• Nicolas Vogel, Ph.D., then a postdoctoral fellow in Joanna Aizenberg's lab at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and Harvard's John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), gave a talk about the group's Slippery Liquid-Infused Porous Surfaces (SLIPS) coatings, which promised to prevent nearly anything from adhering to structures to which they were applied. (eurekalert.org)
  • In the audience was Ali Miserez, Ph.D., an Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) specializing in biological materials who approached Vogel after the presentation and said confidently, "I bet mussels will stick to your coatings, because I still have yet to see a surface that they won't attach to. (eurekalert.org)
  • Non-toxic "low surface energy" coatings based on silicone or siloxane polymers (compounds similar to those used in the medical industry for catheters) have been introduced as non-toxic alternatives, but while these materials do allow for easier removal of biofouling species, they are less effective at preventing organisms from attaching in the first place, and are susceptible to damage and decay. (eurekalert.org)
  • Surface coatings include paints , drying oils and varnishes, synthetic clear coatings, and other products whose primary function is to protect the surface of an object from the environment . (britannica.com)
  • Most surface coatings employed in industry and by consumers are based on synthetic polymers-that is, industrially produced substances composed of extremely large, often interconnected molecules that form tough, flexible, adhesive films when applied to surfaces. (britannica.com)
  • This article reviews the composition and film-forming properties of polymer-based surface coatings, beginning with the polymer ingredients and continuing through the pigments , liquids, and additives. (britannica.com)
  • For a fuller understanding of polymeric compounds , which form the basis of surface coatings, the reader is advised to begin with the article industrial polymers, chemistry of . (britannica.com)
  • Polymer-based surface coatings can be considered to be two-phase composite materials consisting of pigment particles and other additives dispersed in a continuous matrix of polymer. (britannica.com)
  • The idea of SLIPS has already led to surface coatings that can repel a range of substances such as ice, crude oil, and biological materials. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For alternative rod materials and coatings, other surface specifications, finishing methods, seal materials and designs may be required. (skf.com)
  • A family of fluorochemical coatings that give an easy-to-clean finish to ophthalmic lenses, ceramic fixtures, glass and other non-porous surfaces. (3m.com)
  • When applied during manufacture to eyeglass lenses, ceramic sanitary fixtures and other glass and metal oxide surfaces, 3M™ Easy Clean Coatings use the power of fluorochemistry to help repel dirt, liquids and hard water deposits. (3m.com)
  • Although surfaces treated with 3M easy clean coatings are not "self-cleaning," solids and liquids tend to slide off - helping prevent buildup and extend the time between cleanings. (3m.com)
  • Around a room temperature of 68 degrees Fahrenheit, the coronavirus could last for 28 days on smooth surfaces. (webmd.com)
  • These sea surface temperature maps are based on observations by the MODIS sensors on NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites. (nasa.gov)
  • The satellites measure the temperature of the top millimeter of the ocean surface. (nasa.gov)
  • Graph of surface tension of benzene as a function of temperature. (wikimedia.org)
  • Annual and seasonal average sea surface temperature (SST) maps are available for the Australian region. (bom.gov.au)
  • The average sea surface temperature maps can be used in conjunction with the trend maps to provide an indication of how a trend compares to the long-term average. (bom.gov.au)
  • The sea surface temperature maps are calculated from the NOAA Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature Version 5 (ERSST v5) data provided by the NOAA/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA, from their Web site at http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ . (bom.gov.au)
  • Usually, when the Arabian sea heats up in the summer, the upwelling system of the sea driven by summer monsoon wind brings cooler water to replace the warmer water and offsets the rising temperature of the sea surface. (deccanherald.com)
  • To understand the anomaly, the scientists analysed the CO2 emissions and CO2 concentration in the atmosphere during 1960-2006, and found a strong correlation of the sea surface temperature with the CO2 emissions and concentration after 1995. (deccanherald.com)
  • In order to reduce the condensation in the Space Station Freedom module, the design of its surface and/or the meteoroid protection shield surface requires special coating to raise the surface temperature while on orbit. (sae.org)
  • A recent climatological analysis of the surface temperature of the city has revealed that the local temperature has been increasing over the neighboring vegetated areas at a rate of 0.06°C per year for the past 30 years.This is a trend that may be comparable to climate changes induced by global warming. (upenn.edu)
  • Change in the surface temperature of the coastal plain of 1 to 2C and/or a 11 to 33% change in annual rainfall could dramatically alter the distribution of forest vegetation within the Luquillo Experimental Forest(LEF) of northeastern Puerto Rico. (upenn.edu)
  • MadgeTech, Inc., the leader in affordable and reliable data logging solutions, announces the release of the MicroDisc surface temperature probe attachment, ideal for use with the LyoTemp Lyophilization Data Logger. (prweb.com)
  • This rugged probe accessory has a small, sleek and durable design, made of C46400 Brass and provides solid contact with flat surfaces and shelving with a temperature operating range of -60 °C to +177 °C (-75 °F to +350 °F). (prweb.com)
  • The MicroDisc probe attachment extends the user's data logging capability by enabling monitoring of the surface temperature of shelving and flat surfaces throughout the Lyophilization process. (prweb.com)
  • The MicroDisc surface temperature probe attachment is priced at $25.00 USD. (prweb.com)
  • The official NASA GISS surface temperature data is out for the month. (scienceblogs.com)
  • A few days ago, NASA released it's GISS TEMP global surface temperature data showing that in that data set September was warm, with the same value as August (which was also warm). (scienceblogs.com)
  • At liquid-air interfaces, surface tension results from the greater attraction of liquid molecules to each other (due to cohesion ) than to the molecules in the air (due to adhesion ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Page ii - INTERFACE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Series Editor: ARTHUR HUBBARD In this series: Vol. 1: Clay Surfaces: Fundamentals and Applications Edited by F. Wypych and KG Satyanarayana Vol. 2: Electrokinetics in Microfluidics By Dongqing Li Vol. 3: Radiotracer Studies of Interfaces Edited by G. Horanyi Vol. 4: Emulsions: Structure Stability and Interactions Edited by DN Petsev Vol. 5: Inhaled Particles By Chiu-sen Wang Vol. (google.com)
  • It is unique in its attempt to treat the physics of surfaces, thin films and interfaces, surface chemistry, thermodynamics, statistical physics and the physics of the solid/electrolyte interface in an integral manner, rather than in separate compartments. (springer.com)
  • The Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces is designed as a handbook for the researcher as well as a study-text for graduate students in physics or chemistry with special interest in the surface sciences, material science, or the nanosciences. (springer.com)
  • The Auburn University Surface Science Laboratory (AUSSL) is devoted to fundamental studies of surfaces and interfaces used in state-of-the-art electronics applications. (auburn.edu)
  • A variety of sophisticated ultrahigh vacuum equipment is needed to successfully study surfaces and interfaces. (auburn.edu)
  • A study of polymer surfaces and interfaces from the the perspective of polymer scientists, tribologists and mechanical engineers. (worldcat.org)
  • An emerging market for solid surface is in commercial and industrial settings, where its non-porous characteristics, combined with durability, renewability and formability make it the material of choice for many designers and architects . (wikipedia.org)
  • This study concentrated on the ultrastructural characteristics of hardwood ftacture surfaces, but it included southern yellow pine as a representative softwood for comparison. (usda.gov)
  • This approach may also enable high-fidelity replication of the intricate structures found on the skins of certain plants and animals, and could make it possible to mass-produce surfaces with specialised characteristics, such as the water-repellent and adhesive ability of some insects. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Iron meteorites are generally easier to identify than stone meteorites due to their unusual shapes, surface characteristics, and high density. (skyandtelescope.com)
  • The following surface characteristics make irons much easier to spot in the field. (skyandtelescope.com)
  • Two different types of slippery surfaces infused with silicone oil as a lubricant were evaluated: a very thin, silica-based and nanostructured 2D coating applied layer-by-layer (i-LBL) and a thicker, matrix-like 3D coating made of the common polymer polydimethylsiloxane (i-PDMS). (eurekalert.org)
  • Prof. Aizenberg got the idea for SLIPS from observing how the carnivorous pitcher plant catches insects on the slippery surfaces on its leaves - by using their porous surfaces to immobilize a layer of liquid water. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Nationally, USGS surface-water data includes more than 850,000 station years of time-series data that describe stream levels, streamflow (discharge), reservoir and lake levels, surface-water quality, and rainfall. (usgs.gov)
  • The study also found that the virus survived longer at lower temperatures and tended to last longer on non-porous or smooth surfaces such as glass and stainless steel rather than porous or rough surfaces such as cotton. (webmd.com)
  • In places where ocean currents cause upwelling, sea surface temperatures are often cooler than nearby waters, and chlorophyll concentrations are higher. (nasa.gov)
  • The world's ocean surfaces have just had their warmest summer temperatures on record, the US national climatic data centre said. (deccanherald.com)
  • Ocean surface temperatures were the warmest for any August since record keeping began in 1880. (deccanherald.com)
  • For the June to August summer months, average ocean surface temperatures rose to 16.9C (62.5F), which is 1.04F above the 20th century average, said the report from the climate centre, which is a branch of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. (deccanherald.com)
  • The world's combined average land and ocean surface temperatures were the second warmest on record for August, and the third warmest for the summer months. (deccanherald.com)
  • During the season, warmer-than-average temperatures engulfed much of the planet's surface," the centre said. (deccanherald.com)
  • Enteroviruses can survive in a number of environments, including in freezing temperatures and high acidity, and can live on uncleaned surfaces for days. (healthcentral.com)
  • Figure 1 shows that the daytime surface temperatures of a portion of San Juan at fi ve-meter resolution are as high as 60°C,and that differences between urbanized and limited vegetation areas are in excess of 30°C. (upenn.edu)
  • Global warming is typically measured at the surface, with data from thermometers all across the land areas and sea surface temperatures combined. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Mimic in vivo environments for 2D and 3D cell culture applications with our high quality, biologically functional pre-coated ECM surfaces. (corning.com)
  • Surface coating , any mixture of film-forming materials plus pigments, solvents, and other additives, which, when applied to a surface and cured or dried, yields a thin film that is functional and often decorative. (britannica.com)
  • A prominent goal of molecular surface science is the fabrication of ultrathin functional organic layers with technologically useful structural, electronic or magnetic properties. (empa.ch)
  • This will significantly advance our ability to fabricate advanced functional surfaces," said Dr Michael de Volder of the Institute of Manufacturing at the University of Cambridge, who led the research. (cam.ac.uk)
  • The two are equivalent, but when referring to energy per unit of area, it is common to use the term surface energy , which is a more general term in the sense that it applies also to solids . (wikipedia.org)
  • In recent years substantial progress has been made in the detection of surface phonons owing to considerable improvements in inelastic rare gas scattering tech- niques and electron energy loss spectroscopy. (springer.com)
  • Inelastic atomic beam scattering and electron energy loss spectroscopy have started to play a role in the study of surface phonons similar to the one played by inelastic neutron scattering in the investigation of bulk phonons in the last thirty years. (springer.com)
  • Detailed comparison between experimen- tal results and theoretical studies of inelastic surface scattering and of surface phonons has now become feasible. (springer.com)
  • Wave Scattering From Rough Surfaces deals with a theory that has many important practical applications. (google.com)
  • Mucociliary clearance is composed of three components (i.e., mucin secretion, airway surface hydration, and ciliary-activity) which function coordinately to clear inhaled microbes and other foreign particles from airway surfaces. (nih.gov)
  • The production of the hydrophobic surfaces, based on the present invention, is carried out simply and reproducibly, for example, by electrospinning of a corresponding polymer solution.The hydrophobic polymer surface is available in the form of particles or as particles which are connected by fibers. (innovations-report.com)
  • On the surfaces of the chamber containing the EUV light source, where light is collected by a large mirror, and of the main chamber, where light illuminates the reticle, (Figure 1), nanometer to micrometer sized particles may reside. (tue.nl)
  • Under flow and plasma conditions present in the tool, particles may be released from the surfaces. (tue.nl)
  • Can flow or plasma induce release of particles from the surface or is a combination of both required? (tue.nl)
  • Although solid surface faces competition from natural stone and engineered stone/quartz surfacing, the material is popular in Asia , particularly in residential new construction. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the surface, their structural complexity is reflected in the presence of well-defined atom clusters. (empa.ch)
  • Surface Complexation Modelling deals with various aspects associate to the modelling of solutes adsorption from of solutes from aqueous solutions to minerals. (google.com)
  • Among the forces that govern drop formation: Surface tension, Cohesion (chemistry) , Van der Waals force , Plateau-Rayleigh instability . (wikipedia.org)
  • It is based on the concept of "slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces," or SLIPS, developed by co-senior author Joanna Aizenberg, a Harvard professor of chemistry and chemical biology. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The exploitation of non-covalent interactions for the formation of regular molecular assemblies is a concept that has been used in supramolecular chemistry for nearly half a century and that has been transferred to surfaces during the last two decades. (empa.ch)
  • Oct. 12, 2020 -- The coronavirus can remain on some surfaces for 28 days, including phone screens, paper money, and stainless steel, according to a new study published in the Virology Journal . (webmd.com)
  • The surfaces were from several places along the passenger pathways in Helsinki-Vantaa, which is the main airport in Finland, registering almost 20 million passengers during 2017. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the film has an average surface roughness of about 50 nm or less after removing asperities from the surface. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 7. The method according to claim 1, wherein the diamond asperities have a height above the average surface height of the film of greater than about ten times the initial average surface roughness prior to removing asperities from the surface. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The counter-surfaces of static seals exposed to pressure, including the static side of dynamic rod and piston seals, should have a roughness R a ≤ 0,8 μm (30 μin.) . (skf.com)
  • To properly tackle enterovirus, wipe surfaces with both your regular household cleaner and a low-toxicity disinfectant or sanitizer. (healthcentral.com)
  • Antimicrobial Copper surfaces are a supplement to and not a substitute for standard infection control practices. (copper.org)
  • To represent those with interests, experimental or theoretical, directed towards reaction processes involving solid surfaces, and especially chemisorption and heterogeneous catalysis. (rsc.org)
  • The second one is concerned with self-assembled supramolecular nanostructures at solid surfaces and layered organic-insulator-metal hybrid structures which bear potential for nanoelectronic device function. (empa.ch)
  • In materials science , surface tension is used for either surface stress or surface energy . (wikipedia.org)
  • Frequently touched surfaces made from uncoated EPA-registered copper alloy materials continuously kill bacteria* within two hours of contact when cleaned regularly. (copper.org)
  • An object of this invention is to provide new and improved apparatus for applying coating materials to surfaces. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The recommendations for the piston rod sealing surface ( table 1 ) assume that typical materials and processes are used to manufacture the piston rod by induction hardening a carbon steel rod, grinding, hard-chromium plating and then polishing it to achieve the specified diameter and finish. (skf.com)
  • The recommendations for the cylinder bore surface ( table 2 ) assume that typical materials and processes are used to machine the bore by either honing or roller burnishing to achieve the specified diameter and finish. (skf.com)
  • Within this field of research we strive at understanding and controlling the atomic and electronic surface structure of complex materials in order to achieve specific functionalities. (empa.ch)
  • Method can produce strong, lightweight materials with specific surface properties. (cam.ac.uk)
  • viscoelastic materials to relationships between polymer microstructures and surface properties. (worldcat.org)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/expansion-of-artificial-surfaces or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • Therefore, we study key processes in molecular thin films on ultra-thin insulators, such as self-assembly, surface-induced templating, covalent coupling, or charge transfer. (empa.ch)
  • SLIPS consists of a solid surface infused with a liquid lubricant overlayer that is retained in place so that anything that comes into contact with the liquid layer will simply slide right off. (eurekalert.org)
  • Countertop fabricators typically join solid surface sheets into desired shapes using a two-part adhesive , after which the cured joint is machined flat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contamination of surfaces, including high-touch surfaces in the room (e.g., bedrails, over-bed tables, and call-buttons) and reusable patient care equipment that is moved between rooms, can lead to: (1) transmission to the next patient who occupies the room or uses the same equipment, or (2) contamination of the hands or clothing of healthcare personnel with transmission to other patients (Figure 1). (cdc.gov)
  • Solid surface sinks can be joined to the countertop surface with no gaps, which eliminates areas for water to collect and bacteria to grow. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hospitals , in particular, employ large amounts of solid surface for sinks, showers, nursing stations and wall cladding , because its seamless properties eliminate gaps and crevices that harbor harmful bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whenever you go out in public, you'll encounter bacteria and viruses everywhere, especially on the surfaces you touch. (wikihow.com)
  • This image - from implanted mice - shows how a teflon surface coated with SLIPS does not attract infectious bacteria, red blood cells, immune cells, or extracellular matrix material. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Biofilms form when bacteria stick to surfaces and establish communities held together by a slimy, glue-like substance made of sugary molecular strands that they excrete to form an extracellular matrix. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The diamond films of the invention preferably have an average grain size of about 2000 nm or less (e.g., less than or equal to about 1000 nm, 100 nm, 50 nm, 20 nm or 10 nm), and preferably include fewer than about 2000 asperities per square millimeter of diamond surface, or about 4/mm on a linear basis, as determined using a 2 μm diameter profilometer stylus tip. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 6. The method according to claim 1, wherein the film has fewer than about 2000 diamond asperities per square millimeter after removing asperities from the surface. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • As a result of surface area minimization, a surface will assume the smoothest shape it can (mathematical proof that "smooth" shapes minimize surface area relies on use of the Euler-Lagrange equation ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Calibrating volatility surfaces via relative-entropy minimization ," Applied Mathematical Finance , Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 37-64. (repec.org)
  • Which airport surfaces carry the most viruses? (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • New research scans various airport surfaces and finds that plastic security trays hold the highest concentration of viruses. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Researchers from the University of Nottingham in the United Kingdom - together with the Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare in Helsinki - wanted to find out which airport surfaces harbored the highest number of respiratory viruses. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The tests revealed that viruses were present on 10 percent of the surfaces examined. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Our motivation was to look at properties such as ring strain in intermediates and aromaticity in transition states that might effect the balance between stepwise and synchronous routes and hence the fundamental nature of the potential energy surface. (rsc.org)
  • The removal step can be controlled to preserve depressions in the surface, which can provide useful properties, such as reservoirs for lubrication, which contribute to the low friction properties of diamond films prepared by the methods of the present invention. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The stability and qualitative properties of the computed volatility surface are discussed, including the effect of the Bayesian prior on the shape of the surface and on the implied volatility smile/skew. (repec.org)
  • These surfaces, made by self-organisation of carbon nanotubes, could exhibit a variety of useful properties - including controllable mechanical stiffness and strength, or the ability to repel water in a certain direction. (cam.ac.uk)
  • See the data supporting the use of Corning Matrigel matrix as an effective surface that supports feeder-free expansion and maintenance of undifferentiated human iPS cells. (corning.com)
  • High-resolution mapping of global surface water and its long-term changes (Nature, 2016) and the online Data Users Guide . (google.com)
  • But we use the surface measurements to track global warming because we have the data for a long period of time, and those data in turn have been linked to longer running but less precise paleo data. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Therefore, cleaning and disinfection of environmental surfaces is fundamental to reduce potential contribution to healthcare-associated infections. (cdc.gov)
  • These products can also enhance the aesthetic appeal of an object by accentuating its surface features or even by concealing them from view. (britannica.com)
  • Establishing how long the virus really remains viable on surfaces enables us to more accurately predict and mitigate its spread and do a better job of protecting our people," Larry Marshall, the CEO of Australia's national science agency CSIRO, said in a statement . (webmd.com)
  • One of the most important runway-safety technologies, which is in place at 35 major airports, is Airport Surface Detection Equipment - Model X (ASDE-X). ASDE-X enables air traffic controllers to detect potential runway conflicts by providing detailed coverage of movement on runways and taxiways. (faa.gov)
  • Applications cover case studies and present consistent surface complexation parameter sets. (google.com)
  • The Surface RT employs Windows RT, an operating system that, while it includes a version of Office, can only run applications from the Windows Store. (thenextweb.com)
  • It will be interesting to see how many Japanese-language applications will be available when - if - the Surface RT launches there. (thenextweb.com)
  • In a recent demo by Texas Health Resources , a health care provider in the Dallas/Fort Worth area, doctors and administrators brainstormed potential medical applications for Microsoft's surface computer. (wired.com)
  • The primary goal of this RFP is to expand the potential applications of the Surface Hub across all aspects of society, from the workplace to the home to educational settings and beyond. (microsoft.com)
  • This graduate-level textbook covers the major developments in surface sciences of recent decades, from experimental tricks and basic techniques to the latest experimental methods and theoretical understanding. (springer.com)