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  • joints
  • Muscles move joints, stabilize the body, move air and food through the organs, act as valves for bladder, bowel and other organs. (healthtap.com)
  • Headches are a Trigeminal Nerve Disorder and the largest input to the trigeminal nervous system are the jaws, the jaw muscles, the jaw joints, the teeth and the periodontal ligaments. (sleepandhealth.com)
  • coronoid
  • The cartilago transiliens slides between the pterygoid buttress and coronoid region of the lower jaw and connects two muscles historically identified as m. pseudotemporalis superficialis and m. intramandibularis. (scribd.com)
  • cranial
  • Survival prediction using temporal muscle thickness measurements on cranial magnetic resonance images in patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Here we document the 3-dimensional morphology of the cranial musculoskeletal anatomy in the Australian Laughing Kookaburra Dacelo novaeguineae , with a focus upon the geometry and attachments of the jaw muscles in this species. (peerj.com)
  • posterior deep
  • and of the posterior deep temporal is of 24,93mm. (scielo.cl)
  • This research aimed to examine the courses and branching patterns of the trunk and branches of the maxillary artery in a large sample of Japanese adult cadavers to determine if a new classification for the course of the maxillary artery should be established and whether the branching patterns of the maxillary artery, especially the middle meningeal, the inferior alveolar and the posterior deep temporal arteries, need to be reconsidered. (springer.com)
  • adductor
  • 1) a detailed study of the architecture, fiber types, and the recruitment patterns of the jaw adductor muscles of priamtes. (duke.edu)
  • 1) a detailed study of both the recruitment patterns and the fiber types of the jaw adductor muscles of macaques and baboons. (duke.edu)
  • During biting, isotonic contraction of the adductor musculature imposes reaction forces on the prey (or other item), whilst shaking or twisting of the food requires isometric contraction of the jaw muscles to firmly hold the prey. (peerj.com)
  • dissection
  • Intra-operative pain occurred mainly during head fixation, dissection of the temporal muscle , traction of the dura close to the territory of the meningeal artery and of the intracerebral blood vessels. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Initially, it was made the dissection of the pieces by an endocranian access, once located the nerves, we passed to the measurement of the same ones, using as reference the oval foramen and the penetration point of the nerve in the muscle. (scielo.cl)
  • The head of a deceased specimen was CT scanned, and an accurate 3D representation of the skull and jaw muscles was generated through manual segmentation of the CT scan images, and augmented by dissection of the specimen. (peerj.com)
  • We tested the hypothesis that the cartilago transiliens is a sesamoid developed within in one muscle by investigating its structure in an ontogenetic series of Alligator mississippiensis using dissection, 3D imaging, and polarizing and standard light microscopy. (scribd.com)
  • Arterial
  • Arterial smooth muscle (ASM) contraction plays a critical role in regulating blood distribution and blood pressure. (physiology.org)
  • For instance, in rat mesenteric arterial smooth muscle cells, both ATP-dependent K + (K ATP ) channels and voltage-gated K + channels are inhibited by angiotensin II (ANG II) through both PKA and PKC, with the latter inhibition specifically mediated by the ε isoenzyme ( 10 , 11 ). (physiology.org)
  • extant
  • Protein ingestion is thought to enhance peri-training recovery of muscle function, but the extant literature is, to date, equivocal. (mdpi.com)
  • Diapsida was named after the two fenestrae (holes) found in the temporal region of the skull of most early and some extant diapsids. (tolweb.org)
  • pain
  • What are the possible causes of right armpit, elbow, and thenar hand muscle atrophy and the pain associates with all three? (healthtap.com)
  • Musculoskeletal discomfort in the neck and shoulders is common among workers performing visually demanding near work, e.g., on a computer screen, and sustained low-level muscle activity during such work can lead to work-related pain. (diva-portal.org)
  • With a frequency of 92%, pain in the temporal muscle was the most common symptom, followed by pain during mouth opening (89%) in both genders. (medsci.org)
  • Most patients suffer from pain during mandibular movements, at rest, or on palpation of the muscles. (medsci.org)
  • weakness
  • As for the cause of the observed weakness in skeletal and respiratory muscles in diabetics, it has been generally attributed to the motor and sensory neuropathy [ 3 ] often present in diabetic patients. (hindawi.com)
  • Pancoast's tumour of the lung, (apical tumour) is associated with infiltration of the lower fibres of the brachial plexus (wasting and weakness of the small muscles of the hand and C8, T1 sensory loss) together with infiltration of the sympathetic nerve fibres producing ptosis, miosis (small pupil) and loss of sweating on that side of the face. (brainscape.com)
  • trapezius
  • This study was designed to determine whether a dynamic change in focus, alternating between a nearby and a more distant visual target, produces a direct parallel change in trapezius muscle activity. (diva-portal.org)
  • The trapezius muscle activity was significantly higher during Near than during Far focusing periods for both groups within the neutral viewing condition, and there was a significant co-variation in time between accommodation and trapezius muscle activity within the neutral and positive viewing conditions for the control group. (diva-portal.org)
  • A direct link, from the accommodation/vergence system to the trapezius muscles cannot be ruled out, but the connection may also be explained by an increased need for eye-neck (head) stabilization when focusing on a nearby target as compared to a more distant target. (diva-portal.org)
  • The aims of this thesis were to determine whether neck/shoulder discomfort and trapezius muscle activity increases during visually demanding experimental near work, and to investigate whether eye-lens accommodation is a mediating mechanism behind increased trapezius muscle activity. (diva-portal.org)
  • Rats
  • 17 In addition, Washburn 18 showed that when the temporal muscle was removed in rats, growth at that location decreased, and the sutures became simpler. (jaoa.org)
  • diaphragm
  • Diaphragm function is a limiting factor for overall muscle performance, in as much as intense physical activity causes fatigue of diaphragm muscle even in healthy individuals of varying fitness levels [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Moreover, the majority of the studies performed to date have been carried out in hind-limb skeletal muscles or in cardiac tissue [ 7 - 11 ] whereas scarce attention has been paid to diaphragm muscle performance. (hindawi.com)
  • In two previous studies in diaphragm muscles, Hida et al. (hindawi.com)
  • involuntary
  • I have been having bouts of intense issues of blacking out and doing things not remembering them the next day, involuntary muscle jerking, and have had multiple head injuries and concussions. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • insertion
  • This information includes the innervations and attachments of each muscle, how to position the patient for examination, the appropriate site for insertion of the electrode, the depth of insertion for the electrode, and the action that the patient should perform to activate the muscle. (ccthomas.com)
  • portions
  • It was only after much trouble that we succeeded in laying bare some portions of the temporal muscle which appeared of less stony rigidity than other parts of the frame, but which, as we had anticipated, of course, gave no indication of galvanic susceptibility when brought in contact with the wire. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • sagittal
  • The prolonged patency of the lambdoid suture may be due to external forces, such as the greater number of muscles affecting the lambdoid suture when compared with the sagittal suture. (jaoa.org)
  • With the understanding that external factors, such as muscle activity, may contribute to the maintenance of sutural patency, this study sought to determine if a difference in patency and obliteration of the ectocranial coronal, lambdoid, and sagittal sutures exists. (jaoa.org)
  • neck
  • Near work is associated with increased activity in the neck and shoulder muscles, but the underlying mechanismis still unknown. (diva-portal.org)
  • The relationships between visual demands and muscle activity and discomfort in the neck/shoulder region are at present unclear. (diva-portal.org)
  • Moving neck ), Stitch in cervical muscles. (homeoint.org)
  • parameters
  • The FDA defines a biofeedback device as "an instrument that provides a visual or auditory signal corresponding to the status of one or more of a patient's physiological parameters (e.g., brain alpha wave activity, muscle activity, skin temperature, etc.) so that the patient can control voluntarily these physiological parameters. (wellmark.com)
  • characteristics
  • Although intrinsic factors may be an influence, extrinsic or environmental factors such as tensile forces, a growing brain, and active muscle demands, are more likely to affect the characteristics of sutures. (jaoa.org)
  • lower
  • Whey protein (WP) is a high-quality source of protein, rich in essential amino acids, known to enhance muscle protein synthesis (MPS) post-exercise [ 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 ] which is demonstrably superior compared to other lower quality protein sources [ 8 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • organs
  • Muscles move joints, stabilize the body, move air and food through the organs, act as valves for bladder, bowel and other organs. (healthtap.com)
  • However, the position of cartilago transiliens, and its anatomical similarities to tendon organs suggest the structure may be a sesamoid linking a single muscle. (scribd.com)
  • Finally, these findings indicate that similar tendon organs exist among potentially homologous muscle groups in birds and turtles, thus impacting inferences of jaw muscle homology and evolution in sauropsids in general. (scribd.com)
  • whereas
  • Whereas several neighboring muscles attached to the fibrous capsule in older individuals, only two muscles had significant contributions to the structure in young animals. (scribd.com)
  • patterns
  • 22 We hypothesize that motor outputs are hierarchically organized such that descending 23 temporal commands based on desired task-level goals flexibly recruit muscle synergies that 24 specify the spatial patterns of muscle coordination that allow the task to be achieved. (semanticscholar.org)