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  • hypotaurine
  • Initiates several important metabolic pathways related to pyruvate and several sulfurate compounds including sulfate, hypotaurine and taurine. (nih.gov)
  • It has been suggested that taurine, hypotaurine and their metabolic precursors (cysteic acid, cysteamine and cysteinesulphinic acid) might act as antioxidants in vivo. (biochemj.org)
  • It is concluded that cysteamine and hypotaurine are far more likely to act as antioxidants in vivo than is taurine, provided that they are present in sufficient concentration at sites of oxidant generation. (biochemj.org)
  • concentrations
  • The physiological response by the muscle to exhaustive exercise, particularly with regard to changes in plasma and urinary taurine concentrations remain to be elucidated, but is probably related to muscle function impairment. (uclouvain.be)
  • acids
  • Changes in plasma and urinary taurine and amino acids in runners immediately and 24h after a marathon. (uclouvain.be)
  • Changes in urinary and plasma taurine and amino acids have been evaluated in trained runners competing in the Rotterdam Marathon, 1998, both immediately after completing the event and 24h after recovery. (uclouvain.be)
  • Significant correlations between the individual values for urinary and plasma amino acids in all of the athletes were calculated for taurine (r = 0.528), glycine (r = 0.853), threonine (r = 0.749), alanine (r = 0.747), serine (r = 0.620), glutamine (0.614), arginine (r = 0.507), histidine (r = 0.470) and valine (r = 0.486). (uclouvain.be)
  • Hypertension
  • Hypertension - Taurine actually plays a role on the health of your blood vessels and heart. (mercola.com)
  • Some studies indicate taurine may be useful for treating viral hepatitis, alcoholism, hypertension and multiple sclerosis, but researchers either did not perform these studies with strict controls or other studies contradicted the initial findings. (livestrong.com)
  • evidence that taurine
  • Data presented at this meeting provided compelling evidence that taurine is not only cytoprotective in cardiomyocytes, but also is a potent GABA agonist, whereby it can facilitate vasodilation of conducting arteries. (springer.com)
  • There is strong evidence that taurine is safe at levels up to 3 g per day, although higher dosages have been tested without apparent adverse effects. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • Latin
  • Contrary to what many people believe, taurine, which is named after the Latin word for ox or bull, "taurus," 3 is not extracted from the urine or semen of this animal. (mercola.com)
  • Taurine is named after the Latin taurus (a cognate of the Greek ταῦρος) which means bull or ox, as it was first isolated from ox bile in 1827 by German scientists Friedrich Tiedemann and Leopold Gmelin. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues
  • Taurine is an amino acid present in many tissues of mammals that plays an important role in heart, muscle, and nervous system functioning. (mskcc.org)
  • Taurine does not combine with other amino acids to form proteins rather it remain free in many tissues, Over fifity percent of taurine in the body is found in heart tissue. (hubpages.com)
  • Taurine is distributed throughout the body with high concentration in certain tissues including heart wall muscles, in the retina of the eye, and brain. (petmd.com)
  • The exact function of taurine in these tissues remains elusive, but it is well known that taurine deficiency can lead to blindness and heart failure due to enlargement of the heart ( dilated cardiomyopathy ). (petmd.com)
  • One such amino acid, taurine, is distributed throughout the body with high concentration in certain tissues including heart wall muscles, in the retina of the eye, and brain. (petmd.com)
  • The exact function of taurine in these tissues remains elusive even while it is known to be essential. (petmd.com)
  • Taurine (/ˈtɔːriːn/), or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is an organic compound that is widely distributed in animal tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bile Acids
  • Taurine is incorporated into one of the most abundant bile acids, chenodeoxychloic acid where it serves to emulsify dietary lipids in the intestine, promoting digestion. (fsu.edu)
  • synthetic
  • It has also been proven that taurine and a synthetic version known as acomprosate are very effective in the treatment of alcoholism and alcohol withdrawal. (hubpages.com)
  • Synthetic taurine is obtained by the ammonolysis of isethionic acid (2-hydroxyethanesulfonic acid), which in turn is obtained from the reaction of ethylene oxide with aqueous sodium bisulfite. (wikipedia.org)
  • rodents
  • In adult rodents, taurine has a potent effect on plasma glucose levels, likely through the release of insulin in pancreatic beta cells. (springer.com)
  • studies indicate
  • Recent studies indicate that taurine levels are reduced both in plasma 3 and platelets obtained from patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) in the absence of any complications of disease 3 . (springer.com)
  • arginine
  • Taurine and arginine may enhance energy, muscle performance and weight loss. (livestrong.com)
  • Taurine and arginine are amino acids that may boost your fitness efforts. (livestrong.com)
  • The synergistic effect of taking both taurine and arginine may enhance muscle recovery, glycogen (muscle-stored carbs) replenishment and physical muscle size, says Stoppani. (livestrong.com)
  • levels
  • 11 Both effects can be reversed by taurine but, surprisingly, without any effect on these very high plasma homocysteine levels. (ahajournals.org)
  • Taurine is good for you, especially if you have optimal levels of it in your body. (mercola.com)
  • There are many factors that can play a role in poor taurine levels in the body. (mercola.com)
  • Taurine enhances muscle contraction, acts as an antioxidant, restores intramuscular calcium levels and draws water into muscle cells, giving them more volume, says Stoppani. (livestrong.com)
  • Taurine is also capable of lowering cholesterol levels and preventing cardiac arrhythmias. (hubpages.com)
  • If cystinuria is a cause of the taurine deficiency in your dog, your veterinarian will send the blood sample to the laboratory for the evaluation of blood taurine levels, which are often found to be low in dogs affected with cystinuria. (petmd.com)
  • Breast milk contains high levels of taurine as compared with cow's milk. (lifebridgehealth.org)