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  • Biology
  • Nanowerk News ) Does synthetic biology hold the key to manned space exploration of the Moon and Mars? (nanowerk.com)
  • Berkeley Lab researchers have used synthetic biology to produce an inexpensive and reliable microbial-based alternative to the world s most effective anti-malaria drug, and to develop clean, green and sustainable alternatives to gasoline, diesel and jet fuels. (nanowerk.com)
  • In the future, synthetic biology could also be used to make manned space missions more practical. (nanowerk.com)
  • Not only does synthetic biology promise to make the travel to extraterrestrial locations more practical and bearable, it could also be transformative once explorers arrive at their destination, says Adam Arkin, director of Berkeley Lab s Physical Biosciences Division (PBD) and a leading authority on synthetic and systems biology. (nanowerk.com)
  • At an extraterrestrial base, synthetic biology could make even more effective use of the catalytic activities of diverse organisms. (nanowerk.com)
  • Because synthetic biology allows us to engineer biological processes to our advantage, we found in our analysis that technologies, when using common space metrics such as mass, power and volume, have the potential to provide substantial cost savings, especially in mass, Menezes says. (nanowerk.com)
  • A synthetic biology approach that adds immunostimulatory gene circuits to cancer cells may contribute to combination immunotherapies against cancer. (genengnews.com)
  • The scientists say that their synthetic biology approach, which has been shown to work in an in vivo model of ovarian cancer, as well as in an animal model, can be tweaked to recognize other cancers. (genengnews.com)
  • There has been a lot of clinical data recently suggesting that if you can stimulate the immune system in the right way you can get it to recognize cancer,' said Lu, who is head of the Synthetic Biology Group in MIT's Research Laboratory of Electronics. (genengnews.com)
  • Cells
  • The installation of synthetic gene circuits that work only in cancer cells represents a new form of cancer immunotherapy, which has shown considerable potential, but still faces stubborn challenges. (genengnews.com)
  • The synthetic promoters are then designed to bind to certain proteins that are active in tumor cells, causing the promoters to turn on. (genengnews.com)
  • approaches
  • Arkin is the senior author of a paper in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface ( 'Towards synthetic biological approaches to resource utilization on space missions' ) that reports on a techno-economic analysis demonstrating the significant utility of deploying non-traditional biological techniques to harness available volatiles and waste resources on manned long-duration space missions. (nanowerk.com)
  • specific
  • Our design comprised de novo synthetic cancer-specific promoters and, to enhance specificity, an RNA-based AND [logic] gate that generates combinatorial immunomodulatory outputs only when both promoters are mutually active," the article's authors wrote. (genengnews.com)
  • major
  • Emulating such plasticity in a synthetic brain will require a major leap in technology, similar to the leap from cathode ray tubes to transistors. (nsf.gov)
  • benefit
  • We also pursue the discovery of applications that can lead to significant public benefit, such as synthetic artemisinin, an anti-malaria drug that costs less and is more effective than the current plant-derived treatment. (synberc.org)
  • The biggest argued benefit of synthetic ETFS is that they seem to do a more accurate job of tracking indexes, and when used in full replication can allow for less risk/higher return investments. (wikipedia.org)
  • live
  • With synthetic live viruses, it is not the viruses that are synthesized, but rather their DNA genome at first, both in the case of DNA and RNA viruses, since methodologies for large scale DNA synthesis are much more developed than those for RNA synthesis (for example, there is no RNA-equivalent for PCR). (wikipedia.org)
  • components
  • Aside from the daunting technological challenges, a synthetic brain or brain components will also raise ethical and environmental issues. (nsf.gov)
  • Synthetic viruses can be created from prefabricated inert components which self-assemble upon DNA scaffold patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • technology
  • By 2022, with conventional technology, if the team could construct a synthetic brain that emulated real brain function, even crudely, it would take 100 billion artificial neurons and a very a large room to hold them. (nsf.gov)
  • 1) First synthetic Polio virus (2002) - http://www.sciencemag.org/content/297/5583/1016 2) First synthetic Bacteriophage φX174 (2003) - http://www.pnas.org/content/100/26/15440.full 3) Codagenix - Synthetic Virology technology to investigate novel vaccine strategies. (wikipedia.org)
  • 4) SynVaccine - Synthetic Virology technology to investigate novel vaccine strategies. (wikipedia.org)
  • professor
  • At this point we still don't know if building a synthetic brain is feasible,' said Alice Parker, professor of electrical engineering. (nsf.gov)
  • less
  • Those that argue against synthetic replication says that it adds counterparty risk, is not fully transparent, and could mislead less experienced investors. (wikipedia.org)