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  • fatty
  • A triglyceride is broken down into three fatty acids and a monoglyceride, which are absorbed by the villi on the intestine walls. (wikipedia.org)
  • After being transferred across the intestinal membrane, the fatty acids reform into triglycerides (re-esterified), before being absorbed into the lymphatic system through lacteals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Steatorrhea can lead to deficiencies in essential fatty acids and fat-soluble vitamins. (wikipedia.org)
  • intestine
  • As an alkali, it also has the function of neutralizing excess stomach acid before it enters the duodenum, the first section of the small intestine. (wikipedia.org)
  • short-chain
  • Prebiotic soluble fiber products, like those containing inulin or oligosaccharides, may contribute to relief from inflammatory bowel disease, as in Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and Clostridium difficile, due in part to the short-chain fatty acids produced with subsequent anti-inflammatory actions upon the bowel. (wikipedia.org)
  • intestinal
  • The unique detergent properties of bile acids are essential for the digestion and intestinal absorption of hydrophobic nutrients. (lmdb.ca)
  • Essential component of the Ost-alpha/Ost-beta complex, a heterodimer that acts as the intestinal basolateral transporter responsible for bile acid export from enterocytes into portal blood. (genecards.org)
  • Pathway
  • In this pathway, cysteine is first oxidized to its sulfinic acid, catalyzed by the enzyme cysteine dioxygenase. (wikipedia.org)
  • acidic
  • He proposed that lactic-acid bacteria create a more acidic environment as a result of fermentation, thereby suppressing the growth of proteolytic bacteria. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • enzyme
  • Cholic acid, formulated as Cholbam capsules, is approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration as a treatment for children and adults with bile acid synthesis disorders due to single enzyme defects, and for peroxisomal disorders (such as Zellweger syndrome). (wikipedia.org)
  • receptor
  • Involvement of prostaglandin E receptor EP3 subtype and prostacyclin IP receptor in decreased acid response in damaged stomach. (biomedsearch.com)
  • enzymes
  • The cystathionine is then converted to hypotaurine by the sequential action of three enzymes: cystathionine gamma-lyase, cysteine dioxygenase, and cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase. (wikipedia.org)