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  • ions
  • However, when a crystal is cleaved along a particular plane, the position of surface ions will differ from the bulk structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Material
  • The material surface of a dental implant that is used as an artificial replacement tooth should have optimal biocompatibility, because it is constantly in direct contact with vital tissues. (hindawi.com)
  • The specimens used in this study were fabricated by forming TiO 2 NTs on the surface of the titanium alloy, which is the most widely used material for bone replacement, and coating the surface with carboxylated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs-COOH) by electrodeposition. (hindawi.com)
  • Chemist Madeleine Ramstedt is pursuing research on a material with new properties that prevent bacteria from attaching to its surface. (nanowerk.com)
  • This analysis yields specific patterns of intensity curves depending on the chemical composition of the surface of the material being studied. (nanowerk.com)
  • Material left behind by the sublimation of surface ice could explain the dark surface of Ceres compared to the icy moons of the outer Solar System. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecular
  • In 1982, T. F. Heinz and Y. R. Shen explicitly demonstrated for the first time that SHG could be used as a spectroscopic technique to probe molecular monolayers adsorbed to surfaces. (wikipedia.org)
  • thickness
  • In this study, electrodeposition was used because of its advantages of being cost-effective, ability to form a film of uniform thickness, and homogeneous properties irrespective of the surface shape of the implant [ 15 , 16 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • dependence
  • Acid dissociation (resulting in negative charges) and amine protonation (formation of positive charges) determine the pH dependence of the surface charge and thus the isoelectric point (IEP) of the SAM-coated gold surface. (anton-paar.com)
  • The pH dependence of zeta potential of gold surfaces coated with self-assembled monolayers com-posed of different ratios of 16-mercapto hexadecanoic acid and 8-amino-1-octane thiol is shown below. (anton-paar.com)
  • SH light with characteristic spectra of the adsorbed molecule and its electronic transitions were measured as reflection from the surface and demonstrated a quadratic power dependence on the pump laser power. (wikipedia.org)
  • interaction
  • The only significant interaction we want is between the indenter and the specimen," says Smith, "or at least, to be constant and not deforming the surface. (nanowerk.com)
  • novel
  • This approach will require novel surface-compatibization technologies, in the absence of which, high performance composite networks can not be prepared. (springer.com)
  • Chemistry
  • Z.Q. Hua, R. Sitaru, F. Denes, and R.A. Young, Mechanism of Oxygen-and Argon-RF-Plasma Induced Surface Chemistry of Cellulose, Plasmas and Polymers (submitted for publication in August-1996). (springer.com)
  • semiconductor
  • Through his studies of rectification and photo-effects on the semiconductor surfaces of cuprous oxide and silicon, Brattain discovered the photo-effect at the free surface of a semiconductor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Measurement
  • Instead of dents in metal, says NIST's Douglas Smith, "We are trying to get the most accurate measurement possible of how far the indenter tip penetrates into the surface of the specimen, and how much force it took to push it in that far. (nanowerk.com)
  • structural
  • In particular, structural distortions (relaxation and rumpling) and surface energies are studied for the (100) and (110) surfaces. (chalmers.se)
  • Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have a unique chemical resistance and mechanical strength, as well as excellent electrical and thermal properties and structural features. (hindawi.com)
  • density
  • Surface types define the physical properties of an object including friction and density, collision/footstep sounds, the effect of bullet impacts and, if the object is destructible, health and gib type. (valvesoftware.com)
  • approach
  • F. Denes and R.A. Young, Cold Plasma State-A New Approach to improve Surface Adhesion of Lignocellulosic Substrates, in Proceedings of Wood Adhesives-1995, Sponsored by: USDA Forest Service, forest Products Laboratory, and The Forest Products Society, Eds. (springer.com)
  • F. Denes, L.D. Nielsen and R.A. Young, Cold Plasma State-A New Approach to Improve Surface Adhesion in Lignocellulosic-Plastic Composites, Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Composites Based on Lignocellulosics and Plastics, March 13-15, 1996, Sao Paulo-Brazil, Eds. (springer.com)
  • beams
  • A compressible contact surface model is used in 2-D simulations of electrostatically actuated beams to capture the surface effects. (nsti.org)
  • HYDROGEN
  • Terrestrial planets are substantially different from the giant planets, which might not have solid surfaces and are composed mostly of some combination of hydrogen, helium, and water existing in various physical states. (wikipedia.org)
  • protein
  • This tutorial describes how to make high-quality images of a protein surface colored by hydrophobicity and electrostatic potential. (ucsf.edu)
  • layer
  • Among the methods developed to date, the formation of a titanium oxide (TiO 2 ) nanotube (NT) layer on the titanium surface by anodic oxidation has been gaining attention. (hindawi.com)
  • atomic
  • The stability of the results is investigated with respect to model approximations, such as the finite number of atomic layers used to describe semi-infinite surfaces, and choice of exchange-correlation energy functional. (chalmers.se)
  • Mechanism
  • The nanoindenter uses that frequency shift to "lock" the position of the indenter mechanism at a fixed distance from the test surface, but without exerting any detectable force on the surface itself. (nanowerk.com)
  • However
  • However, their rough surface properties are not favorable for the fabrication of optoelectronic devices, such as displays and thin-film solar cells. (osti.gov)
  • ELECTRONIC-PROPERTIES
  • This difference is carefully examined and discussed in terms of differences in electronic properties, as well as nearest and next-nearest neighbor interactions. (chalmers.se)
  • The theory of graphene was first explored by P. R. Wallace in 1947 as a starting point for understanding the electronic properties of 3D graphite. (wikipedia.org)