• Metabolic syndrome is a group of disorders and symptoms that when present increases ones risk of coronary artery disease and stroke. (lindora.com)
  • Proponents of 'leaky gut syndrome' claim that many symptoms and diseases are caused by the immune system reacting to germs, toxins or other large molecules that have been absorbed into the bloodstream via a porous ('leaky') bowel. (your.md)
  • The vast majority of people who consume lots of alcohol or regularly take aspirin or ibuprofen have none of the widespread symptoms or health conditions that proponents of 'leaky gut syndrome' mention - health problems you would expect if the theory was true. (your.md)
  • Leaky gut syndrome' is a proposed condition some health practitioners claim is the cause of a wide range of long-term conditions, including chronic fatiguesyndrome and multiple sclerosis . (your.md)
  • There is little evidence to support this theory, and no evidence that so-called 'treatments' for 'leaky gut syndrome', such as nutritional supplements and a gluten-free diet, have any beneficial effect for most of the conditions they are claimed to help. (your.md)
  • Exponents of 'leaky gut syndrome' - largely nutritionists and practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine - believe the bowel lining can become irritated and 'leaky' as the result of a much wider range of factors, including an overgrowth of yeast or bacteria in the bowel, a poor diet and the overuse of antibiotics. (your.md)
  • Some scientists and sceptics believe that people who promote 'leaky gut syndrome' are either misguided and read too much into the theory, or are deliberately misleading the public to make money from the 'treatments' they sell. (your.md)
  • Investigators at Children's Hospital Boston are ramping up a small trial of a new gene therapy to treat "bubble boy syndrome. (fiercebiotech.com)
  • Turner syndrome is a female-only genetic disorder that affects about 1 in every 2,000 baby girls. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Read more about the genetic cause of Turner syndrome . (www.nhs.uk)
  • The diagnosis of Bohring-Opitz syndrome (BOS) is established in a proband with suggestive clinical features and/or the identification of a constitutional heterozygous pathogenic variant in ASXL1 by molecular genetic testing . (nih.gov)
  • This graph depicts the general finding of a low relative risk associated with common, low-penetrance genetic variants, such as single-nucleotide polymorphisms identified in genome-wide association studies, and a higher relative risk associated with rare, high-penetrance genetic variants, such as pathogenic variants in the BRCA1 / BRCA2 genes associated with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer and the mismatch repair genes associated with Lynch syndrome. (cancer.gov)
  • Dravet syndrome (DS) is a genetic epilepsy of childhood characterized by a variety of drug-resistant seizures often induced by fever, presenting in previously healthy children, and which frequently leads to cognitive and motor impairment. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • XYY syndrome is a genetic condition found in males only. (kidshealth.org)
  • Down's syndrome, also known as Down syndrome or trisomy 21, is a genetic condition that typically causes some level of learning disability and certain physical characteristics. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Hyper-IgM Syndrome (HIM) is a rare genetic (primary) immunodeficiency disorder that is typically inherited as an X-linked recessive genetic trait. (webmd.com)
  • Because approximately 70 percent of reported cases of Hyper-IgM Syndrome are inherited as an X-linked recessive genetic trait, the vast majority of affected individuals are male. (webmd.com)
  • Usher syndrome is a genetic condition involving sensorineural hearing loss and retinitis pigmentosa (RP). (asha.org)
  • Estimates are that 1 in 10 persons carries some form of recessive gene for Usher syndrome (W. Kimberling, personal communication, 2009), but because there are many different genetic versions of Usher syndrome there is only a small chance of a specific carrier mating with an identical carrier. (asha.org)
  • Researchers have identified several genetic variations that may increase susceptibility to Korsakoff syndrome. (alz.org)
  • Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes physical problems and intellectual disabilities. (familydoctor.org)
  • The extra genetic material causes the features and problems of Down syndrome. (familydoctor.org)
  • Barth syndrome is a rare, genetic disorder that affects males. (news-medical.net)
  • A diagnosis of Alagille syndrome may be made based on genetic testing, or by having certain symptoms. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Genetic testing is being used more often to identify abnormal genes associated with Alagille syndrome. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Since its first report in 2000, significant progress has been made in defining the genetic and cellular basis of SQTS as well as in therapeutic approaches to treating this syndrome. (uptodate.com)
  • 11. Which of the following syndromes corresponds to: maternal genetic phenotype syndrome? (testprepreview.com)
  • Alagille syndrome is a genetic disorder that may affect many different parts of the body, including the liver. (nih.gov)
  • Recently a genetic change has been identified in Sturge-Weber syndrome. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • The same mutation has also been found in capillary malformations that are not associated with the syndrome, so genetic testing cannot be used to diagnose Sturge-Weber. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • In the field of medical genetics, the term "syndrome" is traditionally only used when the underlying genetic cause is known. (wikipedia.org)
  • Down syndrome is a condition in which a person has an extra chromosome. (cdc.gov)
  • Babies with Down syndrome have an extra copy of one of these chromosomes, chromosome 21. (cdc.gov)
  • 2 With this type of Down syndrome, each cell in the body has 3 separate copies of chromosome 21 instead of the usual 2 copies. (cdc.gov)
  • For children with mosaic Down syndrome, some of their cells have 3 copies of chromosome 21, but other cells have the typical two copies of chromosome 21. (cdc.gov)
  • The extra chromosome 21 leads to the physical features and developmental challenges that can occur among people with Down syndrome. (cdc.gov)
  • Researchers know that Down syndrome is caused by an extra chromosome, but no one knows for sure why Down syndrome occurs or how many different factors play a role. (cdc.gov)
  • Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition related to the X chromosome . (genome.gov)
  • Researchers have not yet determined which genes on the X chromosome are responsible for most signs and symptoms of Turner syndrome. (genome.gov)
  • Turner syndrome, as used in this report, refers to a condition characterized by short stature and ovarian dysgenesis in females who have a single X chromosome and absence of all or part of the second sex chromosome (X or Y). Nonchromosomal gonadal dysgenesis is excluded. (aappublications.org)
  • A girl with Turner syndrome only has one normal X sex chromosome, rather than the usual two. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Antonarakis SE, Lyle R, Dermitzakis ET, Reymond A, Deutsch S (2004) Chromosome 21 and down syndrome: from genomics to pathophysiology. (springer.com)
  • Boys typically have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome, or XY, but boys with XYY syndrome have an extra Y chromosome, or XYY. (kidshealth.org)
  • When the extra chromosome is the result of incorrect cell division early in the embryo's development, a boy may have a mosaic form of XYY syndrome. (kidshealth.org)
  • To diagnosis XYY syndrome, a blood sample is checked for the presence of the extra Y chromosome. (kidshealth.org)
  • 22q11.2 deletion syndrome , also known as DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) , DiGeorge anomaly, [ 2 ] [ 3 ] velo-cardio-facial syndrome, Shprintzen syndrome, conotruncal anomaly face syndrome, Strong syndrome, congenital thymic aplasia , and thymic hypoplasia is a syndrome caused by the deletion of a small piece of chromosome 22 . (princeton.edu)
  • Down's syndrome is usually caused by an extra chromosome in a baby's cells. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS) (the nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome-NBCCS) is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome caused due to mutations in the PTCH (patched) gene found on chromosome arm 9q. (hindawi.com)
  • This means that Down syndrome occurs in about 1 in every 700 babies. (cdc.gov)
  • Scoliosis (deformity of the spine) occurs in 10 percent of adolescent girls who have Turner syndrome. (genome.gov)
  • Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) often occurs after a gastrointestinal infection with E coli bacteria ( Escherichia coli O157:H7). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Nephrotic syndrome, however, occurs when this filter becomes defective, allowing large quantities of protein to leave the blood circulation, and pass out or the body in the urine. (encyclopedia.com)
  • onset in early childhood, and Werner syndrome (adult progeria), which occurs later in life. (britannica.com)
  • Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) occurs in babies who had drug exposure in the womb. (familydoctor.org)
  • Glaucoma occurs in approximately 50% of patients with ICE syndrome, and the glaucoma tends to be more severe in progressive iris atrophy and Cogan-Reese syndrome. (aao.org)
  • Because it is autosomal recessive, all forms of Usher syndrome are inherited from not one but both parents. (asha.org)
  • Chédiak-Higashi syndrome is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner (meaning that a child must inherit a copy of the gene responsible for the disease from both parents). (britannica.com)
  • The report is meant to serve as a supplement to the American Academy of Pediatrics' "Recommendations for Preventive Pediatric Care" and emphasizes the importance of continuity of care and the need to avoid its fragmentation by ensuring a medical home for every girl with Turner syndrome. (aappublications.org)
  • While several national and international organizations use certain criteria to define metabolic syndrome, others, including the American Diabetes Association (ADA), question the value of the specific diagnosis of metabolic syndrome. (labtestsonline.org)
  • A diagnosis of metabolic syndrome comes after the identification of at least three of the following five key risk factors. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • A different set of guidelines from the International Diabetes Federation calls for a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome if there's too much belly fat plus at least two of the four traits, Ndumele says. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Women who are 35 years or older when they become pregnant are more likely to have a pregnancy affected by Down syndrome than women who become pregnant at a younger age. (cdc.gov)
  • There are two basic types of tests available to detect Down syndrome during pregnancy: screening tests and diagnostic tests. (cdc.gov)
  • A screening test can tell a woman and her healthcare provider whether her pregnancy has a lower or higher chance of having Down syndrome. (cdc.gov)
  • Turner syndrome may be suspected in pregnancy during an ultrasound test. (genome.gov)
  • Common conditions that can lead to carpal tunnel syndrome include obesity , pregnancy , hypothyroidism , arthritis , diabetes , and trauma . (medicinenet.com)
  • Sometimes parents find out their baby has Down's syndrome during pregnancy because of screening tests. (www.nhs.uk)
  • There's a small chance of having a child with Down's syndrome with any pregnancy, but the likelihood increases with the age of the mother. (www.nhs.uk)
  • There's no evidence that anything done before or during pregnancy increases or decreases the chance of having a child with Down's syndrome. (www.nhs.uk)
  • As can be seen in Figure 1, when both parents are asymptomatic carriers of the Usher syndrome gene, they have a 25% chance with each pregnancy of producing a child with Usher syndrome. (asha.org)
  • Is there a test done, in early pregnancy , that will determine of the baby will have Marfan's syndrome? (healthcentral.com)
  • What is metabolic syndrome? (labtestsonline.org)
  • Metabolic syndrome is a common condition that goes by many names (dysmetabolic syndrome, syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, obesity syndrome, and Reaven syndrome). (labtestsonline.org)
  • The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) estimates that about 34% of Americans have metabolic syndrome. (labtestsonline.org)
  • The science needs to be clearer, suggests the ADA, before metabolic syndrome be considered a definable syndrome. (labtestsonline.org)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) was the first to publish an internationally accepted definition for metabolic syndrome in 1998, but the criteria that have received the most widespread acceptance and use in the United States are those established in 2002 as guidelines in the third report of the National Cholesterol Education Program expert panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (ATP III). (labtestsonline.org)
  • In 2005, the American Heart Association (AHA) in conjunction with the NHLBI also released a scientific statement regarding metabolic syndrome that includes a set of criteria that defines the condition. (labtestsonline.org)
  • In order to provide more consistency in both patient care and research, the International Diabetes Federation, NHLBI, AHA, World Heart Federation, and the International Association for the Study of Obesity published a joint statement in 2009 that describes a "harmonized" definition of metabolic syndrome. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Also frequently seen with metabolic syndrome are tendencies for excessive blood clotting and inflammation. (labtestsonline.org)
  • If left untreated, complications from diseases associated with untreated metabolic syndrome can develop in as few as 15 years. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Metabolic syndrome is commonly associated with being overweight , lack of physical activity and advanced age. (medicinenet.com)
  • What is metabolic syndrome and who is at risk? (medicinenet.com)
  • Nearly one in three Americans have metabolic syndrome. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Understanding that you have metabolic syndrome in the first place can help motivate you to make the needed changes. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Most people who have metabolic syndrome already have a closely related condition called insulin resistance, which is when the body stops responding to insulin (a hormone produced in the pancreas). (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The good news is that there are several promising strategies for combating metabolic syndrome and reducing your risk," Ndumele says. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • It's important to work with your doctor to assess your overall risk of metabolic syndrome and related heart problems, says Ndumele. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Although obesity in general raises your risk of metabolic syndrome, excess belly fat (being "apple-shaped") is the riskiest kind of fat, defined as more than 40 inches around the waist for men, or more than 35 inches for women. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • What is Turner syndrome? (genome.gov)
  • Turner syndrome is a chromosomal condition that alters development in females. (genome.gov)
  • What are the symptoms of Turner syndrome? (genome.gov)
  • Girls who have Turner syndrome are shorter than average. (genome.gov)
  • Non-functioning ovaries are another symptom of Turner syndrome. (genome.gov)
  • This does not happen in most girls who have Turner syndrome. (genome.gov)
  • In early childhood, girls who have Turner syndrome may have frequent middle ear infections. (genome.gov)
  • Girls with Turner Syndrome are usually of normal intelligence with good verbal skills and reading skills. (genome.gov)
  • The thyroid gland becomes under-active in about 10 percent of women who have Turner syndrome. (genome.gov)
  • Older or over-weight women with Turner syndrome are slightly more at risk of developing diabetes. (genome.gov)
  • How is Turner syndrome diagnosed? (genome.gov)
  • A diagnosis of Turner syndrome may be suspected when there are a number of typical physical features observed such as webbed neck, a broad chest and widely spaced nipples. (genome.gov)
  • More information about this will be discussed in the section "Is Turner syndrome inherited? (genome.gov)
  • What is the treatment for Turner syndrome? (genome.gov)
  • This report is designed to assist the pediatrician in caring for the child in whom the diagnosis of Turner syndrome has been confirmed by karyotyping. (aappublications.org)
  • The pediatrician's first contact with a child with Turner syndrome may occur during infancy or childhood. (aappublications.org)
  • This report also discusses interactions with expectant parents who have been given the prenatal diagnosis of Turner syndrome and have been referred for advice. (aappublications.org)
  • The birth prevalence of Turner syndrome has been estimated to be from 1 in 2000 to 1 in 5000 female live births. (aappublications.org)
  • Turner syndrome, however, is not always accompanied by distinctive features and most often is not diagnosed in infancy. (aappublications.org)
  • Growth in children with Turner syndrome is characterized by a slight intrauterine growth restriction, slow growth during infancy and childhood, and lack of a pubertal growth spurt. (aappublications.org)
  • 8 - 12 As a result, the nonverbal IQ in persons with Turner syndrome tends to be lower than the verbal IQ. (aappublications.org)
  • Females with Turner syndrome often have a wide range of symptoms and some distinctive characteristics. (www.nhs.uk)
  • As height and sexual development are the two main things affected, Turner syndrome may not be diagnosed until a girl fails to show sexual development associated with puberty , usually between the ages of 8 and 14 years. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Other characteristics of Turner syndrome can vary significantly between individuals. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Read more about the symptoms of Turner syndrome and how Turner syndrome is diagnosed . (www.nhs.uk)
  • There's no cure for Turner syndrome but many of the associated symptoms can be treated. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Girls and women with Turner syndrome will need to have their heart, kidneys and reproductive system checked regularly throughout their lives. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Read more about treating Turner syndrome . (www.nhs.uk)
  • The NCARDRS helps scientists look for better ways to prevent and treat Turner syndrome. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Welcome to the Turner Syndrome (TS) Clinic at MassGeneral Hospital for Children. (massgeneral.org)
  • Our clinic provides a medical home for people of all ages with Turner syndrome. (massgeneral.org)
  • The Turner syndrome clinic provides compassionate care with a multidisciplinary approach. (massgeneral.org)
  • We are a subspecialty program, which means that we do not serve as primary care, but instead we provide each patient with a comprehensive evaluation, specific to the needs of people with Turner syndrome. (massgeneral.org)
  • Our clinic was inspired by a wish to help those with Turner syndrome obtain resources important to their well being at a single institution. (massgeneral.org)
  • Additionally, we think of our clinic as a wellness center to emphasize that people with Turner syndrome are generally healthy but have ongoing medical needs. (massgeneral.org)
  • We work as a team to help those with Turner syndrome and their families transition from prenatal consultation to infancy to adolescence, and through adulthood and their senior years. (massgeneral.org)
  • Symptoms of Alagille syndrome range from mild to severe. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • While there are specific findings that indicate Alagille syndrome, you may not have all of the symptoms. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Reduced bile flow is one finding that indicates Alagille syndrome. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • There is no cure for Alagille syndrome. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • A person with Alagille syndrome has fewer than the normal number of small bile ducts inside the liver. (nih.gov)
  • Gene mutations cause Alagille syndrome. (nih.gov)
  • Doctors treat the symptoms and complications of Alagille syndrome with medicines and in some cases surgery. (nih.gov)
  • Getting enough nutrients is important for people who have Alagille syndrome, especially for infants and children. (nih.gov)
  • If you or your child has Alagille syndrome, talk with a doctor or dietitian about a healthy eating plan. (nih.gov)
  • Imposter syndrome is a perception of inadequacy, self-doubt, or fraudulence often experienced by even the highest achievers. (carleton.edu)
  • sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or crib death, sudden, unexpected, and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age (usually between two weeks and eight months old). (infoplease.com)
  • Rupture of the aorta has been a cause of sudden death in some people with unsuspected Marfan's syndrome so rigorous physical exertion is discouraged. (healthcentral.com)
  • Sometimes a crying baby is more than you can bear, but shaking your baby out of frustration or anger may result in Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS), which includes brain damage, blindness, spinal injuries and paralysis, seizures and even death. (ct.gov)
  • Call the Child Development Infoline at (800) 505-7000 for more information on preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome, or for connections to support in your community. (ct.gov)
  • But What If We're Wrong About Shaken Baby Syndrome? (reason.com)
  • Although children with Down's syndrome share some common physical characteristics, they don't all look the same. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Read more about the characteristics of Down's syndrome . (www.nhs.uk)
  • Down syndrome is a naturally occurring chromosomal arrangement that has always been a part of the human condition, exists in all regions across the globe and commonly results in variable effects on learning styles, physical characteristics or health. (un.org)
  • Nephrotic syndrome is a collection of symptoms which occur because the tiny blood vessels (the glomeruli) in the kidney become leaky. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In Chandler syndrome, minimal iris atrophy and corectopia occur, and the corneal and angle findings predominate ( Fig 5-19 ). (aao.org)
  • medical citation needed] This syndrome is caused by mutations in the OCRL1 gene which encodes a inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase. (wikipedia.org)
  • No single test can confirm a serotonin syndrome diagnosis. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Milder forms of serotonin syndrome usually go away within 24 to 72 hours of stopping medications that increase serotonin, and by taking medications to block the effects of serotonin already in your system if they're needed. (mayoclinic.org)
  • However, symptoms of serotonin syndrome caused by some antidepressants could take several weeks to go away completely. (mayoclinic.org)
  • I had serotonin syndrome (poisoning) after taking Zoloft for years.I was ill with nausea ,muscle weakness and stiffness and excessive sleepiness. (drugs.com)
  • hello, i believe i am having serotonin syndrome. (drugs.com)
  • I finally went to a neurologist after I had seizures and she diagnosed the serotonin syndrome. (drugs.com)
  • As a result, it is possible that other disorders may increase the risk of developing a nighttime eating syndrome. (forbes.com)
  • Even though people with Down syndrome might act and look similar, each person has different abilities. (cdc.gov)
  • People with Down syndrome usually have an IQ (a measure of intelligence) in the mildly-to-moderately low range and are slower to speak than other children. (cdc.gov)
  • People with carpal tunnel syndrome initially feel numbness and tingling of the hand in the distribution of the median nerve (the thumb, index, middle, and thumb side of the ring fingers). (medicinenet.com)
  • To prevent these people while you are code stopping dose with this prednisone, vestibular syndrome dogs prednisone your depression may reduce your art just. (genericpharmashop.com)
  • People with Down's syndrome will also have different personalities and abilities. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Lots of people with Down's syndrome are able to leave home, have relationships, work, and lead largely independent lives. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Although we all like to think we are unique and experience the world in our own way-we all have a touch of the Special Snowflake Syndrome -people are in fact more alike than different. (wiktionary.org)
  • Scientists don't know exactly how many people have Korsakoff syndrome. (alz.org)
  • Many people with Down syndrome share a distinct appearance. (familydoctor.org)
  • In recent years, it's become clear that a lot of people with Behcet's syndrome are troubled by disabling headaches. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Most people identified as having this syndrome have been educated about the importance of watching for signs of diabetes, having their blood pressure monitored and lipid levels checked, and exercising - but there has been little to tie all of these factors together except pursuit of a "healthier lifestyle. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Other research indicates that people with night eating syndrome tend to suffer from a distinct form of depression. (forbes.com)
  • It is estimated that about one in 10,000 people has Marfan's syndrome. (healthcentral.com)
  • There are no reliable statistics showing the number of people previously diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome. (babycenter.com)
  • Bohring-Opitz syndrome (BOS) is characterized by distinctive facial features and posture, growth failure, variable but usually severe intellectual disability, and variable anomalies. (nih.gov)
  • The "progressive iris atrophy" variant of ICE syndrome is characterized by severe progressive iris atrophy resulting in heterochromia, corectopia, ectropion uveae, iris stromal and pigment epithelial atrophy, and hole formation ( Fig 5-18 ). (aao.org)
  • The iris atrophy tends to be less severe in Cogan-Reese syndrome. (aao.org)
  • A Cochrane review 4 reported that compression stockings (30-40 mm Hg) used early after the diagnosis of DVT were associated with a 69% reduction in the odds of postthrombotic syndrome developing and a 61% reduction in the odds of severe postthrombotic syndrome. (cmaj.ca)
  • The fun quite gotten better over the skeletal two corticosteroids and vestibular syndrome dogs prednisone i move my sites sorry. (genericpharmashop.com)
  • Becker nevus syndrome, or hairy epidermal nevus syndrome, was first described by Happle in 1949, as an association of Becker nevus with breast hypoplasia on one side of the body, and ipsilateral defects of the skin, muscle and skeletal system. (news-medical.net)
  • This article is aimed at increasing audiologists' understanding of the audiologic and visual presentation, diagnostic criteria, and intervention strategies involved with Usher syndrome. (asha.org)
  • The following report emphasizes the need for awareness of the diagnostic criteria of this syndrome in cases with no typical skin lesions. (hindawi.com)