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  • occurs
  • Bear, who studies how early experience modifies synapses in the brain, says the weakening and elimination of synapses serving the deprived eye occurs because activity in the closed eye no longer correlates with responses from the other eye. (mit.edu)
  • In the study, the researchers found that of the 12,000+ children in Houston who have asthma, the chronic disease of airways in the lungs is more prevalent among African-American children than white children and occurs most often among African-American children living in poor neighborhoods . (medicalxpress.com)
  • Neurobiologists Cátia Frias and Corette Wierenga have studied the formation of inhibitory synapses, a complex process that occurs when the brain adapts. (medicalxpress.com)
  • create
  • This image shows nanotubes used in synthetic synapse and apparatus used to create them. (phys.org)
  • In a paper published in the proceedings of the IEEE/NIH 2011 Life Science Systems and Applications Workshop in April 2011, the Viterbi team detailed how they were able to use carbon nanotubes to create a synapse. (phys.org)
  • In the collaborative studies, Ellisman and his colleagues first used electron microscopic tomography -- the microscopist's equivalent of a CAT scan -- to create a detailed 3-D map of the synapse of a chick ciliary ganglion. (bio-medicine.org)
  • University
  • Results are among the most compelling to date, said the researchers, perhaps because of the strong community-university partnership, and the recognition that health and academic achievement often go hand-in-hand. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Neuroscientists at The University of Queensland have developed a new animal model of schizophrenia that will enable researchers around the world to better understand the disease and develop new treatments. (medicalxpress.com)
  • These are the findings in the first-ever national survey to assess attitudes and perceptions towards miscarriage, which was conducted by researchers at Montefiore Medical Center and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University. (medicalxpress.com)
  • In a series of two papers just published*, researchers at The University of Hull have shown that prostate cancer patients who have Endo180 protein present in their tumours tend to have more severe disease. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania developed the app utilizing electronic health records (EHR) to identify the most common risk factors for patients, as well as which surgeries most commonly result in incisional hernias across multiple specialties. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Twenty-one authors shared credit for the paper, including researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Boston University. (medicalxpress.com)
  • University of Michigan researchers, working with partners across the globe, published the work in Nature Communications . (medicalxpress.com)
  • factors
  • To this end, researchers are working to develop biomarkers of this resistance-factors produced by cancer cells that can serve as early warning beacons of therapy resistance. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The researchers hope to continue this work and eventually translate it into future pancreatic cancer treatments, since they believe that these exosomes contain factors that can be used to pinpoint specific drug resistance and guide appropriate therapy. (medicalxpress.com)
  • allow
  • Quake's lab is adept at using new instruments that allow researchers to read the long sequence of chemicals in an mRNA strand, allowing them to ascertain exactly what directions this messenger is carrying to the cell's protein-making machinery. (technologynetworks.com)
  • medical
  • Biodesign researchers Fan and Bo Ning uncovered a cause of resistance to chemotherapy drugs, or "chemoresistance," in a cover story for the peer-reviewed medical journal Theranostics . (medicalxpress.com)
  • causes
  • CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--An MIT researcher explains in the August issue of Nature Neuroscience how temporarily depriving one eye of vision soon after birth induces a long-lasting loss of synapses that causes blindness. (mit.edu)
  • This national population-based survey included 1,083 men and women over 18 in the U.S. Researchers analyzed a questionnaire that contained 23 questions about personal experiences and beliefs about miscarriage, possible causes and frequencies of miscarriages, as well as the emotional impact of a miscarriage. (medicalxpress.com)
  • young
  • To be effective, the researchers say, Tobacco 21 legislation should be part of a comprehensive approach to tobacco control , including unit price increases for tobacco products, strong support for smoking cessation services and prevention activities for affected young people . (medicalxpress.com)
  • disease
  • Researchers from MWRI and UPCI sequenced frozen breast tumor samples from six patients, beginning with the primary tumor when the cancer was first diagnosed through the progression of metastatic disease. (medicalxpress.com)
  • small
  • In a small experiment, researchers said that people's decision-making was often influenced by the amount of carbohydrates and protein contained in their breakfast . (medicalxpress.com)
  • Systems
  • James Collins, a pioneering researcher in the new field of systems biology and a MacArthur Genius, says: "You know the old saying: 'a spoonful of sugar makes the medicine go down? (medicalxpress.com)
  • breast
  • Using computer simulation analysis, the researchers identified twice as many cases of breast cancer (27,00 to 54,000) bearing the genomic footprint of HR defects without BRCA mutations. (medicalxpress.com)