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  • spinous
  • The spinous processes also overlap each other slightly to provide extra support and rigidity to the thoracic region and prevent extraneous movements. (innerbody.com)
  • lower
  • Complete damage to this vertebra (in a worst-case scenario) could result in the patient losing use of their lower body (paraplegia). (healthline.com)
  • shock
  • Inside the annulus fibrosus is the gel-like nucleus pulposus that acts as a soft shock absorber to prevent collisions between the vertebrae. (innerbody.com)
  • The cartilaginous discs between vertebrae absorb and distribute shock and keep the vertebrae from grinding together during movement. (spineuniverse.com)