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  • targets
  • Gene trapping is based on random insertion of a cassette while gene targeting targets a specific gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Targeting systematically analyzes and prioritizes targets and matches appropriate lethal and nonlethal actions to those targets to create specific desired effects that achieve the joint force commander's (JFC's) objectives, accounting for operational requirements, capabilities, and the results of previous assessments. (wikipedia.org)
  • Deliberate targeting prosecutes anticipated or known targets within a given operational area and timeframe, and normally supports the joint force's future plans effort, which is overseen by the plans directorate of a joint staff (J-5). (wikipedia.org)
  • By contrast, dynamic targeting prosecutes targets that were not included in the deliberate targeting process, possibly because they were not known or not initially selected for prosecution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Point targets Time on target DoD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms Precision Guided Munitions and the New Era of Warfare by Richard P. Hallion DYNAMIC TARGETING, Curtis E. Lemay Center Hughey, R. L., & McGovern, J. (2007). (wikipedia.org)
  • Targeting pods are target designation tools used by ground-attack aircraft for identifying targets and guiding precision guided munitions (PGM) such as laser-guided bombs to those targets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some targeting systems have a laser that can designate a target for laser-guided munitions, enabling the aircraft to designate its own targets or designate for other friendly units. (wikipedia.org)
  • demographic
  • However, this information can also be used by advertisers for demographic targeting as the wants and needs of consumers change with age (Kotler et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bryan Gernert, CEO of Resonate said, "Advertisers and brand marketers spend a significant amount of time and money researching and developing their target audiences and identifying the best message to connect on a deeper level to drive brand and product loyalty, but when they try to apply this deep knowledge online they are forced to dilute their strategy to fit the limitations of demographic and purchase behavior targeting. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2010). Attitudinal Targeting Is up to Four Times More Effective Than Demographic Targeting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retrieved April 23, 2017, from http://www.marketwired.com/press-release/attitudinal-targeting-is-up-to-four-times-more-effective-than-demographic-targeting-1167677.htm Travis, E. (2017, April 7). (wikipedia.org)
  • viable
  • Geographic targeting is a viable way for resource allocation, especially to alleviate poverty in a country. (wikipedia.org)
  • All things considered, computer-assisted technology has allowed surgeons to provide accurate femoral neck targeting, and is a viable option for this imperative step to hip resurfacing. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Whereas the cpTAT pathway operates independently to mediate the translocation of folded proteins across the membrane, the cpSRP, cpSec, and ALB3 machineries cooperate in the targeting and integration of certain substrates. (pnas.org)
  • However, the targeting of nucleus-encoded proteins to the thylakoid membrane is posttranslational, as they are synthesized in the cytosol and then imported into the chloroplast stroma before their membrane localization. (pnas.org)
  • In this highly anticipated update of the extremely successful Protein Targeting Protocols, experts from around the world provide the latest protocols on for isolating different organelles and the localization of particular proteins using a variety of methods such as light, confocal, and electron microscopy. (springer.com)
  • Protein targeting or protein sorting is the biological mechanism by which proteins are transported to the appropriate destinations in the cell or outside it. (wikipedia.org)
  • These complex membrane proteins are at the moment mostly understood using the same model of targeting that has been developed for secretory proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • gene
  • The Transgenic and Gene Targeting Facility in London has generated four targeted gene replacements and more than a dozen transgenic lines through pronuclear injection in the last four years. (uwo.ca)
  • Gene targeting (also, replacement strategy based on homologous recombination) is a genetic technique that uses homologous recombination to change an endogenous gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gene targeting can be permanent or conditional. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gene targeting requires the creation of a specific vector for each gene of interest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gene targeting methods are established for several model organisms and may vary depending on the species used. (wikipedia.org)
  • As mosses are haploid organisms, regenerating moss filaments (protonema) can directly be screened for gene targeting, either by treatment with antibiotics or with PCR. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cassettes can be used for many different things while the flanking homology regions of gene targeting cassettes need to be adapted for each gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • This makes gene trapping more easily amenable for large scale projects than targeting. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the other hand, gene targeting can be used for genes with low transcriptions that would go undetected in a trap screen. (wikipedia.org)
  • For gene targeting these compact genes are just as easily altered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Previously used to engineer rat cell models, advances in gene targeting technologies are enabling the creation of a new wave of isogenic human disease models. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mario R. Capecchi, Martin J. Evans and Oliver Smithies were declared laureates of the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work on "principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells", or gene targeting. (wikipedia.org)
  • common model organism) Physcomitrella patens (only plant in which gene targeting is available, as of 1998) Egener, T. (wikipedia.org)
  • systems
  • Early proposals of monetary systems targeting the price level or the inflation rate, rather than the exchange rate, followed the general crisis of the gold standard after World War I. Irving Fisher proposed a "compensated dollar" system in which the gold content in paper money would vary with the price of goods in terms of gold, so that the price level in terms of paper money would stay fixed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Geographical targeting for poverty alleviation employs a variety of techniques, such as database, and geographic information systems to construct poverty maps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some targeting systems incorporate a laser rangefinder, a laser beam that can calculate the precise range to a target and communicate that information to the nav/attack system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studies have shown that this is largely true, but navigational systems are a very different means of femoral neck targeting, and require a steep learning curve. (wikipedia.org)
  • objective
  • Targeting may also refer to the targeting of the actual objective to be destroyed by military personnel, such as "painting" a target with a laser for laser guided munitions, estimating range for artillery, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Dynamic targeting is normally employed in current operations planning because the nature and time frame associated with current operations (usually the current 24-hour period) typically requires more immediate responsiveness compared to deliberate targeting. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • The targeting process can be generally grouped into two categories: deliberate and dynamic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The joint targeting cycle is a six phase iterative process: Phase 1 - End state and commander's objectives, Phase 2 - Target development and prioritization, Phase 3 - Capabilities analysis, Phase 4 - Commander's decision and force assignment, Phase 5 - Mission planning and force execution, Phase 6 - Assessment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Femoral neck targeting is the process of calculating the centre of the femoral neck during hip resurfacing surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • audience
  • As a result, when targeting advertisements for products such as these, it is easy for advertisers to segment the audience based on gender. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • Microsoft contacted the Web Standards Project and experts on Web standards and asked for assistance in devising a new DOCTYPE-like technique that could work across browsers and let Web developers specify exact browser versions under which their Web sites are known to work correctly, and browsers implementing this form of version targeting would utilise the correct rendering engine versions to display the site correctly. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of version targeting, especially as proposed by Microsoft, has been criticised for being a new form of browser sniffing and for violating the principle of forward-compatible development where progressive enhancement is preferred. (wikipedia.org)
  • specific
  • Understanding and targeting specific pathways will likely allow a better control of possible side effects," concludes Dr. Bard. (redorbit.com)
  • wants and needs
  • Many decisions consumers make are made based upon their attitudes, values, and beliefs therefore, making attitudinal targeting a more successful method in identifying consumers' wants and needs (Resonate, 2010). (wikipedia.org)
  • purpose
  • For the purpose of better understanding attitudinal targeting, it can be discussed using the 5 Ws and one H: who, what, when, where, why, and how. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • Canada, which has seen regionalism play a role in its national politics, will see odd targeting patterns, where a province, Alberta for example, might be ignored by a party which usually does not do well there, the Liberals for example, while an Edmonton, a large city in Alberta, will see heavy targeting as the Liberals attempt to win at least some representation from that province. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • In general, a targeting construct made out of DNA is generated in bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the past many marketing assumptions have been made for targeting consumers, and attitudinal research is a great way to check accuracy. (wikipedia.org)
  • United Kingdom
  • In Canada, which has a Westminster system similar to that found in the UK, the spread and effects of targeting are similar to that found in the United Kingdom. (wikipedia.org)
  • technique
  • In computing, version targeting is a technique that allows a group of (presumably knowledgeable) users (including software developers) to utilise some advanced software features that were introduced in a particular software version while allowing users accustomed to the prior versions to still utilise the same software as if the new features were never added to the software. (wikipedia.org)
  • version
  • Version targeting has been used in Mozilla Firefox when it introduced JavaScript 1.6 in Firefox 1.5 and JavaScript 1.7 in Firefox 2.0: developers willing to use the new scripting engine had to explicitly opt-in. (wikipedia.org)
  • Version targeting was proposed by Microsoft for use in its Internet Explorer 8 product-in-development, but the idea was later discarded. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some commentators suggested that it would be possible to use Internet Explorer 8's support for new DOCTYPEs in order to avoid using its version targeting meta tag. (wikipedia.org)
  • Version targeting has been criticised for not giving incentives to developers to plan ahead for forward compatibility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Version targeting has been welcomed by some people as a means to enable browsers to adopt Web standards without breaking compatibility with Web sites depended on old rendering engines for their functionality. (wikipedia.org)
  • hand
  • By hand - using various alignment guides/ reference devices/ targeting devices to calculate the true centre of the femoral neck. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • The presequences of the targeting peptide are often found at the N-terminal extension and is composed of between 6-136 basic and hydrophobic amino acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Review
  • The Republican majority on the House Oversight Committee issued a report, which concluded that although some liberal groups were selected for additional review, the scrutiny that these groups received did not amount to targeting when compared to the greater scrutiny received by conservative groups. (wikipedia.org)