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  • Bacteria
  • Some legume plants, which rely on beneficial soil bacteria called rhizobia that infect their roots and provide nitrogen, seem to promote cooperation by exacting a toll on those bacterial strains that don t hold up their end of the symbiotic bargain, according to a team of researchers at the University of California, Davis. (innovations-report.com)
  • In this way, the host plant can control the environment of the symbiotic bacteria to favor the evolution of cooperation by ensuring that bacterial cheaters reproduce less. (innovations-report.com)
  • The data illustrate that the soybean plants selectively reward or punish their symbiotic bacteria, based on the amount of nitrogen they provide to the plant hosts," Denison said. (innovations-report.com)
  • In their study, Brandon Seah from the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology and colleagues describe the partnership between ciliates of the genus Kentrophoros, which have lost their mouth opening and the symbiotic sulfur oxidizing bacteria that they depend on. (phys.org)
  • One of three maps showing the distribution of trees likely to associate with the three major types of symbiotic bacteria or fungi. (phys.org)
  • The team fed the location of 31 million trees from that database along with information about what symbiotic fungi or bacteria most often associates with those species into a learning algorithm that determined how different variables such as climate, soil chemistry, vegetation and topography seem to influence the prevalence of each symbiosis. (phys.org)
  • The availability of some natural products with promising anticancer activity has been limited because they are synthesized by symbiotic bacteria associated with specific animals. (harvard.edu)
  • Although engineered symbiotic bacteria have been shown to render mosquitoes resistant to the parasite, the challenge remains to effectively introduce such bacteria into mosquito populations. (sciencemag.org)
  • Fatty acid compositional analyses of various isolated symbiotic bacteria showed all species to be rich in 16:0, 16:1(n-7) and 18:1(n- 7) and depleted in PUFA. (stir.ac.uk)
  • 18:1(n-7) and non-methylene interrupted dienoic fatty acids(NMIDs), and depleted in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), so implying that symbiotic bacteria were a major source of nutrition for these animals. (stir.ac.uk)
  • symbiosis
  • However, fundamental knowledge concerning this type of symbiosis is still very fragmentary, as compared to that known about the symbiotic associations between Rhizobia and legumes, and there is a particular lack of information concerning the microbial partner, the infection processes and the physiological relationships existing within the symbiosis. (springer.com)
  • Symbiosis also helps build reefs - corals that host algae can deposit calcium carbonate, the hard skeleton that forms the reefs, up to 10 times faster than non-symbiotic corals. (princeton.edu)
  • corals
  • The challenges corals and symbiotic cnidarians face from global environmental change brings new urgency to understanding fundamental elements of their physiology. (pnas.org)
  • In symbiotic cnidarians such as corals, pHi is thought to be linked to processes of photosynthesis and calcification by influencing the flux of ions between host, symbiont, and the surrounding environment ( 6 , 8 ). (pnas.org)
  • Understanding the links between pHi and processes of calcification and photosynthesis is becoming increasingly important given the challenges corals and symbiotic cnidarians face under global climate change ( 12 ). (pnas.org)
  • Progress in the understanding of the physiology of symbiotic cnidarians like corals depends on the development of tools to examine their cell biology ( 2 ). (pnas.org)
  • Symbiotic corals exhibit banded growth patterns (right, indicated by red arrows) that correspond to the availability of daylight. (princeton.edu)
  • This polished fossil slab used in the study dates to more than 210 million years ago and contains well-preserved symbiotic corals. (princeton.edu)
  • algae
  • Despite their environmental significance, key elements of coral physiology such as calcification and the symbiotic interactions between cnidarians and their intracellular algae ( Symbiodinium ) are poorly understood, largely due to knowledge gaps in fundamental aspects of cnidarian cell biology ( 1 - 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • When coupled with confocal microscopy, this approach allows the mapping of dynamic physiological processes across cell structures ( 21 , 22 ) and has enormous potential utility in physiological studies of symbiotic cnidarians, which harbor intracellular algae and thus require excellent spatial resolution to distinguish between animal and algal compartments. (pnas.org)
  • photosynthesis
  • Intracellular pH (pHi) influences almost all aspects of cellular physiology but has never been described in anthozoans or symbiotic cnidarians, despite its pivotal role in carbon concentration for photosynthesis and calcification. (pnas.org)
  • soil
  • Examining non-target effects of genetically engineered crops on symbiotic soil organisms becomes even more important as acreage devoted to the cultivation of Bt crops continues to increase globally. (eurekalert.org)
  • reef
  • Using confocal microscopy and the pH sensitive probe carboxy SNARF-1, we mapped pHi in short-term light and dark-incubated cells of the reef coral Stylophora pistillata and the symbiotic anemone Anemonia viridis . (pnas.org)
  • role
  • Further reviews discuss the genomic consequences of living together in symbiotic associations, the role of methanogens in syntrophic degradation, and the function and evolution of hydrogenosomes, hydrogen-producing organelles of certain anaerobic protists. (foyles.co.uk)
  • star
  • that the symbiotic star AG Draconis is again in outburst following the decline from its April 2006 bright outburst. (aavso.org)
  • Steve O'Connor has been monitoring the symbiotic star AS 270 (18 05 33.73 -20 20 38.1) for awhile, and noted that it has risen by almost a magnitude over the past few months. (aavso.org)
  • create
  • Symbiotic data mining is an evolutionary approach to how organizations analyze, interpret, and create new knowledge from large pools of data. (igi-global.com)
  • To create these symbiotic images the artist applied flesh tone acrylic paint directly to the surface of the intimately small photographs. (hifructose.com)
  • systems
  • We are becoming symbiotic with our computer tools, growing into interconnected systems, the authors wrote in the paper. (ibtimes.com)
  • concepts
  • Pride and property are mutually reinforcing, symbiotic concepts through which individuals express their identity in a biologically, economically, and psychologically driven manner that generates evolutionarily advantageous conditions. (ssrn.com)
  • plant
  • Poulsen, M. Symbiotic Plant Biomass Decomposition in Fungus-Growing Termites. (mdpi.com)
  • da Costa RR, Hu H, Li H, Poulsen M. Symbiotic Plant Biomass Decomposition in Fungus-Growing Termites. (mdpi.com)
  • technical
  • Symbiotic data miners are trained business and technical professionals skilled in applying complex data-mining techniques and business intelligence tools to challenges in a dynamic business environment. (igi-global.com)
  • Global
  • The symbiotic methanogens in the gastrointestinal tracts of ruminants and other "methanogenic" mammals contribute significantly to the global methane budget. (foyles.co.uk)
  • massive
  • Our models predict massive changes to the symbiotic state of the world's forests-changes that could affect the kind of climate your grandchildren are going to live in. (phys.org)
  • ensure
  • The colostrum harvested by Symbiotic undergoes stringent and delicate processing and packaging to ensure the potential potency of the colostrum. (pureformulas.com)