlargement of the lower paratracheal lymph nodes. (medscape.com)