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  • synthesis
  • This synthesis is grounded in the idea that although religious beliefs and practices originally arose as nonadaptive by-products of innate cognitive functions, particular cultural variants were then selected for their prosocial effects in a long-term, cultural evolutionary process. (cambridge.org)
  • Psychology
  • We develop a cultural evolutionary theory of the origins of prosocial religions and apply it to resolve two puzzles in human psychology and cultural history: (1) the rise of large-scale cooperation among strangers and, simultaneously, (2) the spread of prosocial religions in the last 10-12 millennia. (cambridge.org)
  • traits
  • A theory which posits that life on earth shares a common antecedent and that its diversity and complexity can be explained by random mutation and the natural selection of inheritable traits over the course of generations. (ebscohost.com)
  • By arranging or classifying large sets of anatomical structures according to the similarity of selected traits, evolutionary naturalists have attempted to demonstrate evidence for a long, gradual line of progressive animal changes terminating in the highest organism yet, humans. (answersingenesis.org)
  • science
  • The current crisis in evolutionary science does not imply complete rejection of this paradigm. (blogspot.com)
  • Some creation scientists have argued that the evolution of all life on Earth from a common annecestor is not a falsifiable hypothesis and as such should be considered a pseudoscience according to criteria proposed by the renowned philosophy of science Karl Popper . (conservapedia.com)
  • Observations that corroborate theories not sufficient to establish status as science under Popper's falsifiability criteria. (conservapedia.com)
  • They don't understand the myriad intricacies of the science behind evolution entirely. (theforce.net)
  • but they will point at one hole in an argument with 100 years of research and 50,000 other cogent points, and say the entire science of evolution is wrong. (theforce.net)
  • You consider evolution science and creation faith. (theforce.net)
  • no... my point was that if you think evolutionists try to prove evolution theory on 'circumstantial supposition' as opposed to rigorous testing of numerous hypotheses and rely on faith, not scrutiny, then you haven't the slightest idea of what evolutionary science is. (theforce.net)
  • Not surprisingly, proponents of ID like the Discovery Institute's associate director, Dr. John West, decried the decision saying that "Judge Jones got on his soapbox to offer his own views of science, religion, and evolution. (solidarity-us.org)
  • While much of this legislation is introduced with little chance of it being enacted into law, in some places, like Kansas and Ohio, state boards of education have changed their state science standards to introduce "controversy" over the theory of evolution or allow teaching of "alternative theories" to evolution such as ID. (solidarity-us.org)
  • Many scientists and philosophers of science have described evolution as fact and theory , a phrase which was used as the title of an article by paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould in 1981. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers
  • This is a diverse collection of eleven papers that share the common theme of posing open problems and pointing out possible directions of future research, all written by leading researchers in the field of evolutionary computation (EC). (booktopia.com.au)
  • Darwinian
  • What if Darwinian evolution is absolutely correct, but was not a godlessly driven natural occurance, but rather an intelligently directed and divinely guided form of Creationism? (abovetopsecret.com)
  • scientists
  • theory that are leveled particularly by the media and by non-scientists. (coursera.org)
  • In 1980, Popper responded to news that his conclusions were being used by creation-scientists by affirming that theories regarding the origins of life on earth were scientific because "their hypotheses can in many cases be tested," but he stopped short of granting full scientific standing to evolution. (conservapedia.com)
  • 1998
  • Evolutionary game theory has been the subject of several surveys and texts, including Fudenberg and Levine (1998), Hofbauer and Sigmund (1988), Mailath (1998), Samuelson (1997), van Damme (1991, chapter 9), Vega-Redondo (1996), Weibiill (1995) and Young (1998). (academicroom.com)
  • Wade MJ and Goodnight CJ (1998) Perspective: The theories of Fisher and Wright in the context of metapopulations: when nature does many small experiments. (els.net)
  • small populations
  • The shifting balance is an evolutionary process by which: 1) Drift and selection in small populations drive among‐population epistatic differentiation. (els.net)
  • The nearly neutral theory contends that the interplay of drift and weak selection is important and predicts that evolution is more rapid in small populations than in large populations. (els.net)
  • mutations
  • The near‐neutrality concept may be extended to the evolution of such systems, where epigenetics and robustness are important for gene expression and many mutations are weakly selected. (els.net)
  • breadth
  • The breadth of evolution escapes them, because they presuppose that the world only existed as long as judeo-christian recorded history. (theforce.net)
  • equilibrium
  • I then turn to the questions of whether evolutionary game theory provides support for equilibrium play and whether it provides insight into which equi- librium we might expect to see. (academicroom.com)
  • Finally, it is useful to recall a time when general equilibrium theory was the new technique sweeping the profession, spurred by elegant proofs of existence and optimality and prompting concern about ques- tions as to why we should expect equilibrium outcomes. (academicroom.com)
  • Game theory has given rise to an equilibrium selection problem, potentially amenable to evolutionary techniques, that had no parallel in the case of general equilibrium theory. (academicroom.com)
  • His theory of peripatric speciation has become widely accepted as one of the standard modes of speciation, and is the basis of the theory of punctuated equilibrium. (edge.org)
  • neutral theory
  • Under the strict neutral theory, the evolutionary rate is equal to the neutral mutation rate. (els.net)
  • The nearly neutral theory also predicts abundant rare alleles in the population as compared with strict neutrality. (els.net)
  • The emphasis of significance of weak selection in evolution distinguishes the nearly neutral theory from the neutral theory. (els.net)
  • Many observed patterns of protein evolution by measuring synonymous and nonsynonymous divergences are in accord with the nearly neutral theory. (els.net)
  • The adaptationist theory Dennett spews would be called the "adaptationist fallacy" by neutral theory advocates Larry Moran and Eugene Koonin. (uncommondescent.com)
  • The point is not whether adaptationists like Dennett or neutral theory advocates like Moran and Koonin are correct. (uncommondescent.com)
  • Wright's
  • Coyne JA, Barton NH and Turelli M (1997) Perspective: a critique of Sewall Wright's shifting balance theory of evolution. (els.net)
  • Crow JF, Engels WR and Denniston C (1990) Phase three of Wright's shifting‐balance theory. (els.net)
  • Wade MJ and Goodnight CJ (1991) Wright's shifting balance theory: an experimental study. (els.net)
  • Creationists
  • staunch creationists don't have the slightest idea of the grand scale of evolution. (theforce.net)
  • So if you want to criticize creationists based on the fact that we use faith then criticize yourself since your theory is as 'full of holes' as ours. (theforce.net)
  • experimental
  • This approach has been called Synthetic Experimental Evolution by our collaborators Eric Davidson and Doug Erwin and it is producing suggestive results that seem to confirm its logical premise. (asu.edu)
  • examines
  • This course examines the evolution of these cultures through the use of archaeological and paleoanthropological data, which ranges from 4 million years ago to the time of recorded history. (temple.edu)
  • argue
  • Unlike other creationist arguments, however, it is primarily based on scientific arguments which both argue for the existence and work of God while also pointing out discrepancies in evolutionary theory. (ebscohost.com)
  • They'll sidestep and try to argue about some other 'holes' in your theory. (theforce.net)
  • adaptive
  • Another theoretical focus of our work is the theory of Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS). (asu.edu)
  • One of the defining features of CAS, whether natural, technological, economical, social/cultural or biological, is that they are in large measure the product of adaptive co-evolution with their environment. (asu.edu)
  • Widely
  • A survey by the author of 45 widely used recent college textbooks and 28 high school texts revealed that all of those that discussed evolution (except one) employed homology as a major proof for Darwinism. (answersingenesis.org)
  • basic
  • The chapter next proposes a novel scheme to classify all algorithmic extensions of negative selection into three basic classes: self-organization, evolution, and proliferation. (igi-global.com)